46.0301 - Electrical & Power Transmission Installation (2007)

46.0301 Electrical and Power Transmission Installation technical standards are adopted from Massachusetts Electricity standards.

Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. Massachusetts Electricity
  Plus A. Read and interpret prints.
    1. Explain the basic layout of a set of prints as well as the importance of the accompanying job specifications document.
    2. Recognize and identify basic print terms, abbreviations, line types, symbols and notes.
    3. Interpret and follow drawing dimensions.
    4. Determine true measurements from a print using an Architect’s scale.
    5. Read and interpret plan, elevation, section and detail views and schedules.
    6. Identify, develop and complete material quantity takeoff sheets.
    7. Discuss how state and/or local code requirements apply to prints.
    8. Layout and convert schematic diagrams to wiring diagrams.
    9. Layout and convert wiring diagrams to schematic diagrams.
    10. Utilize software for Control Circuit drawing.
  Plus B. Demonstrate the use of tools, fasteners, and equipment.
    1. Demonstrate and explain the use of threaded fasteners.
    2. Demonstrate and explain the use of non-threaded fasteners.
    3. Demonstrate and explain the use and types of anchors.
    4. Install fasteners and anchors.
    5. Demonstrate safe operation of power and powder actuated tools.
  Plus C. Illustrate basic concepts of electrical theory.
    1. Explain what atoms are and how they are constructed.
    2. Define voltage and identify the ways in which it can be produced.
    3. Explain the difference between conductors and insulators.
    4. Define the units of measurement that are used to measure the properties of electricity.
    5. Explain how voltage, current, and resistance are related to each other.
    6. Using the formula for Ohm's law, calculate an unknown value.
    7. Explain the different types of meters and equipment used to measure voltage, current, resistance, and power.
    8. Using the power formula, calculate the amount of power used by a circuit.
  Plus D. Illustrate advanced concepts of electrical theory.
    1. Explain the basic characteristics of a series, parallel and combination circuit.
    2. Calculate, using Kirchhoff's voltage law, the voltage drop in series, parallel, and combination circuits.
    3. Calculate, using Kirchhoff's current law, the total current in series, parallel, and combination circuits.
    4. Find the total amount of resistance in series, parallel, and combination circuits.
    5. Calculate the peak and effective voltage or current values for an AC waveform.
    6. Calculate the phase relationship between two AC waveforms.
    7. Describe the voltage and current phase relationship in a resistive AC circuit.
    8. Describe the voltage and current transients that occur in an adductive circuit.
    9. Define inductive reactance and state how it is affected by frequency.
    10. Describe the voltage and current transients that occur in a capacitive circuit.
    11. Define capacitive reactance and state how it is affected by frequency.
    12. Explain the relationship between voltage and current in RL AC, RC AC, LC AC, and RLC AC circuits.
    13. Explain true, apparent, and reactive power as they relate to AC circuits.
    14. Explain 'power factor' as it relates to AC circuits.
    15. Explain the use of surge protection and UPS systems.
  Plus E. Use electrical test equipment.
    1. Perform measurement of current using the ammeter / clamp-on.
    2. Perform measurement of voltage using the voltmeter.
    3. Perform measurement of resistance using the ohmmeter.
    4. Measure circuit properties using the volt-ohm-multimeter (VOM).
    5. Measure power using the wattmeter.
    6. Explain the operation of and describe the Megohmmeter.
    7. Explain the operation of and describe the induction tester / proximity tester.
    8. Determine the state of a circuit using a continuity tester.
    9. Explain the operation of and describe the voltage tester.
    10. Explain the operation of and describe the circuit tracer.
    11. Read and convert from one scale to another on all types of common test equipment.
    12. Connect a meter using proper meter polarity.
    13. Compare and contrast digital and analog meters.
  Plus F. Explain the NEC
    1. Explain the purpose and history of the National Electrical Code (NEC) and the Massachusetts Electrical Code (NEC) amendments.
    2. Describe the layout of the Massachusetts Electrical Code (NEC).
    3. Explain how to navigate the NEC.
    4. Describe the purpose of the National Electrical Manufacturers' Association (NEMA) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
    5. Explain the role of Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratories..
    6. State appropriate Massachusetts Electric Code Amendments (527 CMR 12).
    7. State appropriate Electrical Board of Examiners regulations (527 CMR 237).
    8. State appropriate Massachusetts Building Code regulations (780 CMR).
  Plus G. Utilizing residential conductirs, boxes, and fittings
    1. Describe various types of cable and raceways.
    2. Identify and select various types and sizes of raceways.
    3. Identify and select various types and sizes of cables.
    4. Identify and select various types of raceway fittings.
    5. Identify various methods used to install raceways.
    6. Explain NEC raceway requirements.
    7. Describe the different types of nonmetallic and metallic boxes.
    8. State NEC requirements for box and raceway fill.
    9. Calculate the required box size for any number and size of conductors.
    10. Demonstrate the radius rule when installing conductors in pull boxes.
    11. Properly locate, install, and support boxes of all types.
    12. Describe the NEC regulations governing pull and junction boxes.
    13. State the NEC requirements for boxes supporting luminaries.
    14. Explain how boxes and fittings are selected and installed.
    15. Demonstrate procedures for installing raceways and boxes on various surfaces.
    16. Demonstrate procedures for installing raceways and boxes underground.
    17. Demonstrate procedures for installing raceways and boxes in flush installations.
    18. Describe the purpose of conduit bodies.
    19. Install the different types of fittings used in conjunction with boxes.
    20. Describe the installation rules for installing boxes and fittings in hazardous areas.
  Plus H. Demonstrate procedures used in raceway bending.
