01.0000 - Agriculture, Agricultural Operations, and Related Sciences (2013)

Plus Technical

Plus I. Animal Systems
  Plus A. Examine the components, historical development, global implications and future trends of the animal systems industry
    Plus 1. Evaluate the development and implications of animal origin, domestication and distribution.
        a. Evaluate and describe characteristics of animals that developed in response to the animals’ environment and led to their domestication.
        b. Outline the development of the animal industry and the resulting products, services and careers.
  Plus B. Classify, evaluate, select and manage animals based on anatomical and physiological characteristics.
    Plus 1. Classify animals according to hierarchical taxonomy and agricultural use.
        a. Explain how animals are classified using Linnaeus’s taxonomical classification system.
        b. Compare and contrast the hierarchical classification of the major agricultural animal species.
    Plus 2. Apply principles of comparative anatomy and physiology to uses within various animal systems.
        a. Compare and contrast animal cells, tissues, organs and body systems.
        b. Describe the functions of animal cell structures.
        c. Detail the processes of meiosis and mitosis in animal growth, development, health and reproduction.
        d. Explain the relationship of animal tissues to growth, performance and health.
        e. Compare and contrast organ types and functions among animal species.
        f. Compare and contrast body systems and system adaptations between animal species.
    Plus 3. Select animals for specific purposes and maximum performance based on anatomy and physiology.
        a. Compare and contrast desirable anatomical and physiological characteristics of animals within and between species.
        b. Assess an animal to determine if it has reached its optimal performance level based on anatomical and physiological characteristics.
  Plus C. Provide for the proper health care of animals.
    Plus 1. Prescribe and implement a prevention and treatment program for animal diseases, parasites and other disorders.
        a. Perform simple health-check evaluations on animals.
        b. Diagnose illnesses and disorders of animals based on symptoms and problems caused by diseases, parasites and physiological disorders.
        c. Evaluate preventive measures for controlling and limiting the spread of diseases, parasites and disorders among animals.
        d. Prepare animals, facilities and equipment for surgical and nonsurgical veterinary treatments and procedures.
        e. Explain the health risk of zoonotic diseases to humans and their historical significance and future implications.
    Plus 2. Provide for the biosecurity of agricultural animals and production facilities.
        a. Discuss procedures at the local, state and national levels to ensure biosecurity of the animal industry.
  Plus D. Apply principles of animal nutrition to ensure the proper growth, development, reproduction and economic production of animals.
    Plus 1. Formulate feed rations to provide for the nutritional needs of animals.
        a. Determine the relative nutritional value of feedstuffs by evaluating their general quality and condition.
        b. Appraise the adequacy of feed rations using data from the analysis of feedstuffs, animal requirements and performance.
    Plus 2. Prescribe and administer animal feed additives and growth promotants in animal production.
        a. Discuss how feed additives and growth promotants are administered and the precautions that should be taken.
  Plus E. Evaluate and select animals based on scientific principles of animal production.
    Plus 1. Evaluate the male and female reproductive systems in selecting animals.
        a. Describe the functions of major organs in the male and female reproductive systems.
    Plus 2. Evaluate animals for breeding readiness and soundness.
        a. Summarize factors that lead to reproductive maturity.
        b. Evaluate reproductive problems that occur in animals.
    Plus 3. Apply scientific principles in the selection and breeding of animals.
        a. Explain the advantages of using genetically superior animals in the production of animals and animal products.
        b. Explain the processes of natural and artificial breeding methods.
        c. Compare and contrast quantitative breeding value differences between genetically superior animals and animals of average genetic value.
        d. Explain the processes of major reproductive management practices, including estrous synchronization, superovulation, flushing and embryo transfer.
        e. Explain the materials, methods and processes of artificial insemination.
  Plus F. Prepare and implement animal handling procedures for the safety of animals, producers and consumers of animal products.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate safe animal handling and management techniques.
        a. Outline safety procedures for working with animals by species.
        b. Design programs that assure the welfare of animals and prevent abuse or mistreatment.
    Plus 2. Implement procedures to ensure that animal products are safe.
        a. Discuss consumer concerns with animal production practices relative to human health.
        b. Explain why animal trace-back capability, using individual animal and farm identification systems, is important to producers and consumers.
  Plus G. Select animal facilities and equipment that provide for the safe and efficient production, housing and handling of animals.
