19.0906 - Fashion Design

New and Emerging 2007 Year


Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. CORE
  Plus A. ANALYZE THE PRINCIPLES AND ELEMENTS OF DESIGN
    1. Identify key elements and principles of design
    2. Consider how color impacts design
  Plus B. APPLY KNOWLEDGE OF TEXTILES, FIBERS, AND FABRICS
    1. Understand the history of fibers and fabrics
    2. Create a textile design
    3. Identify characteristics of fabrics made from various fibers
    4. Assess the elements and principles of design utilized in textile products
    5. Analyze characteristics of natural and man made fibers
  Plus C. DEMONSTRATE ACCEPTED BUSINESS PRACTICES FOR DESIGN AND MERCHANDISING
    1. Understand how retail operates
    2. Develop marketing skills
    3. Exhibit ethical behavior in marketing to create goodwill and trust
    4. Apply persuasion appropriately
    5. Demonstrate customer service mindset
    6. Demonstrate programming or consultation skills
    7. Assess clients' needs
    8. Classify types of clients and their motives for buying various products
  Plus D. DEMONSTRATE STORE OPERATION PROCEDURES
    1. Perform selling skills
    2. Complete a transaction
    3. Apply pricing procedures and fee structures for products and services
    4. Mark and stock merchandise
    5. Determine merchandise buying practices
    6. Conduct receiving procedures
  Plus E. EXHIBIT MERCHANDISING SKILLS
    1. Apply psychological knowledge to facilitate marketing activities
    2. Understand visual merchandising and its impact
    3. Assemble a visual presentation using representational form
    4. Create product displays using the principles of design
    5. Evaluate the role and effectiveness of advertising
    6. Explain the use of promotional activities to market products and services
    7. Utilize pricing strategies to maximize return and meet customers' perceptions of value
  Plus F. EXERCISE SAFE USE OF EQUIPMENT
    1. Use trade equipment and tools appropriately
    2. Maintain and store equipment
    3. Analyze personal safety practices required while on work-related assignments beyond the business site
Plus II. Fashion Design and Merchandising (option A)
  Plus A. ANALYZE THE APPAREL DESIGN AND MERCHANDISING INDUSTRY
    1. Examine the history and psychology of fashion
    2. Examine the impact of fashion trends and forecasting
    3. Describe business opportunities in apparel industry
    4. Analyze the business knowledge and skills necessary to create, maintain, and promote a career in fashion design
    5. Describe the impact of technology on apparel design and production
    6. Recognize the stages of apparel production
    7. Research the procedures in starting an entrepreneurial business in apparel services
    8. Explain the role of leading designers in determining fashion trends
    9. Analyze international factors affecting the apparel industry
    10. Analyze demographic, societal, and cultural factors affecting the apparel industry
    11. Determine the impact of design decisions on the cost of apparel products
  Plus B. DEMONSTRATE GARMENT CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES
    1. Describe principles of quality apparel construction
    2. Interpret pattern directions for constructing textile items
    3. Determine yardage and cost of fabric and other needs for selected pattern
    4. Perform pattern layout and cutting for garment construction
    5. Construct a garment using a pattern
    6. Apply elements of garment construction to fashion garments
    7. Repair and alter garments
    8. Practice effective pressing
  Plus C. PRACTICE FASHION DESIGN
    1. Identify design features of a garment
    2. Identify garment styles and parts that make up a garment
    3. Draw a fashion figure
    4. Sketch a fashion design
    5. Create a fashion design using computer technology
  Plus D. EXERCISE CONSUMER SKILLS
    1. Use effective decision-making skills when selecting and purchasing apparel
    2. Describe social, cultural and life-cycle influences on apparel preferences and management
    3. Analyze the influence of advertising on consumer apparel choices
    4. Interpret labeling information to determine care procedures for apparel products
    5. Identify proper safety procedures when using care products and equipment
    6. Manage the apparel dollar
    7. Describe factors considered when coordinating clothing and accessories

Plus Pathway Standards

Plus I. VISUAL ARTS PATHWAY
  Plus A. Research the scope of career opportunities and qualifications in the Visual Arts Pathway.
    Plus 1. Examine the numerous career paths within visual arts to discover personal preferences.
        a. Explore the careers of artists who create visual arts--fine art, commercial art, graphic art, public art, environmental art, etc.
        b. Explore careers of visual arts designers -- interior designers, architects, fashion designers, textile artists, glass and ceramics artists, photo-journalists, etc.
        c. Explore the careers of those who manage, exhibit, and sell visual art works
        d. Explore the careers of art curators, collectors, evaluators, and critics.
        e. Explore careers in art education -- teachers, administrators, staff in museums, galleries, schools, and arts organizations; authors, illustrators, photographers, etc.
        f. Identify the preferred career opportunities.
    Plus 2. Identify required knowledge and skills, education opportunities, and lifestyles associated with different levels of employment in visual arts careers and related career fields.
        a. Detail job description, qualifications, and requirements for several careers of interest.
        b. Match interests and abilities to career preferences.
    Plus 3. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of working independently and working for others.
        a. Review the knowledge and skills necessary to create, maintain and promote a career as a visual artist.
        b. Research the knowledge and skills involved in owning an art related business.
        c. Research the qualifications and skills necessary to entry-level skilled level, and supervisory level job in arts facilities, schools, organizations, and businesses.
        d. Research art market, evaluation works, formulation prices, writing contracts, purchasing & insuring works.
        e. Conclude which type of employment provides the best working conditions to suit personal preferences, characteristics, and values.
    Plus 4. Examine opportunities in visual arts careers to communication to others in an articulate fashion the purpose of artwork, artists' intentions, and the way the process and materials help to achieve them.
        a. Research the market to see what is being communicated in the types of work purchased by the public.
        b. Articulate the purposes of several pieces of artwork in different media.
        c. Describe how the choice of materials and medium affect communication of a message.
        d. Compare artworks communication a variety of artists' intentions including aesthetic appeal, functional design, self expression, exploration of materials, documentation etc.
  Plus B. Research the history and evolution of visual arts and their role in society.
    Plus 1. Compare the changing purposes served by visual arts throughout history.
        a. Identify the purposes of visual arts historically, by examining works from various time periods.
        b. Compare examples of artwork from various periods that served communal, social, religious, or political functions.
        c. Compare examples of artwork that document events and communicate information or ideas with those that arouse emotion by expressing feelings, experiences, or values
    Plus 2. Analyze the opportunities for communication through the visual arts.
        a. Describe contemporary and historical social issues and how they are communicated through content, form, and function of the visual arts.
        b. Describe contemporary and historical arts issues and how they are communicated through the visual arts.
        c. Identify how works of visual artists communicate the ideas of their culture and religion.
        d. Analyze the use of symbols in the visual arts of diverse cultures.
