48.0501 - Machine Tool Technology/Machinist (2013)

Plus Technical

Plus I. TECHNICAL STANDARDS
  Plus A. Job Process Planning
    1. Formulate a set of strategies to manufacture a part and fill out an operation sheet reflecting the chosen strategies including the required speeds and feeds.
    2. Identify all major components and functions of the machine tools, and all major hand tools, measuring tools, tools and fixtures, work materials and provide the rationale for the speeds and feeds selected.
  Plus B. Job Execution
    1. Manual Operations: Benchwork - Develop a process plan for a part requiring milling, drilling, turning, or grinding.
    2. Manual Operations: Layout - Layout the location of hole centers and surfaces within an accuracy of +/-.015.
    3. Turning Operations: Between Centers Turning - Set up and carry out between centers turning operations for straight turning.
    4. Turning Operations: Chucking - Set up and carry out chucking.
    5. Milling: Square Up a Block - Set up and perform squaring up the six surfaces of a block to within +/-.002 and .002 over 4.5".
    6. Vertical Milling - Set up and operate vertical milling machine.
    7. Drill Press - Set up and operate drill press.
    8. CNC Programming - Using the principles of Cartesian coordinates develop a program for the manufacture of a simple part.
  Plus C. Quality Control and Inspection
    1. Develop an inspection plan and inspect simple parts using precision tools and techniques.
    2. Follow a sampling plan and inspect the samples for the required data.
  Plus D. Process Adjustment and Improvement
    1. Process Adjustment-Single Part Production.
    2. Participation in Process Improvement.
  Plus E. General Maintenance
    1. Keep the duty station clean and safe for work.
    2. Conduct preventative maintenance on machine tools.
    3. Conduct tooling maintenance.
  Plus F. Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection
    1. Carry out assigned responsibilities while adhering to safe practices in accordance with OSHA requirements and guidelines.
    2. Handle and store hazardous materials as assigned while adhering to safe practices in accordance with OSHA and EPA requirements and guidelines.
  Plus G. Career Management and Employment Relations
    1. Develop career plan.
    2. Develop resume.
    3. Complete job application.
    4. Demonstrate interviewing skills.
    5. Demonstrate appropriate interpersonal skills.
    6. Identify and explain the major departments or functions in a metalworking company and how they affect production units.
    7. Explain the employment rights and responsibilities in metalworking companies.
  Plus H. Written and Oral Communication
    1. Locate, understand, and interpret written technical and non-technical information in documents commonly found in the metalworking industry.
    2. Communicate technical and non-technical information in writing.
    3. Communicate technical and non-technical information through oral communication.
    4. Use active listening skills in comprehending simple technical and non-technical verbal information.
  Plus I. Mathematics
    1. Perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers without a calculator, and performs calculation of fractions and decimals, as well as conversion to metric measurement with or without a calculator.
    2. Demonstrate basic geometry.
    3. Use standard formulas and arithmetic operations to make required calculations with or without a calculator (Algebra).
    4. Use standard formulas an arithmetic operations to make required calculations with or without a calculator solving for unknowns in right triangles (Trigonometry).
    5. Use standard formulas and arithmetic operations to calculate means, medians, modes, and ranges with or without a calculator (Statistics).
  Plus J. Decision making and problem solving
    1. Can apply decision making rules.
    2. Demonstrate basic problem solving .
  Plus K. Engineering drawings and sketches
    1. Interprets orthographic blueprints.
    2. Interprets GDT orthographic prints.
    3. Identify common symbols, the use of datum references and tolerances use in GD&T.
  Plus L. Measurement
    1. Recognizes and applies basic measuring instruments.
    2. Recognizes and applies precision measuring instruments.
    3. Recognizes and applies precision tools and instruments for surface plate work.
    4. Convert all measurements to metrics.
  Plus M. Metalworking Theory
    1. Explain cutting theory.
    2. Recognizes a wide variety of cutting tools, tool holding devices and work holding devices as well as the appropriate application of them.
    3. Recognizes common materials and their principal properties relevant to machining tasks.
    4. Recognizes and understands the function of machine tools.
    5. Recognizes, selects, and applies appropriate coolants and coolant delivery systems.
  Plus N. Word address program codes
    1. Identify basic word address programming codes.
    2. Identify Cartesian coordinates.
    3. Understand incremental and absolute positioning and cutter compensation.

Plus Pathway

Plus I. Production
  Plus A. Diagnose production process problems and take corrective action to meet production quality standards.
