26.0102 - Biomedical Sciences, General - 2017 Implement Fall 2018

Plus Technical

Plus I. CONTRIBUTIONS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY TO HEALTH AND HUMAN CONDITION
  Plus A. Contributions to quality of life
    1. Propose an industrial enzyme that could contribute to the quality of life.
    2. Generate a list of environmental diseases or chronic conditions that have been or could be treated with biotechnology products.
  Plus B. Legal and Ethical Considerations
    1. Assess a current biotechnology-related ethical issue in the news and how it may affect the quality of life.
Plus II. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS
  Plus A. Mathematical concepts
    1. Illustrate the concepts of percentages and ratios using a biotechnology application.
    2. Contract weight-to-weight and weight-to-volume calculations for solutions.
    3. Explain scientific notation.
  Plus B. Statistics
    1. Compare the standard deviation and the mean of efficacy testing data of two biotechnology products.
    2. Graphically illustrate a set of biotech data such that a layman would understand it.
  Plus C. Genetics
    1. Describe the basic structure of a chromosome.
    2. Construct a karyotype with human chromosomes.
    3. Differentiate the genetic inheritance of a lethal dominant homozygous trait (e.g. dwarfism) from a heterozygous disease (e.g., sickle cell anemia).
  Plus D. Organic Chemistry
    1. Construct a molecule of a compound with 3 or more carbon atoms.
    2. Create an equation of two organic substrates leading to a product.
    3. Describe atomic number, atomic mass and orbitals.
    4. Contrast covalent, ionic and hydrogen bonding.
  Plus E. Biochemistry
    1. Diagram six chemical side groups that could be in a biotechnology product.
    2. Categorize all amino acids into essential and non-essential.
    3. Describe the relationship between biochemistry and biotechnology product development.
    4. Compare the underlying reasons why some molecules are hydrophilic and some are hydrophobic.
  Plus F. Cell Biology
    1. Describe the basic structures and functions of cells and how this knowledge is used in biotechnology.
    2. Select cellular barriers to be overcome for a biotechnology product to work inside a cell.
  Plus G. Molecular biology
    1. Diagram the structure of the nucleic acid DNA.
    2. Demonstrate DNA replication graphically and its’ importance to biotechnology product development.
    3. Describe the central dogma of molecular biology and how understanding this process impacts biotechnology research and development.
  Plus H. Microbiology
    1. Analyze how microorganisms are used in mass producing recombinant proteins.
    2. Compare and contrast bacterial, fungal, and animal cells and how these similarities and differences affect biotechnology product development and production decisions.
    3. Compare and contrast the use of plasmids in bacterial transformation and the process of plasmid DNA isolation.
Plus III. INTRODUCTION TO BIOTECHNOLOGY KNOWLEDGE AREAS AND TECHNIQUES
  Plus A. Techniques
    1. Describe the following techniques; recombinant DNA, genetic engineering, monoclonal antibody production, separation and purification of biotechnology products and bioprocessing.
  Plus B. Knowledge Areas
    1. Predict how nanotechnology, bioinformatics, proteomics, genomics and transcriptomics will create new career opportunities.
Plus IV. LABORATORY PROTOCOLS AND PROCEDURES
  Plus A. Procedures
    1. Describe how molarity relates to solution preparation.
    2. Calculate the molarity of a given solution and measure the pH of this solution.
    3. Prepare a serial dilution of a microbial culture starting with 10-3 going to 10-8 and plate on to nutrient agar petri dishes. Determine the original concentration of the microbial culture.
  Plus B. Protocols
    1. Distinguish the requirements of sterile techniques.
    2. Respond to a hypothetical laboratory accident appropriately as a member of a laboratory team.
Plus V. PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT
  Plus A. Development
    1. Diagram the process involved in making one biotech product in an industrial setting.
    2. Analyze the role of pre-clinical and clinical trials in biotechnology product development.
  Plus B. Regulation
    1. Examine the role of a Quality Assurance person in this process.
    2. Define cGMP and why it is important in biotech production.
Plus VI. BIOETHICS
  Plus A. Societal
    1. Differentiate between morality and ethics and the relationship of each to biotechnology health care product development.