    Plus 3. Apply critical thinking skills to evaluate works of art.
        a. Describe various approaches for evaluating visual arts from historical, cultural, and content viewpoints.
        b. Examine the evaluative process in terms of ethics, aesthetics, and social context.
        c. Describe ways to build aesthetic awareness and appreciation of art in a specific audience.
        d. Define interpretation and how to develop and support ideas.
        e. Develop analyses of art works derived from the descriptive elements, including form, medium, style, and subject matter.
        f. Relate the descriptive elements and analysis to current, historical, social, and cultural contexts.
    Plus 4. Demonstrate the ability to present and defend written and oral evaluations of visual art works.
        a. Apply a critical method of evaluation to a work of art, resulting in a written report.
        b. Form interpretations through analysis of the structural elements, subject matter, and contextual data regarding a work of art.
        c. Communicate an oral or written defense for judgment of an artwork.
        d. Assess the value and purpose of criticism in terms of author and audience, including aesthetic, social, cultural, and historical contexts.
    Plus 5. Analyze the development of tools & technologies & their affect of the evolution of visual arts.
        a. Compare current visual arts technologies with those of 50 years ago.
  Plus C. Analyze elements and principles of the visual arts and what they communicate.
    Plus 1. Analyze the elements and principles of art applied to visual art forms.
        a. Identify art elements, including line, color. Shape. And texture in various media.
        b. Identify use of primary, secondary, and complementary color in various media.
        c. Define tint, shade, hue, and value in relation to color theory.
        d. Identify standard geometric shapes used in construction and design layout.
        e. Compare samples of work that use contrast, unity, and emphasis.
    Plus 2. Analyze the communicative effects of art elements.
        a. Identify the effects communicated by various types of line, including straight, curved, horizontal, vertical, and diagonal.
        b. Identify messages or meanings that colors communicate in various cultures.
        c. Compare asymmetrical and symmetrical images communication balance.
        d. Compare repetition and pattern in fabric and other applications that communicate rhythm.
        e. Examine use of contrasting or unusual proportion to communicate ideas in various artworks.
  Plus D. Analyze and create two- and three-dimensional art forms from various media in the visual arts.
    Plus 1. Analyze art elements and principles of two-dimensional works of visual art in various media, including drawing, print making, and computer software.
        a. Apply elements of art, including line, color, shape, and textual to create art forms in various two-dimensions media.
        b. Demonstrate anatomical figure drawing.
        c. Demonstrate drawing in one-point, two-point, and multi-point perspective.
        d. Create a work of art by applying color using pencils, markers, airbrush, dry media, water-based media, oil-based media, or computer software.
        e. Create work that demonstrates shape, volume, depth, and dimension.
        f. Demonstrate techniques that create actual and implied texture.
        g. Practice printmaking in various media.
        h. Prepare print surface and print medium.
        i. Demonstrate design principles in developing a project such a brochure, logo, label, or textile design.
    Plus 2. Apply art elements and principles to photographic works of visual art in both traditional and digital photographic media.
        a. Compare photographic media from traditional and digital processes.
        b. Produce a photograph using a camera with film, such as a 35mm SLR.
        c. Comprehend the processes used to develop photographic film both color and black and white.
        d. Demonstrate the use of all darkroom equipment and processes.
        e. Identify paper characteristics in finished prints, and procedures for mounting, matting, and framing.
        f. Exhibit knowledge of photo imaging using a digital camera.
        g. Produce a variety of digital images using computer software.
    Plus 3. Analyze multimedia applications of software/hardware for the purposes of visual communications.
        a. Examine digital animation tools, capabilities, and interface elements, such as those in Adobe After Effects.
        b. Create and import artwork and place on timeline to produce two-dimensional animations.
        c. Export animations as animated GIF files and include in a web page.
        d. Exhibit knowledge of graphic design and related software.
        e. Apply elements and principles of art to use of computer software.
        f. Create examples of computer graphic as in commercial applications.
    Plus 4. Analyze art elements and principles of three-dimensional forms of visual art in various media.
        a. Apply elements of art, including line, color, shape, and texture to create three-dimensions art forms in various media.
        b. Discuss the use of symmetry or asymmetry, and geometric shape in the construction of sculpture.
        c. Demonstrate techniques that produce various textures in clay, wax, wood, and metal.
        d. Assess the characteristics of textiles as a medium, including design, construction, use, maintenance, and care of textile products.
        e. Analyze the use of art elements and principles in architecture, interior design, and environmental art.
        f. Assess the purposes of public art and what it communicates.

Plus Foundation Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS
  Plus A. Apply Language Arts knowledge and skills to this career pathway.
    1. Apply the reading process and strategies to directions of tasks that are relatively short, with limited categories of information, direction, concepts, and vocabulary.
    2. Demonstrate competence in using various information sources, including knowledge bases and technical texts to perform specific tasks.
    3. Demonstrate competence in writing and editing documents, using correct grammar and punctuation.
    4. Demonstrate competence in speaking to provide, distribute, find information.
    5. Demonstrate competence in making formal and informal oral presentations, including selecting and using media.
    6. Adapt listening strategies to utilize verbal and nonverbal content of communication.
  Plus B. Apply Mathematics knowledge and skills to this career pathway.
    1. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide mixed number, whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.
    2. Mentally add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers.
    3. Apply basic methods of measurement.
    4. Apply advanced methods of measurement.
    5. Apply advanced concepts of data analysis and distributions.
    6. Apply a variety of strategies within the problem solving process.
    7. Apply measurements for distance.
    8. Apply precision measurements.
  Plus C. Apply Science Knowledge and skills to this career pathway.
    1. Demonstrate the use of common laboratory equipment and procedures.
    2. Explain the environmental impact of materials (solid, liquid, gaseous).
    3. Analyze the effect of chemicals on humans and plants.
    4. Know the forms energy takes, its transformation from one form to another, and its relationship to matter.
    5. Explain color.
    6. Explain the human skeletal system.
    7. Explain lenses.
    8. Explain light.
    9. Explain motion, vibrations and waves.
    10. Explain sound.
    11. Apply scientific methods for analysis, data gathering, observation, predictions, and problem identification.
    12. Explain light and ultraviolet rays.
    13. Apply knowledge of computers and information processing.
Plus II. COMMUNICATION
  Plus A. Comprehend and use reading strategies to learn meaning, technical concepts and vocabulary.
    Plus 1. Determine and use reading strategy (skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning and critical analysis) to determine purpose of text.
        a. Use reading strategy to achieve intended purpose.
        b. Identify complexity of text.
        c. Evaluate and explain relevance, accuracy and appropriateness to purpose.
