46.0000 - Construction Trades (2007)

New Standards – The 46.0000 Construction standards have been reviewed and updated as of July 2010.  The revised standards will be implemented and reported in CTEIS during the 2011-12 school year.  You can access the new standards by clicking on “Program Links” and then select “2010 Updated Gap Analysis”. 

Plus Pathway Standards

  Plus A. Recognize universal signs & symbols such as colors, flags, stakes & hand signals to function safely in the workplace.
    Plus 1. Identify universal signs and symbols to apply to given workplace situations.
        a. Explain functions of signs and symbols.
        b. Work safely using signs and symbols.
        c. Inspect all signs and symbols for safe and proper use.
        d. Use proper signs and signals for the work area.
        e. Respond appropriately to signs and signals.
  Plus A. Examine building systems and components to evaluate their usefulness to a project.
    Plus 1. Identify building systems needed to complete a construction project.
        a. List all building systems involved in a project.
        b. Describe the purpose of each system.
    Plus 2. Identify components of building systems needed to complete a construction project.
        a. List all components of the involved building systems.
        b. Describe the function of each component.
    Plus 3. Incorporate appropriate building systems into a construction project.
        a. Use appropriate components for the building systems required.

Plus Foundation Standards

  Plus A. Perform math operations to complete jobsite/workplace tasks such as estimating and distributing materials and supplies.
    Plus 1. Use geometric formulas to determine areas and volumes of various structures.
        a. Calculate areas and volumes of structures.
        b. Estimate materials and supplies needed.
    Plus 2. Use appropriate formulas to determine percentages/decimals.
        a. Calculate percentages/decimals.
        b. Use percentages/decimals to perform measurement tasks.
    Plus 3. Use appropriate formulas to determine ratios, fractions, and proportion measures.
        a. Calculate percentages/decimals.
        b. Use ratios, fractions and proportion measures to perform measurement tasks.
    Plus 4. Use appropriate formulas to determine measurements of dimensions, spaces and structures.
        a. Measure dimensions, spaces and structures using U. S. Standard units.
        b. Measure dimensions, spaces and structures using Metric units.
        c. Use dimensions, spaces and structures calculations to estimate materials and supplies needed.
  Plus B. Perform physics skills to work with materials and load applications.
    Plus 1. Apply basic concepts of static and loads to planning.
        a. Use the basic concepts of static and load calculations for rigging and moving loads.
    Plus 2. Identify the physical properties present when using common construction materials in order to use the materials safely, effectively and efficiently.
        a. Use the basic concepts of physics when working with common construction materials.
    Plus 3. Recognize the issues present when mixing compatible and incompatible substances to maintain workplace/jobsite safety.
        a. Differentiate between incompatible and compatible substances.
        b. Prevent the mixing of incompatible substances.
    Plus 4. Describe the chemical process that occurs when using common construction materials to maintain workplace/jobsite safety.
        a. Apply chemical processes in relation to environmental conditions.
        b. Apply chemical processes in relation to construction building materials.
  Plus C. Read, understand and respond to English language technical and workplace documents to effectively function in the workplace/jobsite.
    Plus 1. Read, interpret and use technical and workplace documents to accomplish workplace/jobsite assignments.
        a. Read and understand industry-specific terminology.
        b. Interpret workplace documents.
        c. Use verbal or written processes to report key information.
        d. Use technology to transmit reports.
        e. Read, understand and interpret blueprints, drawings and specifications.
        f. Use written communications such as written estimates, work orders and memos.
        g. Read and follow manufacturer's instructions and manuals.
  Plus D. Write clear and effective English to prepare workplace/jobsite information.
    Plus 1. Complete reports and documents to comply with project requirements.
        a. Compose an accurate and organized diary/log of work.
        b. Write reports and documents such as estimates, permits, memos, technical reports and work orders that meet industry standards.
  Plus A. Use and follow industry specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/jobsite communications.
    Plus 1. Match verbal and visual communications to industry specific situations.
        a. Use correct terminology to convey verbal and visual communications.
    Plus 2. Listen attentively and speak clearly to convey information correctly.
        a. Confirm understanding of verbal and visual instructions.
        b. Ask questions concerning details of instructions.
        c. Perform assignments as requested.
  Plus B. Listen to and speak with a variety of individuals to enhance communication skills.
    Plus 1. Speak succinctly and clearly to convey information.
        a. Speak so that others can understand and carry out information presented.
    Plus 2. Listen attentively to spoken messages to respond to information.
        a. Perform oral instructions.
  Plus C. Exhibit public relation skills to address a variety of situations such as increasing internal and external customer/client satisfaction.
    Plus 1. Communicate effectively to develop positive customer/client relationships.
        a. Develop and maintain customer relations.
        b. Apply relationship skills in a variety of situations.
        c. Define customer/client satisfaction.
        d. Evaluate customer/client satisfaction.
  Plus A. Identify the relationship between available resources & requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning.
    Plus 1. Estimate resources/materials required for a specific project/problem including time management, labor management, job management and job site obligations in order to effectively plan.
        a. Estimate correct amount of required resources/materials.
    Plus 2. Use available resources/materials effectively to complete project or resolve a problem.
        a. Evaluate waste of resources/materials.
        b. Evaluate necessity for additional resources/materials.
    Plus 3. Determine alternative solutions for a specific project/problem in order to effectively plan.
        a. Evaluate feasibility of alternative suggestions.
        b. Implement appropriate alternatives.
  Plus B. Evaluate and adjust plans/schedules to respond to unexpected events and conditions.
