48.0701 - Woodworking General

WoodLINKS

The development of the wood products manufacturing program has been guided by a desire to provide students with real world experience in wood products manufacturing


Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. Introduction to Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Cabinets & Millwork
  Plus A. Comparisons of Cabinet Construction (IC&M 1)
    1. Describe framed cabinets (or face framed cabinets) and applications
    2. Describe frameless cabinets and applications
    3. Describe different materials used in cabinet construction including solid wood, laminate, particle board and plywood
    4. Describe overlay and flush doors
    5. Identify 4 different types of door constructions including, slab, raised panel, recessed panel and routed
    6. Identify different cabinet hardware
    7. Identify decorative hardware on cabinets
  Plus B. How to Cope a Joint (IC&M 2)
    1. Describe the terminology and tools used in coping a joint
    2. Describe the problems related to joints that have not been well aligned and prepared
    3. Describe and demonstrate the process to cut and fit a cope
  Plus C. Hanging Cabinet Doors (IC&M 3)
    1. Describe the terminology and tools used in hanging cabinet doors
    2. Describe the problems related to doors that are misaligned and poorly hung
    3. Describe the types of hinges used in hanging cabinet doors including barrel hinges, knife hinges and concealed hinges including for each type of hardware the (review of material in “comparisons of cabinet construction” module)
    4. Describe how to locate and place the hinges
    5. Describe how to cut the mortises in the door and how to mark and cut the case
    6. Describe how the get the spacing correct when hanging double cabinet doors
    7. Describe the process to correct a misaligned door
  Plus D. Class Project – Cabinet & Millwork (IC&M 4)
    1. Develop a cabinet & millwork related project as a class manufacturing project: Possible projects could include a night stand, bathroom vanity or custom project for the school or other “client”
Plus II. Introduction to Wood Products Manufacturing Entrepreneurship
  Plus A. Entrepreneurship and Global Markets (IE 1)
    1. Explain the free enterprise system in relation to the wood products industry
    2. Describe the characteristics of an entrepreneur
    3. Describe different company structures
    4. Describe product lines within the advanced wood manufacturing sector
  Plus B. Business Planning (IE 2)
    1. Define product life cycles
    2. Create a business plan for a product
    3. Describe product marketing steps and strategies
  Plus C. Class Project (IE 3)
    1. Develop a class project (this project can be integrated with the manufacturing project in the core curriculum): Projects could include smaller items that can be mass produced and sold based on the business plan above
Plus III. Introduction to Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Fine Woodworking
  Plus A. Rewarding Aspects of Fine Woodworking (IFW 1)
    1. 1. Describe the positive effects of matching natural skill and enjoyment to a working environment
    2. Describe the intrinsic rewards that come from taking a creative idea and transferring it into a finished fine wood product
    3. Describe the benefits and satisfaction from working closely with clients to meet their needs
    4. Describe the passion and inherent enthusiasm that many find in pursuing the craft of fine woodworking
  Plus B. Wood Movement & Reading Lumber (IFW 2)
    1. Describe the effects of humidity on wood
    2. Describe the effects of a dry environment on wood
    3. Define the preferred moisture content of wood
    4. Describe how to use a moisture meter to check wood
    5. Describe what can cause wood to expand and contract at different rates
    6. Describe how to read lumber
  Plus C. Translating Ideas into Sketches (IFW 3)
    1. Describe the concept of taking an idea for a piece and creating a basic sketch
    2. Describe the components of a draft sketch
    3. Describe the revision process once the sketch has been analysed
  Plus D. Developing Specifications from a Basic Sketch (IFW 4)
    1. Describe how to develop specifications for a draft sketch
    2. Describe the specification details required for production including
  Plus E. Class Project – Furniture (IFW 5)
    1. Develop a fine woodworking related class manufacturing project
Plus IV. Introduction to Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Furniture
  Plus A. Materials (IF 1)
    1. Describe the various materials used to construct furniture
    2. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of various materials
  Plus B. Fasteners & Hardware (IF 2)
    1. Identify various types of fasteners and hardware
    2. Describe the applications of fasteners and hardware in furniture manufacturing
  Plus C. Select Packaging – Recycling Aspects (IF 3)
    1. Describe the concept of minimal packaging and maximum protection
    2. List recycled material that can be used in packaging
    3. Describe the disposal or recycling of new or recycled packaging materials after it has been used for packaging
    4. Describe ways to differentiate products by using recycled packaging
  Plus D. Finishing Product Safety (IF 4)
    1. Describe health and safety issues relating to the use, storage, handling and transportation of finishing products
    2. Describe the purpose and application of Material Safety Data Sheets MSDS
    3. Interpret MSDS sheets for frequently used finishing products
  Plus E. Dust Collection and Air Return Systems (IF 5)
    1. Describe dust collection systems
    2. Describe air return systems
    3. Identify safety issues related to dust and air circulation
    4. Describe disposal requirements for wood waste
  Plus F. Class Project – Furniture (IF 6)
    1. Develop a furniture related class manufacturing project
Plus V. Introduction to Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Manufactured Housing
  Plus A. Working Around Heavy Equipment (IMH 1)
    Plus 1. Describe the importance of acting responsibly around heavy equipment
        a. No horseplay or practical jokes
        b. Respecting each other and the dangers of the equipment
        c. Reporting any dangerous behaviours to the supervisor
    Plus 2. Describe the behaviours of working safely around machines
        a. Looking, before operation, to check the worksite is safe and operators are aware of others on the site
        b. Looking, during operation, for signals, flashing lights, warning lights and movement of machine
        c. Listening for alarms, horns, backup alarms or beeps, warnings from others
        d. Remembering the operator may not be able to see you or others
        e. Use of correct safety equipment
  Plus B. Installation of Housing Components (IMH 2)
    1. Describe and demonstrate the installation procedures for doors
    2. Describe and demonstrate the installation procedures for windows
    3. Describe and demonstrate the installation procedures for cabinets
    4. Describe and demonstrate the addition of moulding and trim to housing components
  Plus C. Customer Focus (IMH 3)
    1. List the internal and external customers related to or involved in manufactured housing
    2. Describe the different needs of the various customer groups
    Plus 3. Describe the components that contribute to customer satisfaction including:
        a. Quality products
        b. Friendly, helpful and responsive service
        c. Clear, understandable documents
        d. Value for money
        e. Knowledgeable employees
    4. Describe the concept of Customer Charters and Company Mission Statements
  Plus D. Class Project – Manufactured Housing (IMH 4)
    1. Develop a manufactured housing related project as a class manufacturing project: Possible projects could include a shed kit, playhouse kit, dog house kit or a custom project for the school or other “client”
Plus VI. Introduction to Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Panel Products
  Plus A. Investigate and Describe the Wide Range of Panel Board Products (IPP 1)
    Plus 1. Describe the range of panel products including:
        a. Plywood
        b. OSB
        c. Particle board
        d. MDF
        e. Hard board
        f. Straw board
  Plus B. Examine Panel Board Manufacturing Processes (IPP 2)
    Plus 1. Describe the manufacturing processes involved in manufacturing panel board products including:
        a. Process flow chart
        b. Sources of fibre
        c. Quality control
  Plus C. Evaluate Various Materials Used in Panel Board Manufacturing (IPP 3)
    1. Evaluate various types of wood, wood composites, and industry related materials used in panel board manufacturing
  Plus D. Illustrate a Manufacturing Process for a Variety of Panel Board Products (IPP 4)
    Plus 1. Outline the manufacturing steps for a panel product including:
        a. Identify manufacturing steps
        b. Flow chart the manufacturing process
        c. Identify potential manufacturing issues
  Plus E. Class Project – Panel Products (IPP 5)
    1. Develop a panel board based class project
Plus VII. Introduction to Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Remanufactured Wood Products
  Plus A. Understanding the Remanufactured Wood Products Industry (IRW 1)
    1. Describe the range of products produced by the remanufactured wood products industry
    2. Describe the ways in which reman companies add value to raw logs or dimension lumber
  Plus B. Basic Sawmilling/Resawing Techniques (IRW 2)
    1. Describe the different types of sawmills
    2. Basic lumber sawing techniques
  Plus C. Forklift Safety (IRW 3)
    1. Describe basic forklift physics and operation
    2. Identify pinch points for hands and feet
    3. Identify the safety devices on a forklift
    4. List key behaviours for safe forklift operation
    5. Describe the action to take if the forklift tips
