03.0000 - Natural Resources and Conservation (2013)

Plus Technical

Plus I. Natural Resources Systems
  Plus A. Apply knowledge of natural resource components to the management of natural resource systems.
    Plus 1. Apply knowledge of natural resource components to the management of natural resource systems.
        a. Differentiate between renewable and nonrenewable natural resources.
        b. Describe the interdependence of organisms within an ecosystem.
    Plus 2. Classify natural resources.
        a. Identify trees and other woody plants.
        b. Identify herbaceous plants.
        c. Identify wildlife species.
        d. Identify aquatic species.
        e. Identify rock, mineral and soil types.
  Plus B. Apply scientific principles to natural resource management activities.
    Plus 1. Develop a safety plan for work with natural resources.
        a. Demonstrate safety practices when working in an outdoor environment.
        b. Use appropriate techniques and equipment when working with biohazards.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate cartographic skills to aid in developing, implementing and evaluating natural resource management plans.
        a. Locate natural resources using a land survey and geographic coordinate system.
    Plus 3. Measure and survey natural resource status to obtain planning data.
        a. Discuss the procedures for conducting resource inventories and population studies.
    Plus 4. Demonstrate natural resource enhancement techniques.
        a. Identify indicators of the biological health of a stream.
        b. Identify ways in which forest stands may be improved.
        c. Identify methods of wildlife habitat improvement.
        d. Identify methods of rangeland improvement.
        e. Identify natural resource management techniques for improving recreation opportunities.
        f. Identify methods to improve marine and coastal natural resources.
    Plus 5. Interpret laws related to natural resource management and protection.
        a. Identify the purposes of laws associated with natural resource systems.
        b. Identify issues involving mitigation of natural resources.
    Plus 6. Apply ecological concepts and principles to natural resource systems.
        a. Diagram biogeochemical cycles and explain the processes.
        b. Relate the function of watersheds to natural resources.
        c. Explain stream hydrology and structure, and determine the different classes of streams.
        d. Identify techniques used in the creation, enhancement and management of riparian zones and riparian buffers.
        e. Give examples of primary succession and secondary succession species in a community of organisms.
        f. Discuss factors that influence population density and population dispersion.
        g. Discuss factors that influence the establishment and spread of invasive species.
        h. Describe the impact of pollution on natural resources.
        i. Describe the impact climate has on natural resources.
  Plus C. Apply knowledge of natural resources to production and processing industries.
    Plus 1. Produce, harvest, process and use natural resource products.
        a. Determine when to harvest forest products.
        b. Describe processing of forest products.
        c. Describe techniques used in the harvesting of wildlife.
        d. Describe techniques used in the processing of wildlife.
        e. Describe economically important minerals and ores that are extracted and processed.
        f. Describe sources of fossil fuels and products made from fossil fuels.
        g. Describe characteristics of sites that lend themselves to hydroelectric generation.
        h. Debate an issue related to the recreational use of natural resources.
        i. Describe techniques used to harvest aquatic species.
        j. Explain techniques used to process aquatic species.
  Plus D. Demonstrate techniques used to protect natural resources.
    Plus 1. Manage fires in natural resource systems.
        a. Describe techniques used to suppress wildfires and manage prescribed fires.
    Plus 2. Diagnose plant and wildlife diseases and follow protocol to prevent their spread.
        a. Report the observance of diseases affecting plants to the appropriate authorities.
        b. Report the observance of diseases affecting wildlife to the appropriate authorities.
    Plus 3. Manage insect infestations of natural resources.
        a. Report observance of insect pests to the appropriate authorities.
  Plus E. Use effective methods and venues to communicate natural resource processes to the public.
    Plus 1. Communicate natural resource information to the public.
        a. Design and construct a display that communicates a natural resource topic and discuss the topic in a public forum.

