46.0503 - Plumbing (2012)

Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. Technical Standards
  Plus A. PIPING AND TUBING
    Plus 1. Cut and join steel pipe
        a. Cut with saws (band, hack, reciprocating, etc.)
        b. Cut with pipe cutters
        c. Differentiate between type of steel pipe
        d. Lift with proper lifting equipment
        e. Join steel pipe to steel using flanges, welding, thread
        f. Join steel pipe to copper using dielectric fittings and threaded
        g. Thread steel pipe
    Plus 2. Cut and join copper pipe and tubing
        a. Cut with tubing cutters
        b. Cut with various saws (hack, band, etc.)
        c. Identify class of copper piping and tubing
        d. Flare copper pipe and tubing
        e. Join copper tubing to brass fittings
        f. Join copper tubing/pipes to copper pipe/tubing
        g. Join copper tubing to steel pipe using dielectric fittings adapter kit
        h. Join copper tubing with compression connectors
        i. Join pipe (tubing) to fittings using soldering method
        j. Join pipe (tubing) to fittings using brazing
        k. Prepare ends appropriately including cleaning and reaming
        l. Bend copper tubing
        m. Perform pipe and tube grooving
    Plus 3. Cut and join plastic pipe
        a. Cut with tubing cutters
        b. Cut with various saws (hack, bands, etc.)
        c. Solvent weld plastic pipe and tubing
        d. Identify type of plastic and tubing
        e. Join plastic pipe to dis-similar metal pipe using threaded adapter or flange
        f. Prepare ends appropriately
    Plus 4. Cut and join cast iron pipe
        a. Cut cast iron with cast iron cutters
        b. Cut with saws
        c. Cut with pipe cutters
        d. Differentiate between type of cast iron pipe
        e. Lift with proper lifting equipment
        f. Join cast iron pipe to dis-similar materials
        g. Join no hub pipe and fittings with no hub couplings
    Plus 5. Hang pipe using pipe hangers, supports, anchors, guides and fasteners
        a. Identify various types of pipe hangers and clamps
        b. Install pipe anchor
        c. Install concrete anchor inserts
    Plus 6. Install adapters/transition fittings
        a. Install dielectric nipples and unions (galvanized to copper)
        b. Install to different piping and tubing using special, approved adapters, such as
        c. Confirm approved adapter for application
    Plus 7. Install/maintain valves
        a. Select appropriate type of valve for the application
        b. Shut off supply
        c. Replace defective valve mechanically
  Plus B. INSPECTION AND TESTING
    Plus 1. Perform pressure test
        a. Pressure test water distribution system
        b. Cap and plug the lines
        c. Visually inspect for leaks
        d. Attached pressure gauge to the line; check for pressure loss
        e. Hold for sufficient time for type of line
        f. Locate and repair leak if there is a loss
        g. Test DWV systems
        h. Types of tests
        i. Perform soap bubble test
    Plus 2. Perform hydrostatic test
        a. Increase the water pressure in the line
        b. Attach an water supply to the line using a hydraulic pump
        c. Attach a pressure gauge to a line; measure drop in pressure
        d. If there is a loss, repair the line
    Plus 3. Demonstrate knowledge of backflow test
        a. Attach a backflow test kit to backflow device
        b. Test operation of the backflow prevention device following certified procedure
        c. Interpret gauge reading to diagnose operation of device
        d. Notify owner of faulty equipment
        e. Repair or replace faulty device
        f. Diagnose proper device for hazard
        g. Prepare testing certificate
  Plus C. PLUMBING FIXTURE
    Plus 1. Install/maintain sinks, lavatory, water closets, urinals and other fixtures
        a. Install appropriate waste and water lines to the unit
        b. Install appropriate mounting brackets and supports for the unit
        c. Confirm appropriate mechanical installation per code
        d. Test operation of the units
        e. Repair or replace faucets and washer and seals, o'rings
        f. Repair or replace traps
        g. Repair/replace flush valves
        h. Repair/replace ballcock
        i. Repair/replace handles
        j. Repair/replace wax ring
        k. Repair/replace sensor valves
        l. Repair/replace vacuum breaker
        m. Repair/replace temperature mixing valves
        n. Caulk plumbing fixtures
    Plus 2. Install/maintain/troubleshoot water heater and circulating pump
        a. Install cold water lines to the unit
        b. Install temperature and pressure relief valve
        c. Install gas or electric supply to the unit per code regulations
        d. Install flue pipe if gas per code regulations
        e. Test operation of the unit
        f. Replace dip tube
        g. Replace thermocouple
        h. Replace gas control
        i. Replace burner assembly
        j. If no hot water, check circuit breaker or fuse
        k. If insufficient amt. of hot water, determine sufficient capacity of water heater
        l. If water too hot; readjust thermostat and determine adequate operation
        m. Replace thermostat
        n. If leaking tank, turn off energy and water supply; drain tank
        o. Replace temperature and pressure relieve valve and drip line equal to size to the line supplying water tank
        p. If noise in the tank, check for sediment in tank
        q. Install expansion tank device
        r. Install circulating pumps
  Plus D. WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION
    Plus 1. Maintain water flow and pressure regulators
        a. Inspect for leaks
        b. Install and replace regulator; set and adjust pressure
        c. Troubleshoot water flow problems
        d. Install water meter
        e. Determine adequacy of size
        f. Install pressure reducing valves or pump, per system requirements
        g. Install protection against physical damage
        h. Determine need for a booster pump
    Plus 2. Install water distribution lines
        a. Install appropriate hangers and proper supports for the type of line to be installed
        b. Comply with appropriate codes on type of materials and valves to be used
        c. Secure the appropriate prints to identify location and method of installation
        d. Identify the proper components to be installed
        e. Label lines appropriately
        f. Determine and install backflow prevention device as required
    Plus 3. Install/maintain backflow prevention devices
        a. Identify purpose and function of backflow prevention device
        b. Identify degree of hazards (high, contaminate, health, pollutant, etc.)
