19.0000 - Family and Consumer Science

Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. Parenting: evaluate the effects of parenting roles and responsibilities on strengthening the well-being of individuals and families.
  Plus A. Develop and understand the expectations and responsibilities of becoming a parent.
    Plus 1. Determine the traits and characteristics that contribute to successful parenting.
        a. Analyze roles and responsibilities of parenting.
        b. Analyze parenting roles across the life span.
        c. Analyze and explain parenting roles and role changes across the life cycle
        d. Analyze conditions that influence parenting
        e. Analyze characteristics of a nurturing environment
    Plus 2. Quantify the lifelong commitment necessary to be a responsible parent.
        a. Analyze parenting roles across the life span.
    Plus 3. Analyze expectations and responsibilities of parenting.
        a. Summarize current laws and policies related to the responsibilities of Parenting.
        b. Describe and analyze the needs and responsibilities of care givers throughout the family life cycle.
        c. Demonstrate skills necessary in the physical, social, and emotional care and nurturing of family members
    4. Evaluate the reasons/motivation for becoming a parent.
    5. Assess the time and energy required to be an effective parent.
    6. Examine the influences and interrelationships of parenthood, work/career and family responsibilities
    7. Explain the consequences of parenting decisions
    8. Analyze consequences of parenting practices to the individual, family, and society.
  Plus B. Explore the dynamics of family structures relative to parenting
    Plus 1. Investigate the difficulties of parenting when divorce or death changes a family.
        a. Analyze parenting strategies for facing family challenges
    2. Determine the effects of parenting roles and relationships in blended and extended families.
    3. Examine the effects of substance abuse on the ability to parent.
    4. Investigate the difficulties of parenting for families in crisis (homelessness, job loss, catastrophic events, etc.)
    5. Analyze the changes in responsibilities of parents at various stages of their child's development.
    Plus 6. Analyze societal conditions that influence parenting across the life span.
        a. Analyze social and community conditions that influence parenting
        b. Learn how to create support systems to assist individuals in their roles as nurturer, caregiver, and parent
    7. Analyze the effects of family conflict and change on effective parenting practices.
    Plus 8. Explore the effects of various custodial arrangements: single parents, grandparents who parent, adoption, foster care, "substitute" parents on the parental role
        a. Examine the role and responsibility of foster parents.
    9. Develop an awareness of the special requirements of parenting in atypical families. **( Consideration must e given to community norms regarding gay/lesbian couples, single parenting by choice, etc. when covering this topic.)
    10. Investigate methods of establishing paternity and the legal rights and responsibilities of parents and grandparents.
    Plus 11. Explain cultural differences in roles and responsibilities of parenting.
        a. Compare cultural differences in roles and responsibilities of parenting
        b. Examine how cultural values and beliefs influence parenting expectations, nurturing practices and needs for family support.
  Plus C. Identify and compare parenting and nurturing practices that support optimal human growth and development.
    Plus 1. Analyze and compare parenting styles (authoritarian, permissive, etc.)
        a. Evaluate parenting practices that maximize human growth and development.
    2. Understand the effect of family difference on parenting styles
    3. Assess the impact of parental beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors upon the development of children
    Plus 4. Choose nurturing practices that support human growth and development
        a. Demonstrate characteristics of nurturing
    5. Identify strategies for continuous learning of parenting skills
    Plus 6. Identify and apply communication strategies that promote positive interactions and self esteem in family members
        a. Apply communication strategies that promote positive self-esteem in family members.
        b. Explain factors that affect communication between parent and child.
        c. Identify appropriate communication in various parenting situations
    7. Assess common practices and emerging research about the affects of discipline on human growth and development.
    8. Identify positive guidance practices
    Plus 9. Develop knowledge of age-appropriate guidance and discipline techniques.
        a. Assess common practices and emerging research about discipline on human growth and development.