Plus Pathway

Plus I. Natural Resources Systems
  Plus A. Plan and conduct natural resource management activities that apply logical, reasoned, and scientifically based solutions to natural resource issues and goals.
    Plus 1. Recognize weather and other natural hazards related to working in an outdoor environment.
        a. Recognize weather-related dangers.
        b. Recognize hazards as they relate to terrain.
        c. Recognize poisonous plants and animals.
        d. Recognize hazardous situations at the work location.
    Plus 2. Apply cartographic skills to the planning, implementing, and evaluating natural resource activities.
        a. Describe different types of maps.
        b. Interpret map features and legend.
        c. Determine map scale and actual distance.
        d. Determine direction from map.
        e. Determine elevation and terrain features from topographic maps.
        f. Use directional tools with map to locate position.
        g. Use land survey and coordinate system.
        h. Use a Geographic Information System (GIS) to interface geospatial data.
        i. Interpret photos and images.
    Plus 3. Obtain and analyze data by monitoring natural resource status.
        a. Conduct resource inventory and population studies.
        b. Establish sample plots and points.
        c. Locate and identify resources.
        d. Collect data concerning resource availability and health.
        e. Maintain databases of resource data.
        f. Use a Geographic Information System (GIS) to analyze resource data.
        g. Prepare a technical report.
        h. Describe the relationship of harvest levels to long-term availability of resources.
    Plus 4. Explain the application of laws and regulations related to natural resource systems.
        a. Identify applicable laws and regulations.
        b. List federal, state, and local agencies that carry out laws and regulations related to natural resource systems.
    Plus 5. Execute natural resource strategies and activities applying scientific knowledge from the study of ecology and wildlife.
        a. Demonstrate stream enhancement techniques.
        b. Demonstrate forest stand improvement techniques.
        c. Demonstrate wildlife habitat enhancement techniques.
        d. Demonstrate range enhancement techniques.
        e. Demonstrate recreation area enhancement techniques.
  Plus B. Analyze interrelationships between natural resources and humans needed to manage natural resource systems.
    Plus 1. Examine natural resource topics using science concepts, processes, and research techniques.
        a. Develop a research/monitoring plan to inquire about a natural resource topic.
        b. Conduct a research/monitoring activity for a natural resource topic.
        c. Evaluate the results of a natural resource-related inquiry.
        d. Produce a technical report of results/findings
    Plus 2. Examine biological and physical characteristics to identify and classify natural resources.
        a. Identify tree species and other woody vegetation.
        b. Identify grass and forage species.
        c. Identify wildlife species.
        d. Identify fish species.
        e. Identify rocks, minerals, and soil types.
    Plus 3. Examine natural cycles and related phenomena to describe ecologic concepts and principles.
        a. Describe the hydrologic cycle.
        b. Describe the nitrogen cycle.
        c. Describe the carbon cycle.
        d. Describe nutrient cycles.
        e. Describe succession.
        f. Describe population dynamics.
        g. Describe primary and secondary producers.
        h. Describe predator-prey relationships.
        i. Identify potential pollution sources.
        j. Define watershed boundaries.
        k. Use stream classification system.
        l. Describe the influence of weather and climatic factors.
  Plus C. Develop plans to ensure responsible and sustainable production and processing of natural resources.
    Plus 1. Plan for the production, harvesting, processing, and/or use of natural resources in a responsible and sustainable manner.
        a. Describe forest harvest techniques and procedures.
        b. Describe wildlife harvest techniques and procedures.
        c. Describe fish harvest techniques and procedures.
        d. Describe how minerals and ores are extracted and processed.
        e. Describe how oil is extracted and processed.
        f. Describe hydroelectric generation techniques and procedures.
        g. Describe how public recreation use is a product.
        h. Develop plans for production, use, or harvesting of a natural resource in a given environment.
  Plus D. Demonstrate responsible control and management procedures and techniques to protect or maintain natural resources.
    Plus 1. Employ techniques and equipment needed to manage and/or prevent fire.
        a. Demonstrate personal fire prevention precautions while working in natural environments.
        b. Participate in wildfire prevention community service project.
        c. Explain the use of prescribed burns.
        d. Meet industry standards for fire suppression training (e.g., National Wildfire Coordinating Group Firefighter Certification Standards).
    Plus 2. Employ appropriate techniques to prevent the spread of animal and plant diseases affecting natural resource systems.
        a. Identify observable diseases impacting plants and animals.
        b. Describe how to report observance of disease infestations.
        c. Use appropriate techniques and equipment when working with bio-hazards.
    Plus 3. Manage invasive species infestations that threaten natural resource systems.
        a. Identify and classify insects.
        b. Identify insect damage signs.
        c. Describe how to report observance of insect infestation.
        d. Identify examples of invasive species that threaten natural resource systems.
        e. Plan for control techniques to manage spread of invasive species.

