47.0201 - Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration (2007)

HVAC Excellence (Program certification required)

The mission of HVAC Excellence, a not for profit organization, created in 1994 is to improve the future and current technical workforce's competency through quality education. To fulfill this goal HVAC Excellence developed 5 Elements to Achieve a Competent Workforce. They include: programmic accreditation, educator credentialing, employment ready certifications, professional level written technician certificate exams, and master specialist hands on technician.


Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. Electrical Core Exam
  Plus A. Electrical Theory
    1. Describe the structure of an atom.
    2. Describe the difference between positive and negative charged atoms.
    3. Describe potential difference.
    4. Describe current flow.
    5. Define impedance.
    6. Describe and identify conductors.
    7. Describe and identify insulators.
    8. Describe and identify semi-conductors
    9. Describe Ohm’s Law and solve problems applying Ohm’s Law.
    10. Demonstrate proficiency in calculating the total resistance of multiple resistors in a series circuit.
    11. Demonstrate proficiency in calculating the total resistance of multiple resistors in a parallel circuit.
    12. Describe and demonstrate the effects of voltage drop in a series circuit.
    13. Calculate and measure the voltage output of a transformer using the number of turns on the primary vs. the secondary sides.
  Plus B. Electrical Safety
    1. Describe and perform “Lock out and Tag” procedures.
    2. Identify the safety ground.
    3. Identify the “Hot” conductor.
    4. Identify “Neutral” conductor.
    5. Describe and demonstrate emergency first aid procedures.
  Plus C. Interpreting Electrical Diagrams
    1. Describe the difference between a “Pictorial”, a “Ladder Diagram”, and a “Schematic”.
    2. Identify standard electrical symbols used in schematics.
    3. Identify inoperative/defective component using schematic wiring diagrams.
    4. Identify voltage between two points using schematic wiring diagrams.
    5. Determine sequence of operation using schematic wiring diagrams.
  Plus D. Knowledge of Electrical Components
    1. Identify the types and describe the proper application and use of “Circuit Protectors”.
    2. Identify, describe, and explain the function and application of; contactors, line starters,
    3. Defrost timers, thermostats, heat anticipators, transformers, relays, loads, switches, solenoid valves, positive and negative temperature coefficient thermistors.
    4. Evaluate and replace; contactors, line starters, defrost timers, thermostats, heat anticipators, transformers, relays, loads, switches, solenoid valves, positive and negative temperature coefficient thermistors.
  Plus E. Fundamentals of Motors / Capacitors
    1. Describe how capacitors are rated and tested.
    2. Disassemble and assemble, and describe the function of the parts of an induction motor.
    3. Define and measure Locked Rotor Amps, and Full Load Amps.
    4. Describe how overload protectors function.
    5. Evaluate, replace and describe the function, application and wiring of a start capacitor.
    6. Evaluate, replace and describe the function, application and wiring of a run capacitor.
    7. Describe and explain motor speed.
    8. Explain and change the direction of rotation in a single phase motor.
    9. Describe and demonstrate the method used to change rotation direction in a three phase motor.
    10. Describe a three phase motor.
    11. Explain the difference between a Wye and Delta three phase motor.
    12. Demonstrate and explain the purpose of checking the resistance of motor windings.
    13. Describe a dual voltage three phase motor and demonstrate the wiring configurations.
    14. Describe a permanent split capacitor motor, capacitor start induction run motor, and a multi speed motor.
  Plus F. Electrical Troubleshooting and Problem Solving
    1. Troubleshooting and Problem Solving questions involve diagnostic procedures requiring the use of test instruments, data plate information, and wiring diagrams. Any or all of the HVACR electrical system components, circuits, and/or power supply may be part of the Troubleshooting and Problem Solving question area.
    Plus 2. Knowledge of the following test instruments and or tools is required to pass this test.
        a. Ohmmeter
        b. Ammeter
        c. Voltmeter
        d. Multimeter
        e. Megger
        f. Capacitor analyzer
Plus II. Electric Heat
  Plus A. Theory and Application
    1. Differentiate between a resistive and inductive load.
    2. Define Coefficient of performance.
    3. Define Watts Law.
    4. Identify the formula for sensible heat.
    5. Describe maximum allowable voltage imbalance in a three phase circuit.
    6. Measure voltage imbalance in a three phase circuit.
    7. Identify the heating value of one Watt in BTU’s.
    8. Describe and demonstrate the method of measuring static pressure.
    9. Describe the effects of relative humidity on comfort and health.
    10. Describe voltage tolerances.
    11. Describe sensible and latent heat.
    12. Define BTU.
    13. Describe the principles of dehumidification and humidification.
  Plus B. Safety
    1. Describe and demonstrate “Lock out and Tag” procedures.
    2. Identify the safety ground.
    3. Identify the “Hot” conductor.
    4. Identify “Neutral” conductor.
    5. Describe and perform emergency first aid procedures.
    6. Describe and install a GFCI circuit breaker.
    7. Describe and demonstrate safety grounding procedures for electric motors.
    8. Describe the application of and test a fusible link.
    9. Describe and demonstrate the safe usage of extension ladders.
  Plus C. Knowledge of System Components
    1. Describe and properly wire a dual transformer system.
    2. Identify the material used to construct electric heater elements.
    3. Describe the insulating properties of mica and ceramics and their application.
    4. Describe the operation of, and evaluate/replace a limit switch.
    5. Describe the operation of, and evaluate/replace a heat sequencer.
    6. Describe snap discs and their operation.
    7. Describe the operation and purpose of, and evaluate/replace a fan interlock switch.
    8. Describe how electric heating elements are rated.
    9. Describe how a sequencer controls blower operation.
    10. Evaluate and replace a heating element and a sequencer.
    11. Describe the types and proper sizing of drive belts.
    12. Demonstrate the proper sizing and installation of drive belts.
    13. State the typical operating characteristics of a residential direct driven blower
    14. Identify the various types of motor mounts used on residential furnace blower assemblies.
    15. Evaluate, replace, and set a pressure differential switch, and describe its operation.
    16. Evaluate and replace, a duct heater, and describe its operation
  Plus D. Installation and Service
    1. Describe and demonstrate the procedure to adjust air flow on a belt driven blower assembly.
    2. Choose and install the proper bearings for a residential blower motor.
    3. Choose and use the proper lubricant for residential blower motor maintenance.
    4. Describe and demonstrate the method of wiring heating elements in a single phase system.
    5. Describe procedures for retrofit of a combustion system to electric heat.
    6. State the minimum required clearances for service and safety of an electric furnace.
    7. Determine appropriate wire size for electric furnace installation.
    8. Describe and demonstrate the proper soldering procedures for electrical wiring.
    9. Describe and calculate wire sizing as it applies to voltage drop and length of wiring run.
  Plus E. Thermostat
    1. Identify the proper location for and install a conventional thermostat.
    2. Explain the detailed wiring and operation of a set back programmable thermostat.
    3. Explain the procedure for and demonstrate setting a heat anticipator on an electric furnace.
    4. Identify the NEC code requirements for residential thermostat wiring.
  Plus F. Air Flow
    1. Describe and measure temperature rise.
    2. Explain the procedure for determining CFM and demonstrate.
    3. Describe the effects of static pressure on air flow and demonstrate.
    4. Describe the application of and install turning vanes.
    5. State the recommended air velocities throughout the supply and return duct system.
    6. Measure air velocities throughout the supply and return duct system.
    7. Describe the construction and efficiencies of varying filtering media and systems.
    8. Describe, fabricate and install various types of duct connectors.
    9. Describe “R” values and noise reduction elements of various duct materials.
  Plus G. Electric Heat Troubleshooting and Problem Solving
    1. Troubleshooting and Problem Solving questions involve diagnostic procedures requiring the use of test instruments, data plate information, and wiring diagrams. Any or all of the HVACR electric furnace system components, circuits, air distribution system, and/or power supply may be part of the Troubleshooting and Problem Solving question area.