    Plus 4. Protect pipe and tubing
        a. Insulate pipe
        b. Install nail plates
        c. Burial depths
        d. Heat tracing
        e. Cathodic protection
        f. Protect against corrosion
        g. Pipe coatings
        h. Protect against abrasion
        i. Install sleeving
  Plus E. DRAINAGE, WASTE, AND VENTING SYSTEMS
    Plus 1. Design and size water supply system
        a. Determine WFU for each fixture to be installed
        b. Interpret ADA requirements, if appropriate for fixture installation
        c. Determine equipment
        d. Determine elevation
        e. Determine minimum available water pressures
        f. Determine minimum available water pressure at top fixture
    Plus 2. Install/maintain cleanouts, laterals, mains, stacks, and branches
        a. Comply with code regulations regarding cleanout installation and materials and locations
        b. Determine proper grade
        c. Determine proper drainage pattern fittings
        d. Determine proper sizing using DFU
        e. Determine proper supports
        f. Determine proper material for application
        g. Determine proper clean out requirements; install as appropriate
    Plus 3. Install/maintain storm drains
        a. Determine proper clean out requirements; install as appropriate
        b. Determine proper grade per pipe diameter per area served
    Plus 4. Install soil or waste vents
        a. Select appropriate size pipe for application
        b. Select appropriate vent for application for code
        c. Identify purpose of the vent -- maintain atmospheric pressure
        d. Install vent terminals/frost protection; locate appropriately
        e. Identify purpose of vent is to protect trap seal
    Plus 5. Install/maintain traps
        a. Identify purpose of the trap--prevent sewer gases from enter building without effecting flow of pipe
        b. Install trap into waste line
        c. Define parts of a trap and trap seal
        d. Identify minimum depth of trap seal
        e. Install priming devices
        f. Identify causes of trap seal failure
    Plus 6. Install interceptors
        a. Identify types of interceptors
        b. Identify purpose of interceptors--prevent waste from entering public sewer system
        c. Install components
  Plus F. PUMPS
    Plus 1. Install/maintain booster pumps
        a. Select appropriate size pump for application (gallons per minutes)
        b. Shut off water supply and isolate at by pass
        c. Attach pipe to the pump using approved fittings
        d. Test for leaks and operation of the pump
        e. Replace impeller on booster pump
        f. Install expansion tank
        g. Pipe reliefs to drains
    Plus 2. Install/maintain submersible and ejector pumps
        a. Verify o'rings are water tight in sump pumps
        b. Change rotor on sump pump
        c. Replace mechanical seals
        d. Confirm rotation of pump before replacement
        e. Seat pump during installation
        f. Inspect guide rails for straightness and condition of slots
        g. Check for ground on electrical supply
        h. Set floats
        i. Install check valve
    Plus 3. Install/maintain circulating pumps
        a. Identify different types of pumps
        b. Install piping to the pump
        c. Interpret blueprint for accurate piping
        d. Install check valves, as required
        e. Install flow switch, as required
  Plus G. WELDING
    Plus 1. Perform brazing and soldering
        a. Braze and solder copper pipe
        b. Demonstrate proper methods of set up brazing and soldering equipment
        c. Use flux in appropriate applications (water soluble for soldering)
        d. Clean pipe, prepare ends
        e. Select appropriate gas and torch for brazing and soldering
        f. Identify proper theory of brazing and soldering
        g. Select appropriate solder for application (lead free)
  Plus H. GAS
    Plus 1. Install/maintain natural gas lines
        a. Identify demand load based on cfh; interpret blueprint
        b. Size line based on load demand
        c. Test line for leaks
        d. Install proper hangers and supports
        e. Install proper unions and valves at appliances
        f. Install proper materials per code
        g. Purge air out of system and light appliances correctly
        h. Check operation of appliances
    Plus 2. Install/maintain appliance venting
        a. Install per manufacturer's recommendations
        b. Maintain proper clearances and slope
        c. Terminate in approved location
        d. Provide proper combustion air source
  Plus I. SAFETY
    Plus 1. Demonstrate knowledge of basic safety principles
        a. Comply with shop and equipment safety rules
        b. Apply basic emergency first aid techniques
        c. Complete accident reports
        d. Inspect workplaces for safe working environment
        e. Identify and report shop, environmental and equipment safety violations
        f. Demonstrate use of fire extinguishers
        g. Demonstrate knowledge of disaster procedures (chlorine leaks, natural gas, methane, etc.)
        h. Participate in safety meetings
        i. Comply with OSHA regulations
        j. Demonstrate cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques
        k. Comply with confined space entry regulations
        l. Demonstrate common sense
        m. Demonstrate knowledge of lock out and tag out
        n. Welding safety principles; monitor gauge readings
        o. Operation of lifting equipment; knowledge of hand signals
        p. Comply with forklift certification
        q. Maintain good housekeeping
        r. Wear proper PPE
        s. Comply with ladder and scaffolding safety
        t. Comply with OSHA escavation procedures
        u. Use GFCI/assured grounding program
        v. Comply with proper fall protection
        w. Locate MSDS (Cornell web site)
    Plus 2. Demonstrate knowledge of environmental issues
        a. Confined space entry documentation
        b. Document backflow test results
        c. Eliminate cross connections between potable and any water unfit for human consumption
        d. Dispose of hazardous materials properly
        e. Demonstrate awareness of asbestos and lead abatement
  Plus J. RELATED SCIENCE AND CODES
    Plus 1. Demonstrate knowledge of plumbing definitions
        a. GPM
        b. Potable and non-potable water
        c. Fixture unit
        d. Fittings
        e. Adapters
        f. Air gap and break
        g. Air lock
        h. Backflow
        i. Back pressure
        j. Drains
        k. Valves
        l. Ground water
        m. Rough-in
        n. Stack vent/vent stack
        o. Head pressure
        p. Stack, vent, laterals, main
        q. Accessible and readily accessible
        r. Vertical and horizontal
        s. Sump and Ejector pump
        t. Building drains and sewers
        u. Riser
        v. Leader or down spouts
        w. Soil vs. waste
    Plus 2. Demonstrate knowledge of plumbing theories
        a. Hydraulic and pneumatic principles
        b. Water heating principles
        c. Pressurized systems
        d. Venting principles
        e. Welding principles
        f. Water treatment principles
        g. Waste disposal systems
        h. Plumbing systems
        i. Drainage systems
        j. Siphonage principles
        k. Expansion and contraction
        l. Capillary attraction
    Plus 3. Demonstrate knowledge of applicable codes
        a. Uniform Plumbing Code (IAPMO)
        b. BOCA (Building Official Code Administration) code; IPC
        c. State or local codes
        d. Codes define minimum requirements for such as:
        e. number of fixtures
        f. water pipe sizes
        g. drain sizes
        h. gas pipe sizes
        i. storm drainage sizes
  Plus K. BLUEPRINT READING
    Plus 1. Interpret blueprints
        a. Identify common plumbing fixtures related blueprint symbols
        b. types of water closets
        c. types of lavatories
        d. types of other fixtures
        e. Elevation, section, and plan views
        f. Center lines
        g. Dimensions
        h. Cold water and hot water lines (including recirculating)
        i. Grade and benchmark
        j. Riser diagrams
        k. Isometric drawing
        l. Architectural drawings
        m. Interpret specifications
        n. Identify conflicts with structural conditions and other trades
        o. Coordinate plumbing, architectural, structure, and mechanical drawings
        p. Read cut sheets
