47.0604 - Automotive Technician - Electrical & Brakes (2012 Implemented by Fall 2013)

Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. Technical
  Plus A. Brakes - General Brake Systems Diagnosis
    1. Complete work order to include customer information, vehicle identifying information, customer concern, related service history, cause, and correction.
    2. Identify and interpret brake system concern; determine necessary action.
    3. Research applicable vehicle and service information, such as brake system operation, vehicle service history, service precautions, and technical service bulletins.
    4. Locate and interpret vehicle and major component identification numbers.
  Plus B. Brakes - Hydraulic System Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose pressure concerns in the brake system using hydraulic principles (Pascal’s Law).
    2. Measure brake pedal height, travel, and free play (as applicable); determine necessary action.
    3. Check master cylinder for internal/external leaks and proper operation; determine necessary action.
    4. Remove, bench bleed, and reinstall master cylinder.
    5. Diagnose poor stopping, pulling or dragging concerns caused by malfunctions in the hydraulic system; determine necessary action.
    6. Inspect brake lines, flexible hoses, and fittings for leaks, dents, kinks, rust, cracks, bulging or wear; tighten loose fittings and supports; determine necessary action.
    7. Replace brake lines, hoses, fittings, and supports.
    8. Fabricate brake lines using proper material and flaring procedures (double flare and ISO types).
    9. Select, handle, store, and fill brake fluids to proper level.
    10. Inspect, test, and/or replace metering (hold-off), proportioning (balance), pressure differential, and combination valves.
    11. Inspect, test, and/or replace components of brake warning light system.
    12. Bleed and/or flush brake system.
    13. Test brake fluid for contamination.
  Plus C. Brakes - Drum Brake Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose poor stopping, noise, vibration, pulling, grabbing, dragging or pedal pulsation concerns; determine necessary action.
    2. Remove, clean, inspect, and measure brake drums; determine necessary action.
    3. Refinish brake drum; measure final drum diameter.
    4. Remove, clean, and inspect brake shoes, springs, pins, clips, levers, adjusters/self-adjusters, other related brake hardware, and backing support plates; lubricate and reassemble.
    5. Inspect and install wheel cylinders.
    6. Pre-adjust brake shoes and parking brake; install brake drums or drum/hub assemblies and wheel bearings.
    7. Install wheel, torque lug nuts, and make final checks and adjustments.
  Plus D. Brakes - Disc Brake Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose poor stopping, noise, vibration, pulling, grabbing, dragging or pulsation concerns; determine necessary action.
    2. Remove caliper assembly; inspect for leaks and damage to caliper housing; determine necessary action.
    3. Clean and inspect caliper mounting and slides/pins for operation, wear, and damage; determine necessary action.
    4. Remove, inspect and replace pads and retaining hardware; determine necessary action.
    5. Disassemble and clean caliper assembly; inspect parts for wear, rust, scoring, and damage; replace seal, boot, and damaged or worn parts.
    6. Reassemble, lubricate, and reinstall caliper, pads, and related hardware; seat pads, and inspect for leaks.
    7. Clean, inspect, and measure rotor thickness, lateral runout, and thickness variation; determine necessary action.
    8. Remove and reinstall rotor.
    9. Refinish rotor on vehicle; measure final rotor thickness.
    10. Refinish rotor off vehicle; measure final rotor thickness.
    11. Retract caliper piston on an integrated parking brake system.
    12. Install wheel, torque lug nuts, and make final checks and adjustments.
    13. Check brake pad wear indicator system operation; determine necessary action.
  Plus E. Brakes - Power Assist Units Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Test pedal free travel; check power assist operation.
    2. Check vacuum supply to vacuum-type power booster.
    3. Inspect the vacuum-type power booster unit for leaks; inspect the check valve for proper operation; determine necessary action.
    4. Inspect and test hydraulically assisted power brake system for leaks and proper operation; determine necessary action.
    5. Measure and adjust master cylinder pushrod length.
  Plus F. Brakes - Miscellaneous (Wheel Bearings, Parking Brakes, Electrical, Etc.) Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose wheel bearing noises, wheel shimmy, and vibration concerns; determine necessary action.
    2. Remove, clean, inspect, repack, and install wheel bearings and replace seals; install hub and adjust bearings.
    3. Check parking brake cables and components for wear, binding, and corrosion; clean, lubricate, adjust or replace as needed.
    4. Check parking brake and indicator light system operation; determine necessary action.
    5. Check operation of brake stop light system; determine necessary action.
    6. Replace wheel bearing and race.
    7. Inspect and replace wheel studs.
    8. Remove and reinstall sealed wheel bearing assembly.
  Plus G. Brakes - Electronic Brake, Traction and Stability Control Systems Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Identify and inspect electronic brake control system components; determine necessary action.
    2. Diagnose poor stopping, wheel lock-up, abnormal pedal feel, unwanted application, and noise concerns associated with the electronic brake control system ; determine necessary action.
    3. Diagnose electronic brake control system electronic control(s) and components by retrieving diagnostic trouble codes, and/or using recommended test equipment; determine necessary action.
    4. Depressurize high-pressure components of the electronic brake control system.
    5. Bleed the electronic brake control system hydraulic circuits.
    6. Remove and install electronic brake control system electrical/electronic and hydraulic components.
    7. Test, diagnose, and service electronic brake control system speed sensors (digital and analog), toothed ring (tone wheel), and circuits using a graphing multimeter (GMM)/digital storage oscilloscope (DSO) (includes output signal, resistance, shorts to voltage/ground, and frequency data).
    8. Diagnose electronic brake control system braking concerns caused by vehicle modifications (tire size, curb height, final drive ratio, etc.).
    9. Identify traction control/vehicle stability control system components.
    10. Describe the operation of a regenerative braking system.
  Plus H. ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS - General Electrical System Diagnosis
    1. Complete work order to include customer information, vehicle identifying information, customer concern, related service history, cause, and correction.
    2. Identify and interpret electrical/electronic system concern; determine necessary action.
    3. Research applicable vehicle and service information, such as electrical/electronic system operation, vehicle service history, service precautions, and technical service bulletins.
    4. Locate and interpret vehicle and major component identification numbers.
    5. Diagnose electrical/electronic integrity of series, parallel and series-parallel circuits using principles of electricity (Ohm’s Law).
    6. Use wiring diagrams during diagnosis of electrical circuit problems.
    7. Demonstrate the proper use of a digital multimeter (DMM) during diagnosis of electrical circuit problems, including: source voltage, voltage drop, current flow, and resistance.