    10. Identify positive strategies for managing anger and frustration
    11. Assess the effects of abuse and neglect on children and families and determine methods for prevention.
    Plus 12. Identify criteria for selecting and obtaining appropriate health care
        a. Apply criteria for selecting care and services for children.
        b. Evaluate external support systems that provide services to parents
        c. Understand strategies and identify resources to promote optimal health for children.
        d. Examine parent decisions about health care choices
        e. Examine plans that promote preventative health care
    13. Investigate state immunization laws and recommendations
    14. Recognize symptoms of childhood illness
    15. Determine optimal schedule for "well Child" health and dental appointments
    16. Assess ways to avoid or prevent common childhood illnesses
  Plus D. Locate and evaluate community resources available to parents and families.
    Plus 1. Identify and evaluate sources of reliable information, support and assistance to parents
        a. Assess community resources and services available to families.
        b. Investigate local resources available to parents.
    Plus 2. Develop criteria for selecting quality care and services for children.
        a. Identify types of appropriate care, environments, and settings to meet the needs of exceptional children
    3. Appraise community resources that provide opportunities related to parenting.
    4. Summarize current laws and policies related to parenting.
  Plus E. Explore factors indicating personal readiness for parenting
    Plus 1. Analyze physical and emotional factors related to beginning the parenting process.
        a. Analyze biological processes related to prenatal development, birth, and health of child and mother.
        b. Analyze biological processes related to prenatal development, birth, and health of the child and mother
    2. Examine the influence of heredity, environment, and parental behavioral choices on prenatal development
    3. Determine the effects of alcohol drugs, nicotine, and environmental hazards on parental health, prenatal development, and child health.
    Plus 4. Demonstrate knowledge of appropriate prenatal care to optimize health of parents and infant
        a. Develop a plan to assure optimal pre-parenthood health practices
        b. Assess availability of prenatal care in the community
    5. Examine community organizations/resources to support optimal prenatal health of parent and infant.
    Plus 6. Evaluate optimal nutrition prior to conception and during pregnancy
        a. Investigate the relationship of exposure to various conditions that are known to affect reproduction (e.g., smoking, tetragenic substances, etc.
    7. Establish criteria for a healthy lifestyle
    8. Identify ways that parents must plan and prepare for the arrival of a child (emotionally, physically, economically, etc.)
    9. Analyze the emotional factors of prenatal development and birth in relation to the health of parents and child
    Plus 10. Identify and assess indicators of emotional readiness to parent.
        a. Analyze the emotional factors of prenatal development
  Plus F. Compare and evaluate reproductive options relative to the choice to become a parent and the timing of parenthood.
    1. Recognize factors that affect family planning (responsibility, cost, personal values, religious beliefs, availability, knowledge, etc.
    2. Examine causes of, and treatments for infertility.
    Plus 3. Analyze implications of alternatives to biological parenthood.
        a. Analyze the implications of alternatives to biological parenthood
        b. Compare various adoption options
    Plus 4. Examine the legal and ethical issues surrounding current and emerging technology related to fertility and family planning.
        a. Analyze legal and ethical impact of current and emerging technology on fertility and family planning.
    5. Investigate the role of genetic counseling/screening for couples who carry genetic markers
    6. Locate reliable sources of family planning information
  Plus G. Identify basic criteria to support the needs of infants an children for optimal growth and development
    1. Identify criteria for providing safe environments for various activities for children of different ages (sleep, play, household, public, etc. )
    2. Plan strategies to meet the nutritional needs of infants and children at various stages of development.
    3. Determine methods to support and enhance development of children through play and activities.
    Plus 4. Assess the effects of abuse and neglect on children and their families and investigate methods for prevention.
        a. Identify the characteristics of Shaken Baby Syndrome
    5. Identify parent initiated or managed activities and strategies to facilitate optimal development of children.
    6. Examine and evaluate the value of play to the optimal development of children.
    7. Assess the appropriateness of various types of toys for various stages of development.
    8. Evaluate the need for parental control of environmental influences (e.g. media) and strategies to promote positive development.