    6. Describe the key behaviours to work safely around forklifts
  Plus D. Wood – the Renewable Construction Material (IRW 4)
    1. Advantages of wood as a construction material as compared to other substitutes such as concrete and steel
  Plus E. Class Project – Remanufactured Wood Products (IRW 5)
    1. Develop a remanufactured wood product class project Potential products can be developed by gathering needs from school “clients” or ones from outside the school Eg. fencing, pallets, window/door stock, survey pegs, siding, containers
Plus VIII. Introduction to Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Windows and Doors
  Plus A. Component Parts for Door and Window Types (IWD 1)
    1. List and describe different types of windows and doors
    2. List the key components of doors and describe their function
    3. List the key components of windows and describe their function
    4. List hardware components for doors and windows and their applications
  Plus B. Construction of Doors (IWD 2)
    1. List and define the terminology used in door construction
    2. Describe the core requirements for doors
    3. Describe edge requirements for doors
    4. Describe performance ratings for doors
  Plus C. Understanding Basic Aesthetic Grades (IWD 3)
    1. Define the term aesthetics as it applies to windows and doors
    2. Describe residential grades
    3. Describe architectural grades
  Plus D. How to Read Specifications for Doors and Windows (IWD 4)
    1. Describe terminology used in basic specifications for windows and doors
    2. List the items for which there are generally specifications that must be followed
    3. Identify and describe specifications in documents relating to windows and door
  Plus E. Veneers (IWD 5)
    1. Describe the fundamental concept of veneers and the advantages and disadvantages of their use in windows and doors
    2. List and describe different types of veneer cuts
    3. Describe the types of matching used for veneers
    4. Describe uses for different veneers
  Plus F. Finishing(IWD 6)
    1. List and define the terminology used in finishing
    2. Describe and compare pre-catalyzed lacquer including transparent and opaque applications
    3. Describe and compare conversion varnish including transparent and opaque
    4. Describe and compare polyurethanes including transparent and opaque
    5. Describe the advantages and disadvantage of each type of finish
    6. Describe the most common uses for each type of finish
  G. Class Project – Windows & Doors Introduction (IWD 7)
Plus IX. Introduction to Wood Products Manufacturing Core Curriculum
  Plus A. Fibre Supply & Green Certifications (IWR 1)
    1. Outline the concept of “green specifications” including the fundamentals of green and sustainable building and how it has affected the wood manufacturing industry
    2. Basic understanding of “green specifications” related to wood manufacturing
  Plus B. Career Awareness, Terminology, Math, Communications (IWR 2)
    1. Investigate and analyze the Wood Products Industry
    2. Explore career paths within the Wood Products Industry
    3. Describe the education and training required for entry level, technical, professional and management positions
    4. Apply appropriate computer software and skills to prepare reports and demonstrations
    5. Communicate effectively in the workplace
    6. Apply wood products vocabulary and terminology
    7. Apply wood products mathematics
  Plus C. Safety (IWR 3)
    1. Investigate and apply industry safety strategies and techniques
  Plus D. Technical Documents and Reports (IWR 4)
    1. Interpret and produce common industry reports: blueprints, flowcharts, technical drawings and reports, spreadsheets, etc
  Plus E. Technical Trends (ICM 1)
    1. Identify the high technology aspects and trends in the wood products industry
  Plus F. Manufacturing Process (ICM 2)
    1. Examine and analyze manufacturing processes
    2. Describe inventory systems and controls
    3. Develop and illustrate a theoretical manufacturing process for different wood products
  Plus G. Cutting Tools (ICM 3)
    1. Identify safe and proper set-up and use of cutting tools, hand and machine, in manufacturing processes
  Plus H. Materials (ICM 4)
    1. Evaluate various types of wood, wood composites, and industry related materials
    2. Identify the fundamentals of wood defects and the principles of basic wood grading
    3. Explain wood seasoning, wood conditioning and wood drying processes
  Plus I. Design and Manufacturing (ICM 5)
    1. Apply product design factors to wood products
    2. Define product development steps
    3. Manufacture a product
Plus X. Advanced Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Panel Products
  Plus A. Describe the regulatory issues relative to panel products (APP 1)
    Plus 1. Examine and describe regulatory issues relative to the panel products industry including
        a. Health and safety
        b. Environmental control
        c. Product certification
  Plus B. Describe long term planning issues for panel board manufacturing companies (APP 2)
    Plus 1. Describe long term issues on significance to panel product companies including:
        a. Fibre supply
        b. Employee recruitment & retention
        c. Technological change
        d. Regulatory changes
  Plus C. Apply product design factors to panel board products (APP 3)
    Plus 1. Apply product design factors to panel products including:
        a. Market considerations
        b. Product considerations
        c. Financial considerations
  D. Create a Business Plan for a Panel Product (APP 4)
  Plus E. Class Project – Panel Products (APP 5)
    1. Develop a panel board based class project
Plus XI. Advanced Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Remanufactured Wood Products
  Plus A. Lock-out Procedures (ARW 1)
    1. Recognize hazardous energy sources and the potential for workplace injuries
    2. Understand what Lockout is and how it controls hazardous energy
    3. Know when Lockout should be used and how it should be done
  Plus B. Economics of Manufacturing (ARW 2)
    1. Describe the concept of market knowledge
    2. Describe the concept of production knowledge and efficiency
    3. Describe the need for economic efficiency
    4. Describe the concept on “ROI” Return on Investment
  Plus C. Dust Collection and Air Return Systems (ARW 3)
    1. Describe dust collection systems
    2. Describe air return systems
    3. Identify safety issues related to dust and air circulation
    4. Describe disposal requirements for wood waste
  Plus D. Class Project (ARW 4)
    1. Develop a remanufactured wood product class project
Plus XII. Advanced Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Windows and Doors
  Plus A. Building Codes for Fenestration Products (AWD 1)
    1. Describe the general purpose of building codes
    2. Describe glass requirements for doors and windows
    3. Describe minimum requirements for door and window sizes
    4. Describe requirements for opening styles for doors and windows
  Plus B. Performance Duty Levels for Doors (AWD 2)
    1. Describe the concept of standard established performance duty levels for doors
    2. Describe the characteristics of extra heavy duty level doors
    3. Describe the characteristics of heavy duty level doors
    4. Describe the characteristics of standard duty level doors
    5. Describe the potential problems that arise from using door with incorrect duty levels
  Plus C. Understanding Market Segments (AWD 3)
    1. Describe the basics of a product market and how a market segment is determined
    2. List the basic market segments for doors and windows
    3. Describe the market segment for mass produced doors and windows for retail use
    4. Describe the market segment for custom made doors and windows for high end use
    5. Describe and compare the roles of the designer, architects and engineers in the different market segments
  Plus D. Relationship between Sales/Customer/Manufacturing (AWD 4)
    1. Describe the concept of custom made manufacturing of windows and doors
    2. Describe the client base for buyers of custom made windows and doors
    3. Describe the basic steps, and who is involved, in the sales process for custom windows and doors
    4. Explain the importance of projecting realistic timelines that are then met
  E. Class Project – Windows & Doors Advanced (AWD 5)
Plus XIII. Advanced Wood Products Manufacturing Core Curriculum
  Plus A. Safety (AWR 1)
    1. Apply appropriate safety regulations and standards
    2. Apply appropriate equipment safety in the production shop
    3. Assess a manufacturing operation to determine is the safety of any of the operations can be improved
  Plus B. Communications (AWR 2)
    1. Communicate effectively in the workplace
  Plus C. Productivity (ACM 1)
    1. Define productivity
    2. Describe the origin and basic concepts of lean manufacturing and why it is important in today’s manufacturing industry
    3. Describe the principles of the Basic 5 S approach to continuous improvement in manufacturing processes
  Plus D. Materials (ACM 2)
    1. Identify different materials for a variety of wood products
  Plus E. Construction Methods (ACM 3)
    1. Differentiate between types of wood joints
    2. Classify assembly methods, components and adhesives
  Plus F. Quality Control (ACM 4)
    1. Describe quality control processes in the wood products industry
  Plus G. Finishing (ACM 5)
    1. Describe and apply finishing processes
    2. Use appropriate furniture fixtures, fasteners and display products
  Plus H. Design and Manufacturing (ACM 6)
    1. Design a product
    2. Manufacture a wood product
    3. Use CAD/CAM equipment to manufacture a product or component
    4. Examine and develop inventory systems for wood products
Plus XIV. Advanced Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Cabinets & Millwork
  Plus A. Applications of Design Software (AC&M 1)