    Plus 2. Identify common plumbing symbols
        a. Symbols for fittings and valves
        b. elbows (90, 45, turned up, turned down, with side inlet, reducing)
        c. sanitary T
        d. cross
        e. reducer concentric
        f. reducer offset
        g. connector
        h. Y or wye
        i. valve (gate, glove)
        j. union
        k. bushing
        l. increaser
        m. Piping symbols for plumbing
        n. drain or waste above ground
        o. drain or waste below ground
        p. vent
        q. storm drain
        r. cold water
        s. soft cold water
        t. hot water
        u. gas
        v. compressed air
        w. vacuum
        x. sewer--cast iron, clay tile, plastic
        y. hot water circulating
    Plus 3. Perform sleeving, inserts, and layout
        a. Coordinate plumbing, architectural, structure, and mechanical drawings
        b. Create material list
        c. Read cut sheets and fitting book
        d. Sketch a basic isometric by hand
        e. Transfer scaled drawing to actual installation
  Plus L. MATHEMATICS AND MEASUREMENT
    Plus 1. Perform applied math operations
        a. Cubic inches and feet
        b. Calculate offsets and fitting take offs
        c. Addition in feet, inches, and fraction
        d. Calculate psi
        e. Calculate area of square and circle
        f. Convert feet to inches; vise versa
        g. Calculate flow rates
        h. Calculate head pressure
        i. Calculate volume
        j. Convert decimals to feet and inches
        k. 3-4-5 rule
        l. Calculate rolling offsets
        m. Calculate square root
        n. Calculate temperatures and BTUs
        o. Calculate Pythagorean theory
        p. Demonstrate knowledge of basic constants
        q. 3.14 (pi)
        r. 1.41 (45 degree offset)
        s. .707 (45 degree offset)
        t. 8.33 (weight of water per gallon)
        u. 7.48 (gcf)
        v. .433 (head pressure)
        w. .41 (advance on parallel offsets)
        x. 231 (cig)
        y. Calculate grade
    Plus 2. Operate measuring tools
        a. Read rule (tape or wooden)
        b. Measure pressure with pressure gauge
        c. Measure elevations with ruler, line, transit level
        d. Measure with laser
        e. Measure with framing square
        f. Read scale rule
        g. Determine plumb, level and square

Plus Pathway Standards

Plus I. SYSTEMS
  Plus A. Understand contractual relationships with all parties involved in the building process to ensure successful build of a project.
    1. Create a sustainable and accountable partnership between stakeholders.
    2. Establish/implement reporting relationships among stakeholders.
    3. Determine priorities of all parties involved.
  Plus B. Design and implement submittal approval procedures to ensure effective flow of information in construction process.
    1. Identify the components necessary for developing submittal approval procedures system.
    2. Employ procedures that complete submittal approval process related to shop drawings.
    3. Employ procedures that complete submittal approval process related to state and local permits.
  Plus C. Understand risk management and use a variety of strategies and tactics to maintain, increase or decrease risk.
    1. Evaluate the tolerability of the inherent risk exposure in a given situation.
    2. Provide solutions to unaddressed problems that pose great risk to a project.
    3. Identify the most appropriate team member to manage risk in a given situation.
  Plus D. Understand construction subcontracts and manage working relationships on a project.
    1. Identify the components of a subcontract.
    2. Explain the function of each component of a subcontract.
    3. Assess the relevance of subcontract terms in a given situation.
  Plus E. Understand and apply project turnover procedures to successfully manage construction projects.
    1. Identify the components of project turnover procedures.
    2. Explain the function of each component of project turnover procedures.
    3. Explain the use of project turnover procedures for a given situation.
  Plus F. Build in accordance with contracts to meet budget and schedule.
    1. Recognize and understand the contract documents and related activities in respect to a specific project.
    2. Apply the components of the document as they relate to a given project.
    3. Identify activities such as coordination meetings, project schedules, meeting deadlines, resolving disputes, change orders, etc. for use in a given project.
  Plus G. Understand and implement testing and inspection procedures to ensure successful completion of the project.
    1. List testing and inspection procedures related to specific areas.
    2. Interpret guides designed for testing and inspection purposes in specific areas.
  Plus H. Understand purpose for scheduling as it relates to successful completion of the project.
    1. Develop a schedule for a specific project.
    2. Explain rationale for a specific scheduling procedure.
  Plus I. Understand and apply closeout procedures to effectively complete a project.
    1. Identify the components of closeout procedures.
Plus II. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL
  Plus A. Create and apply a jobsite safety program to ensure safe practices and procedures.
    1. Determine procedures for a jobsite safety program.
    2. Explain the importance of workers being OSHA certified.
  Plus B. Recognize and employ universal construction signs and symbols to function safely in the workplace.
    Plus 1. Identify universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals that apply to construction workplace situations.
        a. Explain functions of signs and symbols.
        b. Work safely using signs and symbols.
        c. Inspect all signs and symbols for safe and proper use.
        d. Use proper signs and signals for the work area.
        e. Respond appropriately to signs and signals.
    2. Select the most appropriate sign or symbol for use in a workplace situation.
  Plus C. Understand and apply procedures for jobsite security to prevent liability.
    1. Explain the need for jobsite security to prevent liability.
    2. Design and implement jobsite security procedures.
  Plus D. Create and apply a jobsite environmental program.
    1. Explain the need for an environmental program that include recycling, site clean-up and safe disposal in accordance with MSDS.
    2. List the steps to establish an environmental program.
Plus III. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Manage relationships with internal and external parties to successfully complete construction projects.
    1. Describe strategies used to promote collaboration, trust and clear communication among contractors, suppliers, clients and others on a jobsite.
    2. Plan and organize project meetings.
Plus IV. LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND ETHICS
  Plus A. Understand proper changeover procedures for successful completion of the project.
    1. Establish process for changeover procedures.
    2. Explain the need for specific changeover procedures.
Plus V. TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Examine building systems and components to evaluate their usefulness to a project.
    Plus 1. Identify building systems needed to complete a construction project.
        a. List all building systems involved in a project.
        b. Describe the purpose of each system.
        c. List all components of the involved building system.
        d. Describe the function of each component.
    2. Identify components of building systems needed to complete a construction project.
    3. Incorporate appropriate building systems into a construction project.
  Plus B. Utilize craft skills to meet or exceed customer expectations.
    1. Develop and utilize good craft skills.

Plus Foundation Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS: Achieve additional academic knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within a career cluster.
  Plus A. Perform math operations such as estimating and distributing materials and supplies to complete jobsite/workplace tasks.
    Plus 1. Use basic math functions to complete jobsite/workplace tasks.
        a. Identify whole numbers, decimals, fractions, complex numbers, and polynomials.
        b. Apply basic arithmetic add, subtract, multiply, and divide operations.
        c. Apply relational (equal, not equal, greater than, less then, etc.) and logical operators in a logical expression.