  Plus H. Demonstrate Knowledge and skills to provide appropriate care for children
    1. Determine the characteristics of quality child care
    2. Identify criteria for selection of appropriate caregivers/child care
    3. Develop a plan for family emergency preparedness
    4. Prepare to provide infant/child CPR and emergency first aid
    5. Plan ways that parents can support school success for their children.
    6. Identify the characteristics and needs of exceptional children.
    7. Distinguish between reliable and unreliable sources of information for parents of exceptional children
    Plus 8. Examine causes of congenital conditions and other health problems
        a. Research prognosis and evaluate treatments for children with congenital health problems
    9. Identify the Challenges of parenting special needs/chronically ill children
Plus II. Personal Development : Develop knowledge and skills including problem solving, communication, and conflict resolution, and an understanding of one's priorities and goals regarding relationships with others and future possible careers.
  Plus A. Analyze practical reasoning components.
    1. Differentiate types of knowledge needed for reasoned action: Value-ends, goals, contextual factors, possible actions, and consequences.
    2. Analyze short-term and long-term consequences on self, family, culture/society, and global environment
    3. Analyze assumptions that underlie beliefs and actions
    4. Distinguish adequate and/or reliable information from inadequate and/or unreliable information
    5. Analyze role exchange, universal consequences, the role of ethics, and other tests for making responsible judgments.
    6. Distinguish adequate from inadequate reasons
    7. Analyze an individual decision.
    8. Practice decision-making skills
  Plus B. Apply verbal communication skills to enhance learning and stakeholder commitment to learning organization.
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Customize communication messages to fit the audience members.
    3. Give clear verbal directions.
    4. Follow verbal directions.
    5. Utilize feedback to improve communication.
    6. Utilize discussion skills.
    7. Utilize questioning skills.
  Plus C. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    1. Model behaviors that demonstrate active listening.
    2. Apply listening skills to enhance learning and stakeholder investment in learning organization.
    3. Recognize and address barriers to oral communication.
  Plus D. Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.
    1. Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.
    2. Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication in the workplace.
    3. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
    4. Identify, evaluate, and select appropriate online sources to answer content related questions
    5. Demonstrate the ability to use library and online databases for accessing information (e.g., MEL, Proquest, Infosource, United Streaming)
    6. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference
    7. Evaluate information found in selected online sources on the basis of accuracy and validity
    8. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
  Plus E. Evaluate Reasoning for oneself and others
    1. Analyze different kinds of reasoning (scientific, practical, interpersonal)
    2. Distinguish between adequate and inadequate reasoning
    3. Establish criteria for adequate reasoning
    4. Contrast consequences of adequate and inadequate reasoning for self, others, culture/society, and global environment.
    5. Demonstrate responsible individual and family decision-making
    6. Construct an individual career plan.
  Plus F. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    1. Prepare a résumé.
    2. Prepare a letter of application.
    3. Use multiple resources to locate job opportunities.
    4. Complete an employment application.
    5. Interview for employment.
    6. Assess relationships of individual aptitudes, interests, abilities, and individual development
    7. Assess individual aptitudes, interests, and abilities
    8. Perform assessments of individual growth and development
  Plus G. Self-Management
    Plus 1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
        a. Develop a comprehensive plan for making decisions about work and family
        b. Practice implementing an individual plan of action
        c. Internalize expectations of self and others
    2. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    3. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfactory completion.
    4. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    5. Use mistakes as learning opportunities, demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    6. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
    7. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    8. Practice stress management skills necessary to manage conflict resolution among multiple adult roles
    Plus 9. Create a plan to manage problems and crisis
        a. Examine attitudes related to balancing work and family (e.g., parent/career adjustments)
    10. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus H. Employ group management skills to enhance professional practice
    1. Explain conditions that contribute to a receptive working climate.
    2. Use environment to enhance work productivity, efficiency, and quality.
    3. Apply factors and strategies for communicating with a diverse workforce.
    4. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    5. Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment to maintain employment once secured.
    6. Use self-assessment and assessment by others to match personal characteristics to those associated with successful professional practice.