    1. Identify various raceways.
    2. Identify the methods of hand bending raceway.
    3. Identify the parts of electric and hydraulic benders.
    4. Demonstrate process of different bending methods.
    5. Determine raceway bends using mathematical formulas.
    6. Make 90º bends, back-to-back bends, offsets, kicks, and saddle bends.
    7. Cut, ream, and thread conduit.
  Plus I. Explain factors relating to conductors.
    1. Explain the various sizes and gauges of wire in accordance with American Wire Gauge (AWG) standards.
    2. Identify insulation types according to conditions and applications.
    3. Describe voltage ratings of conductors and cables.
    4. Read and identify markings conductors and cables.
    5. Determine the ampacity of a conductor using the tables in the NEC.
    6. Select electrical conductors for specific applications.
    7. Demonstrate how to size conductors for a load.
    8. Explain the application of the NEC ampacity tables.
    9. Demonstrate derating conductors for fill, temperature, and voltage drop.
    10. State the purpose of stranded wire.
    11. Describe the different materials from which conductors are made.
    12. Describe the color coding of insulation.
  Plus J. Install Conductors.
    1. Describe the procedure and equipment for pulling wire through conduit.
    2. Demonstrate the various methods of installing conductors in raceways.
    3. Install conductors in a raceway system.
    4. Plan and set up for a cable pull.
    5. Explain how mandrels, swabs, and brushes are used to prepare conduit for conductors.
    6. Install a pull-line for a cable-pulling operation.
    7. Explain the operation of power fish tape systems.
    8. Prepare the ends of conductors for pulling.
    9. Describe the types of cable pullers.
    10. Explain how to support conductors in vertical conduit runs.
    11. Demonstrate the installation of cable in cable trays.
    12. Explain the importance of communication during a cable-pulling operation.
    13. Explain the probable causes of stress or tension in cable pulls.
  Plus K. Splice and terminate conductors.
    1. Describe how to make a good conductor termination.
    2. Prepare cable ends for terminations and splices.
    3. Select and install lugs and connectors onto conductors.
    4. Train cable at termination points.
    5. Explain the requirements of the NEC in making cable terminations and splices.
    6. Explain why NEChanical stress should be avoided at cable termination points.
    7. Describe the importance of using proper bolt torque when bolting lugs onto busbars.
    8. Describe splicing techniques.
    9. Splice conductors using solderless connectors.
    10. Explain how to use hand and power crimping tools.
    11. Describe crimping techniques.
    12. Describe the installation rules for parallel conductors.
    13. Identify and apply manufacturers' specifications to all installations.
    14. Insulate a splice joint.
  Plus L. Apply concepts relating to commercial and industrial wiring.
    1. Demonstrate and describe three-phase services.
    2. Describe various types of electric service for commercial and industrial installations.
    3. Explain the purpose of GFPE for services and where they must be installed.
    4. Calculate and select service-entrance equipment as per NEC rules.
    5. Explain NEMA classifications as they relate to switches and enclosures.
    6. Install wiring devices according to NEC regulations.
    7. Identify and follow NEC regulations governing installation of wiring devices.
    8. Identify and describe safety switches and disconnects.
    9. Install main disconnect switches, panelboards, and overcurrent protection devices.
    10. Identify the circuit loads, number of circuits required, and installation requirements for distribution panels.
    11. Identify and state the function of switchgear.
    12. Identify special locations and equipment.
  Plus M. Apply concepts used in residential wiring.
    1. Describe how to determine electric service requirements for dwellings.
    2. Demonstrate and explain the grounding requirements of a residential electric service.
    3. Calculate and size service-entrance equipment.
    4. Demonstrate and state the functions and ratings of single-pole, double-pole, three-way, four-way, and dimmer switches.
    5. Explain how wiring devices are selected and installed.
    6. Select proper wiring methods for various types of residences.
    7. Explain the role of the NEC in residential wiring.
    8. Compute branch circuit loads and explain branch circuit requirements.
    9. Explain the purpose of ground-fault circuit interrupters (GFCI) and arc-fault circuit interrupters (AFCI) and tell where they must be installed.
    10. Describe rules for installing electric space heating and HVAC equipment.
    11. Demonstrate the installation rules for electrical systems around swimming pools, spas, and hot tubs.
    12. Describe the installation and layout of lighting outlets.
    13. Demonstrate the ability to make all installations according to manufacturers' specifications.
  Plus N. Demonstrate methods of overcurrent protection.
    1. Explain the importance and necessity of overcurrent protection in electrical circuits.
    2. State the key NEC requirements regarding overcurrent protection.
    3. Determine let-through current values (peak and RMS) when current-limiting overcurrent devices are used.
    4. Demonstrate sizing of overcurrent protection for specific applications.
    5. Define the terms associated with fuses and circuit breakers.
    6. Describe the operation of a circuit breaker and fuse.
    7. Select the most suitable overcurrent device for the application.
    8. Explain the role of the NEC in specifying overcurrent devices.
    9. Describe the operation of single-element and time-delay fuses.
    10. Demonstrate alignment short circuit currents.
    11. State and apply NEC tap rules.
  Plus O. Illustrate theories of and applications relating to motors.