    2. Discuss bioethical issues related to recombinant products.
    3. Contrast personal, professional and organizational ethics.
  Plus B. Institutional
    1. Comply with policies and requirements for documentation and record keeping.
    2. Comply with institutional ethical policies and procedures.

Plus Pathway

Plus I. SUMMARIZE THE GOALS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT WITHIN LEGAL AND ETHICAL PROTOCOLS.
  Plus A. Identify biotechnology's contributions to quality of life.
    1. Propose a biological or industrial enzyme that could be used for treating disease and contribute to the quality of life.
    2. Develop a list of environmental diseases or chronic conditions that have been or could be treated with biotechnology products.
  Plus B. Assess legal and ethical considerations associated with using biotechnology.
    1. Assess a current biotechnology-related ethical issue in the news.
    2. Discuss how a current biotechnology-related ethical issue may affect the quality of life.
Plus II. APPLY THE FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOCHEMISTRY, CELL BIOLOGY, GENETICS, MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS, MICROBIOLOGY, MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND STATISTICS TO CONDUCT EFFECTIE BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF PRODUCTS.
  Plus A. Apply mathematical concepts to the field of biotechnology.
    1. Illustrate the concepts of percentages and ratios using a biotechnology application.
    2. Contrast weight-to-weight and weight-to-volume calculations for solutions.
    3. Explain scientific notation.
  Plus B. Use statistical data when conducting biotechnology research and development.
    1. Compare the standard deviation and the mean of data results from testing effectiveness of two biotechnology products.
    2. Graphically illustrate a set of biotech data such that a layman would understand it.
  Plus C. Apply genetic principles to biotechnology.
    1. Describe the basic structure of a chromosome.
    2. Construct a karyotype with human chromosomes.
    3. Differentiate the genetic inheritance of a dominant homozygous trait (e.g. dwarfism) from a heterozygous disease (e.g., sickle cell anemia).
  Plus D. Apply principles of organic chemistry to biotechnology.
    1. Construct a molecule of a compound with three or more carbon atoms.
    2. Create an equation of two organic substrates leading to a product.
    3. Describe atomic number, atomic mass and orbitals.
    4. Contrast covalent, ionic and hydrogen bonding.
  Plus E. Apply principles of biochemistry to biotechnology.
    1. Diagram six chemical side groups that could be in a biotechnology product.
    2. Categorize all amino acids into essential and non-essential.
    3. Describe the relationship between biochemistry and biotechnology product development.
    4. Compare the underlying reasons why some molecules are hydrophilic and some are hydrophobic.
  Plus F. Apply principles of cell biology to biotechnology.
    1. Describe the basic structures and functions of cells and how this knowledge is used in biotechnology.
    2. Select cellular barriers to be overcome for a biotechnology product to work inside a cell.
  Plus G. Apply principles of molecular biology to biotechnology.
    1. Diagram the structure of the nucleic acid DNA.
    2. Demonstrate DNA replication graphically and its importance to biotechnology product development.
    3. Describe the central dogma of molecular biology and how understanding this process impacts biotechnology research and development.
  Plus H. Apply principles of microbiology to biotechnology.
    1. Analyze how microorganisms are used in mass producing recombinant proteins.
    2. Compare and contrast bacterial, fungal and animal cells and how these similarities and differences affect biotechnology product development and production decisions.
    3. Compare and contrast the use of plasmids in bacterial transformation and the process of plasmid DNA isolation.
Plus III. DEMONSTRATE BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF RECOMBINANT DNA, GENETIC ENGINEERING, BIOPROCESSING, MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY PRODUCTION, NANOTECHNOLOGY, BIOINFORMATICS, GENOMICS, PROTEOMICS AND TRANSCRIPTOMICS TO CONDUCT BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
  Plus A. Identify techniques used in biotechnology.