  Plus H. Knowledge of the following test instruments and or tools is required to pass this test.
    1. Voltmeter
    2. Ammeter
    3. Ohmmeter
    4. Megger
    5. Thermometer (wet / dry) Anemometer
    6. Anemometer
    7. Velometer
    8. Static pressure gauge
Plus III. Air Conditioning
  Plus A. Fundamentals and Theory
    1. Describe the laws of Thermodynamics.
    2. Describe and demonstrate Convection.
    3. Describe and demonstrate Conduction.
    4. Describe and demonstrate Radiation.
    5. Define enthalpy and entropy.
    6. Explain condensation of a vapor, and its effect on heat.
    7. Explain and demonstrate vaporization of a liquid, and its effect on heat.
    8. Describe the three states of matter.
    9. Describe change of state.
    10. Differentiate between absolute and gauge pressure.
    11. Describe atmospheric pressure and the effect of altitude.
    12. Define vacuum as it is used in the HVACR industry and demonstrate how it is measured.
    13. Use saturation tables.
    14. Describe the principles of dehumidification and humidification.
    15. Describe and define the following; BTU, latent heat, sensible heat, subcooled liquid, superheated vapor, dry bulb temperature, wet bulb, temperature, and dew point.
  Plus B. Refrigerants and Refrigerant Oils
    1. Describe the following oils and their applications; Mineral, Alkylbenzene, Glycols, and Esters.
    2. Describe the thermodynamics of refrigerants
    3. Identify and define; CFC’s, HCFC’s, and HFC’s.
    4. Identify and define the following types of blends; Binary, Ternary, Azeotropic, and Near Azeotropic.
    5. Describe fractionation and its causes.
    6. Describe temperature glide.
  Plus C. System Components
    Plus 1. Describe and explain the function of, and evaluate and replace (when feasible) the following components;
        a. evaporator
        b. accumulator
        c. suction line
        d. suction line filter
        e. compressor (reciprocating, scroll, rotary, screw, centrifugal)
        f. discharge line
        g. condenser
        h. liquid line
        i. receiver
        j. liquid line filter/drier
        k. pump down solenoid
        l. sight glass
        m. head pressure controls
        n. low pressure controls
        o. oil safety switch
        p. heat exchangers
        q. metering device (capillary tube, thermostatic expansion valve, automatic expansion valve).
    2. Describe the state of refrigerant, in each major component during normal operation.
    3. Describe and perform a compressor efficiency test.
  Plus D. Recovery / Recycling / Reclamation
    1. Define and demonstrate refrigerant recovery
    2. Define and demonstrate refrigerant recycling
    3. Define reclaim
  Plus E. Leak Detection / Testing
    1. Describe the six types of leak detectors.
    2. Explain and demonstrate the method for pinpointing a leak.
    3. Explain and demonstrate the proper use of each type of leak detector and their applicability.
    4. Explain and demonstrate the proper use and handling of nitrogen in the leak detection process
    5. Describe and demonstrate proper soldering and brazing techniques.
  Plus F. Evacuation and Charging
    1. Describe and demonstrate the operation and use of a gauge manifold assembly.
    2. Identify and demonstrate proper charging of a blended refrigerant into an operating system.
    3. Identify and demonstrate proper charging of a blended refrigerant into an empty system.
    4. Identify and demonstrate proper charging of a compound refrigerant into an empty system.
    5. Identify and demonstrate proper charging of a compound refrigerant into an operating system.
    6. Select the proper refrigerant oil and add it to an operating system.
    7. Describe and demonstrate charging using the superheat method.
    8. Describe and demonstrate charging using the subcooling method.
    9. Explain vacuum pump selection.
    10. Describe and demonstrate the triple evacuation method.
    11. Identify the types of micron gauges.
    12. Explain and demonstrate the proper method of connecting and a micron gauge to the system.
  Plus G. Air Conditioning Troubleshooting and Problem Solving
    1. Troubleshooting and Problem Solving questions involve diagnostic procedures requiring the use of test equipment, manufacturers installation and start up procedures, and data plate information.
  Plus H. Knowledge of the following test instruments and or tools is required to pass this test.
    1. Thermometers (wet and dry)
    2. Gauge manifold assembly
    3. Recovery equipment
    4. Vacuum pump
    5. Micron gauge
    6. Leak detector
    7. Nitrogen Cylinder
    8. Soldering and brazing equipment
    9. Charging scale and Charging cylinder
    10. Refrigerant throttling valve
Plus IV. Gas Heat
  Plus A. Combustion Theory and Heating Fuels
    1. State the BTU content of various fuels.
    2. State the specific gravity of various fuels.
    3. Describe the various categories of furnaces as classified by the National Fuel Gas Code.
    4. State the typical flue gas temperatures of the varying categories of furnaces.
    5. State the proper chemical names of various fuels.
    6. Define BTU
    7. Determine the quantity of combustion air required to burn one cubic foot of various fuels.
    8. State the ignition temperature of various fuels.
    9. Define and differentiate between primary air and excess air.
    10. State the cubic feet of flue gas required for every one cu ft. of various fuels burned.
    11. Describe and state the causes of burner “Flashback”.
    12. Describe and state the causes of a lifting flame.
    13. Describe and state the causes of yellow flame.
    14. Describe and state the causes of floating flame.
    15. State the percentage of Carbon Dioxide present in the flue gases of a natural gas furnace, if perfect combustion occurred.