    1. Define terms relating to motors.
    2. Describe the various types of motor enclosures.
    3. Describe how the rated voltage of a motor differs from the system voltage.
    4. Describe the basic construction and components of a three-phase squirrel cage induction motor.
    5. Describe the basic construction and components of single-phase motors and operating characteristics.
    6. Explain the relationships among speed, frequency, and the number of poles in a three-phase induction motor.
    7. Describe how torque is developed in an induction motor.
    8. Define percent slip and speed regulation.
    9. Demonstrate how the direction of a three-phase motor is reversed.
    10. Describe the component parts and operating characteristics of a three-phase wound rotor induction motor.
    11. Describe the component parts and operating characteristics of a three-phase synchronous motor.
    12. Define torque, starting current, and armature reaction as they apply to DC motors.
    13. Explain how the direction of rotation of a DC motor is changed.
    14. Describe the design and characteristics of a DC shunt, series, and compound motor.
    15. Describe dual-voltage motors and their applications.
    16. Describe the methods for determining various motor connections.
    17. Describe general motor protection requirements as delineated in the NEC.
    18. Size branch circuits and feeders for electric motors.
    19. Size, select, and install overcurrent protective devices for motors.
    20. Size, select, and install overload relays for electric motors.
    21. Size motor short circuit protectors.
    22. Size multi-motor branch circuits.
    23. Size motor disconnects.
    24. Demonstrate protecting motor circuits with transformers.
    25. Reverse a single-phase motor.
  Plus P. Identify and use motor controls.
    1. Demonstrate the operating principles of motor controls and control circuits.
    2. Select motor controls for specific applications.
    3. Connect a simple control circuit.
    4. Connect motor controllers for specific applications.
    5. Connect control transformers in conjunction with motor control circuits.
    6. Explain NEC regulations governing the installation of motor controls.
    7. Install motor control circuits following NEC requirements.
    8. Install contactors and relays according to the NEC requirements.
    9. Interpret motor control diagrams and schematics.
    10. Size and select thermal overload relays and other protective devices for motor controls.
    11. Describe how overload relays operate.
    12. Describe the operating principles of contactors and relays.
    13. Select contactors and relays for use in specific control system.
    14. Demonstrate purpose of electrical and NEChanical interlocks.
    15. Explain how NEChanical and solid state controllers operate.
    16. Describe manual, semi-automatic and automatic control circuits.
    17. Test control circuits.
    18. Identify and state the functions of limit switches and relays.
    19. Explain applications of PLC, VFD, USD and other computerized controls.
  Plus Q. Demonstrate procedures used to maintain motors.
    1. Demonstrate procedures used to test motors and generators.
    2. Demonstrate procedures used to clean and test open-frame motors.
    3. Demonstrate procedures used to lubricate motors that require this type of maintenance.
    4. Collect and record motor data.
    5. Select tools for motor maintenance.
    6. Test motors.
    7. Troubleshoot electric motors.
  Plus R. Illustrate principles of grounding.
    1. Explain the purpose of grounding according to the NEC.
    2. Distinguish between a short circuit and a ground fault.
    3. Define the NEC ground-related terms.
    4. Distinguish between system grounding and equipment grounding.
    5. Size the grounding electrode conductor for various AC systems using the NEC.
    6. Explain the NEC requirements for the installation and physical protection of grounding electrode conductors.
    7. Explain the function of the grounding electrode system and determine which grounding electrodes shall be used.
    8. Size the equipment grounding conductor for raceways and equipment using the NEC.
    9. Explain the function of the main bonding jumper in the grounding system and size the main bonding jumper for various applications.
    10. Explain the NEC requirements for bonding of enclosures and equipment.
    11. Explain the NEC requirements for grounding of enclosures and equipment.
    12. Demonstrate effectively grounded and its importance in clearing ground faults and short circuits.
    13. Explain the NEC requirements for grounding separately-derived systems, including transformers and generators.
    14. Explain the NEC requirements for grounding at more than one building.
  Plus S. Install and maintain lighting and luminaires.
    1. Identify and define industry terminology for lighting.
    2. Recognize ballasts and describe their purpose for use in fluorescent and HID lighting fixture (luminaires).
    3. Recognize basic occupancy sensors, photoelectric sensors, and dimmers used to control lighting circuits and describe how each device operates.
    4. Select and install contactors and relays for lighting control.
    5. Troubleshoot fluorescent and HID lamps and lighting fixtures (luminaires) using checklists.
    6. Describe the characteristics of light and how the human eye reacts to light.
    7. Recognize the different kinds of lamps and explain the advantages and disadvantages of each type.
    8. Properly select and install lamps into lighting fixtures (luminaires).
    9. Recognize and install various types of lighting fixtures (luminaires).
    10. Classify lighting fixtures by layout, location, fixture type, and type of service.
    11. Identify the main lighting requirements associated with lighting systems used in selected applications such as office buildings, schools, theaters, etc.
    12. Select the appropriate lighting fixtures for specific lighting applications using manufacturers' lighting fixture catalogs.
  Plus T. Illustrate concepts relating to distribution system transformers.
    1. Describe transformer operation.
    2. Explain the principle of self and mutual induction.
    3. Describe the operating characteristics of the various types of transformers.
    4. Connect a multi-tap transformer for the required secondary voltage.
    5. Explain NEC regulations governing the installation of transformers.
    6. Compute transformer sizes for various applications.
    7. Explain types and purposes of grounding transformers.
    8. Identify power transformer connections.
    9. Identify specialty transformers.
    10. Calculate and install overcurrent protection for transformers.
    11. Ground specialty transformers according to NEC requirements.
    12. Size and select buck-and-boost transformers.
    13. Identify current and potential transformers.
    14. Demonstrate and describe reasons for both wye- and delta-connected units.
  Plus U. Describe and install low voltage and alarm systems.