    Plus 1. Incorporate potential job disruptions into planning time lines.
        a. Identify potential events and conditions that disrupt the completion of a job.
        b. Solve situational problems involved with unexpected events and conditions.
    Plus 2. Adjust plans and schedules to meet project needs.
        a. Modify existing plans to reflect an unexpected change.
        b. Modify existing schedules to reflect an unexpected change.
    Plus 3. Identify and assess critical situations as they arise to resolve issues.
        a. Evaluate potential solutions and determine best solution.
        b. Appraise critical situations and implement appropriate response.
    Plus 4. Provide a project update to track changes necessitated by unexpected events and conditions.
        a. Present an oral and/or written status report on the project.
  Plus C. Synthesize and report conditions to keep the organization appraised of progress and problems.
    Plus 1. Provide a project update to keep stakeholders up to date.
        a. Present on oral and written status report on the project.
  Plus A. Use information technology tools specific to Architecture & Construction to access, manage, integrate & create information.
    Plus 1. Manage personal schedule and contact information.
        a. Create tasks (to-do) list.
        b. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        c. Manage personal and professional contact information.
    Plus 2. Create memos and notes.
        a. Create personal reminders.
        b. Create and send notes, informal memos, and reminders using applications.
    Plus 3. Use a CAD System to perform drafting duties.
        a. Interpret CAD drawings.
        b. Retrieve and modify drawings using a CAD System.
        c. Create drawings using a CAD System.
  Plus B. Use Electronic Mail applications.
    Plus 1. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
        a. Access email system using login and password functions.
        b. Access email messages received.
        c. Create email messages in accordance with established business standards (e.g., grammar, word usage, spelling, sentence structure, clarity, e-mail etiquette).
        d. Practice email etiquette.
        e. Send email messages.
    Plus 2. Use email to share files and documents.
        a. Access email attachments.
        b. Attach documents to messages.
        c. Save email messages/attachments.
        d. Practice contamination protection strategies for email.
  Plus C. Use Internet applications.
    Plus 1. Search for information and resources.
        a. Select search engine(s) to use.
        b. Select appropriate search procedures and approaches.
        c. Locate information using search engine(s) and Boolean logic.
        d. Navigate web sites using software functions.
  Plus D. Use Writing/Publishing applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
        a. Retrieve existing documents.
        b. Create documents (e.g., letters, memos, reports) using existing forms and templates.
        c. Safeguard documents using name and save functions.
        d. Format text using basic formatting functions.
        e. Employ word processing utility tools (e.g., spell checker, grammar checker, thesaurus).
  Plus E. Use Spreadsheet applications.
    Plus 1. Create a spreadsheet.
        a. Create spreadsheets.
        b. Retrieve existing spreadsheets.
        c. Edit spreadsheets.
        d. Save spreadsheets.
        e. Print spreadsheets.
    Plus 2. Perform calculations and analysis on data.
        a. Group worksheets.
        b. Create charts and graphs from spreadsheets.
        c. Perform calculations using simple formulas.
        d. Input/process data using spreadsheet functions.
  Plus F. Use Database applications.
    Plus 1. Manipulate data elements.
        a. Enter data using a form.
        b. Locate/replace data using search and replace functions.
        c. Process data using database functions (e.g., structure, format, attributes, relationships, keys).
  Plus G. Use Collaborative/Groupware applications.
    Plus 1. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
        a. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        b. Maintain shared database of contact information.
  Plus H. Use Computer Operations applications.
    Plus 1. Manage computer operations.
        a. Apply basic commands of operating system software.
        b. Employ desktop operating skills.
    Plus 2. Manage file storage.
        a. Apply appropriate file and disk management techniques.
        b. Differentiate between files and directories.
        c. Determine file organization.
        d. Use system utilities for file management.
  Plus I. Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors used to control electromechanical devices).
    Plus 1. Operate computer-driven equipment and machines.
        a. Secure needed supplies and resources.
        b. Follow power-up and log-on procedures.
        c. Interact with/respond to system messages using console device.
        d. Run applications/jobs in accordance with processing procedures.
        e. Follow log-off and power-down procedure(s).
    Plus 2. Use installation and operation manuals.
        a. Access needed information using appropriate reference materials.
    Plus 3. Troubleshoot computer-driven equipment and machines and access support as needed.
        a. Test system using diagnostic tools/software.
        b. Repair/replace malfunctioning hardware.
        c. Reinstall software as needed.
        d. Recover data and/or files.
        e. Restore system to normal operating standards.
  Plus A. Comply with governmental regulations and applicable codes to establish a legal and safe workplace/jobsite.
    Plus 1. Identify occupation-specific governmental regulations and national, state and/or local building codes to establish workplace/jobsite regulations and codes.
        a. Follow governmental regulations and building codes.
        b. Use information gives in regulations and codes correctly.
        c. Pass job inspections and comply with regulations at all times.
    Plus 2. Monitor workplace/jobsite activities to comply with governmental and other applicable safety regulations such as EPA and OSHA.
        a. Read and discuss information of OSHA, EPA and other safety regulations.
        b. Pass safety inspections and comply with regulations at all times.
    Plus 3. Use MSDS information to manage, use and dispose of hazardous materials.
        a. Obtain, understand and follow MSDS information.
        b. Use hazardous materials safely.
    Plus 4. Identify workplace/jobsite environmental hazards to promote workplace/jobsite safety.
        a. Follow safe practices relating to environmental hazards.