    Plus 2. Understand content, technical concepts and vocabulary to analyze information and follow directions.
        a. Identify issues and questions.
        b. Analyze information presented in a variety of formats, such as tables, lists, figures, etc.
        c. Identify key technical concepts and vocabulary.
    Plus 3. Interpret, transcribe and communicate information, data, and observations to apply information learned form reading to actual practice.
        a. Interpret technical materials used.
        b. Summarize overall meaning of text.
        c. Identify strategies for applying information learned to task or new situation.
  Plus B. Locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with coworkers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Locate written information to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.
        a. Conduct search of information on topic using card catalog, keywords, and/or search engines.
        b. Locate variety of resources such as books, journals, and electronic forms including the Internet.
        c. Select the resources that best relate to the topic.
    Plus 2. Organize information to use in written and oral.
        a. Read and take notes from selected resources.
        b. Prepare outline that emphasizes major points with supporting data.
        c. Present information in organized, easy-to-follow manner.
    Plus 3. Document the source and proper reference for written information.
        a. Prepare a bibliography according to MLA, APA, CBE, Chicago depending on the warranted language style.
        b. Use parenthetical, footnotes and endnotes accurately.
        c. Follow plagiarism and copyright rules and regulations.
  Plus C. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
    Plus 1. Compose multi-paragraph writing clearly, succinctly, and accurately to write documents.
        a. Organize and arrange information for effective coherence.
        b. Report relevant information in order of occurrence.
        c. Interpret information, data, and observations correctly.
        d. Present main ideas and supporting facts.
    Plus 2. Use description of audience and purpose to prepare written documents.
        a. Use technical terms and concepts.
        b. Incorporate and use references effectively and accurately.
        c. Report objective and/or subjective information to achieve the purpose and meet the needs of the audience.
    Plus 3. Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation and capitalization to prepare written documents.
        a. Use correct grammar and sentence structure.
        b. Use correct spelling.
        c. Use correct punctuation and capitalization.
  Plus D. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.
    Plus 1. Prepare oral presentation to provide information for intended purpose and audience.
        a. Know subject matter well enough to be independent of written aids.
        b. Identify characteristics of the audience and adjust to the level interest and understanding.
        c. Use technical terms and concepts correctly.
        d. Information is well organized in a logical sequence that makes the major points well understood by the audience.
    Plus 2. Identify and prepare support materials to accompany oral presentation.
        a. Utilize media and visual aids appropriate to understanding of topic.
        b. Prepare easy-to-view visual aids and support materials that are without error.
        c. Operate equipment used with support materials smoothly and efficiently.
        d. Rehearse presentation.
    Plus 3. Deliver presentation to sustain listener's attention and interest.
        a. Deliver presentation without grammatical error.
        b. Speak clearly with appropriate volume, rate and gestures while making and maintaining appropriate eye contact with the audience.
        c. Use support materials in the presentation that enhance the understanding of the topic and the interest level of the audience.
        d. Stay within presentation time parameters.
        e. Use verbal and nonverbal feedback strategies to engage discussion and adjust message and delivery.
        f. Respond to questions and comments on presentation.
  Plus E. Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication with co-workers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Interpret verbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.
        a. Identify verbal cues/behaviors.
        b. Observe voice tempo, quality, tome and volume.
        c. Explain message conveyed by verbal cues/behaviors.
    Plus 2. Interpret nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.
        a. Identify verbal cues/behaviors.
        b. Observe eye contact, facial expressions, posture, gestures and other body language.
        c. Explain message conveyed by nonverbal cues/behaviors.
    Plus 3. Interpret visual communication processes used to convey messages for various audiences through art forms, technology, films, news, print, and productions.
        a. Interpret visual messages conveyed through various media.
        b. Apply knowledge of visual communications to given messages using different forms of media.
    Plus 4. Analyze how meanings are interpreted and influenced through various forms of art, audio-video technology productions, and the media.
        a. Identify how meanings are interpreted through media, productions, and other art forms.
        b. Identify the concerns related to interpretations and how they influence various audiences.
    Plus 5. Interpret the influence elements of time and place on the visual characteristics, content, purposes, and message of works of art.
        a. Evaluate a visual work of art to determine the time and place of the work, using content, characteristics, and the purpose as criteria.
        b. Analyze how visual characteristics, content, and a message convey the time and place of the work of art.
  Plus F. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    Plus 1. Interpret message/information given to clarify information.
        a. Indicate familiarity of topic being presented.
        b. Respond accordingly using appropriate verbal and nonverbal language,
        c. Answer questions correctly and be able to provide feedback in own words.
    Plus 2. Respond with restatement and clarification techniques to clarify information.
        a. Ask questions to seek or confirm understanding.
        b. Paraphrase and/or repeat information.
        c. Record notes and summarize information from written and oral communications.
  Plus G. Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    Plus 1. Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
        a. Develop tables, charts and figures to support written and oral communication.
        b. Compile facts and arrange in an organized manner for a table chart or figure.
        c. Document sources of data.
        d. Determine most appropriate way to display data for effective coherence.
    Plus 2. Interpret tables, charts and figures used to support written and oral communication.
        a. Evaluate reference or source of data for authenticity and reliability.
        b. Explain information presented in tables, charts and figures.
        c. Prepare written summary of findings expressed in tables, charts and figures.
Plus III. PROBLEM SOLVING AND CRITICAL THINKING
  Plus A. Apply decision-making & problem-solving techniques to develop potential solutions to workplace problems.
    Plus 1. Apply the problem-solving method to address workplace issues.
        a. Define the scientific method of problem-solving.
        b. Describe key indicators and ways to first recognize that a problem exists.
        c. Identify obstacles, costs, and benefits to solving a given problem.
        d. Objectively evaluate the potential solutions for a given problem.
        e. Assess each alternative and obstacle to determine potential solutions.
        f. Recognize when a new potential solution or additional input is needed.
        g. Weigh criticality of the problem and balance with time and effort required to solve it.
        h. Recognize what can be independently resolved and what requires input and resources of others.
        i. Differentiate between symptoms and cause of a problem.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate brainstorming as a skill to generate new and creative ideas when solving problems with challenging or recurring issues.
        a. Define the parameters of brainstorming, including limitations like time, distance, and reasonableness.
        b. Explain group dynamics that enhance brainstorming results, such as listening to alternatives and external resources.
        c. Demonstrate methods to enhance brainstorming results such as including individuals with diverse work experiences and skills, various cultural groups, and icebreakers to motivate innovation.
    Plus 3. Apply critical thinking skills to examine information, analyze challenging issues, and provide creative ideas.
        a. Analyze information & data from a variety of sources to bring together for use in potential new situations.
        b. Distinguish the irrelevant from the relevant when examining information and data for specific situations.
        c. Use decision tree and process mapping as problem solving tool.
        d. Practice thinking beyond the usual to create new type of solutions.