    1. Identify basic electronic system components and schematic diagrams and ladder logic.
    2. Describe the basic materials of solid state devices.
    3. Describe and identify the basic types of solid state devices and their use in circuits.
    4. Explain the operating principles of fire and security alarm systems.
    5. Identify the components of fire and security alarm systems.
    6. Install and connect components of fire and security alarm systems.
    7. Explain start-up procedures for fire and security systems.
    8. Explain the various codes and regulations related to alarm systems (i.e. NFPA 72).
    9. Identify and install Class 1, 2, and 3 low voltage systems.
    10. Explain the NEC rules in Article 725 as they relate to various low voltage circuits.
    11. Explain the cable hierarchy for cable as they relate to fire, communications and other cable systems in a building.
    12. Prepare, install, terminate, and test teledata wiring.
  Plus V. Define health and safety regulations.
    1. Identify and apply OSHA and other health and safety regulations that apply to specific tasks and jobs in the occupational area.
    2. Identify and apply EPA and other environmental protection regulations that apply to specific tasks and jobs in the occupational area.
    3. Identify and apply Right-To-Know (Hazard Communication Policy) and other communicative regulations that apply to specific tasks and jobs in the occupational area.
    4. Explain procedures for documenting and reporting hazards to appropriate authorities.
    5. List penalties for non-compliance with appropriate health and safety regulations.
    6. Identify contact information for appropriate health and safety agencies and resources.
  Plus W. Demonstrate health and safety practices.
    1. Identify, describe and demonstrate the effective use of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
    2. Read chemical, product, and equipment labels to determine appropriate health and safety considerations.
    3. Identify, describe and demonstrate personal, shop and job site safety practices and procedures.
    4. Demonstrate safe dress and use of relevant safety gear and personal protective equipment (PPE), including wrist rests, adjustable workspaces and equipment, gloves, boots, earplugs, eye protection, and breathing apparatus.
    5. Illustrate appropriate safe body mechanics, including proper lifting techniques and ergonomics.
    6. Locate emergency equipment in your lab, shop, and classroom, including (where appropriate) eyewash stations, shower facilities, sinks, fire extinguishers, fire blankets, telephone, master power switches, and emergency exits.
    7. Demonstrate the safe use, storage, and maintenance of every piece of equipment in the lab, shop, and classroom.
    8. Describe safety practices and procedures to be followed when working with and around electricity.
    9. Properly handle, store, dispose of, and recycle hazardous, flammable, and combustible materials.
    10. Demonstrate proper workspace cleaning procedures.
    11. Discuss the relationship between health, safety and productivity.
  Plus X. Demonstrate responses to situations that threaten health and safety.
    1. Illustrate First Aid procedures for potential injuries and other health concerns in the occupational area.
    2. Describe the importance of emergency preparedness and an emergency action plan.
    3. Illustrate procedures used to handle emergency situations and accidents, including identification, reporting, response, evacuation plans, and follow-up procedures.
    4. Identify practices used to avoid accidents.
    5. Identify and describe fire protection, precautions and response procedures.
    6. Discuss the role of the individual and the company/organization in ensuring workplace safety.
    7. Discuss ways to identify and prevent workplace/school violence.

Plus Pathway Standards

  Plus A. Recognize universal signs & symbols such as colors, flags, stakes & hand signals to function safely in the workplace.
    Plus 1. Identify universal signs and symbols to apply to given workplace situations.
        a. Explain functions of signs and symbols.
        b. Work safely using signs and symbols.
        c. Inspect all signs and symbols for safe and proper use.
        d. Use proper signs and signals for the work area.
        e. Respond appropriately to signs and signals.
  Plus A. Examine building systems and components to evaluate their usefulness to a project.
    Plus 1. Identify building systems needed to complete a construction project.
        a. List all building systems involved in a project.
        b. Describe the purpose of each system.
    Plus 2. Identify components of building systems needed to complete a construction project.
        a. List all components of the involved building systems.
        b. Describe the function of each component.
    Plus 3. Incorporate appropriate building systems into a construction project.
        a. Use appropriate components for the building systems required.

Plus Foundation Standards

  Plus A. Perform math operations to complete jobsite/workplace tasks such as estimating and distributing materials and supplies.
    Plus 1. Use geometric formulas to determine areas and volumes of various structures.
        a. Calculate areas and volumes of structures.
        b. Estimate materials and supplies needed.
    Plus 2. Use appropriate formulas to determine percentages/decimals.
        a. Calculate percentages/decimals.
        b. Use percentages/decimals to perform measurement tasks.
    Plus 3. Use appropriate formulas to determine ratios, fractions, and proportion measures.
        a. Calculate percentages/decimals.
        b. Use ratios, fractions and proportion measures to perform measurement tasks.
    Plus 4. Use appropriate formulas to determine measurements of dimensions, spaces and structures.
        a. Measure dimensions, spaces and structures using U. S. Standard units.
        b. Measure dimensions, spaces and structures using Metric units.
        c. Use dimensions, spaces and structures calculations to estimate materials and supplies needed.
  Plus B. Perform physics skills to work with materials and load applications.
    Plus 1. Apply basic concepts of static and loads to planning.
        a. Use the basic concepts of static and load calculations for rigging and moving loads.
    Plus 2. Identify the physical properties present when using common construction materials in order to use the materials safely, effectively and efficiently.
        a. Use the basic concepts of physics when working with common construction materials.
    Plus 3. Recognize the issues present when mixing compatible and incompatible substances to maintain workplace/jobsite safety.
        a. Differentiate between incompatible and compatible substances.
        b. Prevent the mixing of incompatible substances.