  Plus B. Examine relationship of roles and responsibilities between trades/professions to complete a project/job.
    Plus 1. Plan, organize, schedule and manage a project/job to optimize workflow sequence.
        a. Report results of the project/job.
    Plus 2. Use time management skills to schedule a project/job.
        a. Identify timeline required to complete a project/job.
        b. Evaluate efficiency and effectiveness of a project/job.
    Plus 3. Recognize relationships between trades/professions to facilitate smooth workflow.
        a. Coordinate work between trades.
    Plus 4. Recognize the hierarchy of the jobsite to facilitate smooth workflow.
        a. Incorporate job functions in the reporting chain of supervision.
        b. Evaluate the safety issues and responsibilities managed by each level of supervision.
  Plus C. Examine all aspects of the built environment and its' systems to complete project planning.
    Plus 1. Align and incorporate the built environment and its systems to the project to complete project.
        a. Label all systems on a set of construction documents.
        b. Discuss the interrelationship of the systems in the built environment.
        c. Use the concept of "Critical Path Method (CPM)" and/or similar sequential methods so that work progresses efficiently.
  Plus D. Apply industry standards and practices for quality to ensure quality work..
    Plus 1. Identify industry standards and practices in order to incorporate quality into projects.
        a. Document how quality improves profitability.
        b. Report on issues that affect quality.
    Plus 2. Use industry standards and practices to appreciation for quality workmanship.
        a. Perform work meeting or exceeding the quality standards of the industry.
        b. Exhibit pride in personal work.
  Plus A. Observe rules and regulations to comply with personal and jobsite safety standards.
    Plus 1. Align safety issues with appropriate safety standards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Practice safety rules and regulations.
    Plus 2. Identify safety precautions and hazards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Use appropriate safety practices and equipment.
    Plus 3. Select, inspect and use personal protective equipment (PPE) such as respiratory protection and fall protection equipment to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Inspect personal protective equipment to ensure safety.
        b. Report defects found in personal protective equipment.
        c. Use appropriate personal protective equipment.
        d. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment to protect yourself and set an example for co-workers.
    Plus 4. Employ hierarchy and workflow of the workplace/jobsite to ensure safety.
        a. Perform job site safety procedures at all times.
        b. Use, interpret and respond to barricades, barriers, and other visual warnings.
  Plus A. Establish specific goals to manage project assignments in a timely manner.
    Plus 1. Establish project goals in order to met project specifications and deadlines.
        a. Define and describe project goals.
        b. Identify and list key project activities.
        c. Identify and report activity deadlines.
    Plus 2. Organize work teams to effectively manage assignments.
        a. Determine and list assignments by activity and personnel.
        b. Complete assignments.
        c. Monitor and write a report on progress of the project.
        d. Evaluate completed product according to customer requirements.
  Plus B. Effectively resolve conflicts with co-workers to maintain a smooth workflow.
    Plus 1. Use conflict resolution skills to maintain a smooth workflow.
        a. Work collaboratively and cooperatively.
        b. Give and receive criticism in a diplomatic and constructive manner.
        c. Use diplomatic and constructive statements and responses.
  Plus C. Work as an individual and as a team member to accomplish assignments.
    Plus 1. Use human relations skills to work cooperatively with co-workers representing different cultures, genders and backgrounds.
        a. Work effectively with a variety of co-workers.
    Plus 2. Track team goals to contribute constructively and positively to the team.
        a. Work effectively within the organization of a team.
        b. Perform work as a team member on a project.
    Plus 3. Match team members to appropriate activities.
        a. Identify team goals.
        b. Identify team member strengths and weaknesses.
    Plus 4. Manage personal skills to accomplish assignments.
        a. Plan, organize, and manage individual work.
  Plus D. Use mentoring skills to inspire others to achieve.
    Plus 1. Use motivational techniques to enhance performance in others.
        a. Practice motivational techniques.
        b. Develop and use reward and incentive systems.
  Plus A. Exhibit personal accountability, integrity and responsibility to enhance confidence among co-workers.
    Plus 1. Apply the professional and ethical standards of the industry to workplace/jobsite conduct.
        a. Practice professional and ethical standards.
        b. Maintain personal integrity.
        c. Promote personal and professional integrity in coworkers.
        d. Recognize integrity in others.
  Plus B. Read regulations and contracts to ensure ethical and safety elements are observed.
    Plus 1. Study regulations and codes to identify those applicable to the local area.
        a. Locate and implement regulations and codes applicable to tasks and projects.
        b. Comply with local, state and Federal agencies and model code setting organizations.
    Plus 2. Read and explain the various aspects of service contracts to ensure compliance.
        a. Evaluate and follow service contracts.
    Plus 3. Recognize the relationship between the various parties to a contract in order to interpret responsibilities.
        a. Fulfill your contractual role and responsibilities.
    Plus 4. Recognize the definition of specialized words or phrases to fully understand documents and contracts.
        a. Use industry jargon or terminology appropriately.
        b. Use industry acronyms correctly.
        c. Use words with multiple meanings correctly in context.
  Plus C. Use ethical and legal standards to avoid conflicts of interest.
    Plus 1. Identify conflicts of interest relating to a job of project to prevent ethical or legal problems.
        a. Resolve issues relating to any potential conflicts of interest.
  Plus D. Recognize legal and ethical relationships between employees and employees and employers to establish workplace/jobsite rules, regulations and guidelines.
    Plus 1. Access appropriate resources to identify the roles, rights and responsibilities of an employee and an employer.
        a. Practice workplace/jobsite conduct incorporating employee and employer roles, rights and responsibilities.
