48.0508 - Welding, Brazing and Soldering

American Welding Society (AWS) - Level 1 Welding

The mission statement is to provide for the dissemination of leading new technologies or applications to the welding industry worldwide. At the same time, AWS will continue to maintain a leadership position in the production of codes, specifications, guides, recommended practices and books related to welding and joining.


Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. American Welding Society
  Plus A. Module 1: Occupational Orientation
    1. Prepare time or job cards, reports, or records
    2. Perform house keeping duties
    3. Follow verbal instructions to complete work assignments
    4. Follow written details to complete work assignments
  Plus B. Module 2: Safety and Health of Welders
    1. Demonstrate proper use and inspection of equipment used for protection of personnel
    2. Demonstrate proper work area operation
    3. Demonstrate proper use and inspection of equipment used for ventilation
    4. Demonstrate proper Hot Zone operation
    5. Demonstrate proper working in confined spaces
    6. Understand precautionary labeling
    7. Demonstrate proper use and inspection of equipment used for each required welding or thermal cutting process
  Plus C. Module 3: Drawing and Welding Symbol Interpretation
    1. Interpret basic elements of a drawing or sketch
    2. Interpret welding symbol information
    3. Fabricate parts from a drawing or sketch
  Plus D. Module 4: Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) Principles and Practices
    1. Perform safety inspections of equipment and accessories
    2. Make minor external repairs to equipment and accessories
    3. Set up for shielded metal arc welding operations on plain carbon steel
    4. Operate shielded metal arc welding equipment
    5. Make fillet welds, all positions, on plain carbon steel
    6. Make groove welds, all positions, on plain carbon steel
    7. Perform 2G and 3G, uphill, limited thickness qualification tests on plain carbon steel plate
  Plus E. Module 5: Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW, GMAW-S) Principles and Practices
    1. Perform safety inspections of equipment and accessories
    2. Make minor external repairs to equipment and accessories
    3. Set up for gas metal arc welding operations on plain carbon steel
    4. Operate gas metal arc welding equipment
    5. Short circuit transfer
    6. Make fillet welds, all positions, on plain carbon steel
    7. Make groove welds, all positions, on plain carbon steel
    8. Spray transfer
    9. Make 1F and 2F welds on plain carbon steel
    10. Make 1G welds on plain carbon steel
  Plus F. Module 6: Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW-G/GM) Principles and Practices
    1. Perform safety inspections of equipment and accessories
    2. Make minor external repairs to equipment and accessories
    3. Set up for flux cored arc welding operations on plain carbon steel
    4. Operate flux cored arc welding equipment
    5. Make fillet welds, all positions, on plain carbon steel
    6. Make groove welds, all positions, on plain carbon steel
  Plus G. Module 7: Gas Tungsten Welding (GTAW) Principles and Practices
    1. Perform safety inspections of equipment and accessories
    2. Make minor external repairs to equipment and accessories
    3. Set up for gas tungsten arc welding operations on plain carbon steel, aluminum, and stainless steel
    4. Operate gas tungsten arc welding equipment
    5. Make fillet welds, all positions, on plain carbon steel
    6. Make groove welds, all positions, on carbon steel
    7. Make 1F and 2F welds on aluminum
    8. Make 1G welds on aluminum
    9. Make 1F, 2F, and 3F welds on stainless steel
  Plus H. Module 8: Thermal Cutting Principles and Practices
    1. Perform safety inspections of equipment and accessories
    2. Make minor external repairs to equipment and accessories
    3. Set up for manual oxyfuel gas cutting operations on plain carbon steel
    4. Operate manual oxyfuel gas cutting equipment
    5. Perform straight cutting operations on plain carbon steel
    6. Perform shape cutting operations on plain carbon steel
    7. Perform bevel cutting operations on plain carbon steel
    8. Remove weld metal form plain carbon steel using weld washing techniques
    9. Perform safety inspections of equipment and accessories
    10. Make minor external repairs to equipment and accessories
    11. Set up for machine oxyfuel gas cutting (track burner) operations on plain carbon steel
    12. Operate machine oxyfuel gas cutting (track burner) equipment
    13. Perform straight cutting operations on plain carbon steel
    14. Perform bevel cutting operations on plain carbon steel
    15. Perform safety inspections of equipment and accessories
    16. Make minor external repairs to equipment and accessories
    17. Set up for manual plasma arc cutting operations on plain carbon steel, aluminum, and stainless steel
    18. Operate manual plasma ac cutting equipment
    19. Perform shape cutting operations on plain carbon steel, aluminum, and stainless steel
    20. Perform safety inspections of equipment and accessories
    21. Make minor external repairs to equipment accessories
    22. Set up for manual air carbon arc gouging and cutting operations on plain carbon steel
    23. Operate manual air carbon arc cutting equipment
    24. Perform metal removal operations on plain carbon steel
  Plus I. Module 9: Welding Inspection and Testing Principles and Practices
    1. Examine cut surfaces and edges of prepared base metal parts
    2. Examine tack, intermediate layers, and completed welds

Plus Pathway Standards

Plus I. QUALITY PROCESS
  Plus A. Correct processes to assure that products meet quality standards.
    Plus 1. Communicate quality problems.
        a. Review quality problems with production operators.
        b. Communicate quality problems promptly to appropriate parties.
        c. Use established processes to document quality problems.
        d. Summarize defect trends and report them to appropriate.
    Plus 2. Suggest or perform corrective actions to correct quality problems.
        a. Make minor quality issues or adjustments immediately.
        b. Document quality issues or adjustments properly.
        c. Make sure that recommendations for action are clear and concise, and supported by data.
        d. Make recommendations in a timely way to appropriate parties.
        e. Indicate that follow-up activities indicate that corrective action was taken.
        f. Document product quality following corrective action.
    Plus 3. Determine appropriate action for sub-standard product.
        a. Execute quality control procedures to catch sub-standard products promptly within the defined quality systems.
        b. Document decisions regarding sub-standard products for future retrieval.
        c. Process sub-standard products appropriately.
        d. Distribute documentation required for customers to appropriate parties.