    1. Describe the basic fundamentals of design software – what it does, why it is used etc
    2. Describe cabinet design software and how it is used to aid room layout plans
    3. Describe cutting optimization through the use of design software
    4. Describe sheet and panel optimization through the use of design software
    5. Describe cut list and materials software and its application in cabinet making
  Plus B. Class Project – Cabinet & Millwork (AC&M 2)
    1. Develop a cabinet & millwork related project as a class manufacturing project: Possible projects could include a designed and installed cabinets for a kitchen, office, storage area, etc
Plus XV. Advanced Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Entrepreneurship
  Plus A. Develop product ideas (AE 1)
    1. Develop a and flesh out the wood product idea
    2. Develop a design and/or prototype of the wood product
  Plus B. Market Research (AE 2)
    1. Determine market research needs for their wood product
    2. Conduct market research for their wood product
    3. Analyse market research for incorporation into the business plan
  Plus C. Business Plan (AE 3)
    1. Create the business plan
    2. Implement the plan
  Plus D. Marketing and Marketing Communications (AE 4)
    1. Understanding Product Marketing and Marketing Communications
    2. Design advertising for the product
    3. Select packaging for your product
  Plus E. Class Project (AE 5)
    1. Manufacture, market and sell the product developed above
Plus XVI. Advanced Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Furniture
  Plus A. Free Enterprise – Offshore Competition (AF1)
    1. Identify the major off-shore competitors in Canadian furniture industry and describe why they can compete
    2. Describe the impact of off-shore competition on Canada’s furniture industry
    3. Describe the short term and long term impact of off-shore competition on the Canadian furniture market
  Plus B. Market Segmentation (AF2)
    1. Describe the basics of a product market and how a market segment is determined
    2. List the basic market segments for furniture,
  Plus C. Lean Manufacturing for Furniture (AF3) (Note: this unit can be integrated with the “Lean Manufacturing” content in the “Productivity” section of the Advanced WoodLINKS Core Curriculum)
    1. Describe the basic concepts of lean manufacturing
    2. Describe how lean manufacturing principles can be applied to a simple batch based furniture manufacturing process
  Plus D. Sourcing Furniture Components (AF4)
    1. Describe what furniture components are
    2. Describe when components are typically out sourced
  Plus E. Applying Veneer and Composites (AF5)
    1. Describe the different methods of manufacturing and matching veneer
    2. Cut and apply veneer to a simple flat surface and edge
    3. Describe the different types of laminates
    4. Apply laminate to a simple flat surface and edge
  Plus F. Class Project – Furniture (AF6)
    1. Develop a furniture related project as a class manufacturing project
Plus XVII. Advanced Wood Products Manufacturing Curriculum Manufactured Housing
  Plus A. Production Flow (AMH 1)
    1. Describe problems of bottlenecking and strategies to reduce or avoid the problem
    2. Describe types of waste that result from manufactured housing production activities
    3. Define waste reduction strategies to implement at various stages of production
  Plus B. Productivity in Manufactured Housing (AMH 2)
    Plus 1. Describe the fundamental principles behind productivity
        a. Labour productivity
        b. Resource efficiency
        c. Quality vs quantity
    2. Describe the purposes and uses of productivity graphing
    3. Construct simple productivity graphs
    4. Describe quality markers and define their importance in manufactured housing productivity
    5. Describe piece count concepts and apply to simple scenarios
  Plus C. Class Project – Manufactured Housing (AMH 3)
    1. Develop a manufactured housing related project as a class manufacturing project: Possible projects could include a garage kit, small cottage kit or a custom project for the school or other “client”
Plus XVIII. Techncial (3 of 3) - WIKI - Tool Groups
  Plus A. Table Saw
    1. Ripping stock wider than 4" to a tolerance +/- 1/32
    2. Ripping Narrow Stock narrower than 4" to a tolerance +/- 1/32 using a push stick and/or feather board
    3. Crosscutting using a miter gage
    4. Crosscutting using a sled
    5. Crosscutting to identical lengths using stop blocks
    6. Edge Rabbeting with a single blade Edge Rabbeting with a dado set
    7. Change the blade
    8. Set up dado blade
    9. cut a cove
    10. Groove/Dado/Plough with a dado set or single blade
    11. Cut a Miter
    12. Cut a bevel
    13. Cut a chamfer
    14. Set up a tapering jig and cut a Taper
  Plus B. Band Saw
    1. Rough Saw from a pattern
    2. Freehand Ripping 1 Edge
    3. Ripping with a fence
    4. Resawing with a Pivot Block/fence
    5. Cross-cutting and Mitering
    6. Ripping round and non-square stock
    7. Tilting Table to Cut Bevels per Template
    8. Cutting circles with a jig
    9. Cut a compound curve
    10. Changing Blades
    11. Adjusting and setting the guide to cut safely and properly
  Plus C. Drill Press
    1. Set up drill press to drill at given angle
    2. Bore specified holes to correct depth and location
    3. Sharpening drill bit
    4. Bore specified holes in materials other than wood
    5. Use a drill press to drill, counterbore and countersink holes in stock use a variety of bits and cutters
    6. Properly set the drill press speed for drilling operation to be performed
  Plus D. Miter Saw
    1. Crosscut
    2. Miter Cut
    3. Compound Miter Cut
  Plus E. Hand Router and Router Table
    1. Select the appropriate router bit for the job
    2. Route an edge profile
    3. Cut a rabbet
    4. Dado & Groove
    5. Cut a raised panel door
    6. Use a bushing template guide
    7. Use and set up a plunge router
    8. Set up and use a dovetail template
    9. Cut stock in proper direction
    10. Adjust router properly
    11. Install a router bit properly
    12. Cut a dovetail drawer
  Plus F. Sanders
    1. Properly use an orbital sander
    2. Properly use a DA sander
    3. Properly set up and use a portable belt sander
    4. Properly use and set up a wide belt sander for sanding sold stock
    5. Properly use and set up a wide belt sander for sanding veneer
    6. Properly use and set up a disk sander
    7. Properly use and set up an edge belt sander and vertical belt sander
  Plus G. Jointer
    1. Use a jointer to square a face and edge of stock
    2. Rabbeting
    3. Chamfering
    4. Beveling
    5. Tapering
    6. Jointing end grain
  Plus H. Planer
    1. Check for defects in material
    2. Use a planer to cut stock to a specified thickness.
    3. Planer Adjustments - feed rate
  Plus I. Radial Arm Saw
    1. Crosscut stock to rough lengths
    2. Adjust cut depth of saw
  Plus J. Panel Saw
    1. Operated a vertical panel saw to safely rip and crosscut cabinet component out of 4x8 sheets of hardwood plywood.
  Plus K. Edge Bander
    1. Use an edge bender to apply veneer or laminate to sheet stock
  Plus L. Shaper
    1. Use a Spindle shaper to shape door components within the specified tolerances.
    2. Select the correct cutter
    3. Use a shaper to mold stock with a template, fence, miter gage or pin and bearing
  Plus M. Pocketing Machine
    1. Use a pocketing machine to drill pocket holes
  Plus N. Portable Power/Hand Tools
    1. use and set up a biscuit joiner properly to join stock
    2. Utilize a circular saw to make straight, beveled and compound angle cuts.
    3. Utilize a saber saw to make straight, beveled and compound angle cuts.
    4. properly use a drill driver to install screws
    5. Utilize a portable drill to bore holes to specified depths.
    6. Fasten material with a pneumatic stapler or nailer.
    7. Properly use a and set up a hand plane
    8. Properly sharpen a plane iron and chisel
  Plus O. Safety
    1. Demonstrate and understand safe use of power machines & portable power tools
    2. Apply safety rules and procedures to complete student initiated projects in the cabinetmaking lab
    3. Apply lab safety rules and procedures
    4. Apply personal and safety rules and procedures
    5. Apply chemical safety rules and requirements
    6. Apply fire safety rules and procedures
    7. Know and understand what a MSDS sheet is

Plus Pathway Standards

Plus I. SAFETY
  Plus A. Maintain a safe and productive workplace.
    Plus 1. Follow local, federal and company regulations to perform environmental and safety inspections.
        a. Identify, report and monitor potential hazards in the workplace.
        b. Take corrective action to correct potential hazards.
        c. Review health, safety, and environmental documentation and policies thoroughly and regularly.
        d. Ensure that inspections meet all relevant, health, safety, and environmental laws and regulations.
        e. Completed inspections according to company schedule and procedures.
        f. Document inspection records and store them correctly.
    Plus 2. Participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills.
        a. Confirm that first aid training and certification on emergency and first aid procedures are complete and up-to-date.
        b. Comply with company and regulatory policies and procedures to respond to emergencies.
        c. Document emergency drills and incidents according to company and regulatory procedures promptly.
    Plus 3. Identify unsafe conditions and take corrective action.
        a. Identify, report, and document conditions presenting a threat to health, safety, and the environment.
        b. Identify corrective actions.
        c. Consult appropriate parties about corrective actions and take corrective actions following company procedures promptly.
        d. Track and report ongoing safety concerns until corrective action is taken.