    Plus 2. Examine insurance documentation to determine liability issues associated with a job.
        a. Describe liability issues as needed.
    Plus 3. Comply with employer policies and procedures such as sexual harassment avoidance and substance abuse control to prevent ethical and legal problems.
        a. Practice policies and protocol.
  Plus A. Exhibit a positive work ethic to comply with employment requirements.
    Plus 1. Exhibit behaviors showing you are reliable and dependable.
        a. Arrive at work fit and on time each day.
        b. Behave dependably.
        c. Behave honestly and fairly.
    Plus 2. Maintain appropriate dress and behavior for the fob to contribute to a safe and effective workplace/jobsite.
        a. Observe company and workplace/jobsite rules.
    Plus 3. Complete required employment form and documentation such as I-9 form, work visa, W-4 and licensures to meet employment requirements.
        a. Provide verification that requirements have been met.
  Plus B. Recognize requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.
    Plus 1. Identify opportunities for career advancement to formulate career goals.
        a. Identify career ladder.
        b. Develop career advancement plan.
        c. Implement career advancement plan.
        d. Review progress of career advancement plan.
    Plus 2. Maintain positive interpersonal skills to enhance advancement potential.
        a. Perform quality work as measured by a performance evaluation.
    Plus 3. Pursue education and training opportunities to acquire skills necessary for career advancement.
        a. Document successful completion of education and training opportunities.
        b. Participate in professional development opportunities such as professional organizations & associations, trade shows and seminars.
    Plus 4. Read trade magazines and journals, manufacturers' catalogues, industry publications and internet sites to keep current on industry trends.
        a. Identify and prepare for new and emerging occupations, practices and procedures as well as declining occupations and practices.
    Plus 5. Examine the organization and structure of various segments of the industry to prepare for career advancement.
        a. Recognize segments of the construction industry and show the relationships to specialty areas.
        b. Obtain necessary knowledge and skills to enhance employability
    Plus 6. Research locate and regional labor (workforce) market and job growth information to project potential for advancement.
        a. Identify sources of career information.
        b. Identify job opportunities for the trade.
        c. Identify organizations that offer career and job placement.
        d. Analyze potential growth of identifies careers.
        e. Apply labor market and job growth information to career goals.
  Plus C. Examine licensing, certification & credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to achieve compliance.
    Plus 1. Align licensing, certification and credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to achieve compliance.
        a. Use technologies and resources to research licensing certification and credentialing.
        b. Evaluate and select suitable sources of licensing, certification and credentialing.
        c. Identify licenses, certifications and credentials applicable to career goals.
        d. Document sources and agencies for licensing and certification and credentialing information including contact information.
  Plus D. Recognize the responsibilities and personal characteristics of a professional craftsperson to develop personal goals for professionalism.
    Plus 1. Research workplace/jobsite information to identify appropriate craft responsibilities and personal characteristics.
        a. Practice the responsibilities and characteristics of a professional craftsperson.
        b. Identify all critical/important functions.
        c. Document customer satisfaction.
    Plus 2. Present a professional image in the workplace/jobsite to enhance career advancement.
        a. Maintain appropriate professional memberships.
        b. Follow rules, regulations and guidelines.
  Plus E. Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills and abilities.
    Plus 1. Select educational and work history highlights to create a personal resume.
        a. Develop a resume utilizing word processing technology.
    Plus 2. Contract professional references to acquire recommendations.
        a. Obtain appropriate letters of recommendation.
    Plus 3. Maintain a record of work experiences, licenses, certifications and education to build a portfolio.
        a. Document work experience.
        b. Document receipt of licenses, certifications and credentialing
        c. Document completion of education and training.
  Plus A. Read technical drawings and documents to plan a project.
    Plus 1. Interpret blueprints and drawings to assist with project planning.
        a. Recognize elements and symbols of blueprints and drawings.
    Plus 2. Study written standards and specifications to apply them.
        a. Interpret and explain standards and specifications.
    Plus 3. Recognize how specifications and standards are arranged to properly access and use them.
        a. Describe and use specifications and standards appropriately.
    Plus 4. Use architect's plan, manufacturer's illustrations and other materials to visualize proposed work and to transfer specific data.
        a. Sketch/draw/illustrate concepts and ideas.
        b. Draw or sketch plan/layout to be completed.
        c. Use proper measurements to determine layout.
    Plus 5. Conceptualize a three-dimensional form from a two-dimensional drawing to visualize proposed work.
        a. Build three-dimensional form.
  Plus B. Use and maintain appropriate tools, machines and equipment to accomplish project goals.
    Plus 1. Select tools, machinery and equipment to match requirements of the job.
        a. Operate tools, machinery and equipment.
        b. Properly maintain and care for tools, machines and equipment.
        c. Use tools, machine and equipment productively and efficiently in alignment with industry standards.
    Plus 2. Identify sources of information concerning state-of-the-art tools, equipment, materials, technologies & methodologies.
        a. Read current periodicals, industry publications and manufacturer's catalogs.
        b. Use state-of-the-art tools, equipment, materials, technologies and methodologies.