    Plus 4. Record process outcomes and trends to identify trends and recognize needs.
        a. Maintain records on quality process to appropriate standards.
        b. Chart outcomes of quality processes according to appropriate methods and standards.
        c. Check data on quality processes for accuracy.
        d. Analyze quality process performance data to identify trends.
        e. Report quality process performance data to appropriate parties in a timely way.
    Plus 5. Identify and report performance and training issues to assess their affect on quality.
        a. Identify performance and training issues related to quality in a timely manner.
        b. Take corrective action for quality issues impaction the health or safety of workers.
    Plus 6. Implement closed-loop corrective action to provide for ongoing production feedback.
        a. Document evidence of corrective action in a timely manner.
        b. Report change resulting from the corrective action to appropriate parties in the correct format.
        c. Use spot checks to verify implementation of the corrective action.
        d. Store reports properly for the required amount of time.
        e. Perform ongoing audits to optimize the outcomes of the corrective actions.
        f. Examine previous documentation on similar process issues to identify possible solutions.
Plus II. MAINTENANCE
  Plus A. Maintain equipment, tools and workstations.
    Plus 1. Contact proper people & assure supplies are available to perform preventive maintenance & routine repair.
        a. Verify that preventive maintenance schedule is in place and checked as appropriate.
        b. Verify that preventive maintenance is performed to schedule and documented completely in a timely manner.
        c. Use the right procedures and forms to communicate repair needs to the correct parties.
        d. Verify that necessary repair work is checked through follow-up.
        e. Have necessary supplies available to perform preventive maintenance.
        f. Predict the results of failing to effectively communicate the preventive maintenance schedule, documentation, equipment needs, and outstanding repairs from shift-to-shift, to team members, to managers, and to others as required.
        g. Follow all safety regulations when doing repairs.
    Plus 2. Monitor equipment indicators to ensure it is operating correctly.
        a. Compare equipment performance to optimal equipment operations on a regular schedule.
        b. Investigate and correct abnormal equipment conditions in a timely manner.
        c. Monitored equipment to ensure that the corrective action solved the problem.
        d. Keep documentation of equipment repair history complete, up-to-date, and accurate.
    Plus 3. Provide documented training to assure maintenance activities meet company regulations.
        a. Conduct training in an effective and appropriate manner.
        b. Make documented preventive maintenance training materials readily available.
        c. Keep training records updated and readily available.
        d. Examine the relevancy of training for use of equipment, tools materials, and processes continuously.
        e. Provide cross-training when appropriate.
        f. Verify that training and training documentation meet all company and regulatory requirements.
    Plus 4. Perform daily housekeeping to maintain production schedules and provide a safe working environment.
        a. Store tools and materials safely in proper locations.
        b. Identify and report unsafe conditions promptly.
        c. Take corrective action to correct unsafe conditions.
        d. Keep workstations clean and clear of safety hazards.
        e. Verify that scheduled housekeeping inspections are passed.
        f. Organize workstations to maximize efficiency.
        g. Verify that safety equipment is present an in proper working order.
Plus III. SAFETY
  Plus A. Maintain a safe and productive workplace.
    Plus 1. Follow local, federal and company regulations to perform environmental and safety inspections.
        a. Identify, report and monitor potential hazards in the workplace.
        b. Take corrective action to correct potential hazards.
        c. Review health, safety, and environmental documentation and policies thoroughly and regularly.
        d. Ensure that inspections meet all relevant, health, safety, and environmental laws and regulations.
        e. Completed inspections according to company schedule and procedures.
        f. Document inspection records and store them correctly.
    Plus 2. Participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills.
        a. Confirm that first aid training and certification on emergency and first aid procedures are complete and up-to-date.
        b. Comply with company and regulatory policies and procedures to respond to emergencies.
        c. Document emergency drills and incidents according to company and regulatory procedures promptly.
    Plus 3. Identify unsafe conditions and take corrective action.
        a. Identify, report, and document conditions presenting a threat to health, safety, and the environment.
        b. Identify corrective actions.
        c. Consult appropriate parties about corrective actions & take corrective actions following company procedures promptly.
        d. Track and report ongoing safety concerns until corrective action is taken.
    Plus 4. Provide safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures.
        a. Verify that all topics and procedures are covered in orientation to facilitate employee safety.
        b. Observe orientation to ensure that it makes clear the need and processes for employees to raise safety concerns, ask questions, and receive additional training.
        c. Use company requirements to document orientation.
        d. Verify that orientation meets all relevant laws, policies, and regulations.
        e. Deliver safety instruction and updates on a regular schedule.
Plus IV. QUALITY IMPROVEMENT
  Plus A. Employ audits and inspections to maintain quality and continuous improvement processes.
    Plus 1. Use company audit procedures to perform periodic internal quality audits.
        a. Perform audits in accordance with company and other required schedules and procedures.
        b. Complete all audit forms correctly in a timely manner and forward to the correct parties.
        c. Verify that audit data that is relevant and correct.
        d. Verify that conformance to quality standards are properly assessed and documented.
        e. Include observation of operations to ensure performances meet specifications when appropriate.
    Plus 2. Check calibration of gauges and other data collection equipment.
        a. Implement calibration schedule according to specifications.
        b. Make thorough careful observations and review documentation to check instrument certification.
        c. Recalibrate out-of-caliber instruments immediately or refer them to the appropriate parties for recalibration or repairs.
    Plus 3. Suggest improvements to accomplish continuous improvement.
        a. Use observation and data analysis to generate potential improvements.
        b. Communicate suggestions that are measurable and have data-driven benefits to the company, its customers, and employees.
        c. Use proper procedures and documentation to make suggestions.
        d. Assure that all data is reviewed prior to making suggestions.
    Plus 4. Inspect materials at all states of process to determine quality or condition.
        a. Sample and inspect in accordance with the schedule and procedures.
        b. Select correct inspection tools and procedures and use them correctly.
        c. Inspect materials against correct specifications.
        d. Identify materials not meeting specifications correctly.
        e. Take corrective action on out-of-specification material.
        f. Document inspection results properly and report them to the correct parties in a timely manner.