    Plus 4. Describe the chemical process that occurs when using common construction materials to maintain workplace/jobsite safety.
        a. Apply chemical processes in relation to environmental conditions.
        b. Apply chemical processes in relation to construction building materials.
  Plus C. Read, understand and respond to English language technical and workplace documents to effectively function in the workplace/jobsite.
    Plus 1. Read, interpret and use technical and workplace documents to accomplish workplace/jobsite assignments.
        a. Read and understand industry-specific terminology.
        b. Interpret workplace documents.
        c. Use verbal or written processes to report key information.
        d. Use technology to transmit reports.
        e. Read, understand and interpret blueprints, drawings and specifications.
        f. Use written communications such as written estimates, work orders and memos.
        g. Read and follow manufacturer's instructions and manuals.
  Plus D. Write clear and effective English to prepare workplace/jobsite information.
    Plus 1. Complete reports and documents to comply with project requirements.
        a. Compose an accurate and organized diary/log of work.
        b. Write reports and documents such as estimates, permits, memos, technical reports and work orders that meet industry standards.
  Plus A. Use and follow industry specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/jobsite communications.
    Plus 1. Match verbal and visual communications to industry specific situations.
        a. Use correct terminology to convey verbal and visual communications.
    Plus 2. Listen attentively and speak clearly to convey information correctly.
        a. Confirm understanding of verbal and visual instructions.
        b. Ask questions concerning details of instructions.
        c. Perform assignments as requested.
  Plus B. Listen to and speak with a variety of individuals to enhance communication skills.
    Plus 1. Speak succinctly and clearly to convey information.
        a. Speak so that others can understand and carry out information presented.
    Plus 2. Listen attentively to spoken messages to respond to information.
        a. Perform oral instructions.
  Plus C. Exhibit public relation skills to address a variety of situations such as increasing internal and external customer/client satisfaction.
    Plus 1. Communicate effectively to develop positive customer/client relationships.
        a. Develop and maintain customer relations.
        b. Apply relationship skills in a variety of situations.
        c. Define customer/client satisfaction.
        d. Evaluate customer/client satisfaction.
  Plus A. Identify the relationship between available resources & requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning.
    Plus 1. Estimate resources/materials required for a specific project/problem including time management, labor management, job management and job site obligations in order to effectively plan.
        a. Estimate correct amount of required resources/materials.
    Plus 2. Use available resources/materials effectively to complete project or resolve a problem.
        a. Evaluate waste of resources/materials.
        b. Evaluate necessity for additional resources/materials.
    Plus 3. Determine alternative solutions for a specific project/problem in order to effectively plan.
        a. Evaluate feasibility of alternative suggestions.
        b. Implement appropriate alternatives.
  Plus B. Evaluate and adjust plans/schedules to respond to unexpected events and conditions.
    Plus 1. Incorporate potential job disruptions into planning time lines.
        a. Identify potential events and conditions that disrupt the completion of a job.
        b. Solve situational problems involved with unexpected events and conditions.
    Plus 2. Adjust plans and schedules to meet project needs.
        a. Modify existing plans to reflect an unexpected change.
        b. Modify existing schedules to reflect an unexpected change.
    Plus 3. Identify and assess critical situations as they arise to resolve issues.
        a. Evaluate potential solutions and determine best solution.
        b. Appraise critical situations and implement appropriate response.
    Plus 4. Provide a project update to track changes necessitated by unexpected events and conditions.
        a. Present an oral and/or written status report on the project.
  Plus C. Synthesize and report conditions to keep the organization appraised of progress and problems.
    Plus 1. Provide a project update to keep stakeholders up to date.
        a. Present on oral and written status report on the project.
  Plus A. Use information technology tools specific to Architecture & Construction to access, manage, integrate & create information.
    Plus 1. Manage personal schedule and contact information.
        a. Create tasks (to-do) list.
        b. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        c. Manage personal and professional contact information.
    Plus 2. Create memos and notes.
        a. Create personal reminders.
        b. Create and send notes, informal memos, and reminders using applications.
    Plus 3. Use a CAD System to perform drafting duties.
        a. Interpret CAD drawings.
        b. Retrieve and modify drawings using a CAD System.
        c. Create drawings using a CAD System.
  Plus B. Use Electronic Mail applications.
    Plus 1. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
        a. Access email system using login and password functions.
        b. Access email messages received.
        c. Create email messages in accordance with established business standards (e.g., grammar, word usage, spelling, sentence structure, clarity, e-mail etiquette).
        d. Practice email etiquette.
        e. Send email messages.
    Plus 2. Use email to share files and documents.
        a. Access email attachments.
        b. Attach documents to messages.
        c. Save email messages/attachments.
        d. Practice contamination protection strategies for email.
  Plus C. Use Internet applications.
    Plus 1. Search for information and resources.
        a. Select search engine(s) to use.
        b. Select appropriate search procedures and approaches.
        c. Locate information using search engine(s) and Boolean logic.
        d. Navigate web sites using software functions.
  Plus D. Use Writing/Publishing applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
        a. Retrieve existing documents.
        b. Create documents (e.g., letters, memos, reports) using existing forms and templates.
        c. Safeguard documents using name and save functions.
        d. Format text using basic formatting functions.
        e. Employ word processing utility tools (e.g., spell checker, grammar checker, thesaurus).
  Plus E. Use Spreadsheet applications.
    Plus 1. Create a spreadsheet.
        a. Create spreadsheets.
        b. Retrieve existing spreadsheets.
        c. Edit spreadsheets.
        d. Save spreadsheets.
        e. Print spreadsheets.