Plus Construction Trades Standards

Plus I. Construction Trades
  Plus A. Organization of the Industry
    Plus 1. List and describe several potential careers in construction
        a. Unskilled or semiskilled labor
        b. Skilled trades
        c. Technicians
        d. Design and management
    2. Explain the roles of architects, engineers, city building officials, and contractors
    Plus 3. Describe the major forms of business ownership and the differences between them
        a. Sole proprietorship
        b. Partnership
        c. Corporation
    4. Explain what a building code is
  Plus B. Working in the Industry
    1. Discuss ethical issues in the workplace
    2. Work as a participating member of a work team
    Plus 3. Communicate effectively with fellow workers
        a. Communication
        b. Speaking
        c. Listening
        d. Writing
        e. Reading
        f. Body language
    4. Explain the value of lifelong learning
  Plus C. Jobsite Safety
    Plus 1. Explain what an accident is and what causes accidents
        a. Accidents
        b. Work practices
    Plus 2. Define OSHA and explain its impact on construction workers
        a. What is OSHA
        b. What are employees’ responsibilities?
        c. What are employers’ responsibilities?
        d. What is an OSHA standard?
    3. Identify the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment for common work situations and explain how to use it
    4. Explain the Hazard Communication and find info on a Material Safety Data Sheet
    Plus 5. Explain how fires are ignited sustained and extinguished
        a. The fire triangle
        b. The fire tetrahedron
        c. Extinguishing fires
    6. Recognize the dangers of working in trenches and explain how to work safely in a trench
    Plus 7. Explain electric shock and list safety considerations in working around electricity
        a. Electricity
        b. Electrical fundamentals
        c. Electrical safety
        d. Ground fault circuit interrupters
        e. Avoid electric shock
  Plus D. Safety with Ladders, Scaffolds and Machines
    1. List the safety considerations in erecting and working on scaffolds
    Plus 2. Choose the right ladder for a job and use it safely
        a. Portable ladders
        b. Choose the right ladder for the job
        c. Safe climbing habits
    Plus 3. List the safety considerations in working with internal combustion engines and engine-driven machines
        a. Internal combustion engines
        b. Compressed air
    4. List the safety considerations in working with compressed air and pneumatic tools
  Plus E. Whole Numbers
    1. Add whole numbers
    2. Subtract whole numbers
    3. Multiply whole numbers
    4. Divide whole numbers
    5. Solve problems involving multiple operations with whole numbers
  Plus F. Decimals
    1. Add decimal fractions
    2. Subtract decimal fractions
    3. Multiply decimal fractions
    4. Divide decimal fractions
  Plus G. Fractions
    Plus 1. Add Fractions
        a. Adding fractions
        b. Adding mixed numbers
    2. Subtract fractions
    3. Multiply fractions
    4. Divide fractions
  Plus H. Linear Measure
    Plus 1. Read a U.S. customary scale accurately to within 1/16 inch
        a. Reading a U.S. customary scale
        b. Nominal dimensions
        c. Combining feet and inches
    2. Read a metric scale to the nearest millimeter
    Plus 3. Perform basic operations with linear measure
        a. Perimeter Measure
  Plus I. Percent (Percentage)
    1. Find any percentage of any given number
    2. Determine a part’s percentage of a whole
    Plus 3. Calculate the total amount of money owed when given the principal, rate and time
        a. Interest
        b. Formulas
    4. Solve basic problems involving simple interest
  Plus J. Area and Volume
    1. Determine the area of squares and rectangles
    2. Determine the area of triangles
    3. Determine the area of circles
    4. Determine the volume of rectangular solids and cubes
  Plus K. Right Angles
    1. Determine the hypotenuse of a right triangle if given the two adjacent sides
    Plus 2. Determine the length of one side of a right triangle if given the other side and the hypotenuse
        a. 6-8-10 Method
  Plus L. Combined Operations
    1. Solve construction-related math problems involving combinations of the math topics covered above
  Plus M. Hand Tools – Selection, use and care
    1. Read a ruler to within 1/16 inch.
    2. Identify & explain what they are used for: Rafter squares
    3. Identify & explain what they are used for: Stair gauges
    4. Identify & explain what they are used for: Speed square
    5. Identify & explain what they are used for: Combination square
    6. Identify & explain what they are used for: Chalk line reel
    7. Identify & explain what they are used for: Plumb Bob
    Plus 8. Identify & explain what they are used for: Hammers
        a. Claw hammer
        b. Bricklayers hammer
        c. Sledgehammer
    9. Identify & explain what they are used for: Bars and nail pullers
    10. Identify & explain what they are used for: Screwdrivers
    11. Identify & explain what they are used for: Pliers
    Plus 12. Identify & explain what they are used for: Wrenches
        a. Socket wrenches
        b. Open-end wrenches
        c. Box-end wrenches
        d. Nut drivers
        e. Adjustable wrenches
        f. Pipe wrenches
        g. Basin wrenches
    13. Identify & explain what they are used for: Hacksaw
    14. Identify & explain what they are used for: Handsaw
    15. Identify & explain what they are used for: Crosscut saw
    16. Identify & explain what they are used for: Ripsaws
    17. Identify & explain what they are used for: Coping saw
    18. Identify & explain what they are used for: Wallboard saw
    19. Identify & explain what they are used for: Utility knife
    20. Identify & explain what they are used for:Snips
    21. Identify & explain what they are used for: Pipe and tubing cutters
    22. Identify & explain what they are used for: Flaring tool