    16. State the percentage of Carbon Dioxide present in the flue gases of a properly operating LP furnace.
  Plus B. Safety
    1. State the national standard for burners and ignition source height for a garage installation.
    2. Describe and demonstrate ladder safety procedures.
    3. Describe the safety procedure to be followed upon discovery of a defective heat exchanger.
    4. State the distance that type B vent pipe must be kept from combustible materials.
    5. State the minimum number of inches required for service access.
    6. Determine the acceptable ppm of Carbon Monoxide in a flue gas sample.
    7. State the proper safety procedures to follow upon discovering a gas leak.
  Plus C. Knowledge of Heating Systems and Components
    1. Describe the operation of and test a thermocouple.
    2. Describe the operation of and test a millivolt generator.
    3. Describe the operation of and test a door safety switch.
    4. Describe the operation of and test a spark igniter.
    5. Describe the operation of and test a hot surface igniter.
    6. Describe the operation of and test a flame sensor.
    7. Describe the operation of and test an ignition module.
    8. Describe and test the operation of gas valve used with residential furnaces.
    9. Describe the operation of and test a vent pressure switch.
    10. Describe a pilot burner and orifice and explain its operation.
    11. Describe a main burner and orifice and explain its operation.
    12. Describe the operation of and test a combustion fan limit switch.
    13. Describe the various fan controls and test their operation.
    14. Describe the operation of and test a limit switch.
    15. Describe the operation of and test a blower motor relay.
    16. Describe the operation of and test a vent motor relay.
    17. Describe the operation of and test a vent blower.
    18. Describe and inspect the condition of a heat exchanger.
    19. Describe, test, and install a run and start capacitor.
    20. Describe and set a heat anticipator on a thermostat.
    21. Describe and install a single stage thermostat.
    22. Describe and install a dual stage thermostat.
    23. Adjust primary air and describe the procedure.
    24. Describe and clean flue baffles.
    25. Describe and install a blower housing cut-off plate.
    26. State the materials used in the construction of Type B vent pipe.
    27. Measure static pressure and describe the appropriate range in residential furnaces.
    28. Describe the types of burners used on residential gas furnaces.
    29. Differentiate between the bonnet rating and input rating of a furnace.
    30. State the reason for appropriate polarity wiring on solid state circuits.
    31. Describe the principles of dehumidification and humidification.
  Plus D. Installation and Service
    1. State the generally accepted standard gas manifold pressure for a residential furnace.
    2. Measure manifold gas pressure.
    3. Describe the proper venting configurations of mid and high efficiency furnaces.
    4. State the National Fuel Gas Code maximum fuel line pressure drop allowance.
    5. State the proper procedures for installation of gas piping.
    6. Cut and thread gas pipe.
    7. State the standard acceptable supply pressures of various fuels.
    8. Describe the purpose of and install a fire stop support plate.
    9. Describe the types of and install duct connectors and hangers.
    10. Describe “R” values and noise reduction elements of various duct materials.
    11. Describe and size wire as it applies to voltage drop and length of wiring run.
    12. Describe and demonstrate proper soldering procedures for electrical wiring.
    13. Describe the procedure and adjust air flow on a belt driven blower assembly.
    14. State the formula for sensible heat.
    15. Describe the procedure to de-rate a gas furnace at altitudes of 2,000 feet and above.
    16. Identify the different types of conduit used for power wiring.
    17. Adjust blower fan speed.
  Plus E. Gas Heat Troubleshooting and Problem Solving
    1. Troubleshooting and Problem Solving questions involve diagnostic procedures requiring the use of test instruments, data plate information, and wiring diagrams. Any or all of the gas furnace system components, circuits, air distribution system, and/or power supply may be part of the Troubleshooting and Problem Solving question area.
  Plus F. Knowledge of the following test instruments and or tools is required to pass this test.
    1. Combustion analyzer
    2. Tap and die set
    3. Combustible gas detector
    4. Pipe cutter
    5. Carbon Monoxide detector
    6. Pipe Reamers
    7. Manometer
    8. Velometer
    9. Voltmeter
    10. Ammeter
    11. Ohmmeter
    12. Soldering and brazing equipment
Plus V. Oil Heat
  Plus A. Combustion Theory and Heating Fuels
    1. State the BTU content of fuel oil #1 and #2.
    2. Describe the various categories of furnaces as classified by the National Fuel Gas Code.
    3. State typical flue gas temperatures of the varying categories of furnaces.
    4. Define BTU
    5. Define AFUE
    6. State the quantity of combustion air required to burn one gallon of fuel oil.
    7. State the ignition temperature of fuel oil.
    8. Define and differentiate between primary air and secondary air.
  Plus B. Combustion Theory and Heating Fuels
    1. State the cubic feet of flue gas produced for every one cu ft. of fuels burned.
    2. Describe the characteristics of good burner flames.
    3. Describe and state the causes of “Flashback”.
    4. Describe and state the causes of flame problems.
    5. State the percentage of Carbon Dioxide present in the flue gas if perfect combustion occurred.
  Plus C. Safety
    1. State the national standard for burners and ignition source height for a garage installation.
    2. Describe and demonstrate ladder safety procedures.
    3. Describe the safety procedure to be followed upon discovery of a defective heat exchanger.
    4. State the distance that type vent pipe must be kept from combustible materials.
    5. State the minimum number of inches required for service access.
  Plus D. Knowledge of Heating Systems and Components
    1. Describe the operation of and test a high voltage ignition system.
    2. Describe the operation of and test a door safety switch.
    3. Describe the operation of and test a flame sensor.
    4. Describe the operation of and test a primary control.
    5. Describe and test the various types of residential furnace fuel oil units (pumps).
    6. Describe and install fuel oil supply and return piping.
    7. Describe the operation of and test a combustion fan limit switch.
    8. Describe the operation of and test the various fan controls.
    9. Describe the operation of and test a blower motor relay.
    10. Describe a heat exchanger.
    11. Describe the operation of, and test and install a run and start capacitor.
    12. Describe and set a heat anticipator on a thermostat.
    13. Describe and install set back programmable thermostat.
    14. Describe the operation of and install a single stage thermostat.
    15. Describe the operation of and install a dual stage thermostat.
    16. Adjust primary air.
    17. Describe and install a blower housing cut-off plate.
    18. State the materials used in the construction of a vent pipe.
    19. Describe and measure static pressure and state the appropriate range in residential furnaces.
    20. Describe the types of burners used on residential furnaces.
    21. Differentiate between the bonnet rating and input rating of a furnace.
    22. State the reason for appropriate polarity wiring on solid state circuits.
    23. Describe the construction and application of oil guns.
    24. Check the operation of an oil gun.
    25. Set “spark gap”.
    26. Describe the purpose of and install flame detention rings
    27. Describe the purpose of and check the operation of delayed oil valve.
    28. Describe the operation of and adjust a barometric draft control.
    29. Describe the operation of and test a fuel unit cut-off device.
    30. Explain the procedure to determine combustion air requirements.
    31. Describe the principles of dehumidification and humidification.
  Plus E. Installation and Service
    1. Describe the relationship of nozzles to their application.
    2. Describe the proper venting configurations of standard and high efficiency furnaces.
    3. State the proper procedures for installation of oil piping.
    4. Cut and thread pipe.
    5. Describe and install a fire stop support plate.
    6. Describe and install various types of duct connectors and hangers.
    7. Describe “R” values and noise reduction elements of various duct materials.
    8. Describe wire sizing as it applies to voltage drop and length of wiring run.
    9. Describe and demonstrate proper soldering procedures for electrical wiring.
    10. Adjust air flow on a belt driven blower assembly.
    11. State the formula for sensible heat.
    12. Describe the procedure to de-rate a oil furnace at altitudes of 2,000 feet and above.
    13. Identify the different types of conduit used for power wiring.
    14. Adjust blower fan speed.
    15. Describe the proper location of oil storage tanks.
    16. Describe the equipment used and the procedure to smoke test a furnace.
    17. Smoke test a furnace.
  Plus F. Oil Heat Troubleshooting and Problem Solving
    1. Troubleshooting and Problem Solving questions involve diagnostic procedures requiring the use of test instruments, data plate information, and wiring diagrams. Any or all of the oil furnace system components, circuits, air distribution system, and/or power supply may be part of the Troubleshooting and Problem Solving question area.
  Plus G. Knowledge of the following test instruments and or tools is required to pass this test.