    Plus 1. Communicate quality problems following the appropriate reporting process.
        a. Review quality problems with production operators.
        b. Communicate quality problems promptly to appropriate parties.
        c. Use established processes to document quality problems.
        d. Summarize defective trends and report them to appropriate parties.
    Plus 2. Suggest or perform corrective actions to correct quality problems.
        a. Make minor quality issues/adjustments immediately.
        b. Document quality issues or adjustments properly.
        c. Make sure that recommendations for action are clear, concise, and supported by data.
        d. Make recommendations in a timely way to appropriate parties.
        e. Document follow-up activities and indicate that corrective action was taken.
        f. Document product quality following corrective action.
    Plus 3. Determine appropriate action for sub-standard product.
        a. Execute quality control procedures to catch sub-standard products promptly within the defined quality systems.
        b. Document decisions regarding sub-standard products for future retrieval.
        c. Process sub-standard products according to company policy.
        d. Distribute documentation required for customers to appropriate parties.
    Plus 4. Identify trends using records of process outcomes.
        a. Maintain records on quality process to appropriate standards.
        b. Chart outcomes of quality processes according to appropriate methods and standards.
        c. Check data on quality processes for accuracy.
        d. Analyze quality process performance data to identify trends.
        e. Report quality process performance data to appropriate parties in a timely way.
    Plus 5. Implement closed-loop corrective action to provide for ongoing production feedback.
        a. Document evidence of corrective action in a timely manner.
        b. Report change resulting from the corrective action to appropriate parties in the correct format.
        c. Use spot checks to verify implementation of the corrective action.
        d. Store reports properly for the required amount of time.
        e. Perform ongoing audits to optimize the outcomes of the corrective actions.
        f. Examine previous documentation on similar process issues to identify possible solutions.
    Plus 6. Research energy consumption reduction in manufacturing.
        a. Conduct analyses to reduce pollution or costly energy consumption.
        b. Identify and recommend improvements to reduce waste and pollution for a given production process.
  Plus B. Manage safe and healthy production working conditions and environmental risks.
    Plus 1. Perform environmental and safety inspections following local, federal, and company regulations.
        a. Identify, report, and monitor potential hazards in the workplace.
        b. Take corrective action to correct potential hazards.
        c. Review health, safety, and environmental documentation and policies thoroughly and regularly.
        d. Ensure that inspections meet all relevant health, safety, and environmental laws and regulations.
        e. Complete inspections according to company schedule and procedures.
        f. Document inspection records and store them correctly.
    Plus 2. Perform emergency drills as part of an emergency response team.
        a. Confirm that first aid training and certification on emergency and first aid procedures are complete and up-to-date.
        b. Comply with company and regulatory policies and procedures to respond to emergencies.
        c. Document emergency drills and incidents according to company and regulatory procedures promptly.
    Plus 3. Identify unsafe conditions according to safety standards.
        a. Identify, report, and document conditions presenting a threat to health, safety, and the environment.
        b. Identify corrective actions.
    Plus 4. Implement corrective actions to follow safety protocols.
        a. Consult appropriate parties about corrective actions and take corrective actions following company procedures promptly.
        b. Track and report ongoing safety concerns until corrective action is taken.
    Plus 5. Monitor daily housekeeping activities.
        a. Store tools and materials safely in proper locations.
        b. Keep workstations clean and clear of safety hazards.
        c. Verify that scheduled housekeeping inspections are passed.
        d. Verify that safety equipment is present and in proper working order.
  Plus C. Make continuous improvement recommendations based on results of production process audits and inspections.
    Plus 1. Perform periodic internal quality audits using company audit procedures.
        a. Perform audits in accordance with company and other required schedules and procedures.
        b. Complete all audit forms correctly in a timely manner and forward to the correct parties.
        c. Verify that audit data is relevant and correct.
        d. Verify that conformances to quality standards are properly assessed and documented.
        e. Include observation of operations to ensure performances meet specifications when appropriate.
    Plus 2. Check calibration of gauges and other data collection equipment.
        a. Implement calibration schedule according to specifications.
        b. Make thorough careful observations and review documentation to check instrument certification.
        c. Recalibrate out-of-calibration instruments immediately or refer them to the appropriate parties for recalibration or repairs.