    Plus 5. Use reliable data to document the results of quality testing.
        a. Check data forms for completeness and accuracy .
        b. Evaluate and interpret information correctly.
        c. Forward data to correct parties.
        d. Select and use the correct analytical tools properly.
    Plus 6. Make adjustments to restore or maintain quality.
        a. Identify appropriate correction actions and make sure that approvals are received when needed.
        b. Make adjustments to eliminate deviations and bring the process back into control.
        c. Make adjustments and document them in a timely manner.
Plus V. COMMUNICATIONS
  Plus A. Communicate with co-workers and/or external customers to ensure production meets business requirements.
    Plus 1. Use speaking and presentation skills to effectively communicate safety, training, and job-specific needs.
        a. Ensure that safety issues are understood and safety practices are being used.
        b. Explain the significance of on-the-job issues and concerns being discussed and quickly resolved.
        c. Identify current and future training issues in a timely way.
        d. Verify that communication shows knowledge of both customer and business needs.
        e. Be clear and relevant with communications related to safety, training, and job-specific needs.
        f. Communicate in a timely and accurate manner to the correct parties.
        g. Evaluate, track, and report back safety, training, and job-specific issues to original communicator.
        h. Track and document communications related to safety, training, and job-specific needs.
    Plus 2. Be timely and accurate in communicating material specifications and delivery schedules.
        a. Make sure that communication reflects knowledge of material specifications.
        b. Communicate delivery schedules clearly.
        c. Make sure that communication shows knowledge of both customer and business needs.
        d. Make sure that communication is clear and relevant to material and delivery issues.
        e. Communicate in a timely and accurate manner to the correct parties.
        f. Evaluate, track, and report back material and delivery issues to original communicator.
        g. Track and document material specifications and delivery schedules.
    Plus 3. Communicate production requirements and product specifications.
        a. Make sure that communication reflects knowledge of production requirements, levels, and product specifications.
        b. Initiate communication to meet production requirements, product specifications, or other customer or business needs cross-functionally as required.
        c. Notify all parties of production issues an problems in a timely way.
        d. Make sure that communication shows knowledge of both customer and business needs.
        e. Make sure that communication to production and products is clear and relevant.
        f. Evaluate, track, and report production and product issues back to original communicator.
        g. Track and document communications related to production requirements and product specifications as appropriate.
Plus VI. WORK TEAMS
  Plus A. Coordinate work teams to produce product.
    Plus 1. Provide training to other employees.
        a. Provide cross training as appropriate.
        b. Assess training needs an a regular basis.
        c. Identify new requirements and training issues.
        d. Use varied approaches to achieve training goals.
        e. Document training outcomes.
    Plus 2. Set team goals to enhance performance.
        a. Make goals specific, measurable, and achievable.
        b. Align team goals to customer and business needs.
        c. Focus team goals to meet team objectives.
        d. Document team goals and share information with all parties.
    Plus 3. Make job assignment to avail the use of the best personnel in key assignments.
        a. Make job assignment to match the skills needed for the work to db dome and to maximize the use of available skills.
        b. Make job assignments to ensure that business and customer needs are met.
        c. Confirm that workers are notified of assignments effectively.
    Plus 4. Coordinate workflow with team members and other work groups.
        a. Make sure that production schedules are met effectively.
        b. Notify team members of schedule requirements in a timely way.
        c. Make sure that production workflow runs efficiently.
        d. Take necessary action to minimize downtime.
        e. Explain the significance of relationships with others in facilitating workflow.
        f. Verify that workers actively participate in meetings and problem-solving groups.
Plus VII. EQUIPMENT SAFETY
  Plus A. Ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace.
    Plus 1. Train others to use equipment safely.
        a. Give new operators a complete orientation of equipment.
        b. Make sure that all important information regarding equipment safety is communicated clearly and effectively.
        c. Make sure that maintenance workers obtain certification to train other in technical skills & knowledge where applicable.
        d. Make suggestions regarding training materials and content to appropriate parties.
        e. Use evaluations and feedback to improve training materials and methods.
        f. Make sure trainees have the correct tools to do the job during training.
        g. Conduct post-training evaluation to assure that workers can operate equipment safely.
        h. Use training and facilitation techniques appropriate for the audience.
        i. Document the quality and effectiveness of training appropriately.
    Plus 2. Suggest processes and procedures to support safety and effectiveness in the work environment.
        a. Consult health and safety representatives to develop suggestions.
        b. Solicit operator feedback for use in creating a safer, more effective work environment.
        c. Make sure suggestions for training improvement are documented and sent to the appropriate parties.
        d. Make sure that content of suggestions addresses safety, quality, and productivity issues.
    Plus 3. Fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation, and repair.
        a. Make regular safety communications to all employees.
        b. Review job safety analyses regularly according to company policy.
        c. Follow hazardous materials procedures and policies such as Material Safety Data Sheet and "right to know" accurately.
        d. Perform environmental testing of workplace on a regular basis as required by company policy or regulation.
        e. Audit equipment to ensure there are no by -passes of safety guards.
        f. Verify that regulatory & company safety procedures are followed including lock-out & tag-out, confined space, & ergonomics.
        g. Follow good housekeeping procedures.
        h. Verify that safety and personal protective equipment is available, performs correctly, and has current certification.
    Plus 4. Monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.
        a. Perform monitoring responsibilities regularly.
        b. Report out-of-compliance or unsafe conditions immediately.
        c. Take corrective action on out-of-compliance or unsafe conditions.
        d. Check equipment to ensure it is operating according to specifications.
        e. Check tools for compliance with specifications.
        f. Forward accident and injury data to appropriate personnel for inclusion in OSHA records.
        g. Gather information on equipment from operators to reveal existing or potential problems.
        h. Adjust equipment and processes as required.
        i. Document all monitoring data accurately.
Plus VIII. CUSTOMER NEEDS
  Plus A. Produce a product to satisfy customer desires.