    Plus 2. Use geometric formulas to determine areas and volumes of various structures.
        a. Calculate areas and volumes of structures.
        b. Estimate materials and supplies needed.
    Plus 3. Use appropriate formulas to determine percentages /decimals.
        a. Calculate percentages/decimals.
        b. Use percentages/decimals to perform measurement tasks.
    Plus 4. Use appropriate formulas to determine ratios, fractions, and proportion measures.
        a. Calculate ratios, fractions and proportion measures.
        b. Use ratios, fractions and proportion measures to perform measurement tasks.
    Plus 5. Use appropriate formulas to determine measurements of dimensions, spaces and structures.
        a. Measure dimensions, spaces and structures using U.S. Standard unit.
        b. Measure dimensions, spaces and structures using Metric units.
        c. Use dimensions, spaces and structures calculations to estimate materials and supplies needed.
    Plus 6. Conceptualize a three-dimensional form from a two-dimensional drawing to visualize proposed work.
        a. Build Create three-dimensional form models.
  Plus B. Apply principles of physics as they relate to worksite/jobsite situations to work with materials and load applications.
    Plus 1. Apply basic concepts of statics and loads to planning.
        a. Use the basic concepts of static and load calculations for rigging and moving loads.
    Plus 2. Identify the physical properties present when using common construction materials in order to use the materials safely, effectively and efficiently.
        a. Use the basic concepts of physics when working with common construction materials.
Plus II. COMMUNICATIONS: Use oral and written communication skills in creating, expressing and interpreting information and ideas including technical terminology and information.
  Plus A. Use vocabulary and visual cues commonly used in design and construction to be successful in workplace/jobsite communications.
    Plus 1. Match vocabulary and visual cues to workplace/jobsite situations.
        a. Use correct terminology to convey verbal and visual.
    Plus 2. Utilize vocabulary and visual cues in context of design and construction situations.
        a. Confirm understanding of verbal and visual instructions.
        b. Ask questions concerning details of instructions.
        c. Perform assignments as requested.
Plus III. PROBLEM-SOLVING AND CRITICAL THINKING: Solve problems using critical thinking skills (analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams. Solve problems using creativity and innovation.
  Plus A. Create and implement project plans considering available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning in design and construction situations.
    Plus 1. Plan, organize, schedule and manage a project/job to optimize workflow and outcome.
        a. Report results of the project/job.
        b. Identify timeline required to complete a project/job.
        c. Evaluate efficiency and effectiveness of a project/job.
        d. Estimate correct amount of required resources/materials.
        e. Create a budget.
    Plus 2. Use available resources/materials effectively while completing a project or resolving a problem with a project plan.
        a. Evaluate waste of resources/materials.
        b. Evaluate necessity for additional resources/materials.
    Plus 3. Determine alternative solutions for a specific project/problem.
        a. Evaluate feasibility of alternative suggestions.
        b. Implement appropriate alternatives.
  Plus B. Evaluate and adjust design and construction project plans and schedules to respond to unexpected events and conditions.
    Plus 1. Incorporate potential job disruptions into planning time lines.
        a. Identify potential events and conditions that disrupt the completion of a job.
        b. Solve situational problems involved with unexpected events and conditions.
    Plus 2. Adjust project plans and schedules when presented with unexpected information.
        a. Modify existing plans to reflect an unexpected change.
        b. Modify existing schedules to reflect an unexpected change.
        c. Modify existing budget to reflect unexpected change.
    Plus 3. Identify and assess critical situations as they arise to resolve issues.
        a. Evaluate potential solutions and determine best solution.
        b. Appraise critical situations and implement appropriate response.
    Plus 4. Generate a project update that tracks changes necessitated by unexpected events and conditions.
        a. Present an oral and/or written status report on the project.
IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS: Use information technology tools specific to the career cluster to access, manage, integrate, and create information.
Plus V. SYSTEMS: Understand roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment. Identify how key organizational systems affect organizational performance and the quality of products and services. Understand global context of industries and careers.
  Plus A. Comply with regulations and applicable codes to establish a legal and safe workplace/jobsite.
    Plus 1. Identify governmental regulations and national, state and/or local building codes that apply to a given workplace/jobsite.
        a. Follow governmental regulations and building codes.
        b. Follow industry regulations and building codes.
        c. Follow jurisdictional regulations and building codes.
        d. Use information given in regulations and codes correctly.
        e. Pass job inspections and comply with regulations at all times.
        f. Pass required substance abuse screening.
    Plus 2. Evaluate workplace/jobsite activities for compliance with governmental and other applicable safety regulations such as EPA and OSHA.
        a. Read and discuss information on OSHA, EPA and other safety regulations.
        b. Pass safety inspections and comply with regulations at all times.
    Plus 3. Use MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets) information for the management, use and disposal of materials.
        a. Obtain, understand and follow MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets) information.
        b. Use materials safely.
    Plus 4. Identify workplace/jobsite environmental hazards of a given situation.
        a. Follow safe practices relating to environmental hazards.
  Plus B. Examine how the roles and responsibilities among trades/professions work in relationship to complete a project/job.
    Plus 1. Describe how relationships between trades/professions can facilitate smooth workflow and outcome to meet project goals.
        a. Coordinate work between trades.
    Plus 2. Explain how the hierarchy of roles on a jobsite facilitate smooth workflow and outcome to meet project goals.
        a. Incorporate job functions in the reporting chain of supervision.
        b. Evaluate the safety issues and responsibilities managed by each level of supervision.
  Plus C. Examine all factors effecting the project and the planning process.
    Plus 1. Understand social, environmental and political factors that affect the project.
        a. Label all systems on a set of construction documents.
        b. Discuss the interrelationship of the systems in the built environment.
        c. Use the concept of "Critical Path Method (CPM)" and/or similar sequential methods so that work progresses efficiently.
    2. Understand the context of the projects.
  Plus D. Understand and manage union-management relationships and contracts to create a cooperative work environment.
    Plus 1. Analyze a proposed contract in terms of the company’s position and union's position in labor contract negotiations.
        a. Document how quality improves profitability.
        b. Report on issues that affect quality.
    2. Assess a situation for compliance with terms of a contract.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL: Understand the importance of health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance. Follow organizational policies and procedures and contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.
  Plus A. Assess and control the types and sources of workplace hazards to ensure a safe workplace and jobsite.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate methods to correct common design and construction hazards.
        a. Identify and describe common hazards in the workplace.
        b. Identify and describe major sources of information about hazards in the workplace (e.g., Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS), work procedures, exposure control plans, training materials, labels, and signage).
        c. Identify sources of combustible/flammable materials, fire and emergencies to establish a fire safe environment.
        d. Interpret safety signs and symbols.
        e. Identify methods for disposing of hazardous materials.