    Plus 2. Perform calculations and analysis on data.
        a. Group worksheets.
        b. Create charts and graphs from spreadsheets.
        c. Perform calculations using simple formulas.
        d. Input/process data using spreadsheet functions.
  Plus F. Use Database applications.
    Plus 1. Manipulate data elements.
        a. Enter data using a form.
        b. Locate/replace data using search and replace functions.
        c. Process data using database functions (e.g., structure, format, attributes, relationships, keys).
  Plus G. Use Collaborative/Groupware applications.
    Plus 1. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
        a. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        b. Maintain shared database of contact information.
  Plus H. Use Computer Operations applications.
    Plus 1. Manage computer operations.
        a. Apply basic commands of operating system software.
        b. Employ desktop operating skills.
    Plus 2. Manage file storage.
        a. Apply appropriate file and disk management techniques.
        b. Differentiate between files and directories.
        c. Determine file organization.
        d. Use system utilities for file management.
  Plus I. Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors used to control electroNEChanical devices).
    Plus 1. Operate computer-driven equipment and machines.
        a. Secure needed supplies and resources.
        b. Follow power-up and log-on procedures.
        c. Interact with/respond to system messages using console device.
        d. Run applications/jobs in accordance with processing procedures.
        e. Follow log-off and power-down procedure(s).
    Plus 2. Use installation and operation manuals.
        a. Access needed information using appropriate reference materials.
    Plus 3. Troubleshoot computer-driven equipment and machines and access support as needed.
        a. Test system using diagnostic tools/software.
        b. Repair/replace malfunctioning hardware.
        c. Reinstall software as needed.
        d. Recover data and/or files.
        e. Restore system to normal operating standards.
  Plus A. Comply with governmental regulations and applicable codes to establish a legal and safe workplace/jobsite.
    Plus 1. Identify occupation-specific governmental regulations and national, state and/or local building codes to establish workplace/jobsite regulations and codes.
        a. Follow governmental regulations and building codes.
        b. Use information gives in regulations and codes correctly.
        c. Pass job inspections and comply with regulations at all times.
    Plus 2. Monitor workplace/jobsite activities to comply with governmental and other applicable safety regulations such as EPA and OSHA.
        a. Read and discuss information of OSHA, EPA and other safety regulations.
        b. Pass safety inspections and comply with regulations at all times.
    Plus 3. Use MSDS information to manage, use and dispose of hazardous materials.
        a. Obtain, understand and follow MSDS information.
        b. Use hazardous materials safely.
    Plus 4. Identify workplace/jobsite environmental hazards to promote workplace/jobsite safety.
        a. Follow safe practices relating to environmental hazards.
  Plus B. Examine relationship of roles and responsibilities between trades/professions to complete a project/job.
    Plus 1. Plan, organize, schedule and manage a project/job to optimize workflow sequence.
        a. Report results of the project/job.
    Plus 2. Use time management skills to schedule a project/job.
        a. Identify timeline required to complete a project/job.
        b. Evaluate efficiency and effectiveness of a project/job.
    Plus 3. Recognize relationships between trades/professions to facilitate smooth workflow.
        a. Coordinate work between trades.
    Plus 4. Recognize the hierarchy of the jobsite to facilitate smooth workflow.
        a. Incorporate job functions in the reporting chain of supervision.
        b. Evaluate the safety issues and responsibilities managed by each level of supervision.
  Plus C. Examine all aspects of the built environment and its' systems to complete project planning.
    Plus 1. Align and incorporate the built environment and its systems to the project to complete project.
        a. Label all systems on a set of construction documents.
        b. Discuss the interrelationship of the systems in the built environment.
        c. Use the concept of "Critical Path Method (CPM)" and/or similar sequential methods so that work progresses efficiently.
  Plus D. Apply industry standards and practices for quality to ensure quality work..
    Plus 1. Identify industry standards and practices in order to incorporate quality into projects.
        a. Document how quality improves profitability.
        b. Report on issues that affect quality.
    Plus 2. Use industry standards and practices to appreciation for quality workmanship.
        a. Perform work meeting or exceeding the quality standards of the industry.
        b. Exhibit pride in personal work.
  Plus A. Observe rules and regulations to comply with personal and jobsite safety standards.
    Plus 1. Align safety issues with appropriate safety standards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Practice safety rules and regulations.
    Plus 2. Identify safety precautions and hazards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Use appropriate safety practices and equipment.
    Plus 3. Select, inspect and use personal protective equipment (PPE) such as respiratory protection and fall protection equipment to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Inspect personal protective equipment to ensure safety.
        b. Report defects found in personal protective equipment.
        c. Use appropriate personal protective equipment.
        d. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment to protect yourself and set an example for co-workers.
    Plus 4. Employ hierarchy and workflow of the workplace/jobsite to ensure safety.
        a. Perform job site safety procedures at all times.
        b. Use, interpret and respond to barricades, barriers, and other visual warnings.
  Plus A. Establish specific goals to manage project assignments in a timely manner.
    Plus 1. Establish project goals in order to met project specifications and deadlines.
        a. Define and describe project goals.
        b. Identify and list key project activities.
        c. Identify and report activity deadlines.
    Plus 2. Organize work teams to effectively manage assignments.
        a. Determine and list assignments by activity and personnel.
        b. Complete assignments.
        c. Monitor and write a report on progress of the project.
        d. Evaluate completed product according to customer requirements.
  Plus B. Effectively resolve conflicts with co-workers to maintain a smooth workflow.