    1. Combustion analyzer
    2. Tap and Die set
    3. Pipe cutter
    4. Ohmmeter
    5. Carbon Monoxide detector
    6. Pipe Reamers
    7. Manometer/ Magnehelic gauge
    8. Velometer
    9. Voltmeter
    10. Ammeter
    11. Soldering and brazing equipment
    12. Oil pressure gauge
    13. Anemometer
    14. Stack Thermometers
Plus VI. Heat Pumps
  Plus A. Core Competencies
    1. Define and demonstrate refrigerant recovery
    2. Define and demonstrate refrigerant recycling
    3. Define reclaim
    4. Describe the six types of leak detectors.
    5. Explain and demonstrate the method for pinpointing a leak.
    6. Explain and demonstrate the proper use of each type of leak detector and their applicability.
    7. Explain and demonstrate the proper use and handling of nitrogen in the leak detection process.
    8. Describe and demonstrate proper soldering and brazing techniques.
    9. Describe and demonstrate the operation and use of a gauge manifold assembly.
    10. Identify and demonstrate the proper method of charging a blended refrigerant into an operating system.
    11. Identify and demonstrate the proper method of charging a blended refrigerant into an empty system.
    12. Identify and demonstrate the proper method of charging a compound refrigerant into an empty system.
    13. Identify and demonstrate the proper method of charging a compound refrigerant into an operating system.
    14. Describe and demonstrate charging using the superheat method.
    15. Describe and demonstrate charging using the subcooling method.
    16. Explain vacuum pump selection.
    17. Describe and demonstrate the triple evacuation method.
    18. Identify the types of micron gauges.
    19. Explain and demonstrate the proper method of connecting a micron gauge to the system.
    20. Describe the thermodynamics of refrigerants
    21. Describe the principles of dehumidification and humidification.
  Plus B. Competencies:
    1. Describe the function of, and install a lockout relay in a circuit.
    2. Describe, test, and install a run and start capacitor.
    3. Describe and install a compressor potential start relay.
    4. Describe the operation of and test a high pressure switch.
    5. Describe the operation of and test a low pressure switch.
    6. Test a blower or fan motor and its circuit.
    7. Identify and differentiate between the various types of service valves.
    8. Describe and wire the terminal connections of a thermostat temperature control.
    9. Describe and install a liquid line drier.
    10. Describe and instal liquid line bi-flow drier.
    11. Describe and install suction line filter drier.
    12. Describe the procedure for and perform a compressor efficiency test.
    13. Describe the operation of and install heat/cool relay.
    14. Describe the operation of the following defrost controls, mechanical, time/temperature, and solid state.
    15. Install and test a defrost control.
    16. State the purpose of and test a bimetal outdoor coil temperature sensor.
    17. Describe and test thermistor type temperature sensors (PTC & NTC).
    18. Describe a heat pump’s design, configuration, and demonstrate operation in both the heating and cooling cycle.
    19. Describe the sequence of the defrost cycle.
    20. Describe the operation of, and install/test a defrost relay.
    21. Describe, install, and set an outdoor thermostat.
    22. Describe how the set points for outdoor thermostats are established.
    23. Describe the operation of a reversing valve.
    24. Describe and demonstrate the procedures for testing the operation of a reversing valve.
    25. State the purpose of an accumulator.
    26. Describe the principle of operation of a capillary tube, fixed orifice, thermostatic expansion valve, and electronic expansion valve.
    27. Describe and check a Control Circuit Fuse.
    28. Describe and check a printed circuit board (PC).
    29. Describe and install a heat pump thermostat with emergency heat feature.
    30. Describe a defrost board and its operation.
    31. Define SEER, HSPF, and COP.
    32. Describe and demonstrate heat pump charging procedures.
    33. Replace a reversing valve, following proper procedures .
    34. Describe crankcase heating methods and how they operate.
    35. Describe the required CFM for system operation and demonstrate the methods for calculating air flow.
    36. Describe a check valve, its function and operation.
    37. Differentiate between a compressor designed for use in a heat pump and one that is designed for use in a cooling only air conditioner.
  Plus C. Knowledge of the following test instruments and or tools is required to pass this test.
    1. Thermometers (wet and dry)
    2. Gauge manifold assembly
    3. Recovery equipment
    4. Vacuum pump
    5. Micron gauge
    6. Leak detector
    7. Nitrogen Cylinder
    8. Soldering and brazing equipment
    9. Charging scale and Charging cylinder
    10. Refrigerant throttling valve
    11. Ohmmeter
    12. Ammeter
    13. Voltmeter
    14. Sling Psychrometer
Plus VII. Commercial Air conditioning
  Plus A. Core Competencies
    1. Define and demonstrate refrigerant recovery
    2. Define and demonstrate refrigerant recycling
    3. Define reclaim
    4. Describe the six types of leak detectors.
    5. Explain and demonstrate the method for pinpointing a leak.
    6. Explain and demonstrate the proper use of each type of leak detector and their applicability.
    7. Explain and demonstrate the proper use and handling of nitrogen in the leak detection process.
    8. Describe and demonstrate proper soldering and brazing techniques.
    9. Describe and demonstrate the operation and use of a gauge manifold assembly.
    10. Identify and demonstrate the proper method of charging a blended refrigerant into an operating system.
    11. Identify and demonstrate the proper method of charging a blended refrigerant into an empty system.
    12. Identify and demonstrate the proper method of charging a compound refrigerant into an empty system.
    13. Identify and demonstrate the proper method of charging a compound refrigerant into an operating system.
    14. Describe and demonstrate charging using the superheat method.
    15. Describe and demonstrate charging using the subcooling method.
    16. Explain vacuum pump selection.
    17. Describe and demonstrate the triple evacuation method.
    18. Identify the types of micron gauges.
    19. Explain and demonstrate the proper method of connecting a micron gauge to the system.
    20. Describe the thermodynamics of refrigerants
    21. Describe the principles of dehumidification and humidification.
    22. Define SEER and EER.
  Plus B. Competencies:
    1. Describe the function of, and install a lockout relay in a circuit.
    2. Describe the operation of and install a contactor.
    3. Describe, test, and install a run and start capacitor.
    4. Describe and install a compressor potential start relay.
    5. Describe the operation of and test a high pressure switch.
    6. Describe the operation of and test a low pressure switch.
    7. Test a blower or fan motor and its circuit.
    8. Identify and differentiate between the various types of service valves.
    9. Describe and wire the terminal connections of a thermostat temperature control.
    10. Describe and install a liquid line drier.
    11. Describe and install a suction line filter drier.
    12. Describe the application and operation of the following types of compressors; (reciprocating, scroll, rotary, screw, centrifugal).
    13. Describe and test thermistor type temperature sensors (PTC & NTC).
    14. Describe the function and check the operation and of an oil pressure safety control.
    15. Describe the operation of and test a solenoid valve.
    16. Describe the operation of and test a hot gas bypass valve.
    17. Describe the operation of and test a liquid line solenoid valve.
    18. Describe a accumulator and its function.
    19. Describe the operation of and adjust an inline, and pilot operated evaporator pressure regulator.
    20. Describe a Head Master and its operation.
    21. Describe a chilled water system and its operation.
    22. Describe a capillary / distributor tube sizing and selection procedure.
    23. Describe the operation of and install a fixed orifice metering device.
    24. Describe the operation of and install a thermostatic expansion valve.
    25. Describe the operation of and install a refrigerant receiver.
    26. Describe a oil separator and its function.
    27. Describe dry type evaporators and their operation.
    28. Describe an air cooled condenser, its function, and operating parameters.
    29. Describe and demonstrate the proper procedure for measuring and adjusting superheat.
    30. Describe the operation and function of a flooded evaporator and its metering device.
    31. Install and adjust a water regulating valve.
    32. Install and adjust a low ambient temperature control.
    33. Describe cooling towers and their operating limitations.
    34. Describe the function and purpose of a multiple compressor system
    35. Describe the automatic pumpdown system and its operation.
    36. Describe the various fan controls, their application and operation.
    37. Describe the purpose and check the operation of a crankcase heater.
    38. State the proper charging procedures of blended refrigerants.
    39. Define fractionation and temperature glide.
    40. State the reason why capillary tube systems require a critical charge.
    41. Size, design, and install refrigerant lines.
    42. Define compression ratio.
    43. Describe the various methods of compressor capacity control.
    44. State the selection process for refrigerant oils.
    45. Explain the procedures to retrofit a system from a CFC to an HFC, & an HCFC to an HFC.
    46. Describe the required CFM for system operation and calculate air flow.
    47. Define wet bulb depression.
    48. Describe the design structure, function, operation, and selection of refrigerant distributors and feeder tubes.
    49. Describe the function, selection and installation of a vibration eliminator.
    50. Describe the piping configuration for a multiple evaporator systems.
    51. Install a condensate drain.
    52. Describe and install an economizer.
    53. Describe the principles of dehumidification and humidification.
  Plus C. Knowledge of the following test instruments and or tools is required to pass this test.