    8. Check electrical circuits with a test light; determine necessary action.
    9. Check electrical/electronic circuit waveforms; interpret readings and determine needed repairs.
    10. Check electrical circuits using fused jumper wires; determine necessary action.
    11. Locate shorts, grounds, opens, and resistance problems in electrical/electronic circuits; determine necessary action.
    12. Measure and diagnose the cause(s) of excessive parasitic draw; determine necessary action.
    13. Inspect and test fusible links, circuit breakers, and fuses; determine necessary action.
    14. Inspect and test switches, connectors, relays, solenoid solid state devices, and wires of electrical/electronic circuits; perform necessary action.
    15. Remove and replace terminal end from connector; replace connectors and terminal ends.
    16. Repair wiring harness (including CAN/BUS systems).
    17. Perform solder repair of electrical wiring.
    18. Identify location of hybrid vehicle high voltage circuit disconnect (service plug) location and safety procedures.
  Plus I. ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS - Battery Diagnosis and Service
    1. Perform battery state-of-charge test; determine necessary action.
    2. Perform battery capacity test; confirm proper battery capacity for vehicle application; determine necessary action.
    3. Maintain or restore electronic memory functions.
    4. Inspect, clean, fill, and/or replace battery, battery cables, connectors, clamps, and hold-downs.
    5. Perform battery charge.
    6. Start a vehicle using jumper cables or an auxiliary power supply.
    7. Identify high voltage circuits of electric or hybrid electric vehicle and related safety precautions.
    8. Identify electronic modules, security systems, radios, and other accessories that require reinitialization or code entry following battery disconnect.
    9. Identify hybrid vehicle auxiliary (12v) battery service, repair and test procedures.
  Plus J. ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS - Starting System Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Perform starter current draw tests; determine necessary action.
    2. Perform starter circuit voltage drop tests; determine necessary action.
    3. Inspect and test starter relays and solenoids; determine necessary action.
    4. Remove and install starter in a vehicle.
    5. Inspect and test switches, connectors, and wires of starter control circuits; perform necessary action.
    6. Differentiate between electrical and engine mechanical problems that cause a slow-crank or no-crank condition.
  Plus K. ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS - Charging System Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Perform charging system output test; determine necessary action.
    2. Diagnose charging system for the cause of undercharge, no-charge, and overcharge conditions.
    3. Inspect, adjust, or replace generator (alternator) drive belts, pulleys, and tensioners; check pulley and belt alignment.
    4. Remove, inspect, and install generator (alternator).
    5. Perform charging circuit voltage drop tests; determine necessary action.
  Plus L. ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS - Lighting Systems Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose the cause of brighter than normal, intermittent, dim, or no light operation; determine necessary action.
    2. Inspect, replace, and aim headlights and bulbs.
    3. Inspect and diagnose incorrect turn signal or hazard light operation; perform necessary action.
    4. Identify system voltage and safety precautions associated with high intensity discharge headlights.
  Plus M. ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS - Gauges, Warning Devices, and Driver Information Systems Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Inspect and test gauges and gauge sending units for cause of abnormal gauge readings; determine necessary action.
    2. Inspect and test connectors, wires, and printed circuit boards of gauge circuits; determine necessary action.
    3. Diagnose the cause of incorrect operation of warning devices and other driver information systems; determine necessary action.
    4. Inspect and test sensors, connectors, and wires of electronic (digital) instrument circuits; determine necessary action.
  Plus N. ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS - Horn and Wiper/Washer Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose incorrect horn operation; perform necessary action.
    2. Diagnose incorrect wiper operation; diagnose wiper speed control and park problems; perform necessary action.
    3. Diagnose incorrect washer operation; perform necessary action.
  Plus O. ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS - Accessories Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose incorrect operation of motor-driven accessory circuits; determine necessary action.
    2. Diagnose incorrect heated glass, mirror, or seat operation; determine necessary action.
    3. Diagnose incorrect electric lock operation (including remote keyless entry); determine necessary action.
    4. Diagnose incorrect operation of cruise control systems; determine necessary action.
    5. Diagnose supplemental restraint system (SRS) concerns; determine necessary action.
    6. Disarm and enable the airbag system for vehicle service.
    7. Diagnose radio static and weak, intermittent, or no radio reception; determine necessary action.
    8. Remove and reinstall door panel.
    9. Diagnose body electronic system circuits using a scan tool; determine necessary action.
    10. Check for module communication (including CAN/BUS systems) errors using a scan tool.
    11. Diagnose the cause of false, intermittent, or no operation of anti-theft systems.
    12. Describe the operation of keyless entry/remote-start systems.
    13. Perform software transfers, software updates, or flash reprogramming on electronic modules.

Plus Pathway Standards

Plus I. PLANNING IMPLEMENTATION
  Plus A. Develop and manage preventative maintenance plans and systems to keep facility and mobile equipment inventory in operation.
    Plus 1. Develop preventive maintenance plans and systems to meet business and equipment manufacturer requirements.
        a. Identify performance/reliability requirements for the use of facilities and equipment.
        b. Review and analyze facilities and equipment documentation to determine preventive maintenance requirements.
        c. Review safety and environmental regulations and policies to include HAZMAT to determine adequacy and compliance.
        d. Review performance/reliability and maintenance records to determine the efficacy of current systems and methods.
        e. Develop routine maintenance procedures and schedules to satisfy the performance/reliability requirements.
        f. Develop emergency maintenance procedures to satisfy the performance requirements.
        g. Determine equipment/material/supply and labor requirements for the procedures and schedules developed to satisfy performance/reliability requirements.
        h. Develop purchasing plans and inventory levels for supplies/parts needed to satisfy the developed procedures and schedules.
        i. Determine people and resources to satisfy the schedule and reliability requirements.
        j. Develop written preventative maintenance plans that satisfy the reliability requirements.
        k. Present and explain plans (e.g., business meetings).
    Plus 2. Apply strategies used to monitor and evaluate the performance of maintenance plans and systems.
        a. Monitor and maintain information on facilities and equipment use and reliability.
        b. Monitor and maintain information on the implementation and operation of preventive maintenance systems, including compliance with safety and environmental requirements (e.g., records, logs).
        c. Monitor and maintain information on the availability of parts/materials/supplies and the management of inventory levels.
        d. Evaluate maintenance plan and system performance and identify problems.
        e. Develop reports on system implementation and performance.
        f. Present and explain report (e.g., business meetings).
  Plus B. Assess, maintain, and improve system performance in order to keep facilities and equipment running at an optimum level of performance.