Plus III. Financial Management: develop critical knowledge and skills necessary for sound consumer decision-making in a complex socio-economic environments
  Plus A. Analyze factors that affect consumer advocacy.
    1. Analyze the role of advocacy groups at state and national levels.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate strategies that enable consumers to become advocates.
        a. Integrate Knowledge, skills and practices needed in consumer services.
    3. Analyze the effects of consumer protection laws on advocacy.
    4. Apply strategies to reduce the risk of consumer fraud.
    5. Analyze the use of educational and promotional materials in consumer advocacy.
  Plus B. Analyze factors in developing a long-term financial management plan.
    1. Explain the effects of the economy on personal income, individual and family security, and consumer decisions.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate components of a financial planning process that reflect the distinction between needs, wants, values, goals, and economic resources.
        a. Evaluate the influence and impact of various decisions on individual and family lifestyles.
        b. Evaluate the impact of decisions on individuals, families and communities.
    3. Analyze the effect of consumer credit in long-term financial planning
    4. Compare investment and savings alternatives.
    5. Analyze the effects of risk management strategies on long-term financial planning.
    6. Analyze the effect of key life transitions on financial planning.
    7. Explain the role of estate planning in long-term financial planning.
    8. Analyze factors that influence establishing and maintaining a good credit rating and the effect of credit ratings on rates and terms for credit and insurance.
    Plus 9. Evaluate local, state, and national private and government consumer programs and services to recycle and conserve energy and environmental resources.
        a. Explore strategies and practices to conserve energy and reduce waste.
        b. Examine waste management issues.
    10. Examine the roles of government, industry and family in energy consumption.
  Plus C. Evaluate management practices related to the human economic, and environmental resources.
    1. Demonstrate responsible consumer and producer behavior, rights, and responsibilities
    2. Use economic resources responsibly to meet individual and family needs.
    3. Demonstrate the use of community resources to solve individual and family issues.
  Plus D. Demonstrate management of individual and family resources such as food, clothing, shelter, health care, recreation, transportation, time and human capital.
    1. Apply management and planning skills and processes to organize tasks and responsibilities.
    2. Analyze how individuals and families make choices to satisfy needs and wants.
    3. Analyze decisions about providing safe and nutritious food for individuals and families
    4. Apply consumer skills to providing and maintaining clothing.
    5. Apply consumer skills to decisions about housing, utilities, and furnishings.
    6. Summarize information about procuring and maintaining health care to meet the needs of individuals and family members.
    7. Apply consumer skills to decisions about recreation.
    8. Apply consumer skills to acquire and maintain transportation that meets the needs of individuals and family members.
  Plus E. Analyze the relationship of the environment to family and consumer resources.
    Plus 1. Analyze individual and family responsibility in relation to the environmental trends and issues
        a. Summarize environmental trends and issues affecting families and future generations
    Plus 2. Demonstrate behaviors that conserve, ruse, and recycle resources to maintain the environment.
        a. Practice conservation, recycling, maintenance, and environmental improvement
    3. Explain Government regulations for conserving natural resources
  Plus F. Analyze policies that support consumer rights and responsibilities.
    1. Analyze State and Federal policies and laws providing consumer protection
    2. Analyze how policies become laws relating to consumer rights
    3. Analyze skills used in seeking information to consumer rights
    4. Apply skills relating to consumer rights and responsibilities to meet individual and family needs.
  Plus G. Evaluate the effects of technology on individual and family resources.
    1. Summarize types of technology the affect family and consumer decision-making
    2. Analyze how media and technological advances affect family and consumer decisions
    3. Assess the use of technology and its effect on quality of life
  Plus H. Analyze relationships between economic systems and consumer actions.
    Plus 1. Analyze the use of resources in making choices that satisfy needs and wants of individuals and families
        a. Assist others in identifying community resources
        b. Aid community resources through volunteer services
        c. Evaluate standards for appropriate use of community resources
        d. Use personal and community resources in individual and family problem solving
    2. Analyze individual and family roles in the economic system
    3. Analyze economic effects of laws and regulations that pertain to consumers and providers of services
    4. Analyze practices that allow families to maintain economic self-sufficiency
  Plus I. Demonstrate management of financial resources to meet the goals of individuals and families across the life span.