    1. Thermometers (wet and dry)
    2. Gauge manifold assembly
    3. Recovery equipment
    4. Vacuum pump
    5. Micron gauge
    6. Leak detector
    7. Nitrogen Cylinder
    8. Soldering and brazing equipment
    9. Charging scale and Charging cylinder
    10. Refrigerant throttling valve
    11. Oil pressure gauge
    12. Oil pump
    13. Ohmmeter
    14. Ammeter
    15. Voltmeter
    16. Sling Psychrometer
Plus VIII. Commercial Refrigeration
  Plus A. Core Competencies
    1. Describe the laws of Thermodynamics.
    2. Define and demonstrate recovery
    3. Define and demonstrate recycling
    4. Define reclaim
    5. Describe the six types of leak detectors.
    6. Explain and demonstrate the method for pinpointing a leak.
    7. Explain and demonstrate the proper use of each type of leak detector and their applicability.
    8. Explain and demonstrate the proper use and handling of nitrogen in the leak detection process.
    9. Describe and demonstrate proper soldering and brazing techniques.
    10. Describe and demonstrate the operation and use of a gauge manifold assembly.
    11. Demonstrate the proper method of charging a blended refrigerant into an operating system.
    12. Demonstrate the proper method of charging a blended refrigerant into an empty system.
    13. Demonstrate the proper method of charging a compound refrigerant into an empty system.
    14. Demonstrate the proper method of charging a compound refrigerant into an operating system.
    15. Describe and demonstrate charging using the superheat method.
    16. Describe and demonstrate charging using the subcooling method.
    17. Explain vacuum pump selection.
    18. Describe and demonstrate the triple evacuation method.
    19. Identify the types of micron gauges.
    20. Explain and demonstrate the proper method of connecting a micron gauge to the system.
    21. Describe the thermodynamics of refrigerants
    22. Describe the principles of dehumidification and humidification.
  Plus B. Competencies:
    1. Describe the operation of and test a lockout relay.
    2. Describe the operation of and test a contactor.
    3. Describe, test, and install a run and start capacitor.
    4. Describe the operation of and install compressor potential start relay.
    5. Describe the operation of and install a compressor current start relay.
    6. Describe a service valve and its operation.
    7. Describe the operation of and test a high pressure switch.
    8. Describe the operation of and test a low pressure safety switch.
    9. Install and adjust a low pressure switch used for temperature control.
    10. Describe the operation of and install a thermostat.
    11. Describe the operation of and install a liquid line drier.
    12. Describe the operation of and install a suction line filter drier.
    13. Describe the application and operation of the following types of compressors; (reciprocating, scroll, rotary, screw, centrifugal).
    14. Describe the operation of and adjust an oil pressure safety control.
    15. Install and adjust a mechanical or electronic defrost timer.
    16. Describe the operation of and test a defrost heater and a defrost terminator.
    17. Describe defrost cycle initiation and termination.
    18. Describe the purpose and applicability of a defrost cycle.
    19. Describe a drain and drain pan heater and their operation.
    20. Install a condensate drain.
    21. Describe and test thermistor type temperature sensors (PTC & NTC).
    22. Describe the operation of and test a solenoid valve.
    23. Describe the operation of and test a hot gas bypass valve.
    24. Describe the operation of and test a liquid line solenoid valve.
    25. Describe an accumulator and its function.
    26. Describe the operation of and install/adjust a crankcase pressure regulator (CPR).
    27. Describe the operation of and install/adjust a evaporator pressure regulator (EPR).
    28. Describe the operation of and install a operating pressure regulator (OPR).
    29. Describe a Head Master and its operation.
    30. Describe a capillary / distributor tube sizing and selection procedure.
    31. Describe a fixed orifice metering device and its operation.
    32. Describe the operation of and install/adjust an automatic expansion valve.
    33. Describe the operation of and install/adjust a thermostatic expansion valve.
    34. Describe a refrigerant receiver and its function.
    35. Describe a oil separator and its function.
    36. Describe dry type evaporators and their operation.
    37. Describe an air cooled condenser, its function, and operating parameters.
    38. Describe the proper procedure for measuring and adjusting superheat.
    39. Describe the proper maintenance of a low temperature evaporator.
    40. Describe the operation and function of a flooded evaporator and its metering device.
    41. Describe types of water cooled condensers and their operation.
    42. Install and adjust a water regulating valve.
    43. Describe and test low ambient temperature controls.
    44. Describe cooling towers and their operating limitations.
    45. Describe the function and purpose of a multiple compressor system.
    46. Describe the purpose and proper selection of, and install a suction line heat exchanger.
    47. Describe a cascade system its application and operation.
    48. Describe the automatic pumpdown system and its operation.
    49. Describe the operation of and test various fan controls.
    50. Describe the purpose of and check the operation of a crankcase heater.
    51. Define and state the applications of High, Medium, and Low temperature refrigeration.
    52. Define fractionation and temperature glide.
    53. State the reason why capillary tube systems require a critical charge.
    54. Define “Expendable Refrigerant”.
    55. Define and explain the use of high humidity evaporator coils.
    56. Size, design and install refrigerant lines.
    57. Determine refrigerant line pressure drop and explain the effects of pressure drop on a system.
    58. Define compression ratio.
    59. Describe the various methods of compressor capacity control.
    60. Describe the function, selection and installation of a vibration eliminator.
    61. Describe the basic operation of ice makers.
    62. State the selection process for refrigerant oils.
    63. Add refrigerant oil to an operating system.
    64. Explain the procedures to retrofit a system from a CFC to an HFC, & an HCFC to an HFC.
    65. Define Cryogenics.
    66. Describe the design structure, function, operation, and selection of refrigerant distributors and feeder tubes.
  Plus C. Commercial Refrigeration Troubleshooting and Problem Solving
    1. Troubleshooting and Problem Solving questions involve diagnostic procedures requiring the use of test equipment, manufacturers installation and start up procedures, and data plate information.
  Plus D. Knowledge of the following test instruments and/or tools is required to pass this test.
    1. Thermometers (wet and dry)
    2. Vacuum pump
    3. Leak detector
    4. Soldering and brazing equipment
    5. Charging scale and Charging cylinder
    6. Refrigerant throttling valve
    7. Oil pressure gauge
    8. Oil pump
    9. Ohmmeter
    10. Ammeter
    11. Voltmeter
    12. Sling Psychrometer
    13. Gauge manifold assembly
    14. Recovery equipment
    15. Micron gauge
    16. Nitrogen Cylinder

Plus Pathway Standards

I. ACADEMICS
Plus II. COMMUNICATION
  Plus A. Recognize universal signs & symbols such as colors, flags, stakes & hand signals to function safely in the workplace.
    Plus 1. Identify universal signs and symbols to apply to given workplace situations.
        a. Explain functions of signs and symbols.
        b. Work safely using signs and symbols.
        c. Inspect all signs and symbols for safe and proper use.
        d. Use proper signs and signals for the work area.
        e. Respond appropriately to signs and signals.
III. PROBLEM AND CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS
IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
V. SYSTEMS
VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK
VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY
IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Examine building systems and components to evaluate their usefulness to a project.
    Plus 1. Identify building systems needed to complete a construction project.
        a. List all building systems involved in a project.
        b. Describe the purpose of each system.
    Plus 2. Identify components of building systems needed to complete a construction project.
        a. List all components of the involved building systems.
        b. Describe the function of each component.
    Plus 3. Incorporate appropriate building systems into a construction project.
        a. Use appropriate components for the building systems required.

Plus Foundation Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS
  Plus A. Perform math operations to complete jobsite/workplace tasks such as estimating and distributing materials and supplies.
    Plus 1. Use geometric formulas to determine areas and volumes of various structures.
        a. Calculate areas and volumes of structures.
        b. Estimate materials and supplies needed.
    Plus 2. Use appropriate formulas to determine percentages/decimals.
        a. Calculate percentages/decimals.
        b. Use percentages/decimals to perform measurement tasks.
    Plus 3. Use appropriate formulas to determine ratios, fractions, and proportion measures.
        a. Calculate percentages/decimals.
        b. Use ratios, fractions and proportion measures to perform measurement tasks.
    Plus 4. Use appropriate formulas to determine measurements of dimensions, spaces and structures.
        a. Measure dimensions, spaces and structures using U. S. Standard units.
        b. Measure dimensions, spaces and structures using Metric units.
        c. Use dimensions, spaces and structures calculations to estimate materials and supplies needed.