    Plus 4. Demonstrate how to address issues of conflict and how to resolve them.
        a. Define areas of conflict that may cause concern in the workplace.
        b. Practice addressing issues of conflict in various forms of communication.
        c. Demonstrate using problem solving and critical thinking to resolve issues of conflict.
    Plus 5. Analyze situations and behaviors that affect conflict management.
        a. Describe a Win/Win situation.
        b. Demonstrate communication for buy-in.
        c. Compare results of competitive behavior versus cooperative/collaborative behavior.
        d. Practice acting as "devil's advocate" to challenge one's own solutions and identify pitfalls.
        e. Practice standing one's ground when the issue is significant.
        f. Describe elements of risk versus validation occurring within conflict issues.
        g. Demonstrate how to test theories beyond the conceptual.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
  Plus A. Use personal information management (PIM)/ productivity applications.
    Plus 1. Manage personal schedule and contact information.
        a. Create and update a to-do list with due dates, status, category and priorities.
        b. Add, delete, and edit schedules, use features such as recurring events, multiple-day, and reminders.
        c. Group and categorize contact information correctly.
    Plus 2. Create memos and notes.
        a. Create notes, informal memos, and reminders accurately.
  Plus B. Use electronic mail applications.
    Plus 1. Use e-mail to share files and documents.
        a. Open (or detach) and save attachments to the intended location.
        b. Select appropriate strategy (attachment vs. link) for sharing information.
        c. Use appropriate e-mail security measures (e.g., use virus scan check virus, do not download attachments from unknown sources).
    Plus 2. Use e-mail to communicate within and across organizations.
        a. Create e-mail messages in accordance with established business standards (e.g., grammar, word usage, spelling, sentence structure, clarity).
        b. Manage mailboxes by deleting and organizing messages.
        c. Use e-mail features such as reply requested, return receipt, out-of-office notices.
  Plus C. Use internet applications.
    Plus 1. Access and Navigate Internet (e.g., use a web browser).
        a. Navigate between and within web sites.
        b. Access and use multiple browser windows.
        c. Differentiate between secure and non-secure web sites.
        d. Download a file from a web site to the desired location.
    Plus 2. Search for information and resources.
        a. Select search engine(s) appropriate for desired information.
        b. Identify and articulate an information search .
        c. Use phrase search and simple Boolean logic (AND, OR, NOT, NEAR).
        d. Refine search by modifying search terms.
    Plus 3. Evaluate Internet resources.
        a. Prioritize Internet resources against search criteria.
        b. Look for corroboration and independent validation of information (do different sites reference each other, is the information consistent).
        c. Take action to clarify ambiguous of incomplete information.
  Plus D. Use writing/publishing applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare simple documents and other business communication.
        a. Create documents (letters, memos, reports) both with and without templates.
        b. Format text using basic formatting functions (e.g., paragraph, spacing, margins, bullets, numbering).
        c. Employ word processing utility tools (e.g., track changes or thesaurus).
    Plus 2. Prepare reports and other business communications, integrating graphics and other non-text elements.
        a. Use advanced formatting features (headers, footers, page numbering, styles).
        b. Customize tables (add borders and shading, merge rows and columns, adjust row/column sizes).
        c. Use insert picture/object function to place graphics in document and adjusts text formatting accordingly.
        d. Employ document organization tools (e.g., outline, footnotes, and endnotes…).
    Plus 3. Prepare complex publications.
        a. Make changes to format or layout of an existing complex publication or template (e.g., 8-page, 2-color newsletter with columns, sidebars, photos and graphics, multi-color output…).
        b. Organize content and standardize format from various sources.
        c. Create non-print output for publication (e.g., PDF, postscript).
  Plus E. Use presentation applications
    Plus 1. Prepare presentations for training, sales and information sharing.
        a. Create a new presentation using both text and content layouts.
        b. Change color scheme for a slide design.
        c. Create/edit external graphic elements (e.g., a scanned photo) and insert into a slide.
        d. Edit existing animations and action buttons.
        e. Create new slide transitions.
    Plus 2. Deliver presentations with supporting materials.
        a. Create and distribute presentation handouts or speaker notes.
        b. Print either key slide or an entire presentation in handout or notes format.
        c. Create an automated slide show.
  Plus F. Use spreadsheet applications
    Plus 1. Create spreadsheet.
        a. Create new spreadsheet, based on a set of data where you must identify the appropriate structure (e.g., rows and columns) for data display and analysis.
        b. Apply cell type formatting (e.g., date, dollar, test, decimal) appropriate to data type.
        c. Add document identification (e.g., page numbers, sates, and titles in headers and footers).
        d. Print only relevant data so that it is readable (e.g., uses set prior area to fit into one or multiple pages).
    Plus 2. Perform calculations and analysis on data.
        a. Write simple formulas.
        b. Use chart wizard to create a chart or graph from adjacent selections, with appropriate chart type and labels.
        c. Use filter and comparison criteria to find specific values in rows in a list.
        d. Build calculations using the formula wizard.
  Plus G. Use database applications.
    Plus 1. Use Database applications.
        a. Enter data using a form.
        b. Locate/replace data using search and replace functions.
        c. Process data using database functions (e.g., structure, format, attributes, relationships, keys).
    Plus 2. Manage, analyze and report on interrelated data elements.
        a. Search a database table to locate records.
        b. Sort data using single- and multiple-field sorts.
        c. Perform single- and multiple-table queries (e.g., create, run, save).
        d. Print forms, reports, and results of queries.
        e. Verify accuracy of output.
  Plus H. Use collaborative/groupware applications.
    Plus 1. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
        a. Add, delete, and edit group schedule.
        b. Create a meeting request or task assignment.
        c. Add or delete contacts in a shared address book.
    Plus 2. Facilitate group work through management of shared files and online information.
        a. Organize, store and share files in network directories (e.g., collate and delete files, create new folders, move documents between folders).
        b. Organize, store and share files using a document library or database.
        c. Organize, store, and share files using web sites (e.g., post messages and upload/download files).
    Plus 3. Facilitate group work through instant messaging or virtual meetings.
        a. Participate in virtual group discussions and meetings.
        b. Send or respond to an instant message from a group list.
  Plus I. Use computer operations applications.
    Plus 1. Manage computer operations.
        a. Install/uninstall an application.
        b. Connect ports of the computer to peripherals.
        c. Interrupt and restart applications or the computer when they freeze.
        d. Configure desktop environment and applications for efficient operation (e.g., create shortcuts, customize monitor size, customize menu bars).
        e. Apply basic commands of operating system software *(e.g., create, rename and delete directories).
        f. Employ desktop operating skills *(e.g., use mouse buttons and keyboard shortcuts).