    1. Evaluate the need for personal and family financial planning
    2. Apply management principles to individual and family financial practices
    3. Apply management principles to decisions about insurance for individuals and families
    4. Evaluate personal and legal documents related to managing individual and family finances
  Plus J. Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills
    1. Identify whole numbers, decimals, and fractions.
    2. Demonstrate knowledge of basic arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
    3. Demonstrate use of relational expressions such as equal to, not equal, greater than, less than, etc.
    4. Apply data and measurements to solve a problem.
    5. Analyze Mathematical problem statements for missing and/or irrelevant data.
    6. Construct charts/tables/graphs from functions and data.
    7. Analyze data when interpreting operational documents.
    8. Create tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    9. Interpret tables, charts, and figures used to support written and oral communication.
Plus IV. Human Development: Analyze factors that influence human growth and development.
  Plus A. Analyze principles of human growth and development across the life span.
    Plus 1. Analyze physical, emotional, social, spiritual and intellectual development.
        a. Analyze factors that influence human development
    2. Analyze interrelationships among physical, emotional, social, and intellectual aspects of human growth and development.
    3. Analyze current and emerging research about human growth and development, including research on brain development.
  Plus B. Analyze conditions that influence human growth and development.
    1. Analyze the effect of heredity and environment on human growth and development.
    2. Analyze the impact of social, economic, and technological forces on individual growth and development.
    3. Analyze the effects of gender, ethnicity, and culture on individual development.
    4. Analyze the effects of life events on individuals' physical, intellectual, social, moral, and emotional development.
    5. Analyze geographic, political, and global influences on human growth and development.
  Plus C. Analyze strategies that promote growth and development across the life span.
    1. Analyze the role of nurturance on human growth and development.
    2. Analyze the role of communication on human growth and development.
    3. Analyze the role of family and social services support systems in meeting human growth and development needs.
Plus V. Health and Wellness: Develop Knowledge and skills needed to establish and maintain an optimal level of health and wellness for self and others
  Plus A. Develop a plan for individual and family wellness
    1. Analyze impact of healthful behavior on life goals
    2. Demonstrate providing safe and healthy environments
    3. Explain physical, emotional, social, psychological and spiritual components of individual and family wellness
    4. Practice individual responsibilities for health as it relates to social, emotional, and physical well-being
    5. Demonstrate responsible attitudes and actions when caring for self and others
    Plus 6. Propose criteria for a safe and healthy environment
        a. Share the responsibility of maintaining a safe and healthy living environment
  B. See also Michigan Comprehensive Health Standards http://www.emc.cmich.edu/mm/default.htm
Plus VI. Interpersonal Relationships: Demonstrate respectful and caring relationships in family, workplace and community.
  Plus A. Analyze functions and expectations of various types of relationships.
    1. Analyze processes for building and maintaining interpersonal relationships
    2. Predict the effects of various stages of the family life cycle on interpersonal relationships
    3. Compare physical, emotional, and intellectual functioning in stable and unstable relationships.
    4. Analyze factors that contribute to healthy and unhealthy relationships.
    5. Analyze process for handling unhealthy relationships.
    6. Demonstrate stress management strategies for family, work, and community settings.
  Plus B. Analyze personal needs and characteristics and their effects on interpersonal relationships.
    1. Demonstrate skills necessary to function in family roles and relationships which are transferable to roles and responsibilities within the workplace and community
    2. Compare the nurturing needs of the family throughout the family life cycle.
    3. Analyze the effects of personal characteristics on relationships.
    4. Analyze the effect of personal need on relationships.
    5. Analyze the effects of self-esteem and self-image on relationships.
    6. Analyze the effects of lifespan events and conditions on relationships.
    7. Explain the effects of personal standards and behaviors on interpersonal relationships.
  Plus C. Demonstrate communication skills that contribute to positive relationships.