  Plus B. Perform physics skills to work with materials and load applications.
    Plus 1. Apply basic concepts of static and loads to planning.
        a. Use the basic concepts of static and load calculations for rigging and moving loads.
    Plus 2. Identify the physical properties present when using common construction materials in order to use the materials safely, effectively and efficiently.
        a. Use the basic concepts of physics when working with common construction materials.
    Plus 3. Recognize the issues present when mixing compatible and incompatible substances to maintain workplace/jobsite safety.
        a. Differentiate between incompatible and compatible substances.
        b. Prevent the mixing of incompatible substances.
    Plus 4. Describe the chemical process that occurs when using common construction materials to maintain workplace/jobsite safety.
        a. Apply chemical processes in relation to environmental conditions.
        b. Apply chemical processes in relation to construction building materials.
  Plus C. Read, understand and respond to English language technical and workplace documents to effectively function in the workplace/jobsite.
    Plus 1. Read, interpret and use technical and workplace documents to accomplish workplace/jobsite assignments.
        a. Read and understand industry-specific terminology.
        b. Interpret workplace documents.
        c. Use verbal or written processes to report key information.
        d. Use technology to transmit reports.
        e. Read, understand and interpret blueprints, drawings and specifications.
        f. Use written communications such as written estimates, work orders and memos.
        g. Read and follow manufacturer's instructions and manuals.
  Plus D. Write clear and effective English to prepare workplace/jobsite information.
    Plus 1. Complete reports and documents to comply with project requirements.
        a. Compose an accurate and organized diary/log of work.
        b. Write reports and documents such as estimates, permits, memos, technical reports and work orders that meet industry standards.
Plus II. COMMUNICATIONS
  Plus A. Use and follow industry specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/jobsite communications.
    Plus 1. Match verbal and visual communications to industry specific situations.
        a. Use correct terminology to convey verbal and visual communications.
    Plus 2. Listen attentively and speak clearly to convey information correctly.
        a. Confirm understanding of verbal and visual instructions.
        b. Ask questions concerning details of instructions.
        c. Perform assignments as requested.
  Plus B. Listen to and speak with a variety of individuals to enhance communication skills.
    Plus 1. Speak succinctly and clearly to convey information.
        a. Speak so that others can understand and carry out information presented.
    Plus 2. Listen attentively to spoken messages to respond to information.
        a. Perform oral instructions.
  Plus C. Exhibit public relation skills to address a variety of situations such as increasing internal and external customer/client satisfaction.
    Plus 1. Communicate effectively to develop positive customer/client relationships.
        a. Develop and maintain customer relations.
        b. Apply relationship skills in a variety of situations.
        c. Define customer/client satisfaction.
        d. Evaluate customer/client satisfaction.
Plus III. PROBLEM AND CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS
  Plus A. Identify the relationship between available resources & requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning.
    Plus 1. Estimate resources/materials required for a specific project/problem including time management, labor management, job management and job site obligations in order to effectively plan.
        a. Estimate correct amount of required resources/materials.
    Plus 2. Use available resources/materials effectively to complete project or resolve a problem.
        a. Evaluate waste of resources/materials.
        b. Evaluate necessity for additional resources/materials.
    Plus 3. Determine alternative solutions for a specific project/problem in order to effectively plan.
        a. Evaluate feasibility of alternative suggestions.
        b. Implement appropriate alternatives.
  Plus B. Evaluate and adjust plans/schedules to respond to unexpected events and conditions.
    Plus 1. Incorporate potential job disruptions into planning time lines.
        a. Identify potential events and conditions that disrupt the completion of a job.
        b. Solve situational problems involved with unexpected events and conditions.
    Plus 2. Adjust plans and schedules to meet project needs.
        a. Modify existing plans to reflect an unexpected change.
        b. Modify existing schedules to reflect an unexpected change.
    Plus 3. Identify and assess critical situations as they arise to resolve issues.
        a. Evaluate potential solutions and determine best solution.
        b. Appraise critical situations and implement appropriate response.
    Plus 4. Provide a project update to track changes necessitated by unexpected events and conditions.
        a. Present an oral and/or written status report on the project.
  Plus C. Synthesize and report conditions to keep the organization appraised of progress and problems.
    Plus 1. Provide a project update to keep stakeholders up to date.
        a. Present on oral and written status report on the project.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
  Plus A. Use information technology tools specific to Architecture & Construction to access, manage, integrate & create information.
    Plus 1. Manage personal schedule and contact information.
        a. Create tasks (to-do) list.
        b. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        c. Manage personal and professional contact information.
    Plus 2. Create memos and notes.
        a. Create personal reminders.
        b. Create and send notes, informal memos, and reminders using applications.
    Plus 3. Use a CAD System to perform drafting duties.
        a. Interpret CAD drawings.
        b. Retrieve and modify drawings using a CAD System.
        c. Create drawings using a CAD System.
  Plus B. Use Electronic Mail applications.
    Plus 1. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
        a. Access email system using login and password functions.
        b. Access email messages received.
        c. Create email messages in accordance with established business standards (e.g., grammar, word usage, spelling, sentence structure, clarity, e-mail etiquette).
        d. Practice email etiquette.
        e. Send email messages.
    Plus 2. Use email to share files and documents.
        a. Access email attachments.
        b. Attach documents to messages.
        c. Save email messages/attachments.
        d. Practice contamination protection strategies for email.
  Plus C. Use Internet applications.
    Plus 1. Search for information and resources.
        a. Select search engine(s) to use.
        b. Select appropriate search procedures and approaches.
        c. Locate information using search engine(s) and Boolean logic.
        d. Navigate web sites using software functions.
  Plus D. Use Writing/Publishing applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
        a. Retrieve existing documents.
        b. Create documents (e.g., letters, memos, reports) using existing forms and templates.
        c. Safeguard documents using name and save functions.
        d. Format text using basic formatting functions.
        e. Employ word processing utility tools (e.g., spell checker, grammar checker, thesaurus).
  Plus E. Use Spreadsheet applications.
    Plus 1. Create a spreadsheet.
        a. Create spreadsheets.
        b. Retrieve existing spreadsheets.
        c. Edit spreadsheets.
        d. Save spreadsheets.
        e. Print spreadsheets.
    Plus 2. Perform calculations and analysis on data.
        a. Group worksheets.
        b. Create charts and graphs from spreadsheets.
        c. Perform calculations using simple formulas.
        d. Input/process data using spreadsheet functions.
  Plus F. Use Database applications.
    Plus 1. Manipulate data elements.
        a. Enter data using a form.
        b. Locate/replace data using search and replace functions.
        c. Process data using database functions (e.g., structure, format, attributes, relationships, keys).
  Plus G. Use Collaborative/Groupware applications.
    Plus 1. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
        a. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        b. Maintain shared database of contact information.
  Plus H. Use Computer Operations applications.
    Plus 1. Manage computer operations.
        a. Apply basic commands of operating system software.
        b. Employ desktop operating skills.
    Plus 2. Manage file storage.
        a. Apply appropriate file and disk management techniques.
        b. Differentiate between files and directories.
        c. Determine file organization.
        d. Use system utilities for file management.
  Plus I. Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors used to control electromechanical devices).
    Plus 1. Operate computer-driven equipment and machines.
        a. Secure needed supplies and resources.
        b. Follow power-up and log-on procedures.
        c. Interact with/respond to system messages using console device.
        d. Run applications/jobs in accordance with processing procedures.
        e. Follow log-off and power-down procedure(s).
    Plus 2. Use installation and operation manuals.
        a. Access needed information using appropriate reference materials.
    Plus 3. Troubleshoot computer-driven equipment and machines and access support as needed.
        a. Test system using diagnostic tools/software.
        b. Repair/replace malfunctioning hardware.
        c. Reinstall software as needed.
        d. Recover data and/or files.
        e. Restore system to normal operating standards.