    Plus 2. Manage file storage.
        a. Differentiate between files and directories.
        b. Use folders or directories with meaningful names to store related files.
        c. Backup data periodically to a backup media (CD, disk, etc.) or server.
        d. Apply appropriate file and disk management techniques *(e.g., defragment and rearrange files, reinstall backup data).
        e. Determine file organization *(e.g., use appropriate directory structures and names).
    Plus 3. Compress of alter files.
        a. Compress and uncompress files/folders using compression software.
        b. Convert file formats *(e.g., convert MSExcel or MSWord form file to Adobe Acrobat (PDF) format).
        c. Convert existing files using utilities provided by the software (e.g., update files from older version of an application to be use in the newer version, convert file created by MSWorks to MSWord).
  Plus J. Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers (or processors) used to control electromechanical devices).
    Plus 1. Operate computer driven equipment and machines.
        a. Operate equipment and machine with assistance.
        b. Secure needed supplies and resources.
        c. Follow power-up and log-on procedures.
        d. Interact with/respond to system messages using console devices.
        e. Run applications/jobs in accordance with processing procedures.
        f. Follow log-off and power-down procedure(s).
    Plus 2. Use installation and operation manuals.
        a. Access needed information using appropriate reference materials.
    Plus 3. Troubleshoot computer driven equipment and machines and access support as needed.
        a. Test system using diagnostic tools/software.
        b. Repair/replace malfunctioning hardware.
        c. Reinstall software as needed.
        d. Recover data and/or files.
        e. Restore system to normal operating standards.
        f. Complete failure/trouble reports correctly.
        g. Access in-house or external support as needed.
Plus V. SYSTEMS
  Plus A. Analyze the history and evolution of the arts, audio-video technology, and communications to their current place in society and the economy.
    Plus 1. Explore the history and impact of the arts and technologies of society.
        a. Develop a timeline depicting the evolution of art, technology, media, & performance to the present time.
        b. Identify when the arts became a valued medium within society and how this influenced the arts.
        c. Identify positive and negative impacts of the arts on current society.
        d. Identify the beginnings of audio-video and communications technologies as valued media within society.
    Plus 2. Evaluate the influences on the evolution of art, technology, media, and performance.
        a. Identify the known influences on the evolution of art, technology media and performance.
        b. Identify key factors that have impacted the evolution of the art, communications, and audio-video technologies.
    Plus 3. Distinguish the differing objectives of the general public and the industries in relation to arts and communications.
        a. Analyze the objectives of the general public related to arts and communications.
        b. Examine the objectives of industries related to arts and communications operations.
        c. Interpret the similarities and differences between the objective of the general public and the industries relating to arts and communications operations.
    Plus 4. Analyze current issues related to the arts, audio-video, technologies, telecommunications, printing, and the media.
        a. Identify the current, key, local and national issues for arts and communications technologies.
        b. Compare similarities and differences in the issues currently affecting arts and communications technologies.
        c. Determine how these issues impact each area and the entire career cluster.
  Plus B. Examine the organizational structures within this career cluster for diversity and functions.
    Plus 1. Exhibit knowledge of the fluid & diverse organizational structures within the arts, audio-video technology, printing, telecommunications, and media industries.
        a. Explain the formal and informal organizational structures within each of the pathways.
        b. Illustrate the organizational structures in charts.
        c. Compare the organizational structures of the arts and other pathways for similarities and differences.
        d. Explain the meaning of diverse organizational at4ructures and why these are important for the accomplishment of joint project.
  Plus C. Analyze the economic base and how this impacts its business practices and society.
    Plus 1. Analyze the industry's economic base pertinent to the arts and related technologies.
        a. Evaluate how the visual and performing arts economically impacts current society.
        b. Evaluate how the technology industries economically impact current society.
        c. Describe how the arts have economically influenced the inception of the technology industry.
        d. Describe how the technologies industry has influenced the economic growth of the arts to the present time.
    Plus 2. Analyze the industry's business practices pertinent to the arts and related technologies.
        a. Identify the basic business principles relative to the pathways this career cluster.
        b. Examine the business practices amongst diverse pathways this career cluster for similarities & differences.
    Plus 3. Evaluate the role of the arts in business, technology, and the community.
        a. Define the roles of the arts in business, technology, and the community as identified by society.
        b. Present the role that business expects from the arts in relation to economic development.
        c. Describe the rationale for technical aspects working with the arts and how this provides a mutual benefit.
        d. Illustrate roles that the community expects from the arts in relation to quality of life issues..
  Plus D. Explore evidence of interdependence of the technical and the artistic sides of this career cluster.
    Plus 1. Exhibit knowledge of how technology and the arts are partners in the development of presentations and productions.
        a. Describe the impact that audio-video technology, printing, broadcasting, and journalism have on the development of presentations and productions.
        b. Analyze how technical areas and the arts partner to produce high quality presentations and productions.
    Plus 2. Analyze how the roles of creators, performers, technicians, and others involved in production, performance, and media are similar and different from one another.
        a. Analyze the roles of creators, performers, technical and, and others involved in production, performance, and media to identify similarities and differences.
        b. Analyze the skills required by both technical and artistic partners to provide audiences with quality works and productions.
        c. Design a presentation that illustrates the similarities and differences of the various roles.
  Plus E. Analyze the formal and informal influences in the abstract and formal structures of business organizations in this career cluster.
    Plus 1. Examine the influences of government, public opinion, & diverse local & cultural perspectives that may affect visual arts, media communications, or performance as a business.
        a. Define influences of government and cultural perspectives as they relate to media communication, visual arts or performances as a business.
        b. Define the influence of government regulations on media, audio, video productions, telecommunications, printing, and artistic authorship.
        c. Analyze a variety of persistent cultural issues and dilemmas within society that commonly affect how cultures and portrayed within art forms and communication.
        d. Evaluate how cultural issues and dilemmas within society influence government and public opinion and its effects on developing a successful business.
    Plus 2. Examine labor management processes and agreements generally used in various areas within the arts, audio-video technologies, telecommunications, printing, and the media.
        a. Define labor management processes and agreements used within each pathway.
        b. Identify common labor management processes and agreements used within this career cluster.
        c. Role play a labor management process as it relates to one area in each pathway in this career cluster.
        d. Identify issues that are handled in agreements between labor and management in one of the pathways for this cluster.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH, AND ENVIRONMENTAL
  Plus A. Analyze responsibility for developing and maintaining a safe and healthy work environment related to the arts, audio-video technology, and communications.
    Plus 1. Examine how the responsibility for health is dependent upon the individual, as opposed to a supervisor or others.
        a. Examine the situations in this career cluster where individuals work dependently and are responsible for their own health.
        b. Identify the responsibilities an individual has for implementing health practices in relation to electrical and mechanical equipment.
        c. Identify the individual's responsibilities for safe and healthful practices when dealing with stage equipment, artist tools, and mechanical equipment.
        d. Design a plan for maintaining individual health for work in various pathways within the cluster.