    Plus 1. Conduct in-depth investigation to identify customer needs.
        a. Meet those needs that differ between internal and external customers as well as those that both share.
        b. Maintain contact with customer about the product aspects & its specifications to ensure thorough understanding of needs.
        c. Review, maintain, and communicate customer needs and specifications.
        d. Address issues preventing customer needs from being met proactively.
    Plus 2. Verify that needed resources are available for the production process.
        a. Use work orders when handling raw materials, while setting up tools and equipment, and when scheduling workers to maximize productivity.
        b. Report any discrepancies related to raw materials, tools/equipment, and workers abilities/availability properly.
        c. Identify consequences of not reporting discrepancies in production.
    Plus 3. Set up equipment for the production process.
        a. Make proper repairs and adjustments to equipment prior to putting into service.
        b. Verify that set-up meets process specifications of both internal and external customers.
        c. Verify that the first piece or production meets both product specifications and production capacities.
        d. Document set-up procedures to ensure repeatability.
        e. Identify possible consequences resulting from failure to meet ergonomic and other relevant health, safety, and environmental standards.
    Plus 4. Use process control data to monitor fabrication of the product.
        a. Use process control data to indicate that the manufacturing process complies with standards.
        b. Make the manufacturing process cycle time meet customer and business needs.
        c. Identify possible consequences resulting from failure to perform operations safely.
        d. Verify that the product meets customer specifications.
        e. Complete, maintain, and forward product and process documentation to proper parties.
        f. Verify that production operations comply with all health, safety, and environmental policies and procedures.
    Plus 5. Inspect the product to verify that it meets specifications.
        a. Verify the calibration of the testing equipment.
        b. Follow the established sampling plan and inspection policies/procedures.
        c. Identify product and production process that do not meet specifications promptly.
        d. Complete inspection documents accurately and forward them to proper parties.
        e. Follow appropriate testing/production tools and procedures.
        f. Identify and communicate adjustments needed to bring the production process back into specification.
        g. Make necessary adjustment in the manufacturing process in a timely manner.
    Plus 6. Document product and process to assure formal compliance with customer requirements.
        a. Write compliance documents legibly in the appropriate format and store them in a safe, secure place.
        b. Complete compliance documentation, obtain "sign off," and forward to the proper parties.
        c. Label products for compliance and non-compliance appropriately.
    Plus 7. Check for specified quantities & proper documentation to prepare a final product for shipping or distribution.
        a. Package materials to meet packaging and shipping specifications (including proper labeling).
        b. Complete package documentation and customer shipping instructions to accompany the product to the next destination.
        c. Communicate product availability to the proper parties in a timely manner.
        d. Check relevant information such as quantity, destination and packaging instructions against the work order.
        e. Verify that product is correctly stored or staged for shipping.
        f. Explain the significance of following all laws and regulations related to labeling, packaging, and transport.
        g. Verify that material handling procedures are followed to prevent product damage.

Plus Foundation Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS
  A. Demonstrate achievement of cluster specific academic knowledge and skills required to pursue the full-range of career and post-secondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
  Plus B. High school graduation requirements and state standards must be met in addition to these academic knowledge and skills
    1. Complete high school requirements and background for a career in manufacturing.
Plus II. COMMUNICATIONS
  Plus A. Comprehend the use of reading strategies to learn meaning, technical concepts, vocabulary, and to bring together information needed for a particular situation.
    Plus 1. Select and use the reading strategy or strategies (e.g., skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning and critical analysis) needed to fully comprehend a written document.
        a. Summarize overall purpose of text.
        b. Identify key technical concepts and vocabulary.
        c. Identify complexities and discrepancies.
        d. Determine relevance, accuracy and appropriateness for a given purpose.
    Plus 2. Interpret, transcribe, and communicate information, data, and observations from a written document for use in an actual situation.
        a. Explain meaning of new terms, vocabulary and concepts.
        b. Interpret technical materials.
        c. Summarize overall meaning of text.
        d. Write specific steps for applying information learned to task or new situation.
        e. Share information from text with others and show how it can be applied to a particular task or new situation.
  Plus B. Locate, organize, and document written information from various sources needed by co-workers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Locate written information needed by co-workers and clients/participants.
        a. Conduct search of information on topic using card catalog, keywords, and/or search engines.
        b. Locate variety of resources such as book, journals, and electronic forms including the Internet.
        c. Organize resources to share key information.
    Plus 2. Organize information for use in written and oral communications.
        a. Read and take notes from selected resources.
        b. Prepare outline that emphasizes major points with supporting data.
        c. Present information in organized, easy-to-follow manner.
    Plus 3. Document the source and proper reference for written information.
        a. Prepare a bibliography using the style prevalent in a given manufacturing situation.
        b. Use parenthetical, footnotes and endnotes text citations accurately.
        c. Follow plagiarism and copyright rules and regulations.
  Plus C. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
    Plus 1. Write documents with more than one paragraph to be clear, succinct, and accurate.
        a. Organize and arrange information for effective coherence.
        b. Report relevant information in order of occurrence
        c. Interpret information, data, and observations correctly.
        d. Present main ideas and supporting facts.
    Plus 2. Use knowledge of audience and their need t prepare written documents.
        a. Use technical terms and concepts.
        b. Incorporate and use references effectively and accurately.
        c. Report objective and/or subjective information.
    Plus 3. Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation and capitalization to prepare written documents.
        a. Use correct grammar and sentence structure.
        b. Use correct spelling.
        c. Use correct punctuation and capitalization.
    Plus 4. Use computer skills to design and develop written and supporting material.
        a. Use word processing software to develop text, charts, graphs or figures correctly.
        b. Use presentation software to prepare visual support materials.
        c. Format written documents with correct font and layout for easy reading.
  Plus D. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.
    Plus 1. Prepare oral presentation to provide information for intended purpose and audience.
        a. Know subject matter well enough to be independent or written aids.
        b. Identify characteristics of the audience and adjust to their ability to understand.
        c. Use technical terms and concepts correctly.
        d. Use proper organization and structure to achieve coherence of major points.