    2. Identify types and sources of workplace hazards common to design and construction situations.
    Plus 3. Demonstrate personal and group health and safety practices.
        a. Demonstrate principals of safe physical movement to avoid slips, trips, and spills.
        b. Inspect and use personal protective equipment (PPE).
Plus VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK: Use leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
  Plus A. Establish specific goals to manage project assignments in a timely manner.
    Plus 1. Establish project goals that assist in meeting project specifications and deadlines.
        a. Define and describe project goals.
        b. Identify and list key project activities.
        c. Identify and report activity deadlines.
    Plus 2. Organize work teams that effectively manage assignments.
        a. Determine and list assignments by activity and personnel.
        b. Complete assignments.
        c. Monitor and write a report on progress of the project.
        d. Evaluate completed project according to customer requirements.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES: Know and understand the importance of professional ethics and legal responsibilities.
  Plus A. Recognize legal and ethical relationships between employees and employers to establish workplace/jobsite rules, regulations and guidelines in a design and/or construction setting.
    Plus 1. Access appropriate resources to identify the roles, rights and responsibilities of an employee and an employer.
        a. Practice workplace/jobsite conduct incorporating employee and employer roles, rights and responsibilities.
    Plus 2. Examine insurance documentation to determine liability issues associated with a job.
        a. Describe liability issues as needed.
    Plus 3. Comply with employer policies, procedures, and job specific agreements such as sexual harassment avoidance and substance abuse control to prevent ethical and legal problems.
        a. Comply with employer policies and procedures.
        b. Comply with project labor agreements.
  Plus B. Read regulations and contracts to ensure ethical and safety elements are observed.
    Plus 1. Study regulations and codes to identify those applicable to the local area.
        a. Locate and implement regulations and codes applicable to tasks and projects.
        b. Comply with local, state and Federal codes.
    Plus 2. Explain the various aspects of service contracts to ensure compliance.
        a. Evaluate and follow service contracts.
    Plus 3. Recognize the relationship and responsibilities of various parties to a contract.
        a. Fulfill contractual roles and responsibilities.
        b. Monitor relationships with other parties.
    Plus 4. Recognize the definition of specialized words or phrases to fully understand documents and contracts.
        a. Use industry jargon or terminology appropriately.
        b. Use industry acronyms correctly.
        c. Use words with multiple meanings correctly in context.
  Plus C. Use ethical and legal standards to avoid conflicts of interest in a design and/or construction setting.
    Plus 1. Identify conflicts of interest relating to a job or project to prevent ethical or legal problems.
        a. Resolve issues relating to any potential conflicts of interest.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT: Know and understand the importance of employability skills. Explore, plan, and effectively manage careers. Know and understand the importance of entrepreneurship skills.
  Plus A. Explain written organizational policies, rules and procedures common in design and construction settings to help employees perform their jobs.
    Plus 1. Locate appropriate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
        a. Identify the contents of various organizational publications.
        b. Select the appropriate document(s) as reference for the situation.
    Plus 2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and rules influence a specific work situation.
        a. Locate and identify specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to assist with a given situation.
        b. Explain specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to improve a given situation.
  Plus B. Recognize the responsibilities and personal characteristics to develop individual goals for professionalism.
    Plus 1. Identify appropriate responsibilities and personal characteristics by researching workplace/jobsite information.
        a. Practice the responsibilities and characteristics of a professional craftsperson.
        b. Identify all critical/important functions.
        c. Document customer satisfaction.
    Plus 2. Present a professional image in the workplace/jobsite.
        a. Maintain appropriate professional memberships.
        b. Follow rules, regulations and guidelines.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS: Use the technical knowledge and skills required to pursue the targeted careers for all pathways in the career cluster, including knowledge of design, operation, and maintenance of technological systems critical to the career cluster.
  Plus A. Read, interpret, and use technical drawings, documents, and specifications to plan a project.
    Plus 1. Interpret drawings used in project planning.
        a. Recognize elements and symbols of blueprints and drawings.
    Plus 2. Describe written standards and that specifications that apply.
        a. Interpret and explain standards and specifications.
    Plus 3. Recognize how specifications and standards are arranged for proper access.
        a. Use specifications and standards.
        b. Apply specifications and standards appropriately.
    Plus 4. Use architect’s plan, manufacturer’s illustrations and other materials to communicate specific data and visualize proposed work.
        a. Sketch/draw/illustrate concepts and ideas.
        b. Draw or sketch plan/layout to be completed.
        c. Use proper measurements to determine layout.
  Plus B. Use and maintain appropriate tools, machinery, equipment, and resources to accomplish project goals.
    Plus 1. Select tools, machinery, equipment, and resources that match requirements of the job.
        a. Operate tools, machinery and equipment in a safe manner.
        b. Properly maintain and care for tools, machines and equipment.
        c. Safely use tools, machines, and equipment productively and efficiently in alignment with industry standards.
    Plus 2. Identify sources of information concerning state-of-the-art tools, equipment, materials, technologies and methodologies.
        a. Read current periodicals, industry publications and manufacturer’s catalogs.
        b. Use state-of-the-art tools, equipment, materials, technologies and methodologies.
    3. Demonstrate use of tools, machinery, equipment and other resources commonly used in design and construction.

Plus Essential Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS: Achieve additional academic knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within a career cluster.
  Plus A. Complete required training, education, and certification to prepare for employment in a particular career field.
    1. Identify training, education and certification requirements for occupational choice.
    2. Participate in career-related training and/or degree programs.
    3. Pass certification tests to qualify for licensure and/or certification in chosen occupational area.
  Plus B. Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.
    1. Model behaviors that demonstrate active listening.
    2. Adapt language for audience, purpose, situation. (i.e. diction/structure, style).
    3. Organize oral and written information.
    4. Compose focused copy for a variety of written documents such as agendas, audio-visuals, bibliographies, drafts, forms/documents, notes, oral presentations, reports, and technical terminology.
    5. Edit copy to create focused written documents such as agendas, audio-visuals, bibliographies, drafts, forms/documents, notes, oral presentations, reports, and technical terminology.
    6. Comprehend key elements of oral and written information such as cause/effect, comparisons/contrasts, conclusions, context, purpose, charts/tables/graphs, evaluation/critiques, mood, persuasive text, sequence, summaries, and technical subject matter.
    7. Evaluate oral and written information for accuracy, adequacy/sufficiency, appropriateness, clarity, conclusions/solutions, fact/opinion, propaganda, relevancy, validity, and relationship of ideas.