    23. Identify & explain what they are used for: Swaging tools
    24. Safely perform simple operations with: 6-8-10 Method and checking diagonals
    25. Safely perform simple operations with: Spirit level
    26. Safely perform simple operations with: Builder’s level
    27. Safely perform simple operations with: Laser level
    28. Safely perform simple operations with: Using a handsaw
  Plus N. Power Tools – Selection, Use and Care
    Plus 1. Safely perform simple operations with: Power tool construction
        a. Motors
        b. Cordless tools
        c. Insulation and grounding
        d. Pneumatic tools
        e. Bearings
    2. Safely perform simple operations with: Skill saw
    3. Safely perform simple operations with: Saber saw
    4. Safely perform simple operations with: Reciprocating saw
    5. Safely perform simple operations with: Drills
    6. Safely perform simple operations with: Hammer drills
    7. Safely perform simple operations with: Torches
    8. Explain what operations are commonly done with Crosscutting
    9. Explain what operations are commonly done with Ripping
    10. Explain what operations are commonly done with making plunge cuts
    11. Explain what operations are commonly done with using a saber saw
    12. Explain what operations are commonly done with making plunge cuts (saber saw)
    13. Explain what operations are commonly done with using a reciprocating saw
    14. Explain what operations are commonly done with Explain what operations are commonly done with sing a power drill
    15. Explain what operations are commonly done with using a drill to drive screws
    16. Explain what operations are commonly done with soldering a pipe fitting
    17. Safely perform simple opeations with: Power tools
    18. Safety perform simple operations with: torches
  Plus O. Fasteners
    1. Describe common fasteners
    Plus 2. Select appropriate nail types and sizes for common construction jobs
        a. Common nails
        b. Box nails
        c. Finishing nails
        d. Casing nails
        e. Duplex nails
        f. Roofing nails
        g. Masonry nails
        h. Brads
    Plus 3. Select appropriate screw types and sizes for common construction jobs
        a. Drywall screws
        b. Particleboard screws and deck screws
        c. Sheet metal screws
        d. Lag screws
    Plus 4. Select appropriate bolt types and sizes for common construction jobs
        a. Cap screws
        b. Stove bolts
        c. Carriage bolts
        d. Washers
    Plus 5. Select appropriate anchor types and sizes for common construction jobs
        a. Wedge anchor
        b. Sleeve anchors
        c. Split fast anchors
        d. Double expansion anchor
        e. Lag shields
        f. Tapcons
        g. Hammer-drive anchors
        h. Split ribbed plastic anchors
    Plus 6. Select appropriate hollow-wall fastener types and sizes for common construction jobs
        a. Toggle bolts
        b. Plastic toggles
        c. Molly screws
        d. E-Z anchors
    Plus 7. Install or use each of the common fastener types correctly
        a. Driving nails
  Plus P. Rigging
    Plus 1. Safely rig a roof truss for hoisting by a crane
        a. Sling
        b. Wire rope
        c. Web slings
        d. Chain slings
        e. Hardware attachments
    2. Use standard hand signals for directing a crane operator
    Plus 3. Recognize common defects and safety hazards in rigging equipment
        a. Inspection of wire rope
        b. Inspection of synthetic slings
  Plus Q. Views
    Plus 1. Recognize oblique, isometric and orthographic drawings
        a. Isometric drawings
        b. Oblique drawings
        c. Orthographic projection
    2. Draw simple isometric sketches
    3. Identify plan views, elevations, and sections
  Plus R. Scale
    1. Identify the scale used on a construction drawing
    2. Read an architect’s scale
  Plus S. Alphabet of Lines
    1. Object lines
    2. Dashed lines
    3. Extension lines and dimension lines
    4. Centerlines
    5. Leaders
    6. Cutting-planes lines
  Plus T. Use of Symbols
    1. Door and window symbols
    2. Materials symbols
    3. Electrical and mechanical symbols
    4. Reference marks for coordinating drawings
    5. Abbreviations
  Plus U. Plan Views
    1. Site plan
    2. Foundation plans
    Plus 3. Floor plans
        a. Building layout
        b. Dimensions
        c. Other features of floor plans
  Plus V. Elevations
    Plus 1. Orient building elevations to building plans
        a. Orienting elevations
        b. Information of building elevations
    2. Explain the kinds of information shown on elevations
  Plus W. Sections and details
    1. Find and explain information on section views
    2. Find and explain information of large-scale views
    3. Orient sections and details to the other plans and elevations

Plus Carpentry Standards

Plus I. Carpentry
  Plus A. Hand Tools
    1. Identify and describe the hand tools the carpenter commonly uses
    2. Use hand tools in a safe and appropriate manner
    3. Maintain hand tools in a suitable working condition
  Plus B. Power Tools
    1. State general safety rules for operating power tools
    2. Describe and safely use the following: circular saws, saber saws, reciprocating saws, drills, hammer-drills, screwdrivers, planes, routers, sanders, staplers, nailers, and power-actuated drivers
    3. Describe and adjust the table saw and power miter saw
    4. Safely crosscut lumber to length, making rip to width, and make miters by using the table saw
    5. Safely crosscut to lenth, making square and miter cuts by using a power miter saw
  Plus C. Wood and Wood Products
    1. Define hardwood and softwood and give examples of some common kinds
    2. State the grades and sizes of lumber
    3. Calculate linear foot and compute square foot and board foot measure
    4. Describe the composition, kinds, sizes, amd several uses of: plywood, oriented dtrand board, particleboard, hardboard, medium-density fiberboard, and softboard.