    Plus 2. Identify and prepare support materials to accompany oral presentation.
        a. Identify media and visual aids appropriate to understanding of topic.
        b. Prepare visual aids and support materials for easy viewing and without error.
        c. Operate any equipment used with support materials smoothly and efficiently.
        d. Adhere to basic visual communication principles.
        e. Rehearse presentation as needed.
    Plus 3. Deliver presentation to sustain listener's attention and interest.
        a. Deliver presentation without grammatical error.
        b. Speak clearly with appropriate volume, rate and gestures while making and maintaining appropriate eye contact.
        c. Use support materials in the presentation that enhance the understanding of the topic and the interest level of the audience.
        d. Stay within presentation time parameters.
        e. Evaluate listeners' interest and receptiveness.
        f. Use verbal and nonverbal feedback strategies to engage discussion and adjust message and delivery.
        g. Respond to questions and comments on presentation.
  Plus E. Interpret verbal and nonverbal behaviors to enhance communication with co-workers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Interpret verbal behavior to enhance communication.
        a. Identify verbal cues (e.g., voice speed, voice quality and tome).
        b. Explain how the verbal cues conveyed the message.
    Plus 2. Interpret nonverbal behaviors to enhance communication.
        a. Identify nonverbal cues (e.g., voice speed, facial expressions, posture, gestures and other body language).
        b. Explain the message(s) conveyed by nonverbal cues.
  Plus F. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    Plus 1. Interpret message/information given to clarify information.
        a. Determine familiarity of discussion.
        b. Respond accordingly using appropriate verbal and non-verbal language.
        c. Explain the message given in your own words.
    Plus 2. Respond with restatement and clarification techniques to clarify information.
        a. Ask questions to seek or confirm understanding.
        b. Paraphrase and/or repeat information.
        c. Record and summarize information in written notes.
        d. Follow directions and/or respond in a positive way with clear, concise comments.
  Plus G. Interpret and use information in tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    Plus 1. Interpret information found in tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
        a. Compile facts ad arrange in an organized manner for a table, chart or figure.
        b. Document sources of data.
        c. Determine most appropriate way to display data for effective coherence.
        d. Prepare table, chart, graph of figure for inclusion in publication or presentation.
    Plus 2. Use tables, charts and figures to support written and oral communication.
        a. Evaluate reference or source of data for authenticity and reliability.
        b. Explain information presented in tables, charts and figures.
        c. Prepare written summary of findings expressed in tables, charts and figures.
Plus III. PROBLEM AND CRITICAL THINKING
  Plus A. formulate solutions to problems using critical thinking skills while working independently and/or in teams.
    Plus 1. Describe the value of using problem-solving and critical thinking skills to improve a situation or process.
        a. Define problem-solving methods accepted in the manufacturing industry.
        b. Explain how using a defined problem solving system can improve a situation or process and benefit all parties involved.
    Plus 2. Prepare ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems using concrete terms.
        a. Clarify the problems or issued to be addressed and the objectives.
        b. Identify constraints and parameters.
        c. Obtain and analyze available information.
        d. Generate alternative ideas, proposals, and solutions that appear useful in solving the problem.
        e. Evaluate alternative solutions by using information & data form a variety of sources & separating irrelevant from the relevant.
        f. Identify the best solution based on risks related to costs, schedules, and quality.
        g. Use the logic and rationale for the solution to present the solution.
    Plus 3. Analyze and evaluate ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
        a. Confirm definition of problem and objectives.
        b. Confirm constraints and parameters.
        c. Evaluate the underlying assumptions.
        d. Evaluate the quality of information used, the analysis of data used to support the solution.
        e. Evaluate the logic and reasoning used to develop the solution.
        f. Evaluate the risks, costs, and benefits of testing and implementing the solution.
    Plus 4. Develop solution to performance problems using a structured problem-solving process.
        a. Describe the problem completely and accurately using data and graphs and charts.
        b. Develop and present a comprehensive mapping of potential root and indirect causes (e.g., fishbone diagrams).
        c. Identify and evaluate alternative solutions.
        d. Test and evaluate best solutions.
        e. Develop plans to fully implement solutions to address performance problem.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
  Plus A. Use Personal Information Management (PIM)/Productivity applications.
    Plus 1. Manage personal schedule and contact information.
        a. Create prioritized-tasks (to-do) list.
        b. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        c. Manage personal and professional contact information.
    Plus 2. Create memos and notes.
        a. Create reminder for oneself.
        b. Create and send notes, informal memos, and reminder using PIM applications.
  Plus B. Use electronic mail applications.
    Plus 1. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
        a. Access email system using login and password functions.
        b. Access email messages received.
        c. Create email messages in accordance with established business standard (e.g., grammar, word usage, spelling, sentence structures, clarity, email etiquette).
        d. Send email messages.
    Plus 2. Use email to share files and documents.
        a. Access email attachments.
        b. Attach documents to messages.
        c. Save email messages/attachments.
        d. Demonstrate knowledge of contamination protection strategies for email.
  Plus C. Use Internet Applications.
    Plus 1. Search for information and resources.
        a. Select search engine(s) to use.
        b. Select appropriate search procedures and approaches.
        c. Locate information using search engine's) and Boolean logic.
        d. Navigate web sites using software functions.
    Plus 2. Access and evaluate Internet resources.
        a. Access business and technical information using the Internet.
        b. Access commercial, government, and education resources.
        c. Evaluate Internet resources (e.g., accuracy of information).
  Plus D. Use writing/publishing applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
        a. Retrieve existing documents.
        b. Create documents (e.g., letters, memos, reports) using existing forms and templates.
        c. Safeguard documents using name and save functions.
        d. Format text using basic formatting functions.
        e. Employ word processing utility tools ( e.g., spell checker, grammar checker, thesaurus).