    Plus 4. Provide safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures.
        a. Verify that all topics and procedures are covered in orientation to facilitate employee safety.
        b. Observe orientation to ensure that it makes clear the need and processes for employees to raise safety concerns, ask questions, and receive additional training.
        c. Use company requirements to document orientation.
        d. Verify that orientation meets all relevant laws, policies, and regulations.
        e. Deliver safety instruction and updates on a regular schedule.
Plus II. COMMUNICATION
  Plus A. Communicate with others to ensure that maintenance and repairs meet business needs.
    Plus 1. Educate others about benefits of predictive and preventive maintenance.
        a. Use various techniques to clearly communicate the goals and benefits of predictive and preventive maintenance.
        b. Include information on operator responsibility for predictive and preventive maintenance in education activities.
        c. Follow company procedures for providing education regularly.
        d. Make sure that education of production schedulers and managers promotes their understanding of the priorities and benefits of predictive and preventive maintenance.
    Plus 2. Consult with others to set repair and maintenance priorities and schedule.
        a. Make sure all parties agree on priorities, scheduling conflicts, & task associated with repair & maintenance prior to shutdown.
        b. Resolve repair and maintenance scheduling conflicts with all appropriate parties.
        c. Use project management tools and feedback where applicable.
        d. Accurately take staffing requirements into account.
        e. Solicit operator input and consider it appropriately.
        f. Give operators appropriate lead-time when notifying them that maintenance is scheduled.
        g. Respond to reports of critical problems in a timely way.
    Plus 3. Communicate maintenance and repair resource needs.
        a. Hold a meeting with stakeholders to determine the timetable, roles, parts, & equipment needs during the pre-planning process.
        b. Place resource requests with the appropriate parties.
        c. Coordinate with other departments to ensure all resources are on hand, address to equipment is available a need, and disruptions to the production line are minimized.
    Plus 4. Prepare maintenance and repair logs for shift-to-shift communication.
        a. Complete documentation in a timely way.
        b. Clearly communicate all important information to the next shift.
        c. Submit repair report and preventive maintenance reschedule on time.
        d. Make documentation accessible to all appropriate parties.
        e. Clearly communicate status reports from shift-to-shift.
    Plus 5. Suggest ways to prevent future equipment malfunctions.
        a. Make suggestions to appropriate parties.
        b. Make suggestions based on appropriate and accurate data or observations made during repairs.
        c. Document suggestions properly and include all supportive materials.
        d. Submit suggestions for improvements accurately and on time.
        e. Notify proper authorities fast enough to permit them to correct an urgent problem.
Plus III. HANDS-ON KNOWLEDGE
  Plus A. Maintain hands-on knowledge of equipment operation to identify maintenance needs.
    Plus 1. Observe equipment operation during normal operating cycle to identify potential problems.
        a. Perform observations of equipment regularly.
        b. Report all unusual behaviors or unsafe conditions immediately to appropriate personnel.
        c. Document all aspects of equipment operations.
        d. Make sure that all safety requirements are in place during observations.
        e. Observe equipment and process operations a number of times for consistency.
        f. Analyze equipment and process data regularly.
    Plus 2. Maintain up-to-date knowledge of all documentation related to equipment.
        a. Make all relevant materials easily available.
        b. Use machine identifiers, equipment lists, and process data to locate relevant information.
        c. Use all relevant data bases in a timely manner.
        d. Pull information relevant and specific t the requirements of the work to be performed from documents quickly.
        e. Use only information that is up-to-date.
        f. Discuss interpretations and questions on materials, specifications, and diagnostics.
    Plus 3. Maintain information about equipment use and reliability.
        a. Accurately maintain data on equipment life.
        b. Keep document up-to-date.
        c. Accurately document tool change data.
        d. Make contact information on tool vendor is readily available.
        e. Gather information to identify the proper tool for maintenance and repair tasks.
    Plus 4. Maintain all relevant equipment operation and repair certifications.
        a. Properly plan certifications and schedule them in advance.
        b. Make sure tat only qualified personnel perform certifications.
        c. Document certifications properly and report them to the correct parties.
        d. Follow all applicable laws and regulations when performing equipment inspections and documenting them.
        e. Keep records current and accurate.
        f. Verify that level of detail of certification documentation is appropriate.
        g. Forward information related to tool and equipment obsolescence to certify the repair, rebuild, or replacement.
    Plus 5. Maintain personal certification and licensure.
        a. Make sure that certifications are performed by the appropriate parties as required.
        b. Update certifications as appropriate.
        c. Communicate new requirements appropriately.
        d. Make documentation is available to appropriate personnel.
        e. Identify training requirements needed for certifications.
        f. Obtain all necessary training.
Plus IV. EQUIPMENT SAFETY
  Plus A. Ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace.
    Plus 1. Train others to use equipment safely.
        a. Give new operators a complete orientation of equipment.
        b. Communicate clearly and effectively all important information regarding equipment safety.
        c. Help maintenance workers obtaining certification to train others in technical skills and knowledge.
        d. Suggest training materials and content to appropriate parties.
        e. Use evaluation and feedback to improve training materials and methods.
        f. Make sure trainees have the correct tools to do the job during training.
        g. Conduct post-training evaluation to assure that workers can operate equipment safely.
        h. Verify that training and facilitation techniques are appropriate for the audience.
        i. Assure that quality and effectiveness of training are documented appropriately.
    Plus 2. Suggest processes and procedures to support safely and effectiveness in the work environment.
        a. Consult health and safety representatives for suggestions.
        b. Solicit operator feedback to evaluate training and create a safer, more effective work environment.
        c. Make sure suggestions for training improvement are documented and sent to the appropriate parties.
        d. Make suggestions that address safety, quality and productivity issues.
    Plus 3. Examine all parameters of the workplace to fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation, and repair.
        a. Make regular safety communications to all employees.
        b. Review job safety analyses regularly according to company policy.
        c. Explain the ramifications of failure to accurately follow hazardous materials procedures and policies such as Material
        d. Confirm that environmental testing of workplace is performed on a regular basis as required by company policy or regulation.
        e. Confirm that equipment is audited to ensure there are no by-passes of safety guards.
        f. Verify that regulatory & company safety procedures are followed including lock-out & tag-out, confined space, & ergonomics.
        g. Evaluate good housekeeping procedures.
        h. Verify that safety and personal protective equipment is available, performs correctly, and has current certification.
    Plus 4. Monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.
        a. Verify that monitoring is being performed regularly.
        b. Report out-of-compliance or unsafe conditions immediately.
        c. Take corrective action when out-of-compliance or unsafe conditions exist.
        d. Check equipment to ensure it is operating according to specifications & that tools are checked for compliance with specifications.
        e. Forward accident and injury data to appropriate personnel for inclusion in OSHA recordables.
        f. Gather information on equipment use from operators to reveal existing or potential problems.
        g. Adjust equipment and processes as required.
        h. Accurately document all monitored data.
Plus V. EQUIPMENT PROBLEMS
  Plus A. Identify, diagnose, and/or repair equipment problems.
    Plus 1. Gather equipment information and history to identify and/or diagnose problems.
        a. Consult operator and operator logs to determine the nature of the problem.
        b. Check reports on equipment, repair and diagnostics for previous problems.
        c. Check equipment to identify problems.
        d. Gather the most appropriate information need to rapidly diagnose the problem.
        e. Consult appropriate and accurate sources of information including prints, OEM manuals, process diagrams, and engineering department calibrations.
    Plus 2. Follow procedures to isolate system and component failure.
        a. Draw on available information, past experience, operator feedback, and knowledge of equipment to identify possible causes of failure.
        b. Use visual inspection, observation of equipment during operations, and disassembly of equipment to systematically gather
        c. Perform and repeat diagnostic tests as necessary to determine the nature of the problem.
        d. Make diagnosis in a timely and effective manner.
        e. Use manufacturer's performance specifications when evaluating equipment performance.
        f. Initiate procedure for isolating problems correctly and complete follow through properly.
    Plus 3. Identify root cause of problem.
        a. Use appropriate root cause identification process to determine contributing factors.
        b. Perform the correct tests and inspections on failed component(s).
        c. Analyzed data gathered through diagnostic procedures to develop a hypothesis regarding possible root causes.
        d. Repeat analysis until problem is solved.
    Plus 4. Develop corrective action plan to fix the problem.
        a. Correctly specify all future repairs and modifications required to address underlying causes.
        b. Use the action plan to address the need for timely repair.
        c. Include proper repair procedures, proper tools and parts, and estimated time required for repair in the plan.
        d. Inform and involve the right people needed for the repair.
        e. Make sure that plan reflects production needs.
        f. Make sure that plan accounts for variables in schedule, staffing, and availability or parts.