Plus Cluster

Plus I. Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources
  Plus A. Analyze how issues, trends, technologies, and public policies impact systems in the Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Clusterâ„¢.
    Plus 1. Explain how regulations and major laws impact management of AFNR activities.
        a. Describe the major impacts of AFNR legislation.
        b. Describe the major regulations impacting the management of an individual resource.
        c. Identify situations that violate regulations.
    Plus 2. Describe current issues impacting AFNR activities.
        a. Identify significant issues that impact work assignment.
    Plus 3. Identify, organize alternatives, and evaluate public policy issues related to AFNR.
        a. Identify alternatives to an issue's potential solution.
        b. Evaluate alternatives for strengths and weaknesses.
        c. Recommend a solution based on research and analysis.
    Plus 4. Consider public input in decision-making for AFNR activities.
        a. Conduct a local survey of public perceptions and desires concerning AFNR issues.
    Plus 5. Explain the impact of sustainability on ARNR activities and practices.
        a. Identify significant environmental and economic issues facing AFNR.
        b. List the potential economic, environmental, and social costs and benefits of enacting sustainability initiatives in AFNR.
    Plus 6. Recognize the historical, social, cultural and potential applications of biotechnology on AFNR activities.
        a. Discuss the current applications of biotechnology in AFNR.
    Plus 7. Demonstrate the application of biotechnology to AFNR activities.
        a. Explain how biotechnology is used in specific AFNR activities.
  Plus B. Evaluate the nature and scope of the Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Clusterâ„¢ and the role agriculture, food, and natural resources (AFNR) play in society and the economy.
    Plus 1. Examine company performance and goals within AFNR organizations and the AFNR industry.
        a. Examine the role and major functions of AFNR organizations to better utilize AFNR guidelines.
        b. Explain the major guidelines used by AFNR organizations to manage and improve performance while maintaining ecosystem health.
        c. Examine economic, social, and technological changes to spotlight their impact on AFNR organizations and the industry.
        d. Explain technological changes to reveal their impact on information technology and transportation.
    Plus 2. Examine the role of AFNR in global, national, and regional economies.
        a. State the economic output of AFNR-related industries in the United States.
        b. Describe the role of global supply and demand on AFNR.
        c. Evaluate the impact of AFNR activities in your local community.
    Plus 3. Explain the types of industries, organizations, and activities part of AFNR.
        a. Provide examples of AFNR organizations in each of the AFNR pathways.
        b. Explain the relationship between agriculture, food, and natural resources.
        c. Describe the role of government, multinational companies, regional companies, small businesses, entrepreneurs, and consumers in AFNR activities.
    Plus 4. Explain the influence of AFNR on society.
        a. Identify ways in which the average person interacts with AFNR on a daily basis.
        b. Find examples of tradition, custom, or policy that result from practices in AFNR.
        c. Communicate the importance of AFNR to general public.
  Plus C. Examine and summarize importance of health, safety, and environmental management systems in AFNR organizations.
    Plus 1. Examine health risks associated with a particular skill to better form personnel safety guidelines.
        a. Define what level of possible contamination or injury is considered a risk in order to set safety priorities.
        b. Assess mental and physical stresses to determine all aspects necessary to perform well and what health risks are associated with both the mental and physical aspects.
    Plus 2. Develop response plans to handle emergencies.
        a. Identify various emergency response plan requirements for a facility.
        b. Develop an emergency response plan for natural disasters.
    Plus 3. Identify hazards and acquire first aid skills to promote environmental safety.
        a. Identify general workplace safety hazards.
        b. Apply general workplace safety precautions/procedures.
        c. Acquire and maintain first aid certification.
        d. Acquire and maintain cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification.
        e. Respond to medical emergencies.
        f. Explain purpose of pollution control systems.
        g. Describe procedures to comply with environmental regulations.
        h. Maintain environmental health and safety facilities.
        i. Handle chemicals and safety equipment appropriately.
        j. Explain ergonomic procedures.
        k. Assess workplace safety.
        l. Assess a safety-training plan.
        m. Observe all regulatory and safety standards.
    Plus 4. Examine required regulations to maintain/improve safety, health, and environmental management systems and sustainable business practices.