    Plus 2. Prepare reports and other business communications, integrating graphics and other non-text elements.
        a. Use advanced formatting features (e.g., headers/footers/dropped caps, indexing).
        b. Place graphics and tables in document.
        c. Enhance publications using different fonts, styles, attributes, justification, etc.
        d. Enhance publications using paint/draw functions.
    Plus 3. Prepare complex publications.
        a. Create new word processing forms, style sheets, and templates.
        b. Prepare publications using desktop publishing software.
        c. Format new desktop publishing files.
        d. Output desktop publishing files.
  Plus E. Use presentation applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare presentations for training, sales, and information sharing.
        a. Create computer presentations and handouts in accordance with basic principles of graphics design and visual communication.
        b. Insert graphic elements (e.g., graph, clip art, table) in a slide.
        c. Edit presentations.
    Plus 2. Deliver presentations with supporting materials.
        a. Identify hardware items that support presentation software (e.g., scanners, digital cameras, printers, and protection systems).
        b. Print a single slide, an entire presentation, an outline, and notes.
        c. Run slide shows manually and automatically.
  Plus F. Use spreadsheet applications.
    Plus 1. Create a spreadsheet.
        a. Create a spreadsheet.
        b. Retrieve existing spreadsheets.
        c. Edit spreadsheets.
        d. Save spreadsheets.
        e. Print spread sheets.
    Plus 2. Perform calculations and analysis on data.
        a. Group worksheets.
        b. Create charts and graphs from spreadsheets.
        c. Perform calculations using simple formulas.
        d. Input/process data using spreadsheet functions.
  Plus G. Use database applications.
    Plus 1. Manipulate data elements.
        a. Enter data using a form.
        b. Locate/replace data using search and replace functions.
        c. Process data using database functions (e.g., structure, format, attributes, relationships, keys).
    Plus 2. Manage, analyze, and report on interrelated data elements.
        a. Search a database table to locate records.
        b. Sort data using single-and multiple-field sorts.
        c. Perform single-and multiple-table queries (e.g., create, run, save).
        d. Point forms, reports, and results of queries.
        e. Verify accuracy of output.
  Plus H. Use collaborative/groupware applications.
    Plus 1. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
        a. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        b. Maintain shared database of contact information.
  Plus I. Use computer operations applications.
    Plus 1. Manage computer operations.
        a. Apply basic commands of operating system software.
        b. Employ desktop operating skills.
    Plus 2. Manage file storage.
        a. Apply appropriate file and disk management techniques.
        b. Differentiate between files and directories.
        c. Determine file organization.
        d. Demonstrate knowledge of the system utilities used for file management.
    Plus 3. Compress or alter files.
        a. Convert file formats.
        b. Unpack files using compression software.
        c. Convert existing files.
  Plus J. Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors used to control electromechanical devise).
    Plus 1. Operate computer driven equipment and machines.
        a. Secure needed supplies and resources.
        b. Follow power-up and log-on procedures.
        c. Interact with/respond to system messages using console device.
        d. Run applications/jobs in accordance with processing procedures.
        e. Follow log-off and power-down procedure(s).
    Plus 2. Use installation and operation manuals.
        a. Access needed information using appropriate reference materials.
    Plus 3. Troubleshoot computer driven equipment and machines and access support as needed.
        a. Test system using diagnostic tools/software.
        b. Repair/replace malfunctioning plug and play hardware.
        c. Reinstall software as needed.
        d. Recover data and/or files.
        e. Restore system to normal operating standards.
Plus V. SYSTEMS
  Plus A. Demonstrate knowledge of how manufacturing businesses operate.
    Plus 1. Explain the role and major functions of manufacturing businesses.
        a. Explain the importance of manufacturing to society.
        b. Identify the mission, major internal functions and structure of manufacturing businesses.
        c. Identify the customers, suppliers, and stakeholders of manufacturing businesses, their roles, and how they relate.
        d. Explain the major competitive challenges faced by the manufacturing businesses.
        e. Identify and describe types of manufacturing systems.
        f. Analyze current trends in manufacturing systems.
    Plus 2. Explain how manufacturing businesses manage performance.
        a. Explain how financial performance is measured.
        b. Explain how market performance is gauged.
        c. Explain how service and internal operations performance is determined.
        d. Explain how compliance and performance related to health, safety and environment are evaluated.
    Plus 3. Explain how changes outside the manufacturing business impact the manufacturing business.
        a. Explain the impact of economic changes.
        b. Explain the impact of social changes.
        c. Explain the impact of technology changes.
    Plus 4. Explain the role of risk management in reducing risks and improving performance in manufacturing businesses.
        a. Explain the objectives of risk management programs.
        b. Explain the major types of loss exposure for manufacturing businesses.
        c. Explain the approaches for managing organizational risks.
    Plus 5. Explain the roles and functions of government in regulating and supporting manufacturing businesses.
        a. Explain the roles in regulating domestic operations.
        b. Explain the roles in regulating international operations.
        c. Explain the roles in managing the infrastructures of manufacturing businesses.
        d. Explain the roles in health, safety, and environmental management.
  Plus B. Demonstrate knowledge of how manufacturing businesses improve performance.
    Plus 1. Explain how manufacturing businesses manage customer relationships.
        a. Identify needs and requirements of internal and external customers.
        b. Describe customer satisfaction and fulfillment of customer requirements.
        c. Explain how manufacturing businesses respond to customer problems and complaints.
    Plus 2. Explain how planning and budgeting are used to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
        a. Explain how work plans and budgets are used to allocate people and resources.
        b. Identify reports used to track performance and resource and explain how they are used.
        c. Explain how plans and budgets are revised to meet goals and objectives.
    Plus 3. Explain how planning is used to improve overall performance.
        a. Identify and describe the most critical performance problems that manufacturing businesses typically face.
        b. Describe how improvements are identified.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
  Plus A. Demonstrate knowledge of safety, health, and environmental management systems.
    Plus 1. Describe the major regulatory areas.
        a. Identify specific health and safety laws and regulations that impact manufacturing and the major areas they address.
        b. Identify specific environmental management laws and regulations and the major areas they address.
        c. Explain how the manufacturing industry and its organizations typically perceive the major components.