    Plus 1. Develop and execute repair plans based upon an assessment of the facility/ equipment inventory.
        a. Identify and describe facility and mobile equipment reliability/performance problems.
        b. Determine causes of reliability/performance problems of facilities, equipment, subsystems, and/or components including electrical/electronic, fluid power, and mechanical systems and computer control systems.
        c. Determine repair procedures and equipment, materials, parts, supplies, and labor requirements to accomplish repairs.
        d. Develop written plans (e.g., repair plan forms).
        e. Present and explain report (e.g., business meetings).
    Plus 2. Develop plans for improving facilities/equipment/system performance.
        a. Review maintenance reports on performance of current facilities, equipment, and the maintenance and reliability system.
        b. Analyze and evaluate professional literature on new products/technology/methods with higher levels of reliability and performance.
        c. Identify potential areas for improvement.
        d. Analyze costs and benefits of alternative strategies (e.g., buy new equipment, upgrade equipment, change maintenance system) for improving performance.
        e. Develop written improvement plan with recommendations.
        f. Present and explain plan. (e.g. business meetings).
    3. Execute repair plans for facilities and mobile equipment.

Plus Foundation Standards

I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS: Achieve additional academic knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within a career cluster.
II. COMMUNICATIONS: Use oral and written communication skills in creating, expressing and interpreting information and ideas including technical terminology and information.
Plus III. PROBLEM-SOLVING AND CRITICAL THINKING: Solve problems using critical thinking skills (analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams. Solve problems using creativity and innovation.
  Plus A. Formulate ideas, proposals and solutions to transportation, distribution and/or logistics related problems in order to ensure effective and efficient delivery of products or services to targeted consumers.
    1. Clarify the problems or issues to be addressed.
    2. Identify constraints and parameters related to the problem presented.
    3. Formulate a set of objectives for the solution that address the key issues presented.
    4. Analyze available information and statistical data related to the problem or issue.
    5. Synthesize alternative ideas, proposals, and solutions that would solve the problem.
    6. Evaluate possible outcomes from implementation of alternative solutions.
    7. Appraise the best solution based on factors such as risk involved, cost incurred, and benefits gained.
    8. Present a proposed solution to a client along with the logic and rationale for selecting the solution.
  Plus B. Analyze and evaluate ideas, proposals, and solutions to transportation, distribution and logistics related problems in order to select the best deliverable to meet business objectives.
    1. Confirm definition of problem and objectives for the proposed solution.
    2. Appraise the validity of the constraints and parameters presented in the proposal.
    3. Evaluate the accuracy of the basic assumptions outlined in the proposal.
    4. Appraise the quality of information used to support solution.
    5. Evaluate the data analysis techniques and data presented in support of the proposed solution.
    6. Evaluate the logic and reasoning used to develop the proposed solution.
    7. Assess the potential impact of the risks, costs, and benefits of testing and implementing the proposed solution.
    8. Make recommendations on supporting, changing, or not supporting the proposed solution based upon sound reasoning and data.
  Plus C. Develop, implement and evaluate solutions to transportation, distribution or logistics related performance problems using a structured problem-solving process in order to improve business functioning.
    1. Describe the performance problem completely and accurately using data, graphs and charts.
    2. Develop and represent a comprehensive mapping of potential root and indirect causes using commonly accepted mapping methods such as the a fishbone diagram and/or flowchart.
    3. Analyze the features, benefits and constraints associated with alternative solutions to the performance issue.
    4. Select best solutions for further testing based upon available data and historical information.
    5. Formulate an implementation strategy for one of the solutions that considers multiple variables such as time, costs, scope, and quality.
    6. Monitor selected solution performance through data collection and analysis.
    7. Manage implementation of the selected solution using the prescribed strategic plan.
    8. Evaluate performance of solution implemented over time based upon data collected and analyzed throughout implementation.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS: Use information technology tools specific to the career cluster to access, manage, integrate, and create information.
  Plus A. Demonstrate the effective use of computer based equipment (containing embedded computers, or processors) to control electromechanical devices commonly used in conducting work within the TDL industry.
    Plus 1. Execute the steps involved in the operation of a computer driven machine to accomplish a common work tasks.
        a. Operate equipment and machine with assistance.
        b. Secure needed supplies and resources.
        c. Follow power-up and log-on procedures.
        d. Interact with/respond to system messages using console device.
        e. Run applications/jobs in accordance with processing procedures.
        f. Follow log-off and power-down procedure(s).
    Plus 2. Interpret installation and operation manuals in order to install and operate a computer driven machine/equipment.
        a. Access needed information using appropriate reference materials.
    Plus 3. Troubleshoot computer driven equipment and machines and access relevant support sources as-needed.
        a. Test system using diagnostic tools/software.
        b. Repair/replace malfunctioning hardware.
        c. Reinstall software as needed.
        d. Recover data and/or files.
        e. Restore system to normal operating standards.
        f. Complete failure/trouble reports correctly.
        g. Access in-house or external support as needed.
  Plus B. Utilize geographic information systems software common to the transportation, distribution and logistics industry to coordinate and facilitate business related tasks.
    Plus 1. Execute procedures involved in using Geographic Information System/ Global Positions System (GIS/GPS) applications to perform various work functions.
        a. Create maps.
        b. Locate people or things.
        c. Identify best route for travel.
Plus V. SYSTEMS: Understand roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment. Identify how key organizational systems affect organizational performance and the quality of products and services. Understand global context of industries and careers.
  Plus A. Analyze and summarize the various roles and major business functions involved in a TDL organization as a way to demonstrate understanding of the industry as a system.
    1. Summarize past and present trends related to the mission of TDL organizations.
    2. Compare and contrast the various roles TDL organizations take on within the overarching industry.
    3. Compare and contrast the various roles played by critical customers, suppliers, and stakeholders within a TDL organization.
    4. Summarize the major competitive challenges faced by TDL organizations in the industry today and in the future.
    5. Summarize the various major internal job functions and organizational structures found among TDL organizations.
  Plus B. Monitor, analyze and improve performance within a TDL organization using metrics common to the TDL community as a way to demonstrate understanding of how organizations manage and improve business functioning.
    1. State how metrics for financial performance such as profitability, cost reduction and asset utilization may be utilized to identify areas for improvement in improve business functioning.
    2. State how metrics for market performance such as customer and sales/service growth may be used to identify areas for improvement in business functioning.
    3. State how metrics for service and internal operations performance may be used to identify areas for improvement in business functioning (e.g., customer satisfaction, service quality, cycle time).
    4. State how metrics for organizational health, safety and environmental compliance may be used to identify areas for improvement in business functioning.
  Plus C. Demonstrate understanding of important trends influencing the TDL system by assessing and summarizing the impact of various economic, social and technological changes on a TDL organization and its role in the TDL industry.