    8. Identify assumptions, purpose, outcomes/solutions, and propaganda techniques.
    9. Predict potential outcomes and/or solutions based on oral and written information regarding trends.
    10. Present formal and informal speeches including discussion, information requests, interpretation, and persuasive arguments.
  Plus C. Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.
    1. Identify whole numbers, decimals, and fractions.
    2. Demonstrate knowledge of basic arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
    3. Demonstrate use of relational expressions such as equal to, not equal, greater than, less than, etc.
    4. Apply data and measurements to solve a problem.
    5. Analyze Mathematical problem statements for missing and/or irrelevant data.
    6. Construct charts/tables/graphs from functions and data.
    7. Analyze data when interpreting operational documents.
  Plus D. Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary and career education opportunities.
    1. Evaluate scientific constructs including conclusions, conflicting data, controls, data, inferences, limitations, questions, sources of errors, and variables.
    2. Apply scientific methods in qualitative and quantitative analysis, data gathering, direct and indirect observation, predictions, and problem identification.
Plus II. COMMUNICATIONS: Use oral and written communication skills in creating, expressing and interpreting information and ideas including technical terminology and information.
  Plus A. Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.
    1. Determine the most appropriate reading strategy for identifying the overarching purpose of a text (i.e. skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).
    2. Demonstrate use of content, technical concepts and vocabulary when analyzing information and following directions.
    3. Select the reading strategy or strategies needed to fully comprehend the content within a written document (i.e., skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).
    4. Interpret information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
    5. Transcribe information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
    6. Communicate information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
  Plus B. Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication in the workplace.
    1. Employ verbal skills when obtaining and conveying information.
    2. Record information needed to present a report on a given topic or problem.
    3. Write internal and external business correspondence that conveys and/or obtains information effectively.
    4. Communicate with other employees to clarify workplace objectives.
    5. Communicate effectively with customers and employees to foster positive relationships.
  Plus C. Locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.
    1. Locate written information used to communicate with co-workers and customers.
    2. Organize information to use in written and oral communications.
    3. Reference the sources of information.
  Plus D. Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.
    1. Use informational texts, Internet web sites, and/or technical materials to review and apply information sources for occupational tasks.
    2. Evaluate the reliability of information from informational texts, Internet Web sites, and/or technical materials and resources.
  Plus E. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
    1. Compose multi-paragraph documents clearly, succinctly, and accurately.
    2. Use descriptions of audience and purpose when preparing and editing written documents.
    3. Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and capitalization when preparing written documents.
  Plus F. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.
    1. Prepare oral presentations to provide information for specific purposes and audiences.
    2. Identify support materials that will enhance an oral presentation.
    3. Prepare support materials that will enhance an oral presentation.
    4. Deliver an oral presentation that sustains listeners' attention and interest.
    5. Align presentation strategies to the intended audience.
    6. Implement multi-media strategies for presentations.
  Plus G. Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication with co-workers and clients/participants.
    1. Interpret verbal behaviors when communicating with clients and co-workers.
    2. Interpret nonverbal behaviors when communicating with clients and co-workers.
  Plus H. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    1. Interpret a given verbal message/information.
    2. Respond with restatement and clarification techniques to clarify information.
  Plus I. Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    1. Create tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    2. Interpret tables, charts, and figures used to support written and oral communication.
  Plus J. Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.
    1. Apply factors and strategies for communicating with a diverse workforce.
    2. Demonstrate ability to communicate and resolve conflicts within a diverse workforce.
  Plus K. Exhibit public relations skills to increase internal and external customer/client satisfaction.
    1. Communicate effectively when developing positive customer/client relationships.
Plus III. PROBLEM-SOLVING AND CRITICAL THINKING: Solve problems using critical thinking skills (analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams. Solve problems using creativity and innovation.
  Plus A. Employ critical thinking skills independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions (e.g., analyze, synthesize and evaluate).
    1. Identify common tasks that require employees to use problem-solving skills.
    2. Analyze elements of a problem to develop creative solutions.
    3. Describe the value of using problem-solving and critical thinking skills to improve a situation or process.
    4. Create ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
    5. Evaluate ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
    6. Use structured problem-solving methods when developing proposals and solutions.
    7. Generate new and creative ideas to solve problems by brainstorming possible solutions.
    8. Critically analyze information to determine value to the problem-solving task.
    9. Guide individuals through the process of recognizing concerns and making informed decisions.
    10. Identify alternatives using a variety of problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
    11. Evaluate alternatives using a variety of problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
  Plus B. Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts with staff and/or customers.
    1. Analyze situations and behaviors that affect conflict management.
    2. Determine best options/outcomes for conflict resolution using critical thinking skills.
    3. Identify with others’ feelings, needs, and concerns.
    4. Implement stress management techniques.
    5. Resolve conflicts with/for customers using conflict resolution skills.
    6. Implement conflict resolution skills to address staff issues/problems.
  Plus C. Identify, write and monitor workplace performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.
    1. Write realistic performance goals, objectives and action plans.
    2. Monitor performance goals and adjust as necessary.
    3. Recognize goal achievement using appropriate rewards in the workplace.
    4. Communicate goal achievement with managers and co-workers.
  Plus D. Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.
    1. Align the information gathered to the needs of the audience.
    2. Gather technical information and data using a variety of resources.
    3. Analyze information and data for value to the research objectives.
    4. Evaluate information and data to determine value to research objectives.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS: Use information technology tools specific to the career cluster to access, manage, integrate, and create information.
  Plus A. Use Personal Information Management (PIM) applications to increase workplace efficiency.
    1. Manage personal schedules and contact information.
    2. Create memos and notes.
  Plus B. Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.
    1. Use information technology tools to manage and perform work responsibilities.
  Plus C. Operate electronic mail applications to communicate within a workplace.
    1. Use email to share files and documents.
    2. Identify the functions and purpose of email systems.
    3. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
  Plus D. Operate Internet applications to perform workplace tasks.
    1. Access and navigate Internet (e.g., use a web browser).
    2. Search for information and resources.
    3. Evaluate Internet resources for reliability and validity.
  Plus E. Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare business communications.
    1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
    2. Prepare reports and other business communications by integrating graphics and other non-text elements.
    3. Prepare complex multi-media publications.
  Plus F. Operate presentation applications to prepare presentations.
    1. Prepare presentations for training, sales and information sharing.
    2. Deliver presentations with supporting materials.
  Plus G. Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.
    1. Create a spreadsheet.
    2. Perform calculations and analyses on data using a spreadsheet.
  Plus H. Employ database applications to manage data.
    1. Manipulate data elements.
    2. Manage interrelated data elements.
    3. Analyze interrelated data elements.
    4. Generate reports showing interrelated data elements.
  Plus I. Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.
    1. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
    2. Facilitate group work through management of shared files and online information.
    3. Facilitate group work through instant messaging or virtual meetings.
  Plus J. Employ computer operations applications to manage work tasks.