    Plus 2. Explain how government agencies ensure compliance and promote improved performance.
        a. Provide examples of the major measures and types of data used by government to measure and monitor performance.
        b. Provide examples of how manufacturing organizations ensure their compliance.
        c. Provide examples of consequences that manufacturing organizations suffer when they fail to comply.
    Plus 3. Demonstrate commitment to policies and procedures.
        a. Promote and maintain knowledge of organizational safety, health, and environmental management policies and procedures.
        b. Follow organizational policies and procedures.
        c. Educate and orient other workers.
        d. Maintain a safe work area.
        e. Identify, describe, and report workplace hazards.
        f. Perform and participate in regular audits and inspections.
        g. Provide and maintain documentation needed for compliance.
        h. Conduct and participate in accident/incident investigations.
    Plus 4. Develop plans to improve safety performance.
        a. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.
Plus VII. 7 LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Demonstrate leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
    Plus 1. Provide group leadership.
        a. Work with others to develop and gain commitment to team goals.
        b. Motivate team members to achieve goals.
        c. Promote the full involvement and utilization of team members .
        d. Distribute responsibility and work load fairly.
    Plus 2. Collaborate with others.
        a. Demonstrate commitment to and a positive attitude toward team goals.
        b. Take responsibility for shared group and individual work tasks.
        c. Complete personal share of the work.
        d. Assist team members in completing their work.
        e. Adapt effectively to changes in projects, deadline, schedules, and changes in process.
        f. Negotiate effectively to arrive at decisions.
        g. Treat people with respect.
        h. Provide feedback (e.g., praise, critique and constructive criticism).
        i. Demonstrate sensitivity to and value for diversity.
        j. Resolve conflicts.
        k. Manage stress and control emotions.
    Plus 3. Conduct and participate in meetings.
        a. Develop meeting objectives and agenda.
        b. Prepare materials for leading discussion.
        c. Assemble and distribute meeting materials.
        d. Attend scheduled meetings on time.
        e. Conduct meeting to achieve objectives within scheduled time frame.
        f. Demonstrate effective communication skills.
        g. Produce and distribute meeting minutes including decisions and next steps.
        h. Provide and maintain documentation needed for compliance.
        i. Conduct and participate in accident/incident investigations.
    Plus 4. Develop plans to improve performance.
        a. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY
  Plus A. Demonstrate knowledge of and commitment to professional ethics and legal responsibilities.
    Plus 1. Distinguish between ethical and legal responsibilities.
        a. Compare the similarities/differences between ethical and legal responsibilities for different roles and functions.
        b. Explain employer expectations for ethical and legal behaviors in work situations and how expectations are expresses in organizational policies and culture.
        c. Compare similarities/differences in employee practices involving personal and professional ethics.
        d. Identify both short and long term effects of an individual employee's lack of ethics or failure to comply with legal requirements.
        e. Provide examples of ethical decisions.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate awareness of legal responsibilities for different roles and functions within organizations.
        a. Explain legal responsibilities of employees to comply with governmental laws and regulations.
        b. Identify personal and organizational ramifications for failure to comply with governmental laws and regulation.
        c. Explain the major government laws and regulations that define legal responsibilities within the manufacturing industry.
    Plus 3. Apply ethical reasoning to different workplace situations.
        a. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on legal responsibilities and employer policies.
        b. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on personal or professional ethics.
        c. Determine and explain most appropriate response based on legal and ethical obligations.
    Plus 4. Identify strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions of individuals and obligations.
        a. Identify and explain alternative strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions.
        b. Identify and explain best strategy.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT
  Plus A. Explain written organizational policies, rules and procedures to help employees perform their jobs.
    Plus 1. Locate appropriate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
        a. Identify the contents or various organizational publications.
        b. Determine the appropriate document's) for specific job responsibilities and work assignments.
    Plus 2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and rules influence a specific work situation.
        a. Locate and identify specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to assist with a given situation.
        b. Articulate how a specific organizational policy, rule or procedure will improve a given situation.
  Plus B. Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, and integrity in a work situation.
        a. Demonstrate regular attendance.
        b. Follow company dress and appearance standards.
        c. Exhibit pride in work.
        d. Demonstrate leadership and teamwork.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate flexibility and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills.
        a. Exhibit ability to handle stress.
        b. Display initiative and open-mindedness.
        c. Participate in company orientation and training programs with enthusiasm.
        d. Identify progressive strategies that will impact efficiency of job.
    Plus 3. Exhibit commitment to the organization.
        a. Follow established rules, regulations and policies.
        b. Explain employer/management responsibilities.
        c. Demonstrate cost effectiveness.
        d. Demonstrate time management.
        e. Complete all tasks thoroughly.
  Plus C. Develop a personal career plan to meet career goals and objectives.
    Plus 1. Develop career goal and objectives to plan future career direction.
        a. Identify career that matches individual interests and aptitudes.
        b. Develop career goal with time frame.
        c. Identify goals and objectives for reaching and advancing in career.
    Plus 2. Develop strategies to reach career objectives.
        a. Write a list of strategies for achieving educational requirements.
        b. Identify strategies for obtaining employment experiences.
        c. Write a time line for achieving career goals and objectives.
        d. List alternatives and potential changes.
  Plus D. Demonstrate ability to seek and apply for employment.
    Plus 1. Use multiple resources to locate fob opportunities.
        a. Identify resources for finding employment.
        b. Analyze resources to determine those that are most appropriate for desired career.
        c. Compare hob requirements with personal qualifications interests, and aptitudes.
        d. Select job that matches personal qualifications, interests, and aptitudes.
    Plus 2. Prepare a resume and letter of application to apply.
        a. Identify respective employer's submission requirements.
        b. Gather information and prepare rough draft of resume.
        c. Put resume in proper format.
        d. Write letter of application for specific job opening in correct format without error.
    Plus 3. Complete an employment application to obtain employment.
        a. Gather information for application.
        b. Complete all questions on application with appropriate and honest answers.
        c. Sign and date application.
        d. Attach any supporting material required or requested.
        e. Submit full application package to employers.