    Plus 2. Illustrate compliance with OSHA safety regulations and practices related to this cluster.
        a. Define the OSHA safety regulations related to this cluster.
        b. Classify critical safety issues and practices identified by OSHA in relation to pathways in this cluster.
        c. Demonstrate using safety procedures required in a specific pathway in this cluster.
    Plus 3. Apply MSDS & Hazardous Materials procedures related to handling & disposing of chemicals.
        a. Analyze health problems that can result from unsafe exposure chemicals.
        b. Demonstrate the use of knowledge and skills for safe and healthful use of chemicals in various processes in the arts, graphic arts, photography, and technical areas of this career cluster.
    Plus 4. Apply Hazardous Materials practices in relation to fire and water hazards, electrical coding, and right to know laws regarding hazards.
        a. Exhibit knowledge of Hazardous Materials practices.
        b. Demonstrate the use of Hazardous Materials practices related activities in the career cluster.
  Plus B. Analyze safety related problems that may result from working with electrical current.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate sage work habits and procedures for application of electricity and static discharge in relation to all technologies in the career cluster.
        a. Exhibit proper grounding techniques.
        b. Identify potential electrical hazards on the work site or set.
        c. Demonstrate how to apply CPR and first aid in relation to electrical shock,
        d. Demonstrate basic procedures for safely working with electricity.
  Plus C. Apply safety procedures in operation equipment commonly used within the career pathways of this cluster.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate the ability to set a ladder safely and use it. Both with and without equipment.
        a. Set a ladder safely, both with and without equipment.
    Plus 2. Examine safety procedures for operating aerial systems, both with and without individuals on the equipment.
        a. Utilize safety procedures to operate an aerial system without individuals on the equipment.
    Plus 3. Demonstrate safety procedures when involved with heights.
        a. Demonstrate how to safely climb poles using steps, gaffs, scaffolding, and ladders.
    Plus 4. Examine the safety practices related to printing and graphic arts, telecommunications, performing arts, visual arts, and broadcasting.
        a. Illustrate the safety practices required in the control room for broadcasting; in a theater with props, sets, costumes, make-up and lighting; in graphic arts with presses and duplications; and in telecommunications.
  Plus D. Analyze life style choices and preparation needed to maintain the work activities of pathways in this career cluster.
    Plus 1. Examine the physical preparation for physically demanding work activities related to pathways in this career cluster.
        a. Demonstrate a warm-up process to prepare the body for various performing arts.
        b. Demonstrate body mechanics that prevent strain on various parts of the body and voice.
        c. Illustrate how to recognize stress as a potential safety factor to the body in various movements.
        d. Demonstrate ergonomic movements related to artistic performance and technical equipment use.
    Plus 2. Analyze life style choices required to maintain the work activities of the pathways in this career cluster.
        a. Apply knowledge of nutrition to meet the body's needs to supply the physical activity required by careers in this cluster.
        b. Interpret the impact of choices regarding nutrition, stress, exercises, and alternative decisions on an individual's ability to sustain a career in performance.
  Plus E. Demonstrate personal safety while on work-related assignments in various locations beyond the business site.
    Plus 1. Analyze personal safety practices required for various pathways within this career cluster.
        a. Determine the personal safety practices required when gathering news where potential health and safety hazards exists.
        b. Practice responding to personal safety concerns "on-location, including dangerous wildlife, terrain, extreme weather, or violence.
        c. Apply safety rules related to motor vehicles and other equipment.
    Plus 2. Examine the safety practices required for working away, "on location," or in an open environment.
        a. Demonstrate safety practices for environmental elements specific to "on-location" settings, stage sets, graphic and visual arts development, and field work in journalism, telecommunications, or broadcasting.
Plus VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Apply leadership knowledge and skills to achieve group goals and consensus.
    Plus 1. Analyze leadership in relation to these four character traits: trust, positive attitude, integrity, and willingness to accept key responsibilities in a work situation.
        a. Analyze leaders in the arts for these four character traits to determine how they strengthen or weaken the leader's business position in this career cluster.
        b. Evaluate work situations within this career cluster to identify how these character traits strengthen the ability of individuals to perform the activities of the job.
        c. Describe the differences between leadership and management.
    Plus 2. Analyze how leaders contribute ideas; share in building an organization; act as role models to employees by adhering to company policies, procedures, & standards; promote the organization's vision; and mentor others.
        a. Analyze these five leadership traits that many business leaders this cluster exhibit and determine how each trait contributed to/or hindered the leaders' success.
        b. Demonstrate each leadership trait as part of a role-playing situation related to business activities in this cluster.
        c. Compare several leaders using the same leadership traits differently, depending upon the situation, the staff, and the ability of the group to work as a team.
        d. Practice small acts that set the tone for an office or an organization, such as returning calls and following up on commitments.
        e. Recognize which traits/strengths are most appropriate personally at the time.
  Plus B. Apply teamwork knowledge and skills to group situations to achieve collective goals.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate teamwork skills though working cooperatively with co-workers, supervisory staff, and theirs, both in and out of the organization, to achieve particular tasks.
        a. Define working together cooperatively as it relates to various careers in the cluster.
        b. Identify the traits, skills, and gaps among individuals on a team and which are appropriate to the situation.
        c. Identify several ways to overcome the barriers to working in teams to complete various types of projects.
        d. Demonstrate good and bad examples of teamwork skills in a mock team meeting related to this cluster.
        e. Analyze teamwork skills applied in a mock meeting to determine how they contributed to the success of the team using the half-full, not "half-empty" analogy.
        f. Identify capabilities to consider in advance as helpful or as future obstacles.
        g. Determine the correct work to assign to a skill set, including some challenges for growth.
        h. Demonstrate ability to accept leadership.
        i. Demonstrate ability to accept feedback on personal behavior and use it constructively.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate teamwork processes that provide team building consensus, continuous improvement, respect for the opinions of others, cooperation adaptability, & conflict resolution.
        a. Define teamwork in the workplace within this career cluster.
        b. Prioritize a list of expectations that co-workers might have for their team, in order for it to achieve work roles to meet group goals.
        c. Research the methods that can be used to build teams, to bring consensus, to continuously improve methods and output, and that can work for the individual also.
        d. Demonstrate teamwork processes, including failure analysis, that contribute to team success in a mock situation.
        e. Analyze teamwork processes in a situation related to this cluster to determine how they were used successfully.
        f. Describe the differences between matrix and hierarchy environments and how to operate in both.
        g. Describe the differences between collaboration and cooperation and their relevance.
        h. Recognize different work style such as top down or bottom up.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY
  Plus A. Exhibit ethical conduct in writing, creating, printing, broadcasting, and performing.