        a. Study appropriate resources to identify the major regulatory areas (e.g., personal protective equipment) and government laws and regulations.
        b. Examine the major system components to realize benefits of health, safety, and environmental management systems in AFNR organizations.
        c. Measure or estimate benefits to explain how government agencies promote compliance and improved health, safety, and environmental performance to AFNR organizations.
        d. Examine logistics, distribution, and transportation organizations to explain how AFNR organizations promote improved health, safety, and environmental performance.
    Plus 5. Enact procedures that demonstrate the importance of safety, health, and environmental responsibilities in the workplace.
        a. Establish a set of safety, health, and environmental principles to ensure a high level of performance.
        b. Develop a pollution/waste prevention plan to reduce or eliminate waste.
    Plus 6. Demonstrate methods to correct common hazards.
        a. Identify and describe common hazards in the workplace.
        b. Identify and describe major sources of information about hazards in the workplace (e.g., MSDS, work procedures, exposure control plans, training materials, labels, and signage).
        c. Identify sources of combustible/flammable materials, fire, and emergencies to establish a fire-safe environment.
        d. Interpret safety signs and symbols.
    Plus 7. Demonstrate application of personal and group health and safety practices.
        a. Identify procedures necessary for maintaining a safe work area.
        b. Identify methods to correct common hazards.
        c. Identify methods for disposing of hazardous materials.
        d. Demonstrate principals of safe physical movement to avoid slips, trips, and spills.
        e. Inspect and use protective equipment (PPE).
  Plus D. Demonstrate stewardship of natural resources in AFNR activities.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate evidence of interest and concern for natural resource stewardship.
        a. Explain how personal choices are related to natural resource sustainability.
        b. Describe strategies to help an organization create a culture of natural resource stewardship.
    Plus 2. Explain the environmental considerations of decision making in AFNR management.
        a. Predict the positive and negative impacts of given AFNR activities.
  Plus E. Describe career opportunities and means to achieve those opportunities in each of the Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Pathways.
    Plus 1. Locate and identify career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
        a. Locate and interpret career information for at least one career cluster.
        b. Identify job requirements for career pathways.
        c. Identify educational and credentialing requirements for career cluster and pathways.
    Plus 2. Match personal interest and aptitudes to selected careers.
        a. Identify personal interests and aptitudes.
        b. Identify job requirements and characteristics of selected careers.
        c. Compare personal interests and aptitudes with job requirements and characteristics of career selected.
        d. Modify career goals based on results of personal interests and aptitudes with career requirements and characteristics.
    Plus 3. Provide examples and descriptions of various careers in each of the AFNR pathways.
        a. List examples of careers that require various levels of postsecondary education in each AFNR pathway.
        b. Explain the primary benefit of having a career in each of the AFNR pathways.
  Plus F. Analyze the interaction among ANFR systems in the production, processing and management of food, fiber, and fuel and sustainable use of natural resources.
    Plus 1. Explain foundational cycles and systems of AFNR.
        a. Explain the typical plant and animal life cycle.
        b. Explain nutrient and water cycles.
        c. Describe basic plant and animal production cycles.
    Plus 2. Explain the interconnectedness of systems within AFNR.
        a. Describe how various systems (e.g., soil, water, economic, plant, insect, livestock production) are impacted by the production practices of a give crop such as corn or alfalfa.
        b. Explain how changes in one system in AFNR can benefit and cost components of other systems. (e.g., using less irrigation water and the impact on soil systems, economic systems, watersheds)

Plus Career Ready Practices

Plus I. Career Ready Practices
  Plus A. Career Ready Skills
    1. Act as a responsible and contributing citizen and employee.
    2. Apply appropriate academic and technical skills.
    3. Attend to personal health and financial well-being.
    4. Communicate clearly, effectively and with reason.
    5. Consider the environmental, social and economic impacts of decisions.
    6. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
    7. Employ valid and reliable research strategies.
    8. Model integrity, ethical leadership and effective management.
    9. Plan education and career path aligned to personal goals.
    10. Use technology to enhance productivity.
    11. Utilize critical thinking to make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
    12. Work productively in teams while using cultural/global competence.