    Plus 3. Recommend process improvements based upon audits and inspections.
        a. Use observation and data analysis to generate potential improvements.
        b. Communicate suggestions that are measurable and have data-driven benefits to the company, its customers, and its employees.
        c. Use proper procedures and documentation to make suggestions.
        d. Assure that all data is reviewed prior to making suggestions.
    Plus 4. Inspect materials at all stages of process to determine quality or condition.
        a. Sample and inspect in accordance with the schedule and procedures.
        b. Select correct inspection tools and procedures and use them correctly.
        c. Inspect materials against correct specifications.
        d. Identify materials not meeting specifications.
        e. Take corrective action on out-of specification material.
        f. Document inspection results properly and report them to the correct parties in a timely manner.
    Plus 5. Document the results of quality testing using reliable data.
        a. Check data forms for completeness and accuracy.
        b. Evaluate and interpret information correctly.
        c. Forward data to correct parties.
        d. Select and use the appropriate analytical tools.
    Plus 6. Adjust processes to restore or maintain quality, based on data from audit or inspection reports.
        a. Identify appropriate correction actions and make sure that approvals are received when needed.
        b. Make adjustments to eliminate deviations and bring the process back into control.
        c. Make adjustments, and document them in a timely manner.
  Plus D. Coordinate work teams when producing products to enhance production process and performance.
    Plus 1. Coordinate work teams when producing products to enhance production process and performance.
        a. Provide cross training as appropriate.
        b. Assess training needs on a regular basis.
        c. Identify new requirements and training issues.
        d. Use varied approaches to achieve training goals.
        e. Document training outcomes.
    Plus 2. Develop team goals to enhance performance.
        a. Make goals specific, measurable, and achievable.
        b. Align team goals to customer and business needs.
        c. Focus team goals to meet team objectives.
        d. Document team goals and share information with all parties.
    Plus 3. Make job assignments to avail the use of the best personnel in key assignments.
        a. Make job assignments to match the skills needed for the work to be done and to maximize the use of available skills.
        b. Make job assignments to ensure that business and customer needs are met.
        c. Confirm that workers are notified of assignments effectively.
    Plus 4. Coordinate work flow with team members and other work groups.
        a. Make sure that production schedules are met effectively.
        b. Notify team members of schedule requirements in a timely way.
        c. Make sure that production work flow runs efficiently.
        d. Take necessary action to minimize downtime.
        e. Explain the significance of relationships with others in facilitating work flow.
        f. Verify that workers actively participate in meetings and problem-solving groups.
    Plus 5. Communicate material specifications, production requirements, product specifications, and delivery issues in a timely and accurate manner.
        a. Initiate communication to meet product requirements, product specifications, or other customer or business needs cross-functionally as required.
        b. Evaluate, track, and report production and product issues to original communicator.
        c. Communicate delivery schedules clearly and address any issues.
        d. Track and document material specifications and delivery schedules.
  Plus E. Demonstrate the safe use of manufacturing equipment.
    Plus 1. Train others to use equipment following safe production practices.
        a. Give new operators a complete orientation of equipment.
        b. Make sure that all important information regarding equipment safety is communicated clearly and effectively.
        c. Make sure that maintenance workers obtain certification to train others in technical skills and knowledge where applicable.
        d. Make suggestions regarding training materials and content to appropriate parties.
        e. Use evaluations and feedback to improve training materials and methods.
        f. Make sure trainees have the correct tools to do the job during training.
        g. Conduct post-training evaluation to assure that workers can operate equipment safely.
        h. Use training and facilitation techniques appropriate for the audience.
        i. Document the quality and effectiveness of training appropriately.
    Plus 2. Recommend processes and procedures to support safety and effectiveness in the work environment.
        a. Consult health and safety representatives to develop suggestions.
        b. Solicit operator feedback for use in creating a safer, more effective work environment.
        c. Make sure suggestions for training improvement are documented and sent to the appropriate parties.
        d. Make sure that content of suggestions addresses safety, quality, and productivity issues.
    Plus 3. Maintain, install, and repair equipment following required safety and health requirements.
        a. Make regular safety communications to all employees.
        b. Review job safety analyses regularly according to company policy.
        c. Follow hazardous materials procedures and policies such as Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and "right to know" accurately.
        d. Perform environmental testing of workplace on a regular basis as required by company policy or regulation.
        e. Audit equipment to ensure there are no bypasses of safety guards.
        f. Verify that regulatory and company safety procedures are followed including lock-out/tag-out, confined space, and ergonomics.
        g. Follow good housekeeping procedures.
        h. Verify that safety and personal protective equipment (PPE) is available, performs correctly, and has current certification.