    1. State how an economic change such as economic growth/decline, income growth, consumer confidence, interest rates, and fuel and material costs may impact a hypothetical business decision.
    2. State how a social change as indicated by a measure of consumer attitudes, consumer preferences, demographics and/or population shifts may impact a hypothetical business decision.
    3. Summarize how various technological changes, including changes in transportation and information technology, may impact business functioning today and in the future.
  Plus D. Implement and evaluate risk management strategies to prevent and reduce various risks and exposures within a TDL organization as a way to demonstrate understanding of risk management as a tool for improving performance.
    1. Summarize a rationale for implementing a risk management program within an organization.
    2. State the potential impact various loss exposures such as property, liability, personnel and net income may have on business functioning should there be a loss.
    3. Summarize various approaches for managing organizational risks.
  Plus E. Demonstrate an understanding of the impact regulations have on business functioning by analyzing and summarizing the roles and functions of government in regulating and supporting TDL organizations within the industry.
    1. Summarize the role government plays in regulating domestic transportation operations.
    2. Summarize various government policies created to regulate international transportation operations.
    3. Summarize the impact of government policy on public transportation infrastructure management.
    4. Summarize the impact of government policy on health, safety and environmental management in an organization.
  Plus F. Manage ongoing customer relationships with both internal and external TDL customer groups in order to maintain ongoing business.
    1. Generate a list of potential customer needs and requirements based upon information gathered through client interactions.
    2. Generate a list of next steps that will fulfill customer requirements and produce customer satisfaction.
    3. State how to appropriately respond to customer problems and complains in an effective and efficient manner.
  Plus G. Develop and manage plans and budgets to accomplish TDL organizational goals and objectives.
    1. Develop a work plan and budget that effectively and efficiently allocates people and resources using relevant data about the organization and/or workgroup.
    2. Develop a report that summarizes the key information about the performance and utilization of resources within an organization and/or workgroup.
    3. Based upon organization and/or workgroup data, modify a program of work and related budgets to improve alignment with a TDL organization's goals and objectives.
  Plus H. Develop plans for improving a TDL organization's performance in the areas of customer service and operations in order to achieve acceptable levels of customer satisfaction.
    1. Compare and contrast critical performance issues associated with customer service and operations.
    2. Summarize opportunities for improvement in the areas of customer service and operations.
    3. Execute the steps involved in a structured problem-solving process while developing a plan for improving customer service and operations performance.
  Plus I. Assess and implement measures to demonstrate compliance with organizational policies and government laws and regulations common to organizations in the TDL community.
    1. Interpret relevant organizational policies and government laws and regulations for specific functions within a TDL organization.
    2. Assess compliance with policies and regulations using data and information from relevant reports and sources within the organization.
    3. Recommend improvements for compliance in an area found to be deficient based upon information produced during an assessment of compliance.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL: Understand the importance of health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance. Follow organizational policies and procedures and contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.
  Plus A. Assess and implement measures to maintain safe and healthful working conditions in a TDL organization.
    Plus 1. Assess workplace conditions with regard to safety and health of employees using data collected through observations and experience.
        a. Identify the types of risk of injury/illness at work.
        b. Identify those who are susceptible to risk of injury/illness at work.
        c. Describe ways to positively impact occupational safety and health.
    2. Recommend improvements for issues related to the safety and health of employees based upon an assessment of the workplace conditions.
  Plus B. Complete work tasks in accordance with applicable employer rules concerning occupational safety and health common to the TDL industry in order to insure employee rights and employer obligations.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of rules and laws designed to promote safety and health in the workplace.
        a. Identify key rights of employees related to occupational safety and health.
        b. Identify the responsibilities of employers related to occupational safety and health.
        c. Explain the role of government agencies in providing a safe workplace.
  Plus C. Assess and implement methods to reduce sources of workplace hazards common in the TDL industry in order to promote a safe and accident free working environment.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate the steps involved in preventing workplace hazards.
        a. Identify and describe common hazards in the workplace.
        b. Identify and describe major sources of information about hazards in the workplace (e.g., MSDS, work procedures, exposure control plans, training materials, labels, and signage).
        c. Identify sources of combustible/flammable materials, fire and emergencies to establish a fire safe environment.
        d. Interpret safety signs and symbols.
    2. List and describe common sources of office, warehouse and worksite accidents We do not agree with adding this, we see this as a task.
  Plus D. Assess and control health hazards common to the TDL industry in order to promote a healthy working environment.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate compliance with protocols established for maintaining a healthy workplace based on an assessment of hazards.
        a. Identify procedures necessary for maintaining a safe work area.
        b. Identify methods to correct common hazards.
        c. Identify methods for disposing of hazardous materials.
        d. Demonstrate principals of safe physical movement to avoid slips, trips, and spills.
        e. Inspect and use protective equipment (PPE).
    2. List and describe common sources of group health issues in the workplace.
  Plus E. Describe the regulatory areas common to the TDL industry in order to demonstrate an understanding of key protocols for protecting health, safety and the environment.
    1. Summarize the major areas addressed in health and safety laws and regulations.
    2. Summarize the major areas addressed in environmental management laws and regulations.
  Plus F. Analyze and explain major aspects and benefits promoted by implementing health, safety and environmental management systems in a TDL organization.
    1. Describe the major components of a health, safety and environmental management system.
    2. State the role and summarize the benefits of each component in a health, safety and environmental management system.
  Plus G. Analyze and explain how government agencies promote compliance and improved health, safety and environmental performance in TDL organizations.
    1. State the major measures and types of data utilized by government agencies to measure and monitor health, safety and environmental risks and performance.
    2. Compare and contrast the various services through which government agencies provide assistance in ensuring compliance and improved performance in an organization.
  Plus H. We recommend eliminating this section. Analyze and explain the methods employed by TDL organizations to promote improved health, safety and environmental performance in order to understand how organizations individual approach improved performance in important areas.
    1. State the major metrics and types of data utilized by organizations to measure and monitor health, safety, and environmental risks and performance.
    2. Compare and contrast various methods and protocols organizations establish to improve performance in protecting the areas of health, safety and the environment.
  Plus I. Execute health, safety and environmental procedures and protocols established within the TDL organization.
    1. Identify and utilize common sources of information to maintain knowledge of organizational safety, health and environmental management policies and procedures.
    2. Execute organizational environmental policies and procedures.
    3. Educate and orient other workers regarding organizational safety, health and environmental policies and procedures using a variety of methods such as, job-aids, posters and presentations.
    4. Execute the procedures involved in a protocol for maintaining a safe, healthful and environmentally friendly work area.