    Plus 5. Execute corrective action plan.
        a. Use applicable safety procedures.
        b. Wear proper personal protective equipment.
        c. Follow existing repair procedures in accordance with OEM manuals or company procedures.
        d. Use correct disassembly, repair/replacement, and reassembly procedures.
        e. Safety check equipment and perform a test run prior to return to production.
        f. Make sure that post-repair tests confirm that equipment performs to requirements.
        g. Complete repairs within specified time frames.
        h. Devote appropriate staffing and parts to effectively execute the plan.
    Plus 6. Document diagnosis, case history plan, and repair outcome.
        a. Perform documentation and verification according to company and department policies and procedures.
        b. Input documents and appropriate files into database before filing them or distributing to correct parties.
        c. Conduct post repair review to determine if customer is satisfied.
        d. Adjust preventive maintenance schedule properly to reflect repairs made.
        e. Notify equipment manufactured of any reliability and maintainability issues.
Plus VI. EQUIPMENT
  Plus A. Support the installation, customization, or upgrading of equipment.
    Plus 1. Coordination preparation for the installation, customization, or upgrading of equipment.
        a. Provide appropriate input on equipment, environmental impact, and material needs.
        b. Include the time, equipment, and personnel required to do the job in the plan.
        c. Determine proper customization, upgrade needs, and capacity limits.
        d. Obtain all appropriate approvals.
        e. Make sure that plan provides for the availability and use or proper materials and relevant vendor information.
        f. Make sure that plan anticipates the need for future modifications and likelihood of mechanical or operator errors.
        g. Make sure that plan addresses issues related to ergonomics, safety requirements, and environmental impact.
    Plus 2. Obtain information from vendors to ensure proper installation, customization, or upgrade.
        a. Determine availability of in-house personnel and outside contractors.
        b. Contact appropriate vendor personnel to determine facility, parts, equipment, and materials needs prior to installation.
        c. Verify materials and parts against vendor specifications prior to initiation installation, customization, or upgrading equipment.
        d. Obtain needed information from vendors including safety and quality considerations.
        e. Make accurate blueprints, specifications, and documentation are available.
        f. Review maintenance manuals, check them for completeness, and modify them as necessary.
    Plus 3. Participate in the installation, customization, or upgrading of equipment.
        a. Follow all safety procedures.
        b. Organize tools, equipment, and personnel efficiently to do the job.
        c. Follow blueprint and plan of action to customize or upgrade equipment.
        d. Perform follow-up to ensure completeness of installation.
        e. Remove appropriate lock-out/tag-out devices are removed.
        f. Complete equipment installation, customization, or upgrade to specification and schedule.
    Plus 4. Prepare team.
        a. Schedule the proper workers to ensure effectiveness, efficiency, and safety.
        b. Ensure that personnel are trained on the proper procedures and equipment maintenance.
        c. Involve vendors appropriately.
    Plus 5. Move or remove equipment.
        a. Schedule the proper workers to ensure effectiveness, efficiency, and safety.
        b. Ensure that personnel are trained on the proper procedures and equipment maintenance.
        c. Involve vendors appropriately.
        d. Move or remove equipment completely, safely, and according to company and vendor procedures.
        e. Verify that equipment works properly following its move.
    Plus 6. Test the equipment to ensure proper function after installation, customization or upgrading.
        a. Select proper testing procedures and methods.
        b. Administer test procedures and methods properly
        c. Perform test safely.
        d. Interpret test results correctly.
        e. Notify all appropriate parties that equipment is functioning properly.
        f. Make sure that equipment tests indicate that equipment performs to specification and meets safety standards.
        g. Document test results.
Plus VII. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
  Plus A. Follow a preventative maintenance schedule to maintain equipment, tools and workstations.
    Plus 1. Contact proper people & assure supplies are available to perform preventive maintenance & routine repair.
        a. Verify that preventive maintenance is performed to schedule and documented completely in a timely manner.
        b. Use the right procedures and forms to communicate repair needs to the correct parties.
        c. Follow-up to verify that necessary repair work was completed.
        d. Have necessary supplies available to perform preventive maintenance.
        e. Predict the results of failing to effectively communicate the all elements of the preventive maintenance schedule.
        f. Follow-up all safety regulations when doing repairs.
    Plus 2. Monitor equipment indicators to ensure it is operating correctly.
        a. Compare equipment performance to optimal equipment operations on a regular schedule.
        b. Investigate and correct abnormal equipment conditions in a timely manner.
        c. Monitored equipment to ensure that the corrective action solved the problem.
        d. Keep equipment repair history complete, up-to-date, and accurate.
    Plus 3. Provide documented training to assure maintenance activities meet company regulations.
        a. Conduct training in an effective and appropriate manner.
        b. Document and make available preventive maintenance training materials.
        c. Keep training records updated and readily available.
        d. Examine the relevancy of training for use of equipment, tools materials, and processes at the workstation.
        e. Provide cross-training when appropriate.
        f. Verify that training and training documentation meet all company and regulatory requirements.
    Plus 4. Perform daily housekeeping to maintain production schedules and provide a safe working environment.
        a. Store tools and materials safely in proper locations.
        b. Identify and report unsafe conditions promptly.
        c. Keep workstations clean and clear of safety hazards.
        d. Verify that scheduled housekeeping inspections are passed.
        e. Organize workstations to maximize efficiency.
        f. Verify that safety equipment is present an in proper working order.
Plus VIII. PRODUCTION PROCESS
  Plus A. Coordinate predictive and preventive maintenance to ensure that production process runs smoothly.
    Plus 1. Develop the maintenance schedule.
        a. Schedule routine jobs that need to be completed in a timely way.
        b. Make sure that schedule is sufficiently flexible to include plans for fall-back if tasks take longer and to add fill-in work if tasks are shorter than expected.
        c. Use company procedures for production needs, output, and critical equipment to schedule priorities.
        d. Verify that preventive maintenance requirements for all equipment are included in the schedule.
        e. Distribute scheduled task lists appropriately.
        f. Make sure that the schedule provides adequate time for preventive maintenance.
        g. Make parts required for maintenance available when needed.
    Plus 2. Identify special maintenance and repair needs.
        a. Ask operators appropriate questions to determine needs.
        b. Review tool and equipment histories to find evidence of intermittent or chronic problems.
        c. Refer to job safety analysis sheets as appropriate.
        d. Observe operators to verify that they are setting up and operation according to the job safety analysis.
        e. Review repair histories to see if correct repairs were done in the past.
        f. Review repair histories to determine current repair needs.
        g. Identify worn or malfunctioning equipment accurately and in a timely way to prevent breakdowns.
    Plus 3. Check on availability of workers and other resources.
        a. Locate special tools and parts.
        b. Access existing preventive maintenance protocols from the preventive maintenance sheets.
        c. Make decisions on staffing requirements based on the tasks that need to be performed.
        d. Make sure that retooled parts meet specifications.
        e. Make sure that follow-up occurs to ensure that adequate supplies are maintained.
    Plus 4. Perform predictive and preventive maintenance.
        a. Follow procedures when handling and disposing hazardous materials.
        b. Follow safety procedures and wear/use proper personal protective equipment.
        c. Follow preventive maintenance sheets completely.
        d. Perform maintenance with proper workers to ensure that the job is performed safely and efficiently.
        e. Gather required parts, tools, and equipment prior to starting the maintenance.
        f. Use required parts, tools, and equipment to perform work safely and efficiently.
        g. Use company or department procedure to document and verify maintenance job.
        h. Use policy and procedures to maintain documentation.
        i. Turn documentation to the correct parties for processing.
        j. Perform maintenance on time.
        k. Perform housekeeping when job is finished.
        l. Use repair histories to revise preventive maintenance plan.
    Plus 5. Check that equipment is working prior to releasing the equipment to the operator.
        a. Complete safety checklist thoroughly.
        b. Document results of safety checklist.
        c. Test-run equipment to ensure that it is operating properly and safely.
        d. Take corrective measures if equipment is not operational.
        e. Communicate readiness of equipment to come back onto production to correct parties before departing the site.
        f. Use the preventive maintenance sheet to inspect and verify the appropriate items.

Plus Foundation Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS
  A. Demonstrate achievement of cluster specific academic knowledge and skills required to pursue the full-range of career and post-secondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
  Plus B. High school graduation requirements and state standards must be met in addition to these academic knowledge and skills
    1. Complete high school requirements and background for a career in manufacturing.
Plus II. COMMUNICATIONS
  Plus A. Comprehend the use of reading strategies to learn meaning, technical concepts, vocabulary, and to bring together information needed for a particular situation.
    Plus 1. Select and use the reading strategy or strategies (e.g., skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning and critical analysis) needed to fully comprehend a written document.
        a. Summarize overall purpose of text.
        b. Identify key technical concepts and vocabulary.
        c. Identify complexities and discrepancies.
        d. Determine relevance, accuracy and appropriateness for a given purpose.