    Plus 1. Analyze communication styles and their effects on relationships
        a. Analyze positive patterns of communication used at work and at home.
    2. Demonstrate verbal and nonverbal behaviors and attitudes that contribute to effective communication.
    3. Demonstrate effective listening and feedback techniques.
    4. Analyze strategies to overcome communication barriers in family, community and work settings.
    5. Apply ethical principles of communication in family, community and work settings.
    6. Analyze the effects of communication technology in family, work, and community settings.
    7. Analyze the roles and functions of communication in family, work, and community settings.
  Plus D. Evaluate effective conflict prevention and management techniques.
    1. Analyze the origin and development of attitudes and behaviors regarding conflict.
    2. Explain how similarities and differences among people affect conflict prevention and management.
    3. Apply the roles of decision making and problem solving in reducing and managing conflict.
    Plus 4. Demonstrate nonviolent strategies that address conflict.
        a. Practice alternatives for handling family conflict
    5. Demonstrate effective responses to harassment.
    6. Assess community resources that support conflict prevention and management.
  Plus E. Demonstrate teamwork and leadership skills in the family, workplace, and community.
    1. Create an environment that encourage and respects the ideas, perspectives, and contributions of all group members.
    2. Demonstrate strategies to motivate, encourage, and build trust in group members.
    3. Demonstrate strategies that utilize the strengths and minimize the limitations of team members.
    4. Demonstrate ways to organize and delegate responsibilities.
    5. Create strategies to integrate new members into the team.
    6. Demonstrate processes for cooperating, compromising, and collaborating.
  Plus F. Demonstrate standards that guide behavior in interpersonal relationships.
    1. Apply Critical thinking and ethical criteria to evaluate interpersonal relationships.
    2. Apply guidelines for assessing the nature of issues and situations.
    3. Apply critical thinking and ethical standards when making judgments and taking action.
    4. Demonstrate ethical behavior in family, workplace, and community settings.
    5. Compare the relative merits of opposing points of view regarding the current ethical issues.
  Plus G. Evaluate the significance of Family and its effects on the well-being of individuals and society
    1. Examine demographic changes and their impact on society and the family
    2. Assess the effects of technology on the family
  Plus H. Analyze the effects of family as a system on individuals and society
    1. Analyze family as the basic unit of society
    2. Analyze the role of family in transmitting societal expectations
    3. Analyze family structures and their impact on society
    Plus 4. Analyze global influences on today's families
        a. Examine how societal changes impact the family
    5. Analyze the role of family in teaching culture and traditions across the life span
    6. Analyze the role of family in developing independence, interdependence, and commitment of family members
    Plus 7. Analyze the effects of change and transitions over the life course
        a. Recognize individual responsibility and the needs of family to manage and adapt to change.
        b. Analyze the ways family and consumer sciences careers assist the work of family
  Plus I. Evaluate the effects of diverse perspectives, needs, and characteristics of individual and families
    1. Demonstrate awareness of multiple diversities and their effects on individual, families, and society
    2. Analyze the effects of social and cultural diversity on individuals and families
    3. Analyze the effects of empathy of diversity on individuals in family, work, and community settings
    4. Demonstrate respect for diversity with sensitivity to anti-bias, gender, equity, age, culture, and ethnicity
    5. Analyze the effects of globalization and increasing diversity on individuals, families, and society
Plus VII. Food Science and Nutrition: Integrate knowledge skills and practices in food science, food production, and nutrition
  Plus A. Apply basic concepts of nutrition in a variety of settings
    1. Demonstrate nutrition and wellness practices that enhance individual and family well-being
    Plus 2. Analyze factors that influence nutrition and wellness practices across the life span
        a. Assess the effect of non-nutritional food choices on individual wellness.