    5. Describe the uses and sizes of: laminated veneer lumber, parallel strand lumber, laminated strand lumber, wood I-beams, and glue-laminated beams
  Plus D. Fasteners; name and describe the following:
    1. Nails
    2. Screws
    3. Lag screws
    4. Bolts
    5. Solid wall anchors
    6. Hollow wall anchors
    7. Adhesives
  Plus E. Blueprints, Codes, and Building Layout
    1. Describe and explain the function of the various kinds of drawings contained in a set of blueprints
    2. Demonstrate how specifications are used
    3. Identify various types of lines and read dimensions
    4. Establish level points across a building area using a water level and by using a carpenter's hand spirit level in combination with a straight edge
    5. Accurately set up and use the builder's level, transit-level, and laser level
    6. Use an optical level to determine elevations
    7. Lay out building lines by using the Pythagorean theorom and check the layout for accuracy
    8. Build batter boards and accurately establish building lines with string
    9. Identify and explain the meaing of symbols and abbreviations used on a set of prints
    10. Read and interpret plot, foundation, floor, and framing plans
    11. Define and explain the purpose of building codes and zoning laws
    12. Explain the requirements for obtaining a building permit and the duties of a buidling inspector
  Plus F. Concrete Form Construction
    1. Construct forms for footings, slabs, walks, and driveways
    2. Construct concrete forms for foundation walls
    3. Lay out and build concrete forms for stairs
    4. Explain techniques used for the proper placement and curing of concrete
    5. Describe the composition of concrete and factors affecting its strength, durability, and workability
    6. Explain the reasons for making a slump test
    7. Explain the reasons for reinforcing concrete and describe the materials to be used
    8. Estimate quantities of concrete
  Plus G. Floor Framing
    1. Desscribe platform ,balloon, and post-and-beam framing, and identify framing members of each
    2. Describe several energy and material conservation framing methods
    3. build and install girders, erect columns, and lay out sills
    4. Lay out and install floor joists
    5. Frame openings in floors
    6. Lay out, cut, and install bridging
    7. Apply subflooring
    8. Describe methods to prevent destruction by wood pests
  Plus H. Wall and Ceiling Framing
    1. Identify and describe the function of each part of the wall frame
    2. Determine the length of exterior wall studs
    3. Describe four different types of walls used in residential framing
    4. Determine the rough opening width and height for windows and doors
    5. Lay out the wall plates for partition intersections, openings and OC studs
    6. Describe several methods of framing corner and partition intersections
    7. Assemble and construct a wall section
    8. Erect and temporarily brace a wall section plumb and straight
    9. Describe the function of and install blocking and backing
    10. Apply wall sheathing
    11. Lay out, cut, and install ceiling joists
    12. Identify and describe the components of nonstructural steel wall framing
    13. Install a steel door buck
    14. Estimate the materials needed for walls and ceiling framing
  Plus I. Scaffolds, Ladders, and Sawhorses
    1. Identify and describe the safety concerns for scaffolds
    2. Erect and dismantle metal scaffolding in accordance with recommended, safe procedures
    3. Follow a recommended procedure to inspect a scaffold for safety
    4. Describe the recommended capacities of various parts of a scaffold
    5. Construct a scaffold work platform
    6. Identify and describe the components of a fall protection system
    7. Describe the safety concerns for mobile metal tubular scaffolds
    8. Build safety staging areas using roof brackets
    9. Safely set up, use, and dismantle pump jack scaffolding
    10. Describe the safe use of ladders, ladder jacks, stepladders, and sawhorses
  Plus J. Roof Framing
    1. Describe several roof types
    2. Define the various roof framing terms
    3. Identify the members of gable, gambrel, hip, intersecting, and shed roofs
    4. Lay out a common rafter and erect a gable roof
    5. Lay out and install gable end studs
    6. Lay out a hip rafter and hip jack rafters
    7. Lay out a valley rafter and valley rafters
    8. Describe and perform the safe and proper procedure to erect a trussed roof
    9. Apply roof sheathing
    10. Estimate the quantities of materials used in a roof frame
  Plus K. Windows and Doors
    1. Describe the most popular styles of windows and name their parts
    2. Select and specify desired sizes and styles of windows from manufacturer's catalogs
    3. Install various types of windows in an approved manner
    4. Name the parts of and set a prehung door frame
    5. Describe the standard designs and sizes of doors and name their parts
    6. Fit and hang a door to a pre-existing opening
    7. Install locksets in doors
    8. Install bypass, bifold, and pocket doors
  Plus L. Roofing
    1. Define roofing terms
    2. Describe and apply roofing felt underlayment, organic or fiberglass asphalt shingles, and roll roofing
    3. Describe and apply flashing to valleys, sidewalls, chimneys, and other roof obstructions
    4. Estimate needed roofing materials
  Plus M. Siding and Decks
    1. Describe the shapes, sizes, and materials used as siding products
    2. Install corner boards and prepare sidewall for siding
    3. Apply horizontal and vertical siding
    4. Apply plywood and lapped siding
    5. Apply wood shingles and shakes to sidewalks
    6. Apply vinyl and aluminum siding
    7. Describe various types of cornices and name their parts
    8. Install gutters and downspouts
    9. Describe the construction of and kinds of materials used in decks
    10. Lay out and install footings, supporting posts, girders, and joists for a deck
    11. Apply decking in the recommended manner and install flashing for an exposed deck against a wall
  Plus N. Insulation and Wall Finish
    1. Describe how insulation works and define insulating terms and requirements
    2. Describe the commonly used insulating materials and state where insulation is placed
    3. Properly install various kinds of insulation
    4. State the purpose of and install vapor retarders
    5. Explain the need for ventilating a structure and describe types of ventilators
    6. Describe various kinds, sizes, and uses of gypsum panels
    7. Describe the kinds and sizes of nails, screws, and adhesives used to attach gypsum panels
    8. Apply gypsum board to interior walls and ceilings
    9. Conceal gypsum board fasteners and corner beads
    10. Reinforce and conceal joints with tape and compound
    11. Describe and apply several kinds of sheet wall paneling
    12. Describe and apply various patterns of solid lumber wall paneling
    13. Estimate quantities of drywall, drywall accessories, and sheet and board wall paneling
  Plus O. Interior Finish
    1. Identify the components of a suspended ceiling system
    2. Lay out and install suspended ceilings
    3. Identify standard interior moldings and describe their use
    4. Apply ceiling and wall molding
    5. Apply interior door casings, baseboard, base cap, and base shoe
    6. Install window trim, including stools, aprons, jamb extensions, and casings
    7. Apply strip and plank flooring
    8. Estimate quantities of the parts in a suspended ceiling system
    9. Estimate the quantities of molding needed for windows, doors, ceiling, and base
    10. Estimate wood flooring required for various installations
  Plus P. Stair Framing and Finish
    1. Name various stair finish parts and describe their location and function
    2. Describe several stairway designs