    1. Manage computer operations.
    2. Manage file storage.
    3. Compress or alter files.
  Plus K. Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.
    1. Operate computer driven equipment and machines.
    2. Use installation and operation manuals.
    3. Troubleshoot computer driven equipment and machines.
    4. Access support as needed to maintain operation of computer driven equipment and machines.
Plus V. SYSTEMS: Understand roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment. Identify how key organizational systems affect organizational performance and the quality of products and services. Understand global context of industries and careers.
  Plus A. Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.
    1. List the types and functions of businesses.
    2. Describe the types and functions of businesses.
    3. Explain the functions and interactions of common departments within a business.
  Plus B. Implement quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.
    1. Describe quality control standards and practices common to the workplace.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL: Understand the importance of health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance. Follow organizational policies and procedures and contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.
  Plus A. Implement personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.
    1. Assess workplace conditions with regard to safety and health.
    2. Align safety issues with appropriate safety standards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
    3. Identify safety hazards common to workplaces.
    4. Identify safety precautions to maintain a safe worksite.
    5. Select appropriate personal protective equipment as needed for a safe workplace/jobsite.
    6. Inspect personal protective equipment commonly used for selected career pathway.
    7. Use personal protective equipment according to manufacturer rules and regulations.
    8. Employ a safety hierarchy and communication system within the workplace/jobsite.
    9. Implement safety precautions to maintain a safe worksite.
  Plus B. Complete work tasks in accordance with employee rights and responsibilities and employers obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.
    1. Identify rules and laws designed to promote safety and health in the workplace.
    2. State the rationale of rules and laws designed to promote safety and health.
  Plus C. Employ emergency procedures as necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.
    1. Use knowledge of First Aid procedures as necessary.
    2. Use knowledge of CPR procedures as necessary.
    3. Use safety equipment as necessary.
  Plus D. Employ knowledge of response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.
    1. Complete an assessment of an emergency and/or disaster situation.
    2. Create an emergency and/or disaster plan.
Plus VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK: Use leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
  Plus A. Employ leadership skills to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
    1. Analyze the various roles of leaders within organizations (e.g. contribute ideas; share in building an organization; act as role models to employees by adhering to company policies, procedures, and standards; promote the organization’s vision; and mentor others).
    2. Exhibit traits such as empowerment, risk, communication, focusing on results, decision-making, problem solution, and investment in individuals when leading a group in solving a problem.
    3. Exhibit traits such as compassion, service, listening, coaching, developing others, team development, and understanding and appreciating others when acting as a manager of others in the workplace.
    4. Exhibit traits such as enthusiasm, creativity, conviction, mission, courage, concept, focus, principle-centered living, and change when interacting with others in general.
    5. Consider issues related to self, team, community, diversity, environment, and global awareness when leading others.
    6. Exhibit traits such as innovation, intuition, adaptation, life-long learning and coachability to develop leadership potential over time.
    7. Analyze leadership in relation to trust, positive attitude, integrity, and willingness to accept key responsibilities in a work situation.
    8. Describe observations of outstanding leaders using effective management styles.
    9. Participate in civic and community leadership and teamwork opportunities to enhance skills.
  Plus B. Employ organizational and staff development skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.
    1. Implement organizational skills when facilitating others’ work efforts.
    2. Explain how to manage a staff that satisfies work demands while adhering to budget constraints.
    3. Describe how staff growth and development to increase productivity and employee satisfaction.
    4. Organize team involvement within a group environment.
    5. Work with others to develop and gain commitment to team goals.
    6. Distribute responsibility and work load fairly.
    7. Model leadership and teamwork qualities to aid in employee morale.
    8. Identify best practices for successful team functioning.
    9. Explain best practices for successful team functioning.
  Plus C. Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members' talents effectively.
    1. Work with others to achieve objectives in a timely manner.
    2. Promote the full involvement and use of team member's individual talents and skills.
    3. Employ conflict-management skills to facilitate solutions.
    4. Demonstrate teamwork skills through working cooperatively with co-workers, supervisory staff, and others, both in and out of the organization, to achieve particular tasks.
    5. Demonstrate teamwork processes that provide team building, consensus, continuous improvement, respect for the opinions of others, cooperation, adaptability, and conflict resolution.
    6. Develop plans to improve team performance.
    7. Demonstrate commitment to and a positive attitude toward team goals.
    8. Take responsibility for shared group and individual work tasks.
    9. Assist team members in completing their work.
    10. Adapt effectively to changes in projects and work activities.
    11. Negotiate effectively to arrive at decisions.
  Plus D. Establish and maintain effective working relationships with all levels of personnel and other departments in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.
    1. Build effective working relationships using interpersonal skills.
    2. Use positive interpersonal skills to work cooperatively with co-workers representing different cultures, genders and backgrounds.
    3. Manage personal skills to accomplish assignments.
    4. Treat people with respect.
    5. Provide constructive praise and criticism.
    6. Demonstrate sensitivity to and value for diversity.
    7. Manage stress and control emotions.
  Plus E. Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish work tasks.
    1. Develop meeting goals, objectives and agenda.
    2. Assign responsibilities for preparing materials and leading discussions.
    3. Prepare materials for leading discussion.
    4. Assemble and distribute meeting materials.
    5. Conduct meeting to achieve objectives within scheduled time.
    6. Demonstrate effective communication skills in meetings.
    7. Produce meeting minutes including decisions and next steps.
    8. Use parliamentary procedure, as needed, to conduct meetings.
  Plus F. Employ mentoring skills to inspire and teach others.
    1. Use motivational techniques to enhance performance in others.
    2. Provide guidance to enhance performance in others.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES: Know and understand the importance of professional ethics and legal responsibilities.
  Plus A. Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of workplace situations in order to make ethical decisions.
    1. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on legal responsibilities and employer policies.
    2. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on personal or professional ethical responsibilities.
    3. Identify personal and long-term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
    4. Explain personal and long-term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
    5. Determine the most appropriate response to workplace situations based on legal and ethical considerations.
    6. Explain the most appropriate response to workplace situations based on legal and ethical considerations.
  Plus B. Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures to help employees perform their jobs according to employer rules and expectations.
    1. Locate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
    2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and procedures influence a specific work situation.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT: Know and understand the importance of employability skills. Explore, plan, and effectively manage careers. Know and understand the importance of entrepreneurship skills.
  Plus A. Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable.
    1. Demonstrate self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, and integrity in a work situation.
    2. Demonstrate flexibility and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills.
    3. Exhibit commitment to the organization.
    4. Identify how work varies with regard to site, from indoor confined spaces to outdoor areas, including aerial space and a variety of climatic and physical conditions.