    Plus 2. Interpret, transcribe, and communicate information, data, and observations from a written document for use in an actual situation.
        a. Explain meaning of new terms, vocabulary and concepts.
        b. Interpret technical materials.
        c. Summarize overall meaning of text.
        d. Write specific steps for applying information learned to task or new situation.
        e. Share information from text with others and show how it can be applied to a particular task or new situation.
  Plus B. Locate, organize, and document written information from various sources needed by co-workers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Locate written information needed by co-workers and clients/participants.
        a. Conduct search of information on topic using card catalog, keywords, and/or search engines.
        b. Locate variety of resources such as book, journals, and electronic forms including the Internet.
        c. Organize resources to share key information.
    Plus 2. Organize information for use in written and oral communications.
        a. Read and take notes from selected resources.
        b. Prepare outline that emphasizes major points with supporting data.
        c. Present information in organized, easy-to-follow manner.
    Plus 3. Document the source and proper reference for written information.
        a. Prepare a bibliography using the style prevalent in a given manufacturing situation.
        b. Use parenthetical, footnotes and endnotes text citations accurately.
        c. Follow plagiarism and copyright rules and regulations.
  Plus C. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
    Plus 1. Write documents with more than one paragraph to be clear, succinct, and accurate.
        a. Organize and arrange information for effective coherence.
        b. Report relevant information in order of occurrence
        c. Interpret information, data, and observations correctly.
        d. Present main ideas and supporting facts.
    Plus 2. Use knowledge of audience and their need t prepare written documents.
        a. Use technical terms and concepts.
        b. Incorporate and use references effectively and accurately.
        c. Report objective and/or subjective information.
    Plus 3. Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation and capitalization to prepare written documents.
        a. Use correct grammar and sentence structure.
        b. Use correct spelling.
        c. Use correct punctuation and capitalization.
    Plus 4. Use computer skills to design and develop written and supporting material.
        a. Use word processing software to develop text, charts, graphs or figures correctly.
        b. Use presentation software to prepare visual support materials.
        c. Format written documents with correct font and layout for easy reading.
  Plus D. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.
    Plus 1. Prepare oral presentation to provide information for intended purpose and audience.
        a. Know subject matter well enough to be independent or written aids.
        b. Identify characteristics of the audience and adjust to their ability to understand.
        c. Use technical terms and concepts correctly.
        d. Use proper organization and structure to achieve coherence of major points.
    Plus 2. Identify and prepare support materials to accompany oral presentation.
        a. Identify media and visual aids appropriate to understanding of topic.
        b. Prepare visual aids and support materials for easy viewing and without error.
        c. Operate any equipment used with support materials smoothly and efficiently.
        d. Adhere to basic visual communication principles.
        e. Rehearse presentation as needed.
    Plus 3. Deliver presentation to sustain listener's attention and interest.
        a. Deliver presentation without grammatical error.
        b. Speak clearly with appropriate volume, rate and gestures while making and maintaining appropriate eye contact.
        c. Use support materials in the presentation that enhance the understanding of the topic and the interest level of the audience.
        d. Stay within presentation time parameters.
        e. Evaluate listeners' interest and receptiveness.
        f. Use verbal and nonverbal feedback strategies to engage discussion and adjust message and delivery.
        g. Respond to questions and comments on presentation.
  Plus E. Interpret verbal and nonverbal behaviors to enhance communication with co-workers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Interpret verbal behavior to enhance communication.
        a. Identify verbal cues (e.g., voice speed, voice quality and tome).
        b. Explain how the verbal cues conveyed the message.
    Plus 2. Interpret nonverbal behaviors to enhance communication.
        a. Identify nonverbal cues (e.g., voice speed, facial expressions, posture, gestures and other body language).
        b. Explain the message(s) conveyed by nonverbal cues.
  Plus F. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    Plus 1. Interpret message/information given to clarify information.
        a. Determine familiarity of discussion.
        b. Respond accordingly using appropriate verbal and non-verbal language.
        c. Explain the message given in your own words.
    Plus 2. Respond with restatement and clarification techniques to clarify information.
        a. Ask questions to seek or confirm understanding.
        b. Paraphrase and/or repeat information.
        c. Record and summarize information in written notes.
        d. Follow directions and/or respond in a positive way with clear, concise comments.
  Plus G. Interpret and use information in tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    Plus 1. Interpret information found in tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
        a. Compile facts ad arrange in an organized manner for a table, chart or figure.
        b. Document sources of data.
        c. Determine most appropriate way to display data for effective coherence.
        d. Prepare table, chart, graph of figure for inclusion in publication or presentation.
    Plus 2. Use tables, charts and figures to support written and oral communication.
        a. Evaluate reference or source of data for authenticity and reliability.
        b. Explain information presented in tables, charts and figures.
        c. Prepare written summary of findings expressed in tables, charts and figures.
Plus III. PROBLEM AND CRITICAL THINKING
  Plus A. formulate solutions to problems using critical thinking skills while working independently and/or in teams.
    Plus 1. Describe the value of using problem-solving and critical thinking skills to improve a situation or process.
        a. Define problem-solving methods accepted in the manufacturing industry.
        b. Explain how using a defined problem solving system can improve a situation or process and benefit all parties involved.
    Plus 2. Prepare ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems using concrete terms.
        a. Clarify the problems or issued to be addressed and the objectives.
        b. Identify constraints and parameters.
        c. Obtain and analyze available information.
        d. Generate alternative ideas, proposals, and solutions that appear useful in solving the problem.
        e. Evaluate alternative solutions by using information & data form a variety of sources & separating irrelevant from the relevant.
        f. Identify the best solution based on risks related to costs, schedules, and quality.
        g. Use the logic and rationale for the solution to present the solution.
    Plus 3. Analyze and evaluate ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
        a. Confirm definition of problem and objectives.
        b. Confirm constraints and parameters.
        c. Evaluate the underlying assumptions.
        d. Evaluate the quality of information used, the analysis of data used to support the solution.
        e. Evaluate the logic and reasoning used to develop the solution.
        f. Evaluate the risks, costs, and benefits of testing and implementing the solution.
    Plus 4. Develop solution to performance problems using a structured problem-solving process.
        a. Describe the problem completely and accurately using data and graphs and charts.
        b. Develop and present a comprehensive mapping of potential root and indirect causes (e.g., fishbone diagrams).
        c. Identify and evaluate alternative solutions.
        d. Test and evaluate best solutions.
        e. Develop plans to fully implement solutions to address performance problem.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
  Plus A. Use Personal Information Management (PIM)/Productivity applications.
    Plus 1. Manage personal schedule and contact information.
        a. Create prioritized-tasks (to-do) list.
        b. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        c. Manage personal and professional contact information.
    Plus 2. Create memos and notes.
        a. Create reminder for oneself.
        b. Create and send notes, informal memos, and reminder using PIM applications.
  Plus B. Use electronic mail applications.
    Plus 1. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
        a. Access email system using login and password functions.
        b. Access email messages received.
        c. Create email messages in accordance with established business standard (e.g., grammar, word usage, spelling, sentence structures, clarity, email etiquette).
        d. Send email messages.
    Plus 2. Use email to share files and documents.
        a. Access email attachments.
        b. Attach documents to messages.
        c. Save email messages/attachments.
        d. Demonstrate knowledge of contamination protection strategies for email.
  Plus C. Use Internet Applications.
    Plus 1. Search for information and resources.
        a. Select search engine(s) to use.
        b. Select appropriate search procedures and approaches.
        c. Locate information using search engine's) and Boolean logic.
        d. Navigate web sites using software functions.
    Plus 2. Access and evaluate Internet resources.
        a. Access business and technical information using the Internet.
        b. Access commercial, government, and education resources.
        c. Evaluate Internet resources (e.g., accuracy of information).
  Plus D. Use writing/publishing applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
        a. Retrieve existing documents.
        b. Create documents (e.g., letters, memos, reports) using existing forms and templates.
        c. Safeguard documents using name and save functions.
        d. Format text using basic formatting functions.
        e. Employ word processing utility tools ( e.g., spell checker, grammar checker, thesaurus).
    Plus 2. Prepare reports and other business communications, integrating graphics and other non-text elements.
        a. Use advanced formatting features (e.g., headers/footers/dropped caps, indexing).
        b. Place graphics and tables in document.
        c. Enhance publications using different fonts, styles, attributes, justification, etc.
        d. Enhance publications using paint/draw functions.
    Plus 3. Prepare complex publications.
        a. Create new word processing forms, style sheets, and templates.
        b. Prepare publications using desktop publishing software.
        c. Format new desktop publishing files.
        d. Output desktop publishing files.