    3. Analyze the effects of psychological, cultural, and social influences on food choices and other nutrition practices.
    Plus 4. Analyze the governmental, economic, and technological influences on food choices and practices
        a. Apply "My Plate" to food decision-making
    5. Analyze the effects of global and local events and conditions on food choices and practices
    6. Analyze legislation and regulations related to nutrition and wellness
  Plus B. Evaluate the nutritional needs of individuals and families in relation to health and wellness across the lifespan
    1. Analyze nutritional needs of individuals
    2. Analyze the effect of nutrients on health, appearance, and peak performance
    3. Analyze the relationship of nutrition and wellness to individual and family health throughout the life span
    4. Analyze the effects of food and diet fads, food addictions, and easting disorders on wellness
    Plus 5. Analyze sources of food and nutrition information, including food labels, related to health and wellness
        a. Analyze food labeling
  Plus C. Evaluate various dietary guidelines in planning to meet nutrition and wellness needs
    1. Apply various dietary guidelines in planning to meet nutrition and wellness needs
    2. Design strategies that meet the health and nutrition requirements of individuals and families with special needs
    3. Demonstrate ability to select, store, prepare, and serve nutritious and aesthetically pleasing foods
  Plus D. Evaluate factors that affect food safety from production through consumption.
    1. Analyze conditions and practices that promote safe food handling
    2. Analyze safety and sanitation practices throughout the food chain.
    3. Analyze how changes in national and international food production and distribution systems influence the food supply
    4. Analyze federal, state, and local inspection and labeling systems that protect the health of individuals and the public
    5. Analyze food borne illness factors, including causes, foods at risk, and methods of prevention commercially and by individuals and families
    6. Analyze public dialogue about food safety and sanitation
  Plus E. Evaluate the influence of science and technology on food composition, safety, and other issues
    1. Analyze how scientific and technical advances influence the nutrient content, availability and safety of foods
    2. Analyze how the scientific and technical advances in food processing, storage, product development, and distribution influence nutrition and wellness
    3. Analyze the effects of technological advances on selection, preparation and home storage of food
    4. Analyze the effects of food science and technology on meeting nutritional needs
  Plus F. Evaluate nutrition principles, food plans, preparation and techniques and specialized dietary plans
    1. Analyze nutrient requirements across the life span addressing the diversity of people, culture, and religions
    2. Analyze nutritional data
    3. Apply principles of food production to maximize nutrient retention in prepared foods
    4. Assess the influence of socioeconomic and psychological factors on food and nutrition and behavior
    5. Critique the selection of foods to promote a healthy lifestyle
  Plus G. Apply risk management procedures to food safety, food testing, and sanitation
    1. Analyze factors that contribute to food borne illness
    2. Demonstrate food safety and sanitation procedures
    3. Identify characteristics of major food borne pathogens, their role in causing illness, foods involved in outbreaks, and methods of preservation
    4. Practice good personal hygiene; health procedures, including dental health and weight management
    5. Demonstrate proper purchasing, storage and handling of both raw and prepared foods.
    6. Demonstrate safe food handling that prevent cross contamination from potentially hazardous foods, between raw and ready-to-eat foods, and between animal and fish sources and other food production
    7. Demonstrate safe and environmentally responsible waste disposal and recycling methods
  Plus H. Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary and career education opportunities.
    1. Evaluate scientific constructs including conclusions, conflicting data, controls, data, inferences, limitations, questions, sources of errors, and variables.
    2. Apply scientific methods in qualitative and quantitative analysis, data gathering, direct and indirect observation, predictions, and problem identification.
    Plus 3. Demonstrate scientific inquiry and reasoning to gain factual knowledge and test theories on which to base judgments
        a. Delineate scope, concepts, and scientific terminology for a particular inquiry
        b. Judge validity and reliability of information , sources, opinions, and evidence
        c. Generate hypotheses based on scientific principles, observations, evidence
        d. Test hypotheses and theories using scientific inquiry and reasoning
        e. Draw conclusions based on data and information that are judged to be reliable
        f. Evaluate scientific reasoning processes
Plus VIII. Balancing Responsibilities: Develop knowledge and skills needed to successfully balance personal, family, work, and community roles and responsibilities.