    Plus 1. Use conflict resolution skills to maintain a smooth workflow.
        a. Work collaboratively and cooperatively.
        b. Give and receive criticism in a diplomatic and constructive manner.
        c. Use diplomatic and constructive statements and responses.
  Plus C. Work as an individual and as a team member to accomplish assignments.
    Plus 1. Use human relations skills to work cooperatively with co-workers representing different cultures, genders and backgrounds.
        a. Work effectively with a variety of co-workers.
    Plus 2. Track team goals to contribute constructively and positively to the team.
        a. Work effectively within the organization of a team.
        b. Perform work as a team member on a project.
    Plus 3. Match team members to appropriate activities.
        a. Identify team goals.
        b. Identify team member strengths and weaknesses.
    Plus 4. Manage personal skills to accomplish assignments.
        a. Plan, organize, and manage individual work.
  Plus D. Use mentoring skills to inspire others to achieve.
    Plus 1. Use motivational techniques to enhance performance in others.
        a. Practice motivational techniques.
        b. Develop and use reward and incentive systems.
  Plus A. Exhibit personal accountability, integrity and responsibility to enhance confidence among co-workers.
    Plus 1. Apply the professional and ethical standards of the industry to workplace/jobsite conduct.
        a. Practice professional and ethical standards.
        b. Maintain personal integrity.
        c. Promote personal and professional integrity in coworkers.
        d. Recognize integrity in others.
  Plus B. Read regulations and contracts to ensure ethical and safety elements are observed.
    Plus 1. Study regulations and codes to identify those applicable to the local area.
        a. Locate and implement regulations and codes applicable to tasks and projects.
        b. Comply with local, state and Federal agencies and model code setting organizations.
    Plus 2. Read and explain the various aspects of service contracts to ensure compliance.
        a. Evaluate and follow service contracts.
    Plus 3. Recognize the relationship between the various parties to a contract in order to interpret responsibilities.
        a. Fulfill your contractual role and responsibilities.
    Plus 4. Recognize the definition of specialized words or phrases to fully understand documents and contracts.
        a. Use industry jargon or terminology appropriately.
        b. Use industry acronyms correctly.
        c. Use words with multiple meanings correctly in context.
  Plus C. Use ethical and legal standards to avoid conflicts of interest.
    Plus 1. Identify conflicts of interest relating to a job of project to prevent ethical or legal problems.
        a. Resolve issues relating to any potential conflicts of interest.
  Plus D. Recognize legal and ethical relationships between employees and employees and employers to establish workplace/jobsite rules, regulations and guidelines.
    Plus 1. Access appropriate resources to identify the roles, rights and responsibilities of an employee and an employer.
        a. Practice workplace/jobsite conduct incorporating employee and employer roles, rights and responsibilities.
    Plus 2. Examine insurance documentation to determine liability issues associated with a job.
        a. Describe liability issues as needed.
    Plus 3. Comply with employer policies and procedures such as sexual harassment avoidance and substance abuse control to prevent ethical and legal problems.
        a. Practice policies and protocol.
  Plus A. Exhibit a positive work ethic to comply with employment requirements.
    Plus 1. Exhibit behaviors showing you are reliable and dependable.
        a. Arrive at work fit and on time each day.
        b. Behave dependably.
        c. Behave honestly and fairly.
    Plus 2. Maintain appropriate dress and behavior for the fob to contribute to a safe and effective workplace/jobsite.
        a. Observe company and workplace/jobsite rules.
    Plus 3. Complete required employment form and documentation such as I-9 form, work visa, W-4 and licensures to meet employment requirements.
        a. Provide verification that requirements have been met.
  Plus B. Recognize requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.
    Plus 1. Identify opportunities for career advancement to formulate career goals.
        a. Identify career ladder.
        b. Develop career advancement plan.
        c. Implement career advancement plan.
        d. Review progress of career advancement plan.
    Plus 2. Maintain positive interpersonal skills to enhance advancement potential.
        a. Perform quality work as measured by a performance evaluation.
    Plus 3. Pursue education and training opportunities to acquire skills necessary for career advancement.
        a. Document successful completion of education and training opportunities.
        b. Participate in professional development opportunities such as professional organizations & associations, trade shows and seminars.
    Plus 4. Read trade magazines and journals, manufacturers' catalogues, industry publications and internet sites to keep current on industry trends.
        a. Identify and prepare for new and emerging occupations, practices and procedures as well as declining occupations and practices.
    Plus 5. Examine the organization and structure of various segments of the industry to prepare for career advancement.
        a. Recognize segments of the construction industry and show the relationships to specialty areas.
        b. Obtain necessary knowledge and skills to enhance employability
    Plus 6. Research locate and regional labor (workforce) market and job growth information to project potential for advancement.
        a. Identify sources of career information.
        b. Identify job opportunities for the trade.
        c. Identify organizations that offer career and job placement.
        d. Analyze potential growth of identifies careers.
        e. Apply labor market and job growth information to career goals.
  Plus C. Examine licensing, certification & credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to achieve compliance.
    Plus 1. Align licensing, certification and credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to achieve compliance.
        a. Use technologies and resources to research licensing certification and credentialing.
        b. Evaluate and select suitable sources of licensing, certification and credentialing.
        c. Identify licenses, certifications and credentials applicable to career goals.
        d. Document sources and agencies for licensing and certification and credentialing information including contact information.
  Plus D. Recognize the responsibilities and personal characteristics of a professional craftsperson to develop personal goals for professionalism.