  Plus E. Use presentation applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare presentations for training, sales, and information sharing.
        a. Create computer presentations and handouts in accordance with basic principles of graphics design and visual communication.
        b. Insert graphic elements (e.g., graph, clip art, table) in a slide.
        c. Edit presentations.
    Plus 2. Deliver presentations with supporting materials.
        a. Identify hardware items that support presentation software (e.g., scanners, digital cameras, printers, and protection systems).
        b. Print a single slide, an entire presentation, an outline, and notes.
        c. Run slide shows manually and automatically.
  Plus F. Use spreadsheet applications.
    Plus 1. Create a spreadsheet.
        a. Create a spreadsheet.
        b. Retrieve existing spreadsheets.
        c. Edit spreadsheets.
        d. Save spreadsheets.
        e. Print spread sheets.
    Plus 2. Perform calculations and analysis on data.
        a. Group worksheets.
        b. Create charts and graphs from spreadsheets.
        c. Perform calculations using simple formulas.
        d. Input/process data using spreadsheet functions.
  Plus G. Use database applications.
    Plus 1. Manipulate data elements.
        a. Enter data using a form.
        b. Locate/replace data using search and replace functions.
        c. Process data using database functions (e.g., structure, format, attributes, relationships, keys).
    Plus 2. Manage, analyze, and report on interrelated data elements.
        a. Search a database table to locate records.
        b. Sort data using single-and multiple-field sorts.
        c. Perform single-and multiple-table queries (e.g., create, run, save).
        d. Point forms, reports, and results of queries.
        e. Verify accuracy of output.
  Plus H. Use collaborative/groupware applications.
    Plus 1. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
        a. Manage daily/weekly/monthly schedule using applications.
        b. Maintain shared database of contact information.
  Plus I. Use computer operations applications.
    Plus 1. Manage computer operations.
        a. Apply basic commands of operating system software.
        b. Employ desktop operating skills.
    Plus 2. Manage file storage.
        a. Apply appropriate file and disk management techniques.
        b. Differentiate between files and directories.
        c. Determine file organization.
        d. Demonstrate knowledge of the system utilities used for file management.
    Plus 3. Compress or alter files.
        a. Convert file formats.
        b. Unpack files using compression software.
        c. Convert existing files.
  Plus J. Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors used to control electromechanical devise).
    Plus 1. Operate computer driven equipment and machines.
        a. Secure needed supplies and resources.
        b. Follow power-up and log-on procedures.
        c. Interact with/respond to system messages using console device.
        d. Run applications/jobs in accordance with processing procedures.
        e. Follow log-off and power-down procedure(s).
    Plus 2. Use installation and operation manuals.
        a. Access needed information using appropriate reference materials.
    Plus 3. Troubleshoot computer driven equipment and machines and access support as needed.
        a. Test system using diagnostic tools/software.
        b. Repair/replace malfunctioning plug and play hardware.
        c. Reinstall software as needed.
        d. Recover data and/or files.
        e. Restore system to normal operating standards.
Plus V. SYSTEMS
  Plus A. Demonstrate knowledge of how manufacturing businesses operate.
    Plus 1. Explain the role and major functions of manufacturing businesses.
        a. Explain the importance of manufacturing to society.
        b. Identify the mission, major internal functions and structure of manufacturing businesses.
        c. Identify the customers, suppliers, and stakeholders of manufacturing businesses, their roles, and how they relate.
        d. Explain the major competitive challenges faced by the manufacturing businesses.
        e. Identify and describe types of manufacturing systems.
        f. Analyze current trends in manufacturing systems.
    Plus 2. Explain how manufacturing businesses manage performance.
        a. Explain how financial performance is measured.
        b. Explain how market performance is gauged.
        c. Explain how service and internal operations performance is determined.
        d. Explain how compliance and performance related to health, safety and environment are evaluated.
    Plus 3. Explain how changes outside the manufacturing business impact the manufacturing business.
        a. Explain the impact of economic changes.
        b. Explain the impact of social changes.
        c. Explain the impact of technology changes.
    Plus 4. Explain the role of risk management in reducing risks and improving performance in manufacturing businesses.
        a. Explain the objectives of risk management programs.
        b. Explain the major types of loss exposure for manufacturing businesses.
        c. Explain the approaches for managing organizational risks.
    Plus 5. Explain the roles and functions of government in regulating and supporting manufacturing businesses.
        a. Explain the roles in regulating domestic operations.
        b. Explain the roles in regulating international operations.
        c. Explain the roles in managing the infrastructures of manufacturing businesses.
        d. Explain the roles in health, safety, and environmental management.
  Plus B. Demonstrate knowledge of how manufacturing businesses improve performance..
    Plus 1. Explain how manufacturing businesses manage customer relationships..
        a. Identify needs and requirements of internal and external customers.
        b. Describe customer satisfaction and fulfillment of customer requirements.
        c. Explain how manufacturing businesses respond to customer problems and complaints.
    Plus 2. Explain how planning and budgeting are used to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
        a. Explain how work plans and budgets are used to allocate people and resources.
        b. Identify reports used to track performance and resource and explain how they are used.
        c. Explain how plans and budgets are revised to meet goals and objectives.
    Plus 3. Explain how planning is used to improve overall performance.
        a. Identify and describe the most critical performance problems that manufacturing businesses typically face.
        b. Describe how improvements are identified.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
  Plus A. Demonstrate knowledge of safety, health, and environmental management systems.
    Plus 1. Describe the major regulatory areas.
        a. Identify specific health and safety laws and regulations that impact manufacturing and the major areas they address.
        b. Identify specific environmental management laws and regulations and the major areas they address.
        c. Explain how the manufacturing industry and its organizations typically perceive the major components.
    Plus 2. Explain how government agencies ensure compliance and promote improved performance.
        a. Provide examples of the major measures and types of data used by government to measure and monitor performance.
        b. Provide examples of how manufacturing organizations ensure their compliance.
        c. Provide examples of consequences that manufacturing organizations suffer when they fail to comply.
    Plus 3. Demonstrate commitment to policies and procedures.
        a. Promote and maintain knowledge of organizational safety, health, and environmental management policies and procedures.
        b. Follow organizational policies and procedures.
        c. Educate and orient other workers.
        d. Maintain a safe work area.
        e. Identify, describe, and report workplace hazards.
        f. Perform and participate in regular audits and inspections.
        g. Provide and maintain documentation needed for compliance.
        h. Conduct and participate in accident/incident investigations.
    Plus 4. Develop plans to improve safety performance.
        a. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.
Plus VII. 7 LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Demonstrate leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
    Plus 1. Provide group leadership.
        a. Work with others to develop and gain commitment to team goals.
        b. Motivate team members to achieve goals.
        c. Promote the full involvement and utilization of team members .
        d. Distribute responsibility and work load fairly.
    Plus 2. Collaborate with others.
        a. Demonstrate commitment to and a positive attitude toward team goals.
        b. Take responsibility for shared group and individual work tasks.
        c. Complete personal share of the work.
        d. Assist team members in completing their work.
        e. Adapt effectively to changes in projects, deadline, schedules, and changes in process.
        f. Negotiate effectively to arrive at decisions.
        g. Treat people with respect.
        h. Provide feedback (e.g., praise, critique and constructive criticism).
        i. Demonstrate sensitivity to and value for diversity.
        j. Resolve conflicts.
        k. Manage stress and control emotions.
    Plus 3. Conduct and participate in meetings.
        a. Develop meeting objectives and agenda.
        b. Prepare materials for leading discussion.
        c. Assemble and distribute meeting materials.
        d. Attend scheduled meetings on time.
        e. Conduct meeting to achieve objectives within scheduled time frame.
        f. Demonstrate effective communication skills.
        g. Produce and distribute meeting minutes including decisions and next steps.
        h. Provide and maintain documentation needed for compliance.
        i. Conduct and participate in accident/incident investigations.
    Plus 4. Develop plans to improve performance.
        a. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY
  Plus A. Demonstrate knowledge of and commitment to professional ethics and legal responsibilities.
    Plus 1. Distinguish between ethical and legal responsibilities.
        a. Compare the similarities/differences between ethical and legal responsibilities for different roles and functions.
        b. Explain employer expectations for ethical and legal behaviors in work situations and how expectations are expresses in organizational policies and culture.
        c. Compare similarities/differences in employee practices involving personal and professional ethics.
        d. Identify both short and long term effects of an individual employee's lack of ethics or failure to comply with legal requirements.
        e. Provide examples of ethical decisions.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate awareness of legal responsibilities for different roles and functions within organizations.
        a. Explain legal responsibilities of employees to comply with governmental laws and regulations.
        b. Identify personal and organizational ramifications for failure to comply with governmental laws and regulation.
        c. Explain the major government laws and regulations that define legal responsibilities within the manufacturing industry.