    Plus 4. Monitor equipment and operator according to workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.
        a. Perform monitoring responsibilities regularly.
        b. Report out-of-compliance or unsafe conditions immediately.
        c. Take corrective action on out-of-compliance or unsafe conditions.
        d. Check equipment to ensure it is operating according to specifications.
        e. Check tools for compliance with specifications.
        f. Forward accident and injury data to appropriate personnel for inclusion in OSHA recordables.
        g. Gather information on equipment use from operators to reveal existing or potential problems.
        h. Adjust equipment and processes as required.
        i. Document all monitoring data accurately.
    Plus 5. Perform preventive maintenance and routine repair by contacting appropriate people and securing needed supplies.
        a. Verify that preventive maintenance schedule or equipment is in place and updated as appropriate.
        b. Verify that preventive maintenance is performed to schedule and documented in a timely manner.
        c. Verify that necessary repair work is checked through follow-up.

Plus Cluster

Plus I. Manufacturing
  Plus A. Evaluate the nature and scope of the Manufacturing Career Clusterâ„¢ and the role of manufacturing in society and in the economy.
    Plus 1. Identify the role and major functions of manufacturing businesses.
        a. Explain the importance of manufacturing to society.
        b. Identify the mission, major internal functions, and structure of manufacturing businesses.
        c. Identify the customers, suppliers, and stakeholders of manufacturing businesses, their roles, and how they relate.
        d. Explain the major competitive challenges faced by manufacturing businesses.
        e. Identify and describe types of manufacturing systems.
        f. Analyze current trends in manufacturing systems.
    Plus 2. Describe how manufacturing businesses manage performance.
        a. Explain how financial performance is measured.
        b. Explain how market performance is gauged.
        c. Explain how service and internal operations performance is determined.
        d. Explain how compliance and performance related to health, safety, and environment are evaluated.
    Plus 3. Describe how changes outside the manufacturing business impact the manufacturing business.
        a. Explain the impact of economic changes.
        b. Explain the impact of social changes.
        c. Explain the impact of technology changes.
    Plus 4. Explain the role of risk management in reducing risks and improving performance in manufacturing businesses.
        a. Explain the objectives of risk-management programs.
        b. Explain the major types of loss exposure for manufacturing businesses.
        c. Explain the approaches for managing organizational risks.
    Plus 5. Identify the roles and functions of government in regulating and supporting manufacturing businesses.
        a. Explain the roles in regulating domestic operations.
        b. Explain the roles in regulating international operations.
        c. Explain the roles in managing the infrastructures of manufacturing businesses.
        d. Explain the roles in health, safety, and environmental management.
  Plus B. Analyze and summarize how manufacturing businesses improve performance.
    Plus 1. Describe how manufacturing businesses manage customer relationships.
        a. Identify needs and requirements of internal and external customers.
        b. Describe customer satisfaction and fulfillment of customer requirements.
        c. Explain how manufacturing businesses respond to customer problems and complaints.
    Plus 2. Describe how planning and budgeting are used to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
        a. Explain how work plans and budgets are used to allocate people and resources.
        b. Identify reports used to track performance and resources, and explain how they are used.
        c. Explain how plans and budgets are revised to meet goals and objectives.
    Plus 3. Explain how planning is used to improve overall business performance.
        a. Identify and describe the most critical performance problems that manufacturing businesses typically face.
        b. Describe how improvements are identified.
  Plus C. Comply with federal, state and local regulations to ensure worker safety and health and environmental work practices.
    Plus 1. Assess workplace conditions according to specified safety and health requirements.
        a. Identify the types of risk of injury/illness at work.
        b. Identify those who are susceptible to risk of injury/illness at work.
        c. Describe ways to positively impact occupational safety and health.
    Plus 2. Following appropriate safety procedures, demonstrate methods to correct common hazards.
        a. Identify and describe common hazards in the workplace.
        b. Identify and describe major sources of information about hazards in the workplace (e.g., MSDS, work procedures, exposure control plans, training materials, labels, and signage).
        c. Identify sources of combustible/flammable materials, fire, and emergencies to establish a fire safe environment.
        d. Interpret safety signs and symbols.