    1. Describe the following techniques: recombinant DNA, genetic engineering, monoclonal antibody production, separation and purification of biotechnology products and bioprocessing.
    2. Identify uses of the following techniques: recombinant DNA, genetic engineering, monoclonal antibody production, separation and purification of biotechnology products and bioprocessing.
  Plus B. Identify trends in the field of biotechnology.
    1. Predict how nanotechnology, bioinformatics, proteomics, genomics and transcriptomics will create new career opportunities.
    2. Identify how the above career opportunities will impact health care environments.
Plus IV. DEMONSTRATE THE PRINCIPLES OF SOLUTION PREPARATION, STERILE TECHNIQUES, CONTAMINAITON CONTROL AND MEASUREMENT AND CALIBRATION OF INSTRUMENTS USED IN BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH.
  Plus A. Use laboratory procedures to prepare solutions, sterilize, control contamination, use measurement instruments and calibrate instruments.
    1. Describe how molarity relates to solution preparation.
    2. Calculate the molarity of a given solution and measure the pH of this solution.
  Plus B. Apply biosafety protocols in the laboratory environment.
    1. Maintain a safe laboratory environment using biosafety protocols.
    2. Describe the criticality of the requirements of sterile techniques.
    3. Respond to a hypothetical laboratory accident appropriately as a member of a laboratory team.
Plus V. DETERMINE PROCESSES FOR PRODUCT DESIGN AND PRODUCTION AND HOW THAT WORK CONTRIBUTES TO AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE BIOTECHNOLOGY PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PROCESS.
  Plus A. Explain biotechnology product development processes.
    1. Diagram the process involved in making one biotech product in an industrial setting.
    2. Analyze the role of pre-clinical and clinical trials in biotechnology product development.
  Plus B. Explain regulations affecting the processes for biotechnology product development.
    1. Examine the role of a Quality Assurance person in this process.
    2. Define Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMP) and why it is important in biotech production.
Plus VI. SUMMARIZE AND EXPLAIN THE LARGER ETHICAL, MORAL AND LEGAL ISSUES RELATED TO BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH, PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT AND USE IN SOCIETY.
  Plus A. Explain biotechnological implications on society.
    1. Differentiate between morality and ethics and the relationship of each to biotechnology health care product development.
    2. Discuss bioethical issues related to biogenetic products.
    3. Contrast personal, professional and organizational ethics.
  Plus B. Apply institutional protocols to biotech research and product development.
    1. Identify and comply with policies and requirements for documentation and record keeping.
    2. Identify and comply with institutional ethical policies and procedures.

Plus Cluster

Plus I. DETERMINE ACADEMIC SUBJECT MATTER, IN ADDITION TO HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS, NECESSARY FOR PURSUING A HEALTH SCIENCE CAREER.
  Plus A. Utilize knowledge of human structure and function to conduct health care role.
    1. Describe the basic structures and functions of cells, tissues, organs and systems as they relate to homeostasis.
    2. Compare relationships among cells, tissues, organs and systems.
    3. Explain body planes, directional terms, quadrants and cavities.
    4. Analyze the interdependence of the body systems as they relate to wellness, disease, disorders, therapies and care rehabilitation.
  Plus B. Utilize knowledge of diseases and disorders to conduct health care role.
    1. Compare selected diseases/disorders including respective classification(s), causes, diagnoses, therapies and care/rehabilitation to include biotechnological applications.
    2. Analyze methods to control the spread of pathogenic microorganisms.
    3. Contrast various types of immunities.
    4. Analyze body system changes in light of diseases, disorders and wellness.
    5. Compare the aging process among the body systems.
Plus II. EXPLAIN THE HEALTHCARE WORKER'S ROLE WITHIN THEIR DEPARTMENT, THEIR ORGANIZATION AND THE OVERALL HEALTHCARE SYSTEM.
  Plus A. Explain systems theory as it applies to the health care environment.
    1. Describe systems theory and its components.
    2. Construct a general systems model using inputs, throughputs and a feedback loop.
  Plus B. Explain the concept of system change as it applies to the health care environment.