    5. State common safety, health and environmental hazards to be avoided in the workplace.
    6. Perform regular audits and inspections to maintain compliance with safety, health and environmental regulations.
    7. Execute common methods and protocols for maintaining documentation on compliance with safety, health and environmental regulations.
    8. Assess and document health, safety and environmental problems using common forms and protocols.
    9. Document the steps involved in an accident/incident investigation.
  Plus J. Evaluate current practices and develop a comprehensive plan to improve health, safety, and environmental performance.
    1. Identify and describe the most critical performance problems related to health, safety and the environment.
    2. Identify opportunities for improvement of performance related to the problems found in an assessment of health, safety and environmental issues.
    3. We recommend deleting this item. Execute a structured problem-solving process to develop a plan for improving performance in protecting general health, safety and environmental concerns.
VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK: Use leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES: Know and understand the importance of professional ethics and legal responsibilities.
  Plus A. Analyze and summarize the legal responsibilities associated with different roles and functions within TDL organizations as a way to demonstrate awareness of the influence laws and regulations have on ethics in the workplace.
    1. Summarize the legal responsibility an employee has regarding compliance with government laws and regulations.
    2. Summarize the major governmental laws and regulations that define legal responsibilities for different roles and functions within an organization including legislation associated with commercial operations, consumers, health, safety, environmental protection and employment practices.
  Plus B. Understanding cooperate policies in light of ethical and legal responsibilities.
    1. Compare and contrast the differences between ethical and legal responsibilities for different roles and functions within an organization.
    2. State the relationship between the employers expectations for demonstrating ethics and personal responsibility in the workplace and the various behaviors that express compliance with expectations.
    3. Compare and contrast differences in how various workplaces apply personal or professional ethics.
    4. Summarize the differences in ethical and legal responsibilities among various roles and functions within a TDL organization as a way to demonstrate awareness of how laws and regulations related to ethics are applied in workplace settings.
  Plus C. Evaluate and apply strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions of individuals and organizations in the TDL industry in order to demonstrate how to respond to unethical situations.
    1. Compare and contrast the results achieved from implementing alternative strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions.
    2. Recommend procedures and rationale for applying the best strategy after thorough consideration of alternatives.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT: Know and understand the importance of employability skills. Explore, plan, and effectively manage careers. Know and understand the importance of entrepreneurship skills.
  Plus A. Evaluate and apply written organizational policies, rules and procedures in order to function ethically and effectively within the workplace.
    Plus 1. Locate appropriate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
        a. Identify the contents of various organizational publications.
        b. Select the appropriate document (s) as reference for the situation.
    Plus 2. Analyze how specific organizational policies and rules, if applied, may influence specific situations in the workplace.
        a. Locate and identify specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to assist with a given situation.
        b. Explain specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to improve a given situation.
  Plus B. Assess and evaluate career opportunities in one or more TDL career pathways to broaden awareness of careers available in the industries related to the career cluster.
    Plus 1. Research and match career opportunities based upon their fit with personal career goals.
        a. Locate and interpret career information for at least one career cluster.
        b. Identify job requirements for career pathways.
        c. Identify educational and credentialing requirements for career cluster and pathways.
    Plus 2. Match personal interests and aptitudes to careers when researching opportunities within the pathways.
        a. Identify personal interests and aptitudes.
        b. Identify job requirements and characteristics of selected careers.
        c. Compare personal interests and aptitudes with job requirements and characteristics of career selected.
        d. Modify career goals based on results of personal interests and aptitudes with career requirements and characteristics.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS: Use the technical knowledge and skills required to pursue the targeted careers for all pathways in the career cluster, including knowledge of design, operation, and maintenance of technological systems critical to the career cluster.
  Plus A. Analyze and assess the various roles and functions of necessary transportation-related technological systems used in the TDL community in order to demonstrate awareness of technical skills associated with the TDL industry.
    1. Compare and contrast key features of various supply chain or transit systems that transport people and freight.
    2. Compare and contrast key features of various systems for transportation information support systems.
    3. Evaluate the effectiveness of different features provided by various TDL information technology applications.
  Plus B. Measure, analyze and manage the output of technological systems in order to enhance performance and reliability of timing, cost projecting, and forecasting within transportation operations.
    1. Summarize the concept of reliability and its usefulness in evaluating technical system performance.
    2. Summarize how reliability and overall system performance is measured and monitored.
    3. Summarize the importance of extracting accurate data from technological systems to improve the performance and forecasting of TDL organizations.
    4. Summarize the impact a technological system with poor reliability may have on performance within a TDL organization.
    5. Summarize methods employees can use to contribute to improved reliability and performance such as, design, selection, maintenance and operation/utilization.
  Plus C. Summarize the potential impact technological systems may have on health, safety and environmental risks in order to demonstrate an understanding of the impact a technical system can have in managing compliance.
    1. Summarize the major heath, safety and environmental risks and potential impacts associated with various technological systems.
    2. Compare and contrast various processes for managing health, safety and environmental risks and impacts within an organization.
  Plus D. Evaluate and recommend a technological system for implementation in a TDL organization in order to demonstrate an understanding of the factors involved in selecting an appropriate system to manage risk and compliance.
    1. Summarize organizational requirements and selection criteria for technological systems.
    2. Assess alternative technological systems based upon a set of requirements and selection criteria.
    3. Recommend technological system that best fits the organization in light of the corporate and regulatory requirements identified.
  Plus E. Participate in efforts to improve the utilization and performance of technological systems to provide the correct data needed to make informed decisions dealing with managing risk and compliance.
    1. Summarize and prioritize reliability and performance problems based upon data collected during implementation of the technological system.
    2. Synthesize opportunities for improving performance based upon a prioritized list of reliability and performance problems associated with the technological system.
    3. Execute a structured problem-solving process to develop a plan for improving performance in prioritized areas.

Plus Essential Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS
  Plus A. Complete required training, education, and certification to prepare for employment in a particular career field.
    1. Identify training, education and certification requirements for occupational choice.
    2. Participate in career-related training and/or degree programs.
    3. Pass certification tests to qualify for licensure and/or certification in chosen occupational area.
  Plus B. Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.
    1. Model behaviors that demonstrate active listening.
    2. Adapt language for audience, purpose, situation. (i.e. diction/structure, style).
    3. Organize oral and written information.
    4. Compose focused copy for a variety of written documents such as agendas, audio-visuals, bibliographies, drafts, forms/documents, notes, oral presentations, reports, and technical terminology.
    5. Edit copy to create focused written documents such as agendas, audio-visuals, bibliographies, drafts, forms/documents, notes, oral presentations, reports, and technical terminology.