    Plus 3. Demonstrate safe workplace practices that promote personal and group health.
        a. Identify procedures necessary for maintaining a safe work area.
        b. Identify methods to correct common hazards.
        c. Identify methods for disposing of hazardous materials.
        d. Demonstrate principles of safe physical movement to avoid slips, trips, and spills.
        e. Inspect and use personal protective equipment (PPE).
  Plus D. Describe career opportunities and means to achieve those opportunities in each of the Manufacturing Career Pathways.
    Plus 1. Locate career opportunities in manufacturing that appeal to personal career goals.
        a. Locate and interpret career information for at least one career pathway.
        b. Identify job requirements for career pathways.
        c. Identify educational and credentialing requirements for career cluster and pathways.
    Plus 2. Match personal interests and aptitudes to manufacturing careers.
        a. Identify personal interests and aptitudes.
        b. Compare personal interests and aptitudes with job requirements and characteristics of career selected.
    Plus 3. Identify pathways with common knowledge and skills that provide a worker with the potential for mobility.
        a. Produce a crosswalk of related career knowledge and skills.
        b. Identify examples of businesses that provide the various jobs in this career cluster.
    Plus 4. Maintain personal certification and licensure requirements.
        a. Ensure that documentation is available to appropriate personnel.
        b. Identify training requirements needed for certifications.
        c. Obtain all necessary training to obtain certification/licensure.
  Plus E. Describe government policies and industry standards that apply to manufacturing.
    Plus 1. Identify the major federal and state regulatory areas.
        a. Identify specific health and safety laws and regulations that impact manufacturing and the major topics they address.
        b. Identify specific environmental management laws and regulations and the major topics they address.
    Plus 2. Explain how government agencies ensure compliance with environmental regulations and promote improved performance.
        a. Provide examples of the major regulations and types of data used by government to measure and monitor performance.
        b. Provide examples of how manufacturing organizations ensure their compliance.
        c. Provide examples of consequences that manufacturing organizations suffer when they fail to comply.
    Plus 3. Demonstrate workplace activities that comply with safety, health, and environmental policies and procedures.
        a. Promote and maintain knowledge of organizational safety, health, and environmental management policies and procedures.
        b. Follow organizational policies and procedures.
        c. Educate and orient other workers.
        d. Maintain a safe work area.
        e. Identify, describe, and report workplace hazards.
        f. Perform and participate in regular audits and inspections.
        g. Provide and maintain documentation needed for compliance.
        h. Conduct and participate in accident/incident investigations.
    Plus 4. Demonstrate knowledge of rules and laws designed to promote safety and health and their rationale.
        a. Identify key rights of employees related to occupational safety and health.
        b. Identify the responsibilities of employers related to occupational safety.
        c. Explain the role of government agencies in providing a safe workplace.
  Plus F. Demonstrate workplace knowledge and skills common to manufacturing.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate the planning and layout processes (e.g., designing, print reading, measuring) used in manufacturing.
        a. Read prints and use the information to play, lay out, and produce parts or products.
    Plus 2. Summarize how materials can be processed using tools and machines.
        a. Use tools and the processes of cutting, shaping, combining, forming, etc. of materials to manufacture a part or product.
    Plus 3. Describe various types of assembling processes (e.g., mechanical fastening, mechanical force, joining, fusion bonding, adhesive bonding) used in manufacturing.
        a. Apply appropriate fastening or joining procedure to the design and production of a manufactured part or product.
    Plus 4. Explain finishing processes (e.g., types of finishing materials, surface preparation, methods of application) used in manufacturing.
        a. Select a finishing process for a product appropriate to the job it must perform, the environment in which it functions, and its aesthetic appeal.
    Plus 5. Explain the processes of inspection and quality control used in manufacturing.
        a. Perform continuous on line inspections to ensure that parts or products meet design specifications.
        b. Explain the importance of Lean Manufacturing and Six Sigma in achieving error-free production of goods and materials.

Plus Career Ready Practices

Plus I. Career Ready Practices
  Plus A. Career Ready Skills
    1. Act as a responsible and contributing citizen and employee.
    2. Apply appropriate academic and technical skills.
    3. Attend to personal health and financial well-being.
    4. Communicate clearly, effectively and with reason.
    5. Consider the environmental, social and economic impacts of decisions.
    6. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
    7. Employ valid and reliable research strategies.
    8. Model integrity, ethical leadership and effective management.
    9. Plan education and career path aligned to personal goals.
    10. Use technology to enhance productivity.
    11. Utilize critical thinking to make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
    12. Work productively in teams while using cultural/global competence.