47.0607 - Airframe Technology (2007)

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Aviation Mechanic Airframe


Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. PROFESSIONAL INFORMATION
  Plus A. Describe aviation career pathways
    1. Industry segments
    2. Identify advantages of various segments
  Plus B. Demonstrate Critical Thinking Skills
    1. Demonstrate problem analysis; problem solving
    2. Demonstrate judgment and decision making (including resource identification and management)
  Plus C. Demonstrate Interpersonal Skills
    1. Demonstrate oral and written communications
    2. Demonstrate conflict management/conflict resolution
    3. Demonstrate team building; team maintenance; individual accountability
  Plus D. Demonstrate Professional Values and Attitudes
    1. Demonstrate ethical standards; integrity
    2. Demonstrate flexibility; versatility; openness to change
    3. Demonstrate curiosity, imagination, creativity
    4. Demonstrate motivation
    5. Demonstrate passion
    6. Demonstrate dedication
    7. Prioritize tasks
    8. Demonstrate project management
    9. Demonstrate time management
  Plus E. Demonstrate knowledge of business and customer service
    1. Identify common business documents
    2. Work with customers; document customer preferences
    3. Demonstrate cleanliness and housekeeping; touch up screws; bezels scratch; handle expensive pieces of equipment
    4. Conduct aircraft inventory prior to maintenance; secure valuables
    5. Conduct tool control; inventory
    6. Conduct digital photograph of conditions before; process of work performed
    7. Demonstrate aircraft protection (internal and external with protective plastic)
    8. Demonstrate pre-installation testing and inspection
  Plus F. Demonstrate knowledge of legal issues related to aircraft maintenance
    1. Demonstrate knowledge of the importance of documentation/FAR 43
    2. Demonstrate knowledge of FAR 11
    3. Demonstrate knowledge of insurance requirements for independent contractors
    4. Demonstrate knowledge of voluntary disclosure program
    5. Demonstrate knowledge of global issues related to aircraft flying to Europe (location of information)
  Plus G. Demonstrate knowledge of aviation safety
    1. Demonstrate knowledge of human factors in aviation safety
    2. Demonstrate safety awareness
    3. Demonstrate knowledge of safety related organizations (OSHA, EPA, MSDS, MIOSHA, etc.)
    4. Demonstrate knowledge of aircraft accident investigation
Plus II. CORE MATHEMATICS
  Plus A. Perform mathematics related to aviation
    1. Extract roots and raise numbers to a given power.
    2. Determine areas and volumes of various geometrical shapes.
    3. Solve ratio, proportion, and percentage problems.
    4. Perform algebraic operations involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of positive and negative numbs
Plus III. CORE COMMUNICATION SKILLS
  Plus A. Complete maintenance forms and records
    1. Write and spell accurately; legible
    2. Write technical descriptions of repairs
    3. Use vocabulary appropriately
    4. Log book entries
  Plus B. Apply information in maintenance publications
    1. Demonstrate ability to read, comprehend, and apply information contained in FAA and manufacturers' aircraft maintenance specifications, data sheets, manuals, publications, and related Federal Aviation Regulations, Airworthiness Directives, and Advisory material
    2. Read technical data.
Plus IV. CORE TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Apply basic electricity principles