    Plus 1. Research workplace/jobsite information to identify appropriate craft responsibilities and personal characteristics.
        a. Practice the responsibilities and characteristics of a professional craftsperson.
        b. Identify all critical/important functions.
        c. Document customer satisfaction.
    Plus 2. Present a professional image in the workplace/jobsite to enhance career advancement.
        a. Maintain appropriate professional memberships.
        b. Follow rules, regulations and guidelines.
  Plus E. Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills and abilities.
    Plus 1. Select educational and work history highlights to create a personal resume.
        a. Develop a resume utilizing word processing technology.
    Plus 2. Contract professional references to acquire recommendations.
        a. Obtain appropriate letters of recommendation.
    Plus 3. Maintain a record of work experiences, licenses, certifications and education to build a portfolio.
        a. Document work experience.
        b. Document receipt of licenses, certifications and credentialing
        c. Document completion of education and training.
  Plus A. Read technical drawings and documents to plan a project.
    Plus 1. Interpret blueprints and drawings to assist with project planning.
        a. Recognize elements and symbols of blueprints and drawings.
    Plus 2. Study written standards and specifications to apply them.
        a. Interpret and explain standards and specifications.
    Plus 3. Recognize how specifications and standards are arranged to properly access and use them.
        a. Describe and use specifications and standards appropriately.
    Plus 4. Use architect's plan, manufacturer's illustrations and other materials to visualize proposed work and to transfer specific data.
        a. Sketch/draw/illustrate concepts and ideas.
        b. Draw or sketch plan/layout to be completed.
        c. Use proper measurements to determine layout.
    Plus 5. Conceptualize a three-dimensional form from a two-dimensional drawing to visualize proposed work.
        a. Build three-dimensional form.
  Plus B. Use and maintain appropriate tools, machines and equipment to accomplish project goals.
    Plus 1. Select tools, machinery and equipment to match requirements of the job.
        a. Operate tools, machinery and equipment.
        b. Properly maintain and care for tools, machines and equipment.
        c. Use tools, machine and equipment productively and efficiently in alignment with industry standards.
    Plus 2. Identify sources of information concerning state-of-the-art tools, equipment, materials, technologies & methodologies.
        a. Read current periodicals, industry publications and manufacturer's catalogs.
        b. Use state-of-the-art tools, equipment, materials, technologies and methodologies.

Plus Career & Employability Standards

  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standard business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    Plus 3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
        a. Relate the results of study to a similar situation in a verbal or writen report.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    Plus 1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
        a. Problems include making conversions between the metric system and non-English systems of measurement, mixed units (such as hours and minutes), and can require serveral steps to finding a solution.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from multiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skills using a variety of media and interpretive data.
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfactory completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities; demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate ethical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minority viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibly challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certificates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labor market information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
    1. Discuss emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, compressed video delivery, online file sharing, graphing calculators, global positioning software)
    2. Identify the capabilities and limitations of emerging communication resources.
    3. Understand the importance of both the predictable and unpredictable impacts of technology.
    4. Identify changes in hardware and software systems over time and discuss how these changes might affect the individual personally in his/her role as a lifelong learner.
    5. Understand the purpose, scope, and use of assistive technology.
    6. Understand that access to online learning increases educational and workplace opportunities.
    7. Be provided with the opportunity to learn in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills.
    8. Understand the relationship between electronic resources, infrastructure, and connectivity.
    9. Routinely apply touch-typing techniques with advanced accuracy, speed, and efficiency.
    10. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation and support.
    11. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav)
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files.
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application's spelling and grammar checking functions.
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to use of information and communication technology.
    2. Analyze current trends in information and communication technology and assess the potential of emerging technologies for ethical and unethical uses.
    3. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society.
    4. Discuss the possible consequences and costs of unethical uses of information and computer technology.
    5. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users.
    6. Demonstrate the ethical use of technology as a digital citizen and lifelong learner.
    7. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, and commercial software.
    8. Adhere to fair use and copyright guidelines.
    9. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings.
    10. Adhere to the district acceptable use policy as well as state and federal laws.
    11. Explore career opportunities and identify their related technology skill requirements.
    12. Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes technology to support his/her lifelong learning goals.
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience.
    2. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
    3. Have access to and utilize assistive technology tools.
    4. Apply advanced software features such as an application's built-in thesaurus, templates, and styles to improve the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.
    5. Identify technology tools (e.g., authoring tools or other hardware and software resources) that could be used to create a group project.
    6. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning.
    7. Develop a document or file for inclusion into a web site or web page.
    8. Use a variety of applications to plan, create, and edit a multimedia product (e.g., model, webcast, presentation, publication, or other creative work)
    9. Have the opportunity to participate in real-life experiences associated with technology-related careers.
    1. Identify and describe various telecommunications or online technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, listservs, blogs, virtual reality)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, groupware, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project.
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., presentations, newsletters, web sites) to communicate original ideas to multiple audiences.
    4. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models) with presentation, word processing. Publishing, database, graphics design, or spreadsheet applications.
    5. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., groupware, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
    1. Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate internet search engines to locate information.
    2. Formulate and use evaluation criteria (authority, accuracy, relevancy, timeliness) for information located on the internet to present research findings.
    3. Determine if online sources are authoritative, valid, reliable, relevant, and comprehensive.
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference.
    5. Evaluate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation.
    6. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
    1. Use a variety of technology resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning.
    2. Describe the possible integration of two or more information and communication technology tools or resources to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts.
    3. Formulate a research question or hypothesis, then use appropriate information and communication technology resources to collect relevant information, analyze the findings, and report the results to multiple audiences.