    3. Define terms used in stair framing
    4. Determine the unit rise and unit run of a stairway given the total rise
    5. Detemine the length of a stairwell
    6. Lay out a stair carriage and frame a straight stairway
    7. lay out and frame a stairway with a landing
    8. Lay out, dado, and assemble a housed-stringer staircase
    9. Apply finish to the stair body of open an dclosed staircases
    10. Install a post-to-post balustrade from floor to balcony on the open end of a staircase
  Plus Q. Cabinets and Countertops
    1. State the sizes and describe the construction of typical base and wall kitchen cabinet units
    2. Install manufactured kitchen cabinets
    3. Construct, laminate, and install a countertop
    4. Identify cabinet doors and drawers according to the type of construction and method of installation
    5. Identify overlay, lipped, and flush cabinet doors and proper drawer construction
    6. Apply cabinet hinges, pulls, and door catches

Plus Career & Employability Standards

  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standared business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    Plus 3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
        a. Relate the results of study to a similar situation in a verbal or writen report.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    Plus 1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
        a. Problems include making conversions between the metric system and non-English systems of measurement, mixed units (such as hours and minutes), and can require serveral steps to finding a solution.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from muiltiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skils using a variety of media and interpretive data.
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfacotry completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities, demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate etlhical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minortiy viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibily challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certifricates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labormarket information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
    1. Discuss emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, compressed video delivery, online file sharing, graphing calculators, global positioning software)
    2. Identify the capabilities and limitations of emerging communication resources.
    3. Understand the importance of both the predictable and unpredictable impacts of technology.
    4. Identify changes in hardware and software systems over time and discuss how these changes might affect the individual personally in his/her role as a lifelong learner.
    5. Understand the purpose, scope, and use of assistive technology.
    6. Understand that access to online learning increases educational and workplace opportunities.
    7. Be provided with the opportunity to learn in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills.
    8. Understand the relationship between electronic resources, infrastructure, and connectivity.
    9. Routinely apply touch-typing techniques with advanced accuracy, speed, and efficiency.
    10. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation and support.
    11. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav)
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files.
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application’s spelling and grammar checking functions.
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to use of information and communication technology.
    2. Analyze current trends in information and communication technology and assess the potential of emerging technologies for ethical and unethical uses.
    3. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society.
    4. Discuss the possible consequences and costs of unethical uses of information and computer technology.
    5. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users.
    6. Demonstrate the ethical use of technology as a digital citizen and lifelong learner.
    7. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, and commercial software.
    8. Adhere to fair use and copyright guidelines.
    9. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings.
    10. Adhere to the district acceptable use policy as well as state and federal laws.
    11. Explore career opportunities and identify their related technology skill requirements.
    12. Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes technology to support his/her lifelong learning goals.
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience.
    2. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., fi nances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
    3. Have access to and utilize assistive technology tools.
    4. Apply advanced software features such as an application’s built-in thesaurus, templates, and styles to improve the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.
    5. Identify technology tools (e.g., authoring tools or other hardware and software resources) that could be used to create a group project.
    6. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning.
    7. Develop a document or file for inclusion into a web site or web page.
    8. Use a variety of applications to plan, create, and edit a multimedia product (e.g., model, webcast, presentation, publication, or other creative work)
    9. Have the opportunity to participate in real-life experiences associated with technology-related careers.
    1. Identify and describe various telecommunications or online technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, listservs, blogs, virtual reality)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, groupware, instantmessaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project.
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g.,presentations, newsletters, web sites) to communicate original ideas to multiple audiences.
    4. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models) with presetation, word processing. Publishing, database, graphics design, or spreadsheet applications.
    5. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., groupware, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
    1. Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate internet search engines to locate information.
    2. Formulate and use evaluation criteria (authority, accuracy, relevancy, timeliness) for inforamtion located on the internet to present research findings.
    3. Determine if online sources are authoritative, valid, reliable, relevant, and comprehensive.
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference.
    5. Evaluate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation.
    6. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
    1. Use a variety of technology resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning.
    2. Describe the possible integration of two or more information and communication technology tools or resources to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts.
    3. Formulate a research question or hypothesis, then use appropriate information and communication technology resources to collect relevant information, analyze the findings, and report the results to multiple audiences.
    4. Describe the possible integration of two or more information and communication technology tools or resources to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts.
    5. Formulate a research question or hypothesis, then use appropriate information and communication technology resources to collect relevant information, analyze the findings, and report the results to multiple audiences.