    Plus 1. Analyze ethical principles of decision-making related to clients, customers, fellow workers, and others.
        a. Define professional code of ethics.
        b. Examine the professional code of ethics (e.g.., Society of Professional Journalism).
        c. Identify consequences of non-ethical decision-making of short and long term reputation.
    Plus 2. Analyze ethical conduct that provides proper credit to those whose ideas and content have been used.
        a. Illustrate how credit is given for use of copyright materials.
        b. Identify the consequences in historical examples of both ethical and unethical conduct related to the use of intellectual property.
        c. Identify current concerns about consumer ethics related to the music and the video industries.
        d. Identify ethical and unethical conduct in a given work situation.
    Plus 3. Analyze ethical standards that apply to the delivery of quality performance and products.
        a. Define ethical standards.
        b. Examine the problems related to maintaining ethical standards in situations without a clear standard.
    Plus 4. Identify ethics involved in the degree of influence media, arts and performance have upon individuals.
        a. Identify the degree of influence of print, broadcast media, arts, and performance in a given situation.
        b. Evaluate historic political events & actions instigated through the use of media, print, art, & performance.
        c. Describe why responsibility for ethical influence is a key issues related to this cluster.
    Plus 5. Identify the proper use of proprietary information.
        a. Define proprietary information.
        b. Describe how proprietary information is a concern related to career in this cluster.
        c. Evaluate situations to judge the extent to which information is proprietary & whether or not it can be used.
  Plus B. Apply knowledge of laws affecting this career cluster.
    Plus 1. Analyze the copyright laws in relation to seeking formal permission to use materials.
        a. Identify steps for securing permission to use copyrighted materials.
        b. Exhibit how credit is given for use of copyrighted materials.
        c. Define what is original content and when credit does not need be given.
        d. Identify the benefits of copyright laws.
        e. Identify consequences if formal permission is not secured.
    Plus 2. Analyze contracts for potential work in career pathways within this cluster.
        a. Examine different types of contacts.
        b. Interpret various types of contracts.
        c. Identify essential elements a contract needs to contain for protection of both parties.
    Plus 3. Analyze state, county, and city codes related to decisions affecting work in this cluster.
        a. Identify processes required to obtain local, county, and state permits for building structures and sets, and installing communications mechanisms in various site locations.
        b. Describe relevant statutes for this cluster.
        c. Identify agencies and organizations that oversee and enforce these statutes.
        d. Identify assistance professional organizations offer for security permits.
    Plus 4. Analyze the First Amendment, FCC, the Freedom of information Act, liable laws, and other regulations for compliance issues relevant to this cluster.
        a. Describe the intent and relationship of the First Amendment to this cluster.
        b. Identify FCC Regulations, the Freedom of Information Act, and state statutes and liability laws pertaining to work in this cluster.
        c. Identify court cases related to this cluster that preserve business and individual rights.
        d. Interpret how The Freedom of Information Act affects workers this cluster.
        e. Illustrate instances when the intent of the First Amendment was preserved in recent times.
    Plus 5. Analyze the liabilities associated with productions and performances, media, and telecommunications installations.
        a. Define the term liabilities.
        b. Identify examples of potential situations that could pose legal liabilities.
        c. Analyze the risk level for work situations related to this cluster.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT
  Plus A. Explain written organizational policies, rules and procedures to help employees perform their jobs.
    Plus 1. Locate appropriate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
        a. Identify the contents of various organizational publications.
        b. Select the appropriate document(s) as reference for the situation.
    Plus 2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and rules influence a specific work situation.
        a. Locate and identify specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to assist with a given situation.
        b. Explain specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to improve a given situation.
  Plus B. Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, & integrity in a work situation.
        a. Identify the value of maintaining regular attendance.
        b. Identify and follow company dress and appearance standards.
        c. Explain ways to exhibit pride in work.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate flexibility and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills.
        a. Exhibit ability to handle stress in a given situation.
        b. Display initiative and open-mindedness in accomplishing a word challenge.
        c. Participate in company orientation and training program with enthusiasm.
        d. Complete all tasks thoroughly an identify strategies for accomplishing job.
    Plus 3. Exhibit commitment to the organization.
        a. Follow established rules, regulations and policies to handle situation.
        b. Compare the role of the employer or manager and the role of employee in the flow of work.
        c. Describe examples of practicing cost effectiveness.
        d. Demonstrate time management by prioritizing work to meet deadlines.
    Plus 4. Identify how work varies with regard to site, from indoor confined space to outdoor areas, including aerial space and a variety of climatic and physical conditions.
        a. Identify how environments impact work related to this cluster.
        b. Identify the special knowledge and skills required to work in a variety of climatic and physical situations related to this cluster.
    Plus 5. Apply communication strategies to adapt to a culturally diverse environment.
        a. Recognize and adapt to language barriers, ethnicity, and gender in a workplace context.
    Plus 6. Manage resources in relation to the position.
        a. Apply time allocation methods to accomplish required tasks.
        b. Apply skills for allocating money, individuals, equipment, and other resources to complete tasks.
  Plus C. Identify and explore career opportunities in one or more career pathways.
    Plus 1. Locate and identify career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
        a. Locate and interpret career information for at least one career cluster.
        b. Identify job requirements for career pathways.
        c. Identify educational and credentialing requirements for career cluster and pathways.
    Plus 2. Match personal interests and aptitudes to selected careers.
        a. Identify personal interests and aptitudes.
        b. Identify job requirements and characteristics of selected career.
        c. Compare personal interests and aptitudes with job requirements and characteristics of career selected.
        d. Modify career goals based on results of personal interests and aptitudes with career requirements and characteristics.
  Plus D. Develop a personal career plan to meet career goals and objectives.
    Plus 1. Develop career goal and objectives to plan future career direction.
        a. Identify career that matches individual interests and aptitudes.
        b. Develop realistic career goal with an appropriate time frame.
        c. Identify realistic objectives for reaching and advancing in a career within the estimated timeline.
    Plus 2. Develop strategies to reach career objectives.
        a. Develop a list of strategies for achieving educational requirements for selected career.
        b. Identify multiple strategies for obtaining employment experiences.
        c. Identify alternative career goals and objectives and make adjustments in plan to achieve alternate goal.
  Plus E. Demonstrate ability to seek and apply for employment.
    Plus 1. Use multiple resources to locate job opportunities.
        a. Identify resources for finding employment.
        b. Analyze resources to determine those that are most appropriate for desired career.
        c. Compare job requirements with personal qualifications, interests, and aptitudes.
        d. Select job that matches personal qualifications, interests, and aptitudes.