    6. Comprehend key elements of oral and written information such as cause/effect, comparisons/contrasts, conclusions, context, purpose, charts/tables/graphs, evaluation/critiques, mood, persuasive text, sequence, summaries, and technical subject matter.
    7. Evaluate oral and written information for accuracy, adequacy/sufficiency, appropriateness, clarity, conclusions/solutions, fact/opinion, propaganda, relevancy, validity, and relationship of ideas.
    8. Identify assumptions, purpose, outcomes/solutions, and propaganda techniques.
    9. Predict potential outcomes and/or solutions based on oral and written information regarding trends.
    10. Present formal and informal speeches including discussion, information requests, interpretation, and persuasive arguments.
  Plus C. Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.
    1. Identify whole numbers, decimals, and fractions.
    2. Demonstrate knowledge of basic arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
    3. Demonstrate use of relational expressions such as equal to, not equal, greater than, less than, etc.
    4. Apply data and measurements to solve a problem.
    5. Analyze Mathematical problem statements for missing and/or irrelevant data.
    6. Construct charts/tables/graphs from functions and data.
    7. Analyze data when interpreting operational documents.
  Plus D. Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary and career education opportunities.
    1. Evaluate scientific constructs including conclusions, conflicting data, controls, data, inferences, limitations, questions, sources of errors, and variables.
    2. Apply scientific methods in qualitative and quantitative analysis, data gathering, direct and indirect observation, predictions, and problem identification.
Plus II. COMMUNICATIONS
  Plus A. Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.
    1. Determine the most appropriate reading strategy for identifying the overarching purpose of a text (i.e. skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).
    2. Demonstrate use of content, technical concepts and vocabulary when analyzing information and following directions.
    3. Select the reading strategy or strategies needed to fully comprehend the content within a written document (i.e., skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).
    4. Interpret information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
    5. Transcribe information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
    6. Communicate information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
  Plus B. Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication in the workplace.
    1. Employ verbal skills when obtaining and conveying information.
    2. Record information needed to present a report on a given topic or problem.
    3. Write internal and external business correspondence that conveys and/or obtains information effectively.
    4. Communicate with other employees to clarify workplace objectives.
    5. Communicate effectively with customers and employees to foster positive relationships.
  Plus C. Locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.
    1. Locate written information used to communicate with co-workers and customers.
    2. Organize information to use in written and oral communications.
    3. Reference the sources of information.
  Plus D. Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.
    1. Use informational texts, Internet web sites, and/or technical materials to review and apply information sources for occupational tasks.
    2. Evaluate the reliability of information from informational texts, Internet Web sites, and/or technical materials and resources.
  Plus E. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
    1. Compose multi-paragraph documents clearly, succinctly, and accurately.
    2. Use descriptions of audience and purpose when preparing and editing written documents.
    3. Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and capitalization when preparing written documents.
  Plus F. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.
    1. Prepare oral presentations to provide information for specific purposes and audiences.
    2. Identify support materials that will enhance an oral presentation.
    3. Prepare support materials that will enhance an oral presentation.
    4. Deliver an oral presentation that sustains listeners' attention and interest.
    5. Align presentation strategies to the intended audience.
    6. Implement multi-media strategies for presentations.
  Plus G. Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication with co-workers and clients/participants.
    1. Interpret verbal behaviors when communicating with clients and co-workers.
    2. Interpret nonverbal behaviors when communicating with clients and co-workers.
  Plus H. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    1. Interpret a given verbal message/information.
    2. Respond with restatement and clarification techniques to clarify information.
  Plus I. Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    1. Create tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    2. Interpret tables, charts, and figures used to support written and oral communication.
  Plus J. Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.
    1. Apply factors and strategies for communicating with a diverse workforce.
    2. Demonstrate ability to communicate and resolve conflicts within a diverse workforce.
  Plus K. Exhibit public relations skills to increase internal and external customer/client satisfaction.
    1. Communicate effectively when developing positive customer/client relationships.
Plus III. PROBLEM-SOLVING AND CRITICAL THINKING
  Plus A. Employ critical thinking skills independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions (e.g., analyze, synthesize and evaluate).
    1. Identify common tasks that require employees to use problem-solving skills.
    2. Analyze elements of a problem to develop creative solutions.
    3. Describe the value of using problem-solving and critical thinking skills to improve a situation or process.
    4. Create ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
    5. Evaluate ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
    6. Use structured problem-solving methods when developing proposals and solutions.
    7. Generate new and creative ideas to solve problems by brainstorming possible solutions.
    8. Critically analyze information to determine value to the problem-solving task.
    9. Guide individuals through the process of recognizing concerns and making informed decisions.
    10. Identify alternatives using a variety of problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
    11. Evaluate alternatives using a variety of problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
  Plus B. Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts with staff and/or customers.
    1. Analyze situations and behaviors that affect conflict management.
    2. Determine best options/outcomes for conflict resolution using critical thinking skills.
    3. Identify with others’ feelings, needs, and concerns.
    4. Implement stress management techniques.
    5. Resolve conflicts with/for customers using conflict resolution skills.
    6. Implement conflict resolution skills to address staff issues/problems.
  Plus C. Identify, write and monitor workplace performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.
    1. Write realistic performance goals, objectives and action plans.
    2. Monitor performance goals and adjust as necessary.
    3. Recognize goal achievement using appropriate rewards in the workplace.
    4. Communicate goal achievement with managers and co-workers.
  Plus D. Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.
    1. Align the information gathered to the needs of the audience.
    2. Gather technical information and data using a variety of resources.
    3. Analyze information and data for value to the research objectives.
    4. Evaluate information and data to determine value to research objectives.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
  Plus A. Use Personal Information Management (PIM) applications to increase workplace efficiency.
    1. Manage personal schedules and contact information.
    2. Create memos and notes.
  Plus B. Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.
    1. Use information technology tools to manage and perform work responsibilities.
  Plus C. Operate electronic mail applications to communicate within a workplace.
    1. Use email to share files and documents.
    2. Identify the functions and purpose of email systems.
    3. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
  Plus D. Operate Internet applications to perform workplace tasks.
    1. Access and navigate Internet (e.g., use a web browser).
    2. Search for information and resources.
    3. Evaluate Internet resources for reliability and validity.
  Plus E. Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare business communications.
    1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
    2. Prepare reports and other business communications by integrating graphics and other non-text elements.
    3. Prepare complex multi-media publications.
  Plus F. Operate presentation applications to prepare presentations.
    1. Prepare presentations for training, sales and information sharing.
    2. Deliver presentations with supporting materials.
  Plus G. Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.
    1. Create a spreadsheet.
    2. Perform calculations and analyses on data using a spreadsheet.
  Plus H. Employ database applications to manage data.