    1. Analyze the cause and effect on health care system change based on the influence of technology, epidemiology, bio-ethics, socio-economics and various forms of complimentary (non- traditional) medicine.
  Plus C. Understand the existing and potential hazards to clients, co-workers and self.
    1. Utilize safe work practices and follow health and safety policies and procedures.
    2. Diagram the interdependence of health care professions within a given health care delivery system and pertaining to the delivery of quality health care.
    3. Design a system analysis process that evaluates these outcomes: client satisfaction, productivity, cost effectiveness and efficiency.
    4. Evaluate the impact of enhanced technology on the health care delivery system.
  Plus D. Identify and explain key systems of the health care delivery system.
    1. Construct a health care delivery system model.
    2. Predict where and how factors such as cost, managed care, technology, an aging population, access to care, alternative therapies and lifestyle/behavior changes may affect various health care delivery system models.
    3. Project outcomes as interconnected components of a modified health care system.
    4. Calculate the cost effectiveness of two separate health care delivery systems using the same client procedure.
Plus III. IDENTIFY EXISTING AND POTENTIAL HAZARDS TO CLIENTS, CO-WORKERS, VISITORS AND SELF IN THE HEALTHCARE WORKPLACE.
  Plus A. Explain infection control practices and procedures.
    1. Practice infection control procedures.
    2. Practice appropriate cleaning, disinfecting and sterilizing processes.
    3. Contrast medical and surgical asepsis.
  Plus B. Demonstrate personal safety practices.
    1. Manage a personal exposure incident in compliance with OSHA regulations.
    2. Apply principles of body mechanics and ergonomics
    3. Use personal protective equipment (PPE) as appropriate to the environment.
  Plus C. Use techniques to insure environmental safety.
    1. Modify the environment to create safe working conditions.
    2. Demonstrate methods of fire prevention in the health care setting.
    3. Prevent accidents by using proper safety techniques.
    4. Practice good housekeeping by maintaining a safe work environment.
  Plus D. Identify common safety hazards.
    1. Use Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
    2. Recognize and adhere to hazardous labeling requirements.
    3. Comply with safety signs, symbols and labels.
    4. Implement appropriate action when observing a hazardous material problem.
    5. Apply safety principles within given environment.
    6. Recognize hazardous chemicals commonly used in the health care environment and utilize in an appropriate manner.
  Plus E. Describe healthy behaviors.
    1. Apply behaviors that promote health and wellness.
    2. Advocate available preventive health screening and examinations.
    3. Use practices that promote the prevention of diesease and injury.
    4. Use appropriate safety practices as related to high-risk behaviors.
    5. Evaluate the vaidity of alternative health practices.
  Plus F. Utilize emergency procedures and protocols.
    1. Interpret the evacuation plan for the health care setting.
    2. Construct an emergency plan for a health care setting in response to a natural disaster or other emergency.
    3. Follow the facility procedure when a fire is discovered.
Plus IV. EVALUATE THE ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS AS PART OF THE HEALTHCARE TEAM AND EXPLAIN THEIR ROLE IN PROMOTING THE DELIVERY OF QUALITY HEALTH CARE.
  Plus A. Describe team member participantion.
    1. Communicate verbally and nonverbally with team colleagues to assure a best result for the client.
    2. Collaborate with others to formulate team objectives.
    3. Identify responsible actions of team members to complete assigned tasks in a timely and effective manner.
    4. Recognize the importance of active listening to other team members.
    5. Exercise leadership skills as appropriate.
    6. Respect and value the expertise and contributions of all team members.
    7. Recognize the importance of working collaboratively with persons from diverse backgrounds to accomplish a common goal.
    8. Apply corrective action to an acknowledged conflict situation.
    9. Exhibit a strong sense of team identity and commitment to purpose.
  Plus B. Identify and describe health care teams.