Plus V. SYSTEMS
  Plus A. Comply with governmental regulations and applicable codes to establish a legal and safe workplace/jobsite.
    Plus 1. Identify occupation-specific governmental regulations and national, state and/or local building codes to establish workplace/jobsite regulations and codes.
        a. Follow governmental regulations and building codes.
        b. Use information gives in regulations and codes correctly.
        c. Pass job inspections and comply with regulations at all times.
    Plus 2. Monitor workplace/jobsite activities to comply with governmental and other applicable safety regulations such as EPA and OSHA.
        a. Read and discuss information of OSHA, EPA and other safety regulations.
        b. Pass safety inspections and comply with regulations at all times.
    Plus 3. Use MSDS information to manage, use and dispose of hazardous materials.
        a. Obtain, understand and follow MSDS information.
        b. Use hazardous materials safely.
    Plus 4. Identify workplace/jobsite environmental hazards to promote workplace/jobsite safety.
        a. Follow safe practices relating to environmental hazards.
  Plus B. Examine relationship of roles and responsibilities between trades/professions to complete a project/job.
    Plus 1. Plan, organize, schedule and manage a project/job to optimize workflow sequence.
        a. Report results of the project/job.
    Plus 2. Use time management skills to schedule a project/job.
        a. Identify timeline required to complete a project/job.
        b. Evaluate efficiency and effectiveness of a project/job.
    Plus 3. Recognize relationships between trades/professions to facilitate smooth workflow.
        a. Coordinate work between trades.
    Plus 4. Recognize the hierarchy of the jobsite to facilitate smooth workflow.
        a. Incorporate job functions in the reporting chain of supervision.
        b. Evaluate the safety issues and responsibilities managed by each level of supervision.
  Plus C. Examine all aspects of the built environment and its' systems to complete project planning.
    Plus 1. Align and incorporate the built environment and its systems to the project to complete project.
        a. Label all systems on a set of construction documents.
        b. Discuss the interrelationship of the systems in the built environment.
        c. Use the concept of "Critical Path Method (CPM)" and/or similar sequential methods so that work progresses efficiently.
  Plus D. Apply industry standards and practices for quality to ensure quality work.
    Plus 1. Identify industry standards and practices in order to incorporate quality into projects.
        a. Document how quality improves profitability.
        b. Report on issues that affect quality.
    Plus 2. Use industry standards and practices to appreciation for quality workmanship.
        a. Perform work meeting or exceeding the quality standards of the industry.
        b. Exhibit pride in personal work.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
  Plus A. Observe rules and regulations to comply with personal and jobsite safety standards.
    Plus 1. Align safety issues with appropriate safety standards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Practice safety rules and regulations.
    Plus 2. Identify safety precautions and hazards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Use appropriate safety practices and equipment.
    Plus 3. Select, inspect and use personal protective equipment (PPE) such as respiratory protection and fall protection equipment to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Inspect personal protective equipment to ensure safety.
        b. Report defects found in personal protective equipment.
        c. Use appropriate personal protective equipment.
        d. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment to protect yourself and set an example for co-workers.
    Plus 4. Employ hierarchy and workflow of the workplace/jobsite to ensure safety.
        a. Perform job site safety procedures at all times.
        b. Use, interpret and respond to barricades, barriers, and other visual warnings.
Plus VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Establish specific goals to manage project assignments in a timely manner.
    Plus 1. Establish project goals in order to met project specifications and deadlines.
        a. Define and describe project goals.
        b. Identify and list key project activities.
        c. Identify and report activity deadlines.
    Plus 2. Organize work teams to effectively manage assignments.
        a. Determine and list assignments by activity and personnel.
        b. Complete assignments.
        c. Monitor and write a report on progress of the project.
        d. Evaluate completed product according to customer requirements.
  Plus B. Effectively resolve conflicts with co-workers to maintain a smooth workflow.
    Plus 1. Use conflict resolution skills to maintain a smooth workflow.
        a. Work collaboratively and cooperatively.
        b. Give and receive criticism in a diplomatic and constructive manner.
        c. Use diplomatic and constructive statements and responses.
  Plus C. Work as an individual and as a team member to accomplish assignments.
    Plus 1. Use human relations skills to work cooperatively with co-workers representing different cultures, genders and backgrounds.
        a. Work effectively with a variety of co-workers.
    Plus 2. Track team goals to contribute constructively and positively to the team.
        a. Work effectively within the organization of a team.
        b. Perform work as a team member on a project.
    Plus 3. Match team members to appropriate activities.
        a. Identify team goals.
        b. Identify team member strengths and weaknesses.
    Plus 4. Manage personal skills to accomplish assignments.
        a. Plan, organize, and manage individual work.
  Plus D. Use mentoring skills to inspire others to achieve.
    Plus 1. Use motivational techniques to enhance performance in others.
        a. Practice motivational techniques.
        b. Develop and use reward and incentive systems.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY
  Plus A. Exhibit personal accountability, integrity and responsibility to enhance confidence among co-workers.
    Plus 1. Apply the professional and ethical standards of the industry to workplace/jobsite conduct.
        a. Practice professional and ethical standards.
        b. Maintain personal integrity.
        c. Promote personal and professional integrity in coworkers.
        d. Recognize integrity in others.
  Plus B. Read regulations and contracts to ensure ethical and safety elements are observed.
    Plus 1. Study regulations and codes to identify those applicable to the local area.
        a. Locate and implement regulations and codes applicable to tasks and projects.
        b. Comply with local, state and Federal agencies and model code setting organizations.
    Plus 2. Read and explain the various aspects of service contracts to ensure compliance.
        a. Evaluate and follow service contracts.
    Plus 3. Recognize the relationship between the various parties to a contract in order to interpret responsibilities.
        a. Fulfill your contractual role and responsibilities.
    Plus 4. Recognize the definition of specialized words or phrases to fully understand documents and contracts.
        a. Use industry jargon or terminology appropriately.
        b. Use industry acronyms correctly.
        c. Use words with multiple meanings correctly in context.
  Plus C. Use ethical and legal standards to avoid conflicts of interest.
    Plus 1. Identify conflicts of interest relating to a job of project to prevent ethical or legal problems.
        a. Resolve issues relating to any potential conflicts of interest.
  Plus D. Recognize legal and ethical relationships between employees and employees and employers to establish workplace/jobsite rules, regulations and guidelines.
    Plus 1. Access appropriate resources to identify the roles, rights and responsibilities of an employee and an employer.
        a. Practice workplace/jobsite conduct incorporating employee and employer roles, rights and responsibilities.
    Plus 2. Examine insurance documentation to determine liability issues associated with a job.
        a. Describe liability issues as needed.
    Plus 3. Comply with employer policies and procedures such as sexual harassment avoidance and substance abuse control to prevent ethical and legal problems.
        a. Practice policies and protocol.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT
  Plus A. Exhibit a positive work ethic to comply with employment requirements.
    Plus 1. Exhibit behaviors showing you are reliable and dependable.
        a. Arrive at work fit and on time each day.
        b. Behave dependably.
        c. Behave honestly and fairly.
    Plus 2. Maintain appropriate dress and behavior for the fob to contribute to a safe and effective workplace/jobsite.
        a. Observe company and workplace/jobsite rules.
    Plus 3. Complete required employment form and documentation such as I-9 form, work visa, W-4 and licensures to meet employment requirements.
        a. Provide verification that requirements have been met.
  Plus B. Recognize requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.
    Plus 1. Identify opportunities for career advancement to formulate career goals.
        a. Identify career ladder.
        b. Develop career advancement plan.
        c. Implement career advancement plan.
        d. Review progress of career advancement plan.
    Plus 2. Maintain positive interpersonal skills to enhance advancement potential.
        a. Perform quality work as measured by a performance evaluation.