    1. Manipulate data elements.
    2. Manage interrelated data elements.
    3. Analyze interrelated data elements.
    4. Generate reports showing interrelated data elements.
  Plus I. Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.
    1. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
    2. Facilitate group work through management of shared files and online information.
    3. Facilitate group work through instant messaging or virtual meetings.
  Plus J. Employ computer operations applications to manage work tasks.
    1. Manage computer operations.
    2. Manage file storage.
    3. Compress or alter files.
  Plus K. Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.
    1. Operate computer driven equipment and machines.
    2. Use installation and operation manuals.
    3. Troubleshoot computer driven equipment and machines.
    4. Access support as needed to maintain operation of computer driven equipment and machines.
Plus V. SYSTEMS
  Plus A. Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.
    1. List the types and functions of businesses.
    2. Describe the types and functions of businesses.
    3. Explain the functions and interactions of common departments within a business.
  Plus B. Implement quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.
    1. Describe quality control standards and practices common to the workplace.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL
  Plus A. Implement personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.
    1. Assess workplace conditions with regard to safety and health.
    2. Align safety issues with appropriate safety standards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
    3. Identify safety hazards common to workplaces.
    4. Identify safety precautions to maintain a safe worksite.
    5. Select appropriate personal protective equipment as needed for a safe workplace/jobsite.
    6. Inspect personal protective equipment commonly used for selected career pathway.
    7. Use personal protective equipment according to manufacturer rules and regulations.
    8. Employ a safety hierarchy and communication system within the workplace/jobsite.
    9. Implement safety precautions to maintain a safe worksite.
  Plus B. Complete work tasks in accordance with employee rights and responsibilities and employers obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.
    1. Identify rules and laws designed to promote safety and health in the workplace.
    2. State the rationale of rules and laws designed to promote safety and health.
  Plus C. Employ emergency procedures as necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.
    1. Use knowledge of First Aid procedures as necessary.
    2. Use knowledge of CPR procedures as necessary.
    3. Use safety equipment as necessary.
  Plus D. Employ knowledge of response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.
    1. Complete an assessment of an emergency and/or disaster situation.
    2. Create an emergency and/or disaster plan.
Plus VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Employ leadership skills to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
    1. Analyze the various roles of leaders within organizations (e.g. contribute ideas; share in building an organization; act as role models to employees by adhering to company policies, procedures, and standards; promote the organization’s vision; and mentor others).
    2. Exhibit traits such as empowerment, risk, communication, focusing on results, decision-making, problem solution, and investment in individuals when leading a group in solving a problem.
    3. Exhibit traits such as compassion, service, listening, coaching, developing others, team development, and understanding and appreciating others when acting as a manager of others in the workplace.
    4. Exhibit traits such as enthusiasm, creativity, conviction, mission, courage, concept, focus, principle-centered living, and change when interacting with others in general.
    5. Consider issues related to self, team, community, diversity, environment, and global awareness when leading others.
    6. Exhibit traits such as innovation, intuition, adaptation, life-long learning and coachability to develop leadership potential over time.
    7. Analyze leadership in relation to trust, positive attitude, integrity, and willingness to accept key responsibilities in a work situation.
    8. Describe observations of outstanding leaders using effective management styles.
    9. Participate in civic and community leadership and teamwork opportunities to enhance skills.
  Plus B. Employ organizational and staff development skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.
    1. Implement organizational skills when facilitating others’ work efforts.
    2. Explain how to manage a staff that satisfies work demands while adhering to budget constraints.
    3. Describe how staff growth and development to increase productivity and employee satisfaction.
    4. Organize team involvement within a group environment.
    5. Work with others to develop and gain commitment to team goals.
    6. Distribute responsibility and work load fairly.
    7. Model leadership and teamwork qualities to aid in employee morale.
    8. Identify best practices for successful team functioning.
    9. Explain best practices for successful team functioning.
  Plus C. Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members' talents effectively.
    1. Work with others to achieve objectives in a timely manner.
    2. Promote the full involvement and use of team member's individual talents and skills.
    3. Employ conflict-management skills to facilitate solutions.
    4. Demonstrate teamwork skills through working cooperatively with co-workers, supervisory staff, and others, both in and out of the organization, to achieve particular tasks.
    5. Demonstrate teamwork processes that provide team building, consensus, continuous improvement, respect for the opinions of others, cooperation, adaptability, and conflict resolution.
    6. Develop plans to improve team performance.
    7. Demonstrate commitment to and a positive attitude toward team goals.
    8. Take responsibility for shared group and individual work tasks.
    9. Assist team members in completing their work.
    10. Adapt effectively to changes in projects and work activities.
    11. Negotiate effectively to arrive at decisions.
  Plus D. Establish and maintain effective working relationships with all levels of personnel and other departments in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.
    1. Build effective working relationships using interpersonal skills.
    2. Use positive interpersonal skills to work cooperatively with co-workers representing different cultures, genders and backgrounds.
    3. Manage personal skills to accomplish assignments.
    4. Treat people with respect.
    5. Provide constructive praise and criticism.
    6. Demonstrate sensitivity to and value for diversity.
    7. Manage stress and control emotions.
  Plus E. Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish work tasks.
    1. Develop meeting goals, objectives and agenda.
    2. Assign responsibilities for preparing materials and leading discussions.
    3. Prepare materials for leading discussion.
    4. Assemble and distribute meeting materials.
    5. Conduct meeting to achieve objectives within scheduled time.
    6. Demonstrate effective communication skills in meetings.
    7. Produce meeting minutes including decisions and next steps.
    8. Use parliamentary procedure, as needed, to conduct meetings.
  Plus F. Employ mentoring skills to inspire and teach others.
    1. Use motivational techniques to enhance performance in others.
    2. Provide guidance to enhance performance in others.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES
  Plus A. Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of workplace situations in order to make ethical decisions.
    1. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on legal responsibilities and employer policies.
    2. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on personal or professional ethical responsibilities.
    3. Identify personal and long-term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
    4. Explain personal and long-term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
    5. Determine the most appropriate response to workplace situations based on legal and ethical considerations.
    6. Explain the most appropriate response to workplace situations based on legal and ethical considerations.
  Plus B. Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures to help employees perform their jobs according to employer rules and expectations.
    1. Locate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
    2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and procedures influence a specific work situation.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT
  Plus A. Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable.
    1. Demonstrate self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, and integrity in a work situation.
    2. Demonstrate flexibility and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills.
    3. Exhibit commitment to the organization.
    4. Identify how work varies with regard to site, from indoor confined spaces to outdoor areas, including aerial space and a variety of climatic and physical conditions.