    Plus 1. Design animal housing, equipment and handling facilities for the major systems of animal production.
        a. Critique designs for an animal facility and prescribe alternative layouts and adjustments for the safe and efficient use of the facility.
        b. Explain how modern equipment and handling facilities enhance the safe and economic production of animals.
    Plus 2. Comply with government regulations and safety standards for facilities used in animal production
        a. Evaluate an animal facility to determine if standards have been met.
  Plus H. Analyze environmental factors associated with animal production.
    Plus 1. Reduce the effects of animal production on the environment.
        a. Outline methods of reducing the effects of animal agriculture on the environment.
    Plus 2. Evaluate the effects of environmental conditions on animals.
        a. Describe the effects of environmental conditions on animal populations and performance.
Plus II. Plant Systems
  Plus A. Apply knowledge of plant classification, plant anatomy and plant physiology to the production and management of plants.
    Plus 1. Classify agricultural plants according to taxonomy systems.
        a. Compare and contrast the hierarchical classification of agricultural plants.
        b. Identify agriculturally important plants by common names.
    Plus 2. Apply knowledge of plant anatomy and the functions of plant structures to activities associated with plant systems.
        a. Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis.
        b. Identify root tissues and explain the pathway of water and nutrients into and through the root tissues.
        c. Describe the processes of translocation.
        d. Explain how leaves capture light energy and allow for the exchange of gases.
        e. Identify the different types of flowers and flower forms.
        f. Identify the major types of fruit.
    Plus 3. Apply knowledge of plant physiology and energy conversion to plant systems.
        a. Explain requirements necessary for photosynthesis to occur and identify the products and byproducts of photosynthesis.
        b. Explain factors that affect cellular respiration and identify the products and byproducts of cellular respiration.
        c. Explain the process of secondary plant growth.
        d. Identify the plant responses to plant growth regulators and different forms of tropism.
  Plus B. Prepare and implement a plant management plan that addresses the influence of environmental factors, nutrients and soil on plant growth.
    Plus 1. Determine the influence of environmental factors on plant growth.
        a. Describe plant responses to light color, intensity and duration.
        b. Determine the optimal air, temperature and water conditions for plant growth.
    Plus 2. Prepare growing media for use in plant systems.
        a. Describe the physical characteristics of growing media and explain the influence they have on plant growth.
        b. Discuss how soil drainage and waterholding capacity can be improved.
    Plus 3. Develop and implement a fertilization plan for specific plants or crops.
        a. Describe nutrient deficiency symptoms and recognize environmental causes of nutrient deficiencies.
        b. Contrast pH and cation exchange capacity between mineral soil and soilless growing media.
        c. Determine the nutrient content of soil using appropriate laboratory procedures and prescribe fertilization based on results.
        d. Calculate the amount of fertilizer to be applied and calibrate equipment to apply the prescribed amount of fertilizer.
  Plus C. Propagate, culture and harvest plants.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate plant propagation techniques.
        a. Diagram the process of plant fertilization.
        b. Handle seed to overcome seed dormancy mechanisms and to maintain seed viability and vigor.
        c. Demonstrate proper procedures in budding or grafting selected materials.
        d. Demonstrate aseptic micropropagation techniques.
        e. Give examples of the risks and advantages associated with genetically modified plants.
    Plus 2. Develop and implement a plant management plan for crop production.
        a. Inspect propagation material for evidence of pests or disease.
        b. Prepare soil for planting with the addition of amendments.
        c. Apply preplant treatments required of seeds and plants and evaluate the results.
        d. Monitor the progress of plantings and determine the need to adjust environmental conditions.
        e. Demonstrate proper techniques to control and manage plant growth through mechanical, cultural or chemical means.
    Plus 3. Develop and implement a plan for integrated pest management.
        a. Identify major local weeds, insect pests and infectious and noninfectious plant diseases.
        b. Diagram the life cycles of major plant pests and diseases.
        c. Describe types of pesticide controls and formulations.
        d. Explain procedures for the safe handling, use and storage of pesticides.
    Plus 4. Apply principles and practices of sustainable agriculture to plant production.
        a. Describe sustainable agriculture practices and compare the ecological effects of traditional agricultural practices with those of sustainable agriculture.
    Plus 5. Harvest, handle and store crops.
        a. Assess the stage of growth to determine crop maturity or salability and demonstrate proper harvesting techniques.
        b. Evaluate crop yield and loss data.
        c. Explain the proper conditions to maintain the quality of plants and plant products held in storage.
        d. Demonstrate techniques for grading, handling and packaging plants and plant products for distribution.