    Plus 2. Prepare a resume and letter of application to apply.
        a. Identify respective employer's submission requirements.
        b. Gather information and prepare resume in correct format.
        c. Write litter of application for specific job opening in correct format without error.
    Plus 3. Complete an employment application to obtain employment.
        a. Gather information for application.
        b. Complete all questions on application with appropriate and honest answers.
        c. Sign and date application.
        d. Attach any supporting material required or requested.
    Plus 4. Interview to obtain employment.
        a. Dress appropriately for interview.
        b. Exhibit professional conduct before, during and after interview.
        c. Explain your qualifications and interests clearly and concisely.
        d. Answer all questions honestly and concisely.
        e. Write follow-up letter after the interview.
  Plus F. Demonstrate ability to evaluate and compare employment opportunities and accept employment.
    Plus 1. Evaluate and compare employment opportunity to individual needs and career plan.
        a. Identify job advantages and disadvantages.
        b. Compare fob benefits to individual needs.
        c. Compare job opportunities and responsibilities to career plan.
    Plus 2. Accept or reject employment.
        a. Make decision to accept or reject employment based on facts.
        b. Write acceptance or reject employment based on facts.
        c. Complete employment forms upon acceptance without error.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Demonstrate the use of technical knowledge and skills that relate to pathways in this cluster.
    Plus 1. Identify how various pathways within this cluster work together to generate productions, media, and other activities.
        a. Identify work activities associated with a variety of the cluster pathways required for a theater production, film, television, broadcast, or arts event.
        b. Generate a production, media, or other event, and identify the interrelated activities and skill requirements associated with various pathways in this cluster.
    Plus 2. Identify pathways with common knowledge and skills that provide a worker with the potential for mobility.
        a. Compare the pathways for common knowledge & skills, & produce a crosswalk of related career potential.
        b. Identify the pathways with the most discrete knowledge and skills, and compare the potential for career crosswalks.
  Plus B. Demonstrate knowledge of the systems within various pathways in this cluster.
    Plus 1. Analyze technological systems that are apparent within the various pathways in this cluster.
        a. Compare the organizational structures of businesses in each of the pathways in this cluster.
        b. Identify the technological systems and their effects on the pathways in this cluster.
        c. Predict and highlight technological advancements for several pathways to illustrate the effect on work in careers in this cluster for the future.
    Plus 2. Research the impact of potential new technology advancements related to this cluster's future.
        a. Develop a research paper, media production, or other event to demonstrate the impact of technology on careers in this cluster for the future.
        b. Evaluate the business opportunities in this cluster and identify how these will be impacted by technological advancements and systems.
        c. Identify the technological changes in the past five years that have affected the skill requirements for workers in this cluster.

Plus Career & Employability Standards

Plus I. APPLIED ACADEMIC SKILLS
  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standard business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    Plus 3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
        a. Relate the results of study to a similar situation in a verbal or writen report.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    Plus 1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
        a. Problems include making conversions between the metric system and non-English systems of measurement, mixed units (such as hours and minutes), and can require serveral steps to finding a solution.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
Plus II. CAREER PLANNING
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
Plus III. DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from multiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skills using a variety of media and interpretive data.
Plus IV. PROBLEM SOLVING
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
Plus V. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfactory completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities; demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate ethical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
Plus VI. ORGANIZING SKILLS
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
Plus VII. TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minority viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
Plus VIII. NEGOTIATION SKILLS
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibly challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
Plus IX. UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND USING TECHNOLOGY
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
Plus X. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certificates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labor market information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
Plus XI. TECHNOLOGY SKILLS
  Plus A. BASIC OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS
    1. Discuss emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, compressed video delivery, online file sharing, graphing calculators, global positioning software)
    2. Identify the capabilities and limitations of emerging communication resources.
    3. Understand the importance of both the predictable and unpredictable impacts of technology.
    4. Identify changes in hardware and software systems over time and discuss how these changes might affect the individual personally in his/her role as a lifelong learner.
    5. Understand the purpose, scope, and use of assistive technology.
    6. Understand that access to online learning increases educational and workplace opportunities.
    7. Be provided with the opportunity to learn in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills.
    8. Understand the relationship between electronic resources, infrastructure, and connectivity.
    9. Routinely apply touch-typing techniques with advanced accuracy, speed, and efficiency.
    10. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation and support.
    11. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav)
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files.
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application's spelling and grammar checking functions.
  Plus B. SOCIAL, ETHICAL, AND HUMAN ISSUES
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to use of information and communication technology.
    2. Analyze current trends in information and communication technology and assess the potential of emerging technologies for ethical and unethical uses.
    3. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society.
    4. Discuss the possible consequences and costs of unethical uses of information and computer technology.
    5. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users.
    6. Demonstrate the ethical use of technology as a digital citizen and lifelong learner.
    7. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, and commercial software.
    8. Adhere to fair use and copyright guidelines.
    9. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings.
    10. Adhere to the district acceptable use policy as well as state and federal laws.
    11. Explore career opportunities and identify their related technology skill requirements.
    12. Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes technology to support his/her lifelong learning goals.
  Plus C. TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTIVITY TOOLS
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience.
    2. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
    3. Have access to and utilize assistive technology tools.
    4. Apply advanced software features such as an application's built-in thesaurus, templates, and styles to improve the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.
    5. Identify technology tools (e.g., authoring tools or other hardware and software resources) that could be used to create a group project.
    6. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning.
    7. Develop a document or file for inclusion into a web site or web page.
    8. Use a variety of applications to plan, create, and edit a multimedia product (e.g., model, webcast, presentation, publication, or other creative work)
    9. Have the opportunity to participate in real-life experiences associated with technology-related careers.
  Plus D. TECHNOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS TOOLS
    1. Identify and describe various telecommunications or online technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, listservs, blogs, virtual reality)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, groupware, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project.
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., presentations, newsletters, web sites) to communicate original ideas to multiple audiences.
    4. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models) with presentation, word processing. Publishing, database, graphics design, or spreadsheet applications.
    5. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., groupware, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
  Plus E. TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH TOOLS
    1. Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate internet search engines to locate information.
    2. Formulate and use evaluation criteria (authority, accuracy, relevancy, timeliness) for information located on the internet to present research findings.
    3. Determine if online sources are authoritative, valid, reliable, relevant, and comprehensive.
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference.
    5. Evaluate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation.
    6. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
  Plus F. TECHNOLOGY PROBLEM-SOLVING and DECISION-MAKING TOOLS
    1. Use a variety of technology resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning.
    2. Describe the possible integration of two or more information and communication technology tools or resources to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts.
    3. Formulate a research question or hypothesis, then use appropriate information and communication technology resources to collect relevant information, analyze the findings, and report the results to multiple audiences.