    1. Apply the team concept in providing quality patient/client care.
    2. Recognize characteristics of effective teams.
    3. Analyze roles of various team participants.
    4. Formulate appropriate response to critical situations as a team member and/or leader.
    5. Recognize the necessity of compromise to ensure the appropriate outcome.
  Plus C. Employ communication strategies used in the delivery of quality health care.
    1. Identify social media technologies, electronic conferencing, Web pages and e-mail systems to communicate information to team members and colleagues.
    2. Develop and implement security requirements for storage and transmission of electronic health records.
    3. Train personnel on technologies, written communications and security measures for documenting, retrieval, storage and communication of health records.
Plus V. ANALYZE THE LEGAL AND ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES, LIMITATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS OF ACTIONS WITHIN THE HEALTHCARE WORKPLACE.
  Plus A. Describe legal implications affecting health care workers.
    1. Analyze legal responsibilities, limitations and implications of actions.
    2. Use problem-solving techniques when confronted with legal dilemmas or issues.
    3. Compare and contrast behaviors and practices that could result in malpractice, liability, or negligence.
    4. Identify and comply with policies and requirements for documentation and record keeping.
    5. Identify and comply with established risk management criteria and procedures.
    6. Evaluate if an incident is reportable.
    7. Identify and comply with non-discriminatory laws.
    8. Identify and comply with institutional policy and procedures.
  Plus B. Describe legal practices employed by health care workers.
    1. Perform duties according to regulations, policies, laws and legislated rights of clients.
    2. Manage clients' rights according to the Patients' Bill of Rights.
    3. Manage confidentiality according to Health Information Portability Access Act (HIPAA).
    4. Employ practices that adhere to licensure, certification, registration and legislated scope of practice.
    5. Apply the doctrine of informed consent.
    6. Evaluate technological threats to confidentiality.
    7. Employ mandated standards for workplace safety, i.e., OSHA, CDC, CLIA.
    8. Apply mandated standards for harassment, labor and employment laws.
Plus VI. EVALUATE ACCEPTED ETHICAL PRACTICES WITH RESPECT TO CULTURAL, SOCIAL AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES WITHIN THE HEALTHCARE WORKPLACE.
  Plus A. Describe legal and ethical boundaries in health care delivery.
    1. Differentiate between morality and ethics and the relationship of each to health care outcomes.
    2. Differentiate between ethical and legal issues impacting health care.
    3. Employ personal, professional and organizational ethics.
    4. Analyze legal and ethical aspects of confidentiality.
    5. Discuss bio-ethical issues related to health care.
    6. Analyze and evaluate the implications of medical ethics.
  Plus B. Describe ethical practice as it applies to health care delivery.
    1. Demonstrate professionalism when interacting with fellow students, patients/clients, co-workers and the organization.
    2. Recognize and respect interdisciplinary roles of team members.
    3. Report activities and behaviors by self and others that adversely affect the health, safety, or welfare of students, patients/clients, or co-workers.
    4. Demonstrate fairness and equal treatment of all persons.
    5. Practice responsibly within the ethical framework of the Patients' Bill of Rights.
    6. Employ clients' independence and determination in their health care.
  Plus C. Explain cultural, social and ethnic diversity as it applies to health care delivery.
    1. Discuss the impact of religions and cultures on those giving and receiving health care with an understanding of past and present events.
    2. Demonstrate respect of individual cultural, social and ethnic diversity within the health care environment.

Plus Career Ready Practices

Plus I. Career Ready Practices
  Plus A. Career Ready Skills
    1. Act as a responsible and contributing citizen and employee.
    2. Apply appropriate academic and technical skills.
    3. Attend to personal health and financial well-being.
    4. Communicate clearly, effectively and with reason.
    5. Consider the environmental, social and economic impacts of decisions.
    6. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
    7. Employ valid and reliable research strategies.
    8. Model integrity, ethical leadership and effective management.
    9. Plan education and career path aligned to personal goals.
    10. Use technology to enhance productivity.
    11. Utilize critical thinking to make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
    12. Work productively in teams while using cultural/global competence.