Plus III. Natural Resources System
  Plus A. Explain interrelationships between natural resources and humans necessary to conduct management activities in natural environments.
    Plus 1. Apply knowledge of natural resource components to the management of natural resource systems.
        a. Differentiate between renewable and nonrenewable natural resources.
        b. Describe the interdependence of organisms within an ecosystem.
    Plus 2. Apply scientific principles of an ecosystem.
        a. Describe the organization of life in an ecological system.
        b. Differentiate between habitats and niches.
        c. Illustrate cycles found in given ecosystems.
        d. Identify the aspects of riparian and wetland areas.
        e. Describe the effects of diseases and invasive species on ecosystems.
        f. Examine the role insects play in ecosystem balance and health.
Plus IV. AFNR Business System
  Plus A. Examine the principles of AFNR business.
    Plus 1. Describe AFNR businesses and identify global opportunities in agribusiness.
        a. Define the types of ownership in an AFNR business.
        b. Identify significant markets in global AFNR businesses systems.
    Plus 2. Utilize record keeping to accomplish AFNR business objectives while complying with laws and regulations.
        a. Recognize record keeping and accounting principles.
        b. Analyze records to improve efficiency and profitability of an AFNR business.
        c. Utilize data to effectively manage an AFNR business (e.g. budget, cash flow, income and expense record, and balance sheets).
    Plus 3. Demonstrate knowledge of principles in marketing within an AFNR business.
        a. Illustrate the importance of a marketing chain.
        b. Describe the process of commodity marketing.
        c. Relate the segments of the AFNR industry and their distribution channels.
    Plus 4. Demonstrate knowledge of an AFNR plan.
        a. List the key components of an AFNR plan.
        b. Recognize the importance of goal setting in an AFNR business

Plus Pathway

Plus I. Animal Systems
  Plus A. Analyze historic and current trends impacting the animal systems industry.
    Plus 1. Explain the variety and scope of managed animal systems in the United States and around the world including: livestock, poultry, aquaculture, companion animals, zoo animals, and exotic animals.
        a. List the major livestock produced in each region of the world.
        b. Describe the scope and economic impact of the companion animal industry.
    Plus 2. Explain the historical development of animal systems around the world.
        a. Identify the origin of major livestock, poultry and companion animal species and breeds.
        b. Describe major changes in animal systems over the past 100 years. (e.g., greater confinement of livestock and poultry)
        c. Explain how characteristics of animals developed over time in response to animals' environments and selection efforts of humans.
    Plus 3. Describe trends in the animal systems industry.
        a. Explain how animal systems are influenced by a country's economic growth and development.
        b. Describe emerging careers related to animal systems.
        c. Identify impacts of technology on animal systems.
    Plus 4. Recognize the historical, social, cultural and potential applications of biotechnology in the animal systems industry.
        a. Provide examples of how biotechnology has been used to solve an issue in the animal systems industry.
  Plus B. Design and provide proper animal nutrition given desired outcomes for performance, development, reproduction, and/or economic production.
    Plus 1. Examine animal developmental stages.
        a. Recognize the different phases of an animal's life cycle.
        b. Select diets which provide the appropriate quantity of nutrients for each animal developmental stage.
        c. Explain why nutrient requirements are different throughout an animal's life cycle.
    Plus 2. Assess whether the nutritional requirements of a given animal are being met by recording performance and comparing feed variations.
        a. Use different types of feedstuffs (e.g., roughage, concentrates) to create a feed ration containing the appropriate amounts of required nutrients.
        b. Use different forms of feedstuffs (e.g., pellets, cracked, rolled, ground) to create a diet that meets the needs of a specific animal.
    Plus 3. Design a nutritional plan for a given animal with a clearly stated outcome.
        a. Calculate nutrient requirements.
        b. Evaluate proposed plan for effectiveness and economical feasibility.
        c. Create a balanced ration for a given animal.
  Plus C. Classify, evaluate and select animals based on anatomical and physiological characteristics.
    Plus 1. Describe basic functions of animal cells, organs and systems.
        a. Diagram a typical animal cell.
        b. Describe the properties, locations and functions of types of animal tissue and organs.