    Plus 4. Interview to obtain employment.
        a. Dress appropriately for interview.
        b. Exhibit professional conduct before, during and after interview.
        c. ;Explain your qualifications and interests clearly and concisely.
        d. Answer all questions honestly and concisely.
        e. Write follow-up letter after the interview.
  Plus E. Demonstrate ability to evaluate and compare employment opportunities and accept employment.
    Plus 1. Evaluate and compare employment opportunity to individual needs and career plan.
        a. Identify job advantages and disadvantages.
        b. Compare job benefits to individual needs.
        c. Compare job opportunities and responsibilities to career plan.
    Plus 2. Accept or reject employment.
        a. Make decision to accept or reject employment.
        b. Write acceptance or rejection letter without error.
        c. Complete employment forms upon acceptance.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Demonstrate understanding of the basic technical skills and knowledge required for careers in manufacturing.
    Plus 1. Understand the planning and layout processes (e.g., designing, print reading, measuring) used in manufacturing.
        a. Read prints and use the information to play, lay out, and produce parts or products.
    Plus 2. Understand how materials can be processed using tools and machine.
        a. Use tools and the processes of cutting, shaping, combining, forming, etc. of materials to manufacture a part or product.
    Plus 3. Understand various types of assembling processes (e.g., mechanical fastening, mechanical force, joining, fusion bonding, adhesive bonding) used in manufacturing.
        a. Apply appropriate fastening or joining procedure to the design and production of a manufactured part or product.
    Plus 4. Understand finishing processes (e.g., types of finishing materials, surface preparation, methods of application) used in manufacturing.
        a. Select a finishing process for a product appropriate to the job it must perform environment in which it functions, and its aesthetic appeal.
    Plus 5. Understand inspection and quality control in the manufacturing process.
        a. Perform continuous on line inspections to ensure that parts or products meet design specifications.

Plus Career & Employability Standards

Plus I. APPLIED ACADEMIC SKILLS
  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standard business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    Plus 3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
        a. Relate the results of study to a similar situation in a verbal or writen report.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    Plus 1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
        a. Problems include making conversions between the metric system and non-English systems of measurement, mixed units (such as hours and minutes), and can require serveral steps to finding a solution.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
Plus II. CAREER PLANNING
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
Plus III. DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from multiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skills using a variety of media and interpretive data.
Plus IV. PROBLEM SOLVING
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
Plus V. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfactory completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities; demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate ethical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
Plus VI. ORGANIZING SKILLS
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
Plus VII. TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minority viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
Plus VIII. NEGOTIATION SKILLS
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibly challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
Plus IX. UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND USING TECHNOLOGY
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
Plus X. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certificates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labor market information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
Plus XI. TECHNOLOGY SKILLS
  Plus A. BASIC OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS
    1. Discuss emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, compressed video delivery, online file sharing, graphing calculators, global positioning software)
    2. Identify the capabilities and limitations of emerging communication resources.
    3. Understand the importance of both the predictable and unpredictable impacts of technology.
    4. Identify changes in hardware and software systems over time and discuss how these changes might affect the individual personally in his/her role as a lifelong learner.
    5. Understand the purpose, scope, and use of assistive technology.
    6. Understand that access to online learning increases educational and workplace opportunities.
    7. Be provided with the opportunity to learn in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills.
    8. Understand the relationship between electronic resources, infrastructure, and connectivity.
    9. Routinely apply touch-typing techniques with advanced accuracy, speed, and efficiency.
    10. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation and support.
    11. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav)
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files.
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application's spelling and grammar checking functions.
  Plus B. SOCIAL, ETHICAL, AND HUMAN ISSUES
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to use of information and communication technology.
    2. Analyze current trends in information and communication technology and assess the potential of emerging technologies for ethical and unethical uses.
    3. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society.
    4. Discuss the possible consequences and costs of unethical uses of information and computer technology.
    5. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users.
    6. Demonstrate the ethical use of technology as a digital citizen and lifelong learner.
    7. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, and commercial software.
    8. Adhere to fair use and copyright guidelines.
    9. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings.
    10. Adhere to the district acceptable use policy as well as state and federal laws.
    11. Explore career opportunities and identify their related technology skill requirements.
    12. Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes technology to support his/her lifelong learning goals.
  Plus C. TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTIVITY TOOLS
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience.
    2. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
    3. Have access to and utilize assistive technology tools.
    4. Apply advanced software features such as an application's built-in thesaurus, templates, and styles to improve the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.
    5. Identify technology tools (e.g., authoring tools or other hardware and software resources) that could be used to create a group project.
    6. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning.
    7. Develop a document or file for inclusion into a web site or web page.
    8. Use a variety of applications to plan, create, and edit a multimedia product (e.g., model, webcast, presentation, publication, or other creative work)
    9. Have the opportunity to participate in real-life experiences associated with technology-related careers.
  Plus D. TECHNOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS TOOLS
    1. Identify and describe various telecommunications or online technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, listservs, blogs, virtual reality)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, groupware, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project.
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., presentations, newsletters, web sites) to communicate original ideas to multiple audiences.
    4. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models) with presentation, word processing. Publishing, database, graphics design, or spreadsheet applications.
    5. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., groupware, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
  Plus E. TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH TOOLS
    1. Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate internet search engines to locate information.
    2. Formulate and use evaluation criteria (authority, accuracy, relevancy, timeliness) for information located on the internet to present research findings.
    3. Determine if online sources are authoritative, valid, reliable, relevant, and comprehensive.
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference.
    5. Evaluate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation.
    6. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
  Plus F. TECHNOLOGY PROBLEM-SOLVING and DECISION-MAKING TOOLS
    1. Use a variety of technology resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning.
    2. Describe the possible integration of two or more information and communication technology tools or resources to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts.
    3. Formulate a research question or hypothesis, then use appropriate information and communication technology resources to collect relevant information, analyze the findings, and report the results to multiple audiences.