    Plus 3. Pursue education and training opportunities to acquire skills necessary for career advancement.
        a. Document successful completion of education and training opportunities.
        b. Participate in professional development opportunities such as professional organizations & associations, trade shows and seminars.
    Plus 4. Read trade magazines and journals, manufacturers' catalogues, industry publications and internet sites to keep current on industry trends.
        a. Identify and prepare for new and emerging occupations, practices and procedures as well as declining occupations and practices.
    Plus 5. Examine the organization and structure of various segments of the industry to prepare for career advancement.
        a. Recognize segments of the construction industry and show the relationships to specialty areas.
        b. Obtain necessary knowledge and skills to enhance employability
    Plus 6. Research locate and regional labor (workforce) market and job growth information to project potential for advancement.
        a. Identify sources of career information.
        b. Identify job opportunities for the trade.
        c. Identify organizations that offer career and job placement.
        d. Analyze potential growth of identifies careers.
        e. Apply labor market and job growth information to career goals.
  Plus C. Examine licensing, certification & credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to achieve compliance.
    Plus 1. Align licensing, certification and credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to achieve compliance.
        a. Use technologies and resources to research licensing certification and credentialing.
        b. Evaluate and select suitable sources of licensing, certification and credentialing.
        c. Identify licenses, certifications and credentials applicable to career goals.
        d. Document sources and agencies for licensing and certification and credentialing information including contact information.
  Plus D. Recognize the responsibilities and personal characteristics of a professional craftsperson to develop personal goals for professionalism.
    Plus 1. Research workplace/jobsite information to identify appropriate craft responsibilities and personal characteristics.
        a. Practice the responsibilities and characteristics of a professional craftsperson.
        b. Identify all critical/important functions.
        c. Document customer satisfaction.
    Plus 2. Present a professional image in the workplace/jobsite to enhance career advancement.
        a. Maintain appropriate professional memberships.
        b. Follow rules, regulations and guidelines.
  Plus E. Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills and abilities.
    Plus 1. Select educational and work history highlights to create a personal resume.
        a. Develop a resume utilizing word processing technology.
    Plus 2. Contract professional references to acquire recommendations.
        a. Obtain appropriate letters of recommendation.
    Plus 3. Maintain a record of work experiences, licenses, certifications and education to build a portfolio.
        a. Document work experience.
        b. Document receipt of licenses, certifications and credentialing
        c. Document completion of education and training.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Read technical drawings and documents to plan a project.
    Plus 1. Interpret blueprints and drawings to assist with project planning.
        a. Recognize elements and symbols of blueprints and drawings.
    Plus 2. Study written standards and specifications to apply them.
        a. Interpret and explain standards and specifications.
    Plus 3. Recognize how specifications and standards are arranged to properly access and use them.
        a. Describe and use specifications and standards appropriately.
    Plus 4. Use architect's plan, manufacturer's illustrations and other materials to visualize proposed work and to transfer specific data.
        a. Sketch/draw/illustrate concepts and ideas.
        b. Draw or sketch plan/layout to be completed.
        c. Use proper measurements to determine layout.
    Plus 5. Conceptualize a three-dimensional form from a two-dimensional drawing to visualize proposed work.
        a. Build three-dimensional form.
  Plus B. Use and maintain appropriate tools, machines and equipment to accomplish project goals.
    Plus 1. Select tools, machinery and equipment to match requirements of the job.
        a. Operate tools, machinery and equipment.
        b. Properly maintain and care for tools, machines and equipment.
        c. Use tools, machine and equipment productively and efficiently in alignment with industry standards.
    Plus 2. Identify sources of information concerning state-of-the-art tools, equipment, materials, technologies & methodologies.
        a. Read current periodicals, industry publications and manufacturer's catalogs.
        b. Use state-of-the-art tools, equipment, materials, technologies and methodologies.

Plus Career & Employability Standards

Plus I. APPLIED ACADEMIC SKILLS
  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standard business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    Plus 3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
        a. Relate the results of study to a similar situation in a verbal or writen report.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    Plus 1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
        a. Problems include making conversions between the metric system and non-English systems of measurement, mixed units (such as hours and minutes), and can require serveral steps to finding a solution.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
Plus II. CAREER PLANNING
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
Plus III. DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from multiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skills using a variety of media and interpretive data.
Plus IV. PROBLEM SOLVING
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
Plus V. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfactory completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities; demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate ethical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
Plus VI. ORGANIZING SKILLS
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
Plus VII. TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minority viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
Plus VIII. NEGOTIATION SKILLS
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibly challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
Plus IX. UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND USING TECHNOLOGY
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
Plus X. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certificates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labor market information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
Plus XI. TECHNOLOGY SKILLS
  Plus A. BASIC OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS
    1. Discuss emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, compressed video delivery, online file sharing, graphing calculators, global positioning software)
    2. Identify the capabilities and limitations of emerging communication resources.
    3. Understand the importance of both the predictable and unpredictable impacts of technology.
    4. Identify changes in hardware and software systems over time and discuss how these changes might affect the individual personally in his/her role as a lifelong learner.
    5. Understand the purpose, scope, and use of assistive technology.
    6. Understand that access to online learning increases educational and workplace opportunities.
    7. Be provided with the opportunity to learn in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills.
    8. Understand the relationship between electronic resources, infrastructure, and connectivity.
    9. Routinely apply touch-typing techniques with advanced accuracy, speed, and efficiency.
    10. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation and support.
    11. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav)
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files.
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application's spelling and grammar checking functions.
  Plus B. SOCIAL, ETHICAL, AND HUMAN ISSUES
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to use of information and communication technology.
    2. Analyze current trends in information and communication technology and assess the potential of emerging technologies for ethical and unethical uses.
    3. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society.
    4. Discuss the possible consequences and costs of unethical uses of information and computer technology.
    5. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users.
    6. Demonstrate the ethical use of technology as a digital citizen and lifelong learner.
    7. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, and commercial software.
    8. Adhere to fair use and copyright guidelines.
    9. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings.
    10. Adhere to the district acceptable use policy as well as state and federal laws.
    11. Explore career opportunities and identify their related technology skill requirements.
    12. Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes technology to support his/her lifelong learning goals.
  Plus C. TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTIVITY TOOLS
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience.
    2. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
    3. Have access to and utilize assistive technology tools.
    4. Apply advanced software features such as an application's built-in thesaurus, templates, and styles to improve the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.
    5. Identify technology tools (e.g., authoring tools or other hardware and software resources) that could be used to create a group project.
    6. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning.
    7. Develop a document or file for inclusion into a web site or web page.
    8. Use a variety of applications to plan, create, and edit a multimedia product (e.g., model, webcast, presentation, publication, or other creative work)
    9. Have the opportunity to participate in real-life experiences associated with technology-related careers.
  Plus D. TECHNOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS TOOLS
    1. Identify and describe various telecommunications or online technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, listservs, blogs, virtual reality)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, groupware, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project.
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., presentations, newsletters, web sites) to communicate original ideas to multiple audiences.
    4. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models) with presentation, word processing. Publishing, database, graphics design, or spreadsheet applications.
    5. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., groupware, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
  Plus E. TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH TOOLS
    1. Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate internet search engines to locate information.
    2. Formulate and use evaluation criteria (authority, accuracy, relevancy, timeliness) for information located on the internet to present research findings.
    3. Determine if online sources are authoritative, valid, reliable, relevant, and comprehensive.
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference.
    5. Evaluate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation.
    6. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
  Plus F. TECHNOLOGY PROBLEM-SOLVING and DECISION-MAKING TOOLS
    1. Use a variety of technology resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning.
    2. Describe the possible integration of two or more information and communication technology tools or resources to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts.
    3. Formulate a research question or hypothesis, then use appropriate information and communication technology resources to collect relevant information, analyze the findings, and report the results to multiple audiences.