    Plus 2. Explain how the components and systems of animal anatomy and physiology relate to the production and use of animals.
        a. Describe how skeletal and muscular systems relate to the production of meat and/or milk in livestock animals.
        b. Describe how skeletal system structure and movement impacts use of horses.
Plus II. Plant Systems
  Plus A. Develop and implement a crop management plan for a given production goal that accounts for environmental factors.
    Plus 1. Develop a fertilization plan using the results of an analysis and evaluation of nutritional requirements and environmental conditions.
        a. Describe nutrient sources.
        b. Determine plant nutrient requirements for optimum growth.
        c. Identify function of plant nutrients in plants.
        d. Determine the environmental factors that influence and optimize plant growth.
        e. Apply nutrients to plants for economic growth.
        f. Describe nutrient application methods and appropriate practices.
    Plus 2. Evaluate soil/media nutrients using tests of appropriate materials and/or by examining data.
        a. Collect and test soil/media and/or plant tissue.
        b. Interpret tests of soil/media and/or plant tissue.
        c. Identify soil slope, structure, and type.
        d. Evaluate soil/media permeability and water-holding capacity.
        e. Determine the chemical properties of soil/media.
        f. Determine land use capability.
        g. Determine the biological functions of microorganisms of soil/media.
    Plus 3. Manage water conditions for plant growth.
        a. Explain how soil draining and water-holding capacity can be improved.
        b. Design an irrigation schedule that makes the most efficient use of irrigation water.
        c. Identify categories of soil water.
    Plus 4. Manage characteristics of growing media.
        a. Explain the various types and components of growing media.
        b. Describe techniques to reduce soil compaction.
        c. Modify composition of growing media to better meet plant growth needs.
  Plus B. Apply the principles of classification, plant anatomy, and plant physiology to plant production and management.
    Plus 1. Examine unique plant properties to identify/describe functional differences in plant structures including roots, stems, flowers, leaves, and fruit.
        a. Identify plant structures (e.g., seeds).
        b. Describe physiological functions of plants.
        c. Describe germination process and conditions.
    Plus 2. Classify plants based on physiology for taxonomic or other classifications.
        a. Classify plants as monocots or dicots.
        b. Classify plants as annuals, biennials, or perennials.
        c. Classify plants according to growth habit.
        d. Classify plants by type.
        e. Classify plants by economic value.
        f. Classify plants by agricultural use.
        g. List the scientific names and key characteristics of agriculturally important plants.
    Plus 3. Apply knowledge of plant physiology and energy conservation to plant systems activities.
        a. Explain how plant management relies on understanding of light-dependent and light-independent reactions of photosynthesis.
        b. Relate plant growth, management, and harvesting strategies in response to stages of cellular respiration in plants.
        c. Use plant growth regulators to product desired responses from plants.
  Plus C. Propagate, culture, and harvest plants and plant products based on current industry standards.
    Plus 1. Develop a production plan that applies the fundamentals of plant management.
        a. Identify and select seeds and plants.
        b. Manipulate and evaluate environmental conditions (e.g., irrigation, mulch, shading) to foster plant germination, growth and development.
        c. Evaluate and demonstrate planting practices (e.g., population rate, germination/seed vigor, inoculation, seed and plant treatments).
        d. Evaluate and demonstrate transplanting practices.
        e. Prepare soil/media for planting.
        f. Control plant growth (e.g., pruning, pinching, disbudding, topping, detasseling, staking, cabling, shearing, shaping).
        g. Prepare plants and plant products for distribution.
    Plus 2. Store crops using methods that apply fundamentals of plant management.
        a. Identify methods for storing plants and plant products.
        b. Explain how cellular respiration affects plant and plant product storage.
        c. Explain the proper conditions for storage of plants and plant products.
    Plus 3. Produce crops using a plant management plan.
        a. Inspect propagation material for pests and diseases.
        b. Prepare growing media/soil for planting.
        c. Prepare a schedule for production that accommodates environmental setting (natural, greenhouse, or modified).
        d. Demonstrate proper plant procedures and post-planting care.
        e. Control growth through mechanical, cultural, or mechanical means.
    Plus 4. Demonstrate plant propagation techniques.
        a. Explain pollination, cross-pollination, and self-pollination of flowering plants.
        b. Design plans to control the pollination of flowering plants.
        c. Demonstrate seed-sowing techniques that result in favorable germination, viability, and vigor.