    Plus 3. Apply ethical reasoning to different workplace situations.
        a. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on legal responsibilities and employer policies.
        b. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on personal or professional ethics.
        c. Determine and explain most appropriate response based on legal and ethical obligations.
    Plus 4. Identify strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions of individuals and obligations.
        a. Identify and explain alternative strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions.
        b. Identify and explain best strategy.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT
  Plus A. Explain written organizational policies, rules and procedures to help employees perform their jobs.
    Plus 1. Locate appropriate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
        a. Identify the contents or various organizational publications.
        b. Determine the appropriate document's) for specific job responsibilities and work assignments.
    Plus 2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and rules influence a specific work situation.
        a. Locate and identify specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to assist with a given situation.
        b. Articulate how a specific organizational policy, rule or procedure will improve a given situation.
  Plus B. Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, and integrity in a work situation.
        a. Demonstrate regular attendance.
        b. Follow company dress and appearance standards.
        c. Exhibit pride in work.
        d. Demonstrate leadership and teamwork.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate flexibility and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills.
        a. Exhibit ability to handle stress.
        b. Display initiative and open-mindedness.
        c. Participate in company orientation and training programs with enthusiasm.
        d. Identify progressive strategies that will impact efficiency of job.
    Plus 3. Exhibit commitment to the organization.
        a. Follow established rules, regulations and policies.
        b. Explain employer/management responsibilities.
        c. Demonstrate cost effectiveness.
        d. Demonstrate time management.
        e. Complete all tasks thoroughly.
  Plus C. Develop a personal career plan to meet career goals and objectives.
    Plus 1. Develop career goal and objectives to plan future career direction.
        a. Identify career that matches individual interests and aptitudes.
        b. Develop career goal with time frame.
        c. Identify goals and objectives for reaching and advancing in career.
    Plus 2. Develop strategies to reach career objectives.
        a. Write a list of strategies for achieving educational requirements.
        b. Identify strategies for obtaining employment experiences.
        c. Write a time line for achieving career goals and objectives.
        d. List alternatives and potential changes.
  Plus D. Demonstrate ability to seek and apply for employment.
    Plus 1. Use multiple resources to locate fob opportunities.
        a. Identify resources for finding employment.
        b. Analyze resources to determine those that are most appropriate for desired career.
        c. Compare hob requirements with personal qualifications interests, and aptitudes.
        d. Select job that matches personal qualifications, interests, and aptitudes.
    Plus 2. Prepare a resume and letter of application to apply.
        a. Identify respective employer's submission requirements.
        b. Gather information and prepare rough draft of resume.
        c. Put resume in proper format.
        d. Write letter of application for specific job opening in correct format without error.
    Plus 3. Complete an employment application to obtain employment.
        a. Gather information for application.
        b. Complete all questions on application with appropriate and honest answers.
        c. Sign and date application.
        d. Attach any supporting material required or requested.
        e. Submit full application package to employers.
    Plus 4. Interview to obtain employment.
        a. Dress appropriately for interview.
        b. Exhibit professional conduct before, during and after interview.
        c. ;Explain your qualifications and interests clearly and concisely.
        d. Answer all questions honestly and concisely.
        e. Write follow-up letter after the interview.
  Plus E. Demonstrate ability to evaluate and compare employment opportunities and accept employment.
    Plus 1. Evaluate and compare employment opportunity to individual needs and career plan.
        a. Identify job advantages and disadvantages.
        b. Compare job benefits to individual needs.
        c. Compare job opportunities and responsibilities to career plan.
    Plus 2. Accept or reject employment.
        a. Make decision to accept or reject employment.
        b. Write acceptance or rejection letter without error.
        c. Complete employment forms upon acceptance.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Demonstrate understanding of the basic technical skills and knowledge required for careers in manufacturing.
    Plus 1. Understand the planning and layout processes (e.g., designing, print reading, measuring) used in manufacturing.
        a. Read prints and use the information to play, lay out, and produce parts or products.
    Plus 2. Understand how materials can be processed using tools and machine.
        a. Use tools and the processes of cutting, shaping, combining, forming, etc. of materials to manufacture a part or product.
    Plus 3. Understand various types of assembling processes (e.g., mechanical fastening, mechanical force, joining, fusion bonding, adhesive bonding) used in manufacturing.
        a. Apply appropriate fastening or joining procedure to the design and production of a manufactured part or product.
    Plus 4. Understand finishing processes (e.g., types of finishing materials, surface preparation, methods of application) used in manufacturing.
        a. Select a finishing process for a product appropriate to the job it must perform environment in which it functions, and its aesthetic appeal.
    Plus 5. Understand inspection and quality control in the manufacturing process.
        a. Perform continuous on line inspections to ensure that parts or products meet design specifications.

Plus Career & Employability Standards

Plus I. APPLIED ACADEMIC SKILLS
  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standard business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    Plus 3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
        a. Relate the results of study to a similar situation in a verbal or writen report.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    Plus 1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
        a. Problems include making conversions between the metric system and non-English systems of measurement, mixed units (such as hours and minutes), and can require serveral steps to finding a solution.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
Plus II. CAREER PLANNING
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
Plus III. DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from multiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skills using a variety of media and interpretive data.
Plus IV. PROBLEM SOLVING
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
Plus V. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfactory completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities; demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate ethical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
Plus VI. ORGANIZING SKILLS
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
Plus VII. TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minority viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
Plus VIII. NEGOTIATION SKILLS
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibly challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
Plus IX. UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND USING TECHNOLOGY
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
Plus X. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certificates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labor market information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
Plus XI. TECHNOLOGY SKILLS
  Plus A. BASIC OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS
    1. Discuss emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, compressed video delivery, online file sharing, graphing calculators, global positioning software)
    2. Identify the capabilities and limitations of emerging communication resources.
    3. Understand the importance of both the predictable and unpredictable impacts of technology.
    4. Identify changes in hardware and software systems over time and discuss how these changes might affect the individual personally in his/her role as a lifelong learner.
    5. Understand the purpose, scope, and use of assistive technology.
    6. Understand that access to online learning increases educational and workplace opportunities.
    7. Be provided with the opportunity to learn in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills.
    8. Understand the relationship between electronic resources, infrastructure, and connectivity.
    9. Routinely apply touch-typing techniques with advanced accuracy, speed, and efficiency.
    10. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation and support.
    11. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav)
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files.
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application's spelling and grammar checking functions.
  Plus B. SOCIAL, ETHICAL, AND HUMAN ISSUES
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to use of information and communication technology.
    2. Analyze current trends in information and communication technology and assess the potential of emerging technologies for ethical and unethical uses.
    3. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society.
    4. Discuss the possible consequences and costs of unethical uses of information and computer technology.
    5. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users.
    6. Demonstrate the ethical use of technology as a digital citizen and lifelong learner.
    7. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, and commercial software.
    8. Adhere to fair use and copyright guidelines.
    9. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings.
    10. Adhere to the district acceptable use policy as well as state and federal laws.
    11. Explore career opportunities and identify their related technology skill requirements.
    12. Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes technology to support his/her lifelong learning goals.
  Plus C. TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTIVITY TOOLS
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience.
    2. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
    3. Have access to and utilize assistive technology tools.
    4. Apply advanced software features such as an application's built-in thesaurus, templates, and styles to improve the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.
    5. Identify technology tools (e.g., authoring tools or other hardware and software resources) that could be used to create a group project.
    6. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning.
    7. Develop a document or file for inclusion into a web site or web page.
    8. Use a variety of applications to plan, create, and edit a multimedia product (e.g., model, webcast, presentation, publication, or other creative work)
    9. Have the opportunity to participate in real-life experiences associated with technology-related careers.
  Plus D. TECHNOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS TOOLS
    1. Identify and describe various telecommunications or online technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, listservs, blogs, virtual reality)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, groupware, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project.
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., presentations, newsletters, web sites) to communicate original ideas to multiple audiences.
    4. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models) with presentation, word processing. Publishing, database, graphics design, or spreadsheet applications.
    5. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., groupware, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
  Plus E. TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH TOOLS
    1. Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate internet search engines to locate information.
    2. Formulate and use evaluation criteria (authority, accuracy, relevancy, timeliness) for information located on the internet to present research findings.
    3. Determine if online sources are authoritative, valid, reliable, relevant, and comprehensive.
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference.
    5. Evaluate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation.
    6. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
  Plus F. TECHNOLOGY PROBLEM-SOLVING and DECISION-MAKING TOOLS
    1. Use a variety of technology resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning.
    2. Describe the possible integration of two or more information and communication technology tools or resources to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts.
    3. Formulate a research question or hypothesis, then use appropriate information and communication technology resources to collect relevant information, analyze the findings, and report the results to multiple audiences.