    5. Apply communication strategies when adapting to a culturally diverse environment.
    6. Manage resources in relation to the position (i.e. budget, supplies, computer, etc).
    7. Identify positive work-qualities typically desired in each of the career cluster's pathways.
    8. Manage work roles and responsibilities to balance them with other life roles and responsibilities.
  Plus B. Develop a personal career plan to meet career goals and objectives.
    1. Develop career goals and objectives as part of a plan for future career direction.
    2. Develop strategies to reach career objectives.
  Plus C. Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment to find and obtain a desired job.
    1. Use multiple resources to locate job opportunities.
    2. Prepare a résumé.
    3. Prepare a letter of application.
    4. Complete an employment application.
    5. Interview for employment.
    6. List the standards and qualifications that must be met in order to enter a given industry.
    7. Employ critical thinking and decision-making skills to exhibit qualifications to a potential employer.
  Plus D. Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills and experience in a career field.
    1. Select educational and work history highlights to include in a career portfolio.
    2. Produce a record of work experiences, licenses, certifications and products.
    3. Organize electronic or physical portfolio for use in demonstrating knowledge, skills and experiences.
  Plus E. Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.
    1. Compare employment opportunities to individual needs and career plan objectives.
    2. Evaluate employment opportunities based upon individual needs and career plan objectives.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate methods for accepting or rejecting employment offers.
  Plus F. Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment to maintain employment once secured.
    1. Model behaviors that demonstrate reliability and dependability.
    2. Maintain appropriate dress and behavior for the job to contribute to a safe and effective workplace/jobsite.
    3. Complete required employment forms and documentation such as I-9 form, work visa, W-4 and licensures to meet employment requirements.
    4. Summarize key activities necessary to retain a job in the industry.
    5. Identify positive work behaviors and personal qualities necessary to retain employment.
  Plus G. Identify and explore career opportunities in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.
    1. Locate and identify career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
    2. Match personal interest and aptitudes to selected careers.
  Plus H. Recognize and act upon requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.
    1. Identify opportunities for career advancement.
    2. Pursue education and training opportunities to acquire skills necessary for career advancement.
    3. Examine the organization and structure of various segments of the industry to prepare for career advancement.
    4. Research local and regional labor (workforce) market and job growth information to project potential for advancement.
    5. Manage employment relations to make career advancements.
  Plus I. Continue professional development to keep current on relevant trends and information within the industry.
    1. Use self assessment, organizational priorities, journals, Internet sites, professional associations, peers and other resources to develop goals that address training, education and self-improvement issues.
    2. Read trade magazines and journals, manufacturers’ catalogues, industry publications and Internet sites to keep current on industry trends.
    3. Participate in relevant conferences, workshops, mentoring activities and in-service training to stay current with recent changes in the field.
  Plus J. Examine licensing, certification and credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.
    1. Examine continuing education requirements related to licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the local, state and national levels for chosen occupation.
    2. Examine the procedures and paperwork involved in maintaining and updating licensure, certification and credentials for chosen occupation.
    3. Align ongoing licensing, certification and credentialing requirements to career plans and goals.
  Plus K. Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship to consider entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.
    1. Describe the opportunities for entrepreneurship in a given industry.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Employ information management techniques and strategies in the workplace to assist in decision-making.
    1. Use information literacy skills when accessing, evaluating and disseminating information.
    2. Describe the nature and scope of information management.
    3. Maintain records to facilitate ongoing business operations.
  Plus B. Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.
    1. Develop goals and objectives.
    2. Prioritize tasks to be completed.
    3. Develop timelines using time management knowledge and skills.
    4. Use project-management skills to improve workflow and minimize costs.

Plus Employment Standards

Plus I. APPLIED ACADEMIC SKILLS
  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standared business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
Plus II. CAREER PLANNING
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
Plus III. DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from muiltiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skils using a variety of media and interpretive data.
Plus IV. PROBLEM SOLVING
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
Plus V. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfacotry completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities, demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate etlhical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
Plus VI. ORGANIZING SKILLS
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
Plus VII. TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minortiy viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
Plus VIII. NEGOTIATION SKILL
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibily challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
Plus IX. UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND USING TECHNOLOGY
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
Plus X. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certifricates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labormarket information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
Plus XI. MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS
  Plus A. Creativity and Innovation – By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Apply advanced software features (e.g. built-in thesaurus, templates, styles) to redesign the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations
    2. Create a web page (e.g., Dreamweaver, iGoogle, Kompozer)
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present projects (e.g., newsletters, web sites, presentations, photo galleries)
  Plus B. Communication and Collaboration - By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Identify various collaboration technologies and describe their use (e.g., desktop conferencing, listserv, blog, wiki)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, videoconferencing, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project
    3. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models)
    4. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., ePals, discussion boards, online groups, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
    5. Describe the potential risks and dangers associated with online communications
    6. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
  Plus C. Research and Information Fluency – By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
    2. Identify, evaluate, and select appropriate online sources to answer content related questions
    3. Demonstrate the ability to use library and online databases for accessing information (e.g., MEL, Proquest, Infosource, United Streaming)
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference
    5. Evaluate information found in selected online sources on the basis of accuracy and validity
    6. Evalate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation
    7. Understand that using information from a single internet source might result in the reporting of erroneous facts and that multiple sources must always be researched
    8. Research examples of inappropriate use of technologies and participate in related classroom activities (e.g., debates, reports, mock trials, presentations)
  Plus D. Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision Making - By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Use digital resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning
    2. Analyze the capabilities and limitations of digital resources and evaluate their potential to address personal, social, lifelong learning, and career needs
    3. Devise a research question or hypothesis using information and communication technology resources, analyze the findings to make a decision based on the findings, and report the results
  Plus E. Demonstrate Digital Citizenship
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to the use of information and communication technologies (e.g., properly selecting and citing resources)
    2. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society
    3. Discuss and demonstrate proper netiquette in online communications
    4. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users
    5. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings
    6. Discuss and adhere to fair use policies and copyright guidelines
  Plus F. Technology Operations and Concepts - By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience
    2. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning
    3. Explore career opportunities, especially those related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and identify their related technology skill requirements
    4. Describe uses of various existing or emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, videoconferencing, online file sharing, global positioning software)
    5. Identify an example of an assistive technology and describe its potential purpose and use
    6. Participate in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills
    7. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation
    8. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, open source, and commercial software
    9. Participate in experiences associated with technology-related careers
    10. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav, wmv, mp3, flv, avi, pdf)
    11. Understand and discuss how assistive technologies can benefit all individuals
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application’s spelling and grammar checking functions