    Plus 5. Apply principles and practices of sustainable agriculture to plant production.
        a. Calculate the economic, environmental, and human health costs and benefits of incorporating sustainable plant production practices.
        b. Plan the production of plants or plant products that incorporate sustainable practices.
        c. Identify the certifying options for crops and plants produced using sustainable techniques.
    Plus 6. Demonstrate the application of biotechnology to plant production.
        a. Explain the principles and processes of recombinant DNA technology in plants.
        b. List the current applications of biotechnology in plant production.

Plus Cluster

Plus I. Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources
  Plus A. Analyze how issues, trends, technologies, and public policies impact systems in the Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Cluster™.
    Plus 1. Explain how regulations and major laws impact management of AFNR activities.
        a. Describe the major impacts of AFNR legislation.
        b. Describe the major regulations impacting the management of an individual resource.
        c. Identify situations that violate regulations.
    Plus 2. Describe current issues impacting AFNR activities.
        a. Identify significant issues that impact work assignment.
    Plus 3. Identify, organize alternatives, and evaluate public policy issues related to AFNR.
        a. Identify alternatives to an issue's potential solution.
        b. Evaluate alternatives for strengths and weaknesses.
        c. Recommend a solution based on research and analysis.
    Plus 4. Consider public input in decision-making for AFNR activities.
        a. Conduct a local survey of public perceptions and desires concerning AFNR issues.
    Plus 5. Explain the impact of sustainability on ARNR activities and practices.
        a. Identify significant environmental and economic issues facing AFNR.
        b. List the potential economic, environmental, and social costs and benefits of enacting sustainability initiatives in AFNR.
    Plus 6. Recognize the historical, social, cultural and potential applications of biotechnology on AFNR activities.
        a. Discuss the current applications of biotechnology in AFNR.
    Plus 7. Demonstrate the application of biotechnology to AFNR activities.
        a. Explain how biotechnology is used in specific AFNR activities.
    8. Evaluate the nature and scope of the Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Cluster™ and the role agriculture, food, and natural resources (AFNR) play in society and the economy.
    Plus 9. Examine company performance and goals within AFNR organizations and the AFNR industry.
        a. Examine the role and major functions of AFNR organizations to better utilize AFNR guidelines.
        b. Explain the major guidelines used by AFNR organizations to manage and improve performance while maintaining ecosystem health.
        c. Examine economic, social, and technological changes to spotlight their impact on AFNR organizations and the industry.
        d. Explain technological changes to reveal their impact on information technology and transportation.
    Plus 10. Examine the role of AFNR in global, national, and regional economies.
        a. State the economic output of AFNR-related industries in the United States.
        b. Describe the role of global supply and demand on AFNR.
        c. Evaluate the impact of AFNR activities in your local community.
    Plus 11. Explain the types of industries, organizations, and activities part of AFNR.
        a. Provide examples of AFNR organizations in each of the AFNR pathways.
        b. Explain the relationship between agriculture, food, and natural resources.
        c. Describe the role of government, multinational companies, regional companies, small businesses, entrepreneurs, and consumers in AFNR activities.
    Plus 12. Explain the influence of AFNR on society.
        a. Identify ways in which the average person interacts with AFNR on a daily basis.
        b. Find examples of tradition, custom, or policy that result from practices in AFNR.
        c. Communicate the importance of AFNR to general public.
  Plus B. Examine and summarize importance of health, safety, and environmental management systems in AFNR organizations.
    Plus 1. Examine health risks associated with a particular skill to better form personnel safety guidelines.
        a. Define what level of possible contamination or injury is considered a risk in order to set safety priorities.
        b. Assess mental and physical stresses to determine all aspects necessary to perform well and what health risks are associated with both the mental and physical aspects.
    Plus 2. Develop response plans to handle emergencies.
        a. Identify various emergency response plan requirements for a facility.
        b. Develop an emergency response plan for natural disasters.
    Plus 3. Identify hazards and acquire first aid skills to promote environmental safety.
        a. Identify general workplace safety hazards.
        b. Apply general workplace safety precautions/procedures.
        c. Acquire and maintain first aid certification.
        d. Acquire and maintain cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification.
        e. Respond to medical emergencies.
        f. Explain purpose of pollution control systems.
        g. Describe procedures to comply with environmental regulations.
        h. Maintain environmental health and safety facilities.
        i. Handle chemicals and safety equipment appropriately.
        j. Explain ergonomic procedures.
        k. Assess workplace safety.
        l. Assess a safety-training plan.
        m. Observe all regulatory and safety standards.