  Plus A. Analyze recurring and evolving family, workplace, and community concerns.
    1. Classify different types of concerns (e.g. theoretic, technical, practical) and possible methods for addressing them.
    2. Describe recurring and evolving concerns facing individuals, families, workplaces, and communities
    3. Describe conditions and circumstances that create or sustain recurring and evolving concerns
    4. Describe levels of concerns: individual, family, workplace, community, cultural/societal, global/environmental.
  Plus B. Implement practical reasoning for responsible action in families, workplaces, and communities
    1. Synthesize information from a variety of sources that are judged to be reliable
    2. Describe a particular recurring and evolving individual , family, workplace, or community concern
    3. Select goals/valued ends to resolve a particular concern
    4. Establish standards for choosing responsible action to address a particular concern
    5. Evaluate the conditions of a particular concern, e.g. historical, social-psychological, socioeconomic, political, cultural, global/environmental
    6. Generate reasonable actions for reaching goals/valued ends for a particular concern
    7. Use adequate and reliable information to critique possible actions
    8. Evaluate potential short-and long-term consequences of possible actions on self, others, culture/society, and global environment
    9. Justify possible reasons and actions based on valued ends and information that is judged to be adequate and reliable.
    10. Select an action supported by justified reasons, valued ends, contextual conditions, and positive consequences of actions
    11. Design a plan for accomplishing a selection action
    12. Implement and monitor a plan of action based on established standards and valued ends.
    13. Evaluate actions and results, including consequences on self, others, culture/society and global environment.
    14. Evaluate practical reasoning process
  Plus C. Demonstrate skills necessary to function in family roles and relationships which are transferable to roles and responsibilities within the workplace and community.
    1. Practice family, social and civic responsibility
    2. Affirm individual, social, and cultural diversity.
    3. Demonstrate an understanding of the legal rights and responsibilities pertaining to individuals and families in a simulated situation.
    4. Analyze the relationship between individuals, family, and community rights and responsibilities.
    5. Investigate how conflicts of work, home, family, and other pursuits create stress for individuals and families
    Plus 6. Evaluate factors which affect the successful balance between work and family
        a. Evaluate interrelationship of career and family roles.
    7. Predict impact of changes related to family, work, school, and community roles.
    8. Demonstrate life management skills necessary to be effective in individual/family, career and community roles
    9. Employ responsibility in the practice of personal, family, work and community decision-making responsibilities.
    10. Evaluate the impact of decisions on individuals, families, and communities.
  Plus D. Use knowledge of reading strategies in the content area to enhance learner achievement.
    1. Model reading strategies (skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning and critical analysis) for determining the purpose of text.
    2. Understand content, technical concepts, and vocabulary to analyze information and follow directions.
    3. Communicate information, data, and observations that apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
  Plus E. Demonstrate use of technologies to improve individual, family, work and community life
    1. Access and navigate Internet (e.g., use a web browser).
    2. Search for information and resources.
    3. Evaluate Internet resources for reliability and validity.
  Plus F. Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.
    1. Use information technology tools to manage and perform work responsibilities.
    2. Manage personal schedules and contact information.
    3. Identify positive and negative impacts of technology on individuals and their families
  Plus G. Demonstrate Digital Citizenship
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to the use of information and communication technologies (e.g., properly selecting and citing resources)
    2. Discuss and adhere to fair use policies and copyright guidelines
    3. Discuss and demonstrate proper netiquette in online communications
    4. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users
    5. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society
    6. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings
    7. Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members' talents effectively.
    8. Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.
  Plus H. Complete required training, education, and certification to prepare for employment in a particular career field.
    1. List the standards and qualifications that must be met in order to enter a given industry.
    2. Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills and experience in a career field.
    3. Employ critical thinking and decision-making skills to exhibit qualifications to a potential employer.
    4. Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.
    5. Use relationships with other professionals to explore career options.
    6. Recognize and act upon requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.