    5. Apply communication strategies when adapting to a culturally diverse environment.
    6. Manage resources in relation to the position (i.e. budget, supplies, computer, etc).
    7. Identify positive work-qualities typically desired in each of the career cluster's pathways.
    8. Manage work roles and responsibilities to balance them with other life roles and responsibilities.
  Plus B. Develop a personal career plan to meet career goals and objectives.
    1. Develop career goals and objectives as part of a plan for future career direction.
    2. Develop strategies to reach career objectives.
  Plus C. Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment to find and obtain a desired job.
    1. Use multiple resources to locate job opportunities.
    2. Prepare a résumé.
    3. Prepare a letter of application.
    4. Complete an employment application.
    5. Interview for employment.
    6. List the standards and qualifications that must be met in order to enter a given industry.
    7. Employ critical thinking and decision-making skills to exhibit qualifications to a potential employer.
  Plus D. Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills and experience in a career field.
    1. Select educational and work history highlights to include in a career portfolio.
    2. Produce a record of work experiences, licenses, certifications and products.
    3. Organize electronic or physical portfolio for use in demonstrating knowledge, skills and experiences.
  Plus E. Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.
    1. Compare employment opportunities to individual needs and career plan objectives.
    2. Evaluate employment opportunities based upon individual needs and career plan objectives.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate methods for accepting or rejecting employment offers.
  Plus F. Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment to maintain employment once secured.
    1. Model behaviors that demonstrate reliability and dependability.
    2. Maintain appropriate dress and behavior for the job to contribute to a safe and effective workplace/jobsite.
    3. Complete required employment forms and documentation such as I-9 form, work visa, W-4 and licensures to meet employment requirements.
    4. Summarize key activities necessary to retain a job in the industry.
    5. Identify positive work behaviors and personal qualities necessary to retain employment.
  Plus G. Identify and explore career opportunities in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.
    1. Locate and identify career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
    2. Match personal interest and aptitudes to selected careers.
  Plus H. Recognize and act upon requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.
    1. Identify opportunities for career advancement.
    2. Pursue education and training opportunities to acquire skills necessary for career advancement.
    3. Examine the organization and structure of various segments of the industry to prepare for career advancement.
    4. Research local and regional labor (workforce) market and job growth information to project potential for advancement.
    5. Manage employment relations to make career advancements.
  Plus I. Continue professional development to keep current on relevant trends and information within the industry.
    1. Use self assessment, organizational priorities, journals, Internet sites, professional associations, peers and other resources to develop goals that address training, education and self-improvement issues.
    2. Read trade magazines and journals, manufacturers’ catalogues, industry publications and Internet sites to keep current on industry trends.
    3. Participate in relevant conferences, workshops, mentoring activities and in-service training to stay current with recent changes in the field.
  Plus J. Examine licensing, certification and credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.
    1. Examine continuing education requirements related to licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the local, state and national levels for chosen occupation.
    2. Examine the procedures and paperwork involved in maintaining and updating licensure, certification and credentials for chosen occupation.
    3. Align ongoing licensing, certification and credentialing requirements to career plans and goals.
  Plus K. Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship to consider entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.
    1. Describe the opportunities for entrepreneurship in a given industry.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS: Use of technical knowledge and skills required to pursue careers in all career cluster, including knowledge of design, operation, and maintenance of technological systems critical to the career cluster.
  Plus A. Employ information management techniques and strategies in the workplace to assist in decision-making.
    1. Use information literacy skills when accessing, evaluating and disseminating information.
    2. Describe the nature and scope of information management.
    3. Maintain records to facilitate ongoing business operations.
  Plus B. Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.
    1. Develop goals and objectives.
    2. Prioritize tasks to be completed.
    3. Develop timelines using time management knowledge and skills.
    4. Use project-management skills to improve workflow and minimize costs.

Plus Employment Standards

Plus I. APPLIED ACADEMIC SKILLS
  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standared business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
Plus II. CAREER PLANNING
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
Plus III. DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from muiltiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skils using a variety of media and interpretive data.
Plus IV. PROBLEM SOLVING
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
Plus V. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfacotry completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities, demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate etlhical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
Plus VI. ORGANIZING SKILLS
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
Plus VII. TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minortiy viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
Plus VIII. NEGOTIATION SKILLS
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibily challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
Plus IX. UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND USING TECHNOLOGY
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
Plus X. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certifricates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labormarket information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
Plus XI. MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS
  Plus A. Creativity and Innovation – By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Apply advanced software features (e.g. built-in thesaurus, templates, styles) to redesign the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations
    2. Create a web page (e.g., Dreamweaver, iGoogle, Kompozer)
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present projects (e.g., newsletters, web sites, presentations, photo galleries)
  Plus B. Communication and Collaboration - By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Identify various collaboration technologies and describe their use (e.g., desktop conferencing, listserv, blog, wiki)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, videoconferencing, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project
    3. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models)
    4. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., ePals, discussion boards, online groups, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
    5. Describe the potential risks and dangers associated with online communications
    6. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
  Plus C. Research and Information Fluency – By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
    2. Identify, evaluate, and select appropriate online sources to answer content related questions
    3. Demonstrate the ability to use library and online databases for accessing information (e.g., MEL, Proquest, Infosource, United Streaming)
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference
    5. Evaluate information found in selected online sources on the basis of accuracy and validity
    6. Evalate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation
    7. Understand that using information from a single internet source might result in the reporting of erroneous facts and that multiple sources must always be researched
    8. Research examples of inappropriate use of technologies and participate in related classroom activities (e.g., debates, reports, mock trials, presentations)
  Plus D. Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision Making - By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Use digital resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning
    2. Analyze the capabilities and limitations of digital resources and evaluate their potential to address personal, social, lifelong learning, and career needs
    3. Devise a research question or hypothesis using information and communication technology resources, analyze the findings to make a decision based on the findings, and report the results
  Plus E. Digital Citizenship – By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to the use of information and communication technologies (e.g., properly selecting and citing resources)
    2. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society
    3. Discuss and demonstrate proper netiquette in online communications
    4. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users
    5. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings
    6. Discuss and adhere to fair use policies and copyright guidelines
  Plus F. Technology Operations and Concepts - By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience
    2. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning
    3. Explore career opportunities, especially those related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and identify their related technology skill requirements
    4. Describe uses of various existing or emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, videoconferencing, online file sharing, global positioning software)
    5. Identify an example of an assistive technology and describe its potential purpose and use
    6. Participate in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills
    7. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation
    8. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, open source, and commercial software
    9. Participate in experiences associated with technology-related careers
    10. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav, wmv, mp3, flv, avi, pdf)
    11. Understand and discuss how assistive technologies can benefit all individuals
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application’s spelling and grammar checking functions