    Plus 4. Examine required regulations to maintain/improve safety, health, and environmental management systems and sustainable business practices.
        a. Study appropriate resources to identify the major regulatory areas (e.g., personal protective equipment) and government laws and regulations.
        b. Examine the major system components to realize benefits of health, safety, and environmental management systems in AFNR organizations.
        c. Measure or estimate benefits to explain how government agencies promote compliance and improved health, safety, and environmental performance to AFNR organizations.
        d. Examine logistics, distribution, and transportation organizations to explain how AFNR organizations promote improved health, safety, and environmental performance.
    Plus 5. Enact procedures that demonstrate the importance of safety, health, and environmental responsibilities in the workplace.
        a. Establish a set of safety, health, and environmental principles to ensure a high level of performance.
        b. Develop a pollution/waste prevention plan to reduce or eliminate waste.
    Plus 6. Demonstrate methods to correct common hazards.
        a. Identify and describe common hazards in the workplace.
        b. Identify and describe major sources of information about hazards in the workplace (e.g., MSDS, work procedures, exposure control plans, training materials, labels, and signage).
        c. Identify sources of combustible/flammable materials, fire, and emergencies to establish a fire-safe environment.
        d. Interpret safety signs and symbols.
    Plus 7. Demonstrate application of personal and group health and safety practices.
        a. Identify procedures necessary for maintaining a safe work area.
        b. Identify methods to correct common hazards.
        c. Identify methods for disposing of hazardous materials.
        d. Demonstrate principals of safe physical movement to avoid slips, trips, and spills.
        e. Inspect and use protective equipment (PPE).
  Plus C. Demonstrate stewardship of natural resources in AFNR activities.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate evidence of interest and concern for natural resource stewardship.
        a. Explain how personal choices are related to natural resource sustainability.
        b. Describe strategies to help an organization create a culture of natural resource stewardship.
    Plus 2. Explain the environmental considerations of decision making in AFNR management.
        a. Predict the positive and negative impacts of given AFNR activities.
  Plus D. Describe career opportunities and means to achieve those opportunities in each of the Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Pathways.
    Plus 1. Locate and identify career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
        a. Locate and interpret career information for at least one career cluster.
        b. Identify job requirements for career pathways.
        c. Identify educational and credentialing requirements for career cluster and pathways.
    Plus 2. Match personal interest and aptitudes to selected careers.
        a. Identify personal interests and aptitudes.
        b. Identify job requirements and characteristics of selected careers.
        c. Compare personal interests and aptitudes with job requirements and characteristics of career selected.
        d. Modify career goals based on results of personal interests and aptitudes with career requirements and characteristics.
    Plus 3. Provide examples and descriptions of various careers in each of the AFNR pathways.
        a. List examples of careers that require various levels of postsecondary education in each AFNR pathway.
        b. Explain the primary benefit of having a career in each of the AFNR pathways.
  Plus E. Analyze the interaction among ANFR systems in the production, processing and management of food, fiber, and fuel and sustainable use of natural resources.
    Plus 1. Explain foundational cycles and systems of AFNR.
        a. Explain the typical plant and animal life cycle.
        b. Explain nutrient and water cycles.
        c. Describe basic plant and animal production cycles.
    Plus 2. Explain the interconnectedness of systems within AFNR.
        a. Describe how various systems (e.g., soil, water, economic, plant, insect, livestock production) are impacted by the production practices of a give crop such as corn or alfalfa.
        b. Explain how changes in one system in AFNR can benefit and cost components of other systems. (e.g., using less irrigation water and the impact on soil systems, economic systems, watersheds).

Plus Career Ready Practices

Plus I. Career Ready Practices
  Plus A. Career Ready Skills
    1. Act as a responsible and contributing citizen and employee.
    2. Apply appropriate academic and technical skills.
    3. Attend to personal health and financial well-being.
    4. Communicate clearly, effectively and with reason.
    5. Consider the environmental, social and economic impacts of decisions.
    6. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
    7. Employ valid and reliable research strategies.
    8. Model integrity, ethical leadership and effective management.
    9. Plan education and career path aligned to personal goals.
    10. Use technology to enhance productivity.
    11. Utilize critical thinking to make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
    12. Work productively in teams while using cultural/global competence.