    1. Calculate and measure capacitance and inductance.
    2. Calculate and measure electrical power.
    3. Measure voltage, current, resistance, and continuity.
    4. Determine the relationship of voltage, current, and resistance in electrical circuits
    5. Read and interpret aircraft electrical circuit diagrams, including solid state devices and logic functions
    6. Inspect and service batteries.
  Plus B. Perform weight and balance checks
    1. Identify situations that require weight and balance
  Plus C. Fabricate fluid lines and fittings
    1. Fabricate and install rigid and flexible fluid lines and fittings
  Plus D. Demonstrate knowledge of materials and processes
    1. Identify and select appropriate nondestructive testing methods
    2. Perform dye penetrate, eddy current, ultrasonic, and magnetic particle inspections
    3. Perform basic heat-treating processes.
    4. Identify and select aircraft hardware and materials.
    5. Inspect and check welds.
    6. Perform precision measurements.
  Plus E. Describe ground operation and servicing
    1. Start, ground operate, move, service, and secure aircraft and identify typical ground operation hazards
    2. Identify and select fuels.
  Plus F. Demonstrate cleaning and corrosion control
    1. Identify and select cleaning materials.
    2. Inspect, identify, remove, and treat aircraft corrosion and perform aircraft cleaning
  Plus G. Demonstrate knowledge of basic physics
    1. Use and understand the principles of simple machines; sound, fluid, and heat dynamics; basic aerodynamics; aircraft structures; and theory of flight
  Plus H. Exercise mechanic privileges and limitations
    1. Exercise mechanic privileges within the limitations prescribed by part 65 of this chapter
  Plus I. Use aircraft drawings
    1. Use aircraft drawings, symbols, and system schematics.
    2. Draw sketches of repairs and alterations.
    3. Use blueprint information.
    4. Use graphs and charts.
    5. Perform basic operations in CAD software
  Plus J. Wood structures
    1. Service and repair wood structures.
    2. Identify wood defects.
    3. Inspect wood structures.
  Plus K. Aircraft covering
    1. Select and apply fabric
  Plus L. Aircraft Composites
    1. Identify the materials (resins, fillers, fibers, etc.)
    2. Inspect aircraft for defects (such as, delamination, cracks, unbonds, etc.)
    3. Identify the materials
    4. Comply with HAZMAT regulations when dealing with finishes
  Plus M. Aircraft finishes
    1. Differentiate between common finishes (paint, alodine, plating and coating, metal processing, etc.)
    2. Identify safe handling of finishes
    3. Identify common applications for AP technicians
    4. --patch
    5. Obtain correct finish for application from resources
    6. Comply with HAZMAT regulations when dealing with finishes
  Plus N. Sheet metal structures
    1. Search vendor materials for approved repair instructions
    2. Identify thickness and strength and number of rivets required
    3. Fabricate components with engineering assistance
  Plus O. Welding
    1. Inspect quality and integrity of welds
    2. Identify location of welds on an aircraft
    3. Identify common locations of welded components (pneumatics, exhaust systems, secondary structures, hinges, latches, etc.
  Plus P. Demonstrate knowledge of NDT (non-destructive testing) methods
    1. Radiographic (x-ray)
    2. Pentrant
    3. Visual
    4. Ultrasonic
    5. Magnetic particle
    6. TAP testing
    7. Eddy current
  Plus Q. Assembly and rigging
    1. Research specification regarding rigging for FAA regulations
    2. Identify consequences of missing steps
    3. Identify separate certifications required for rigging (RII)
    4. Research requirements and specifications for inspections
    5. Identify FAA regulations regarding sign off
Plus V. Airframe Systems and Components
  Plus A. Inspect, check, service, and repair landing gear, retraction systems, shock struts, brakes, wheels, tires, and steering systems
    1. Identify common land gear repairs and service
    2. Access job instruction sheets including schematics, part numbers, procedure, etc.
  Plus B. Hydraulic and pneumatic power systems
    1. Research mfg. resources
    2. Devices that actuate devices
    3. Common hydraulic systems
    4. Pumps, fluid lines, safety related to hydraulic and pneumatic systems
    5. Identify tubing markings
    6. Research mfg. instructions
    7. Perform vessel leak checks
    8. Identify tubing markings
    9. Operation and control of outflow and safety valves
  Plus C. Oxygen Systems
    1. Proper handling of oxygen canisters
    2. Inspect passenger service units
    3. Portable oxygen systems
  Plus D. Aircraft instrument systems
    1. Proper handling techniques
    2. --ESD procedures
    3. Serial buss categories including data buss readers and analyzers
    4. Laptop analysis procedures
    5. Installers must program units
    6. Turn on data ports; configure
    7. Procedures of FAR 91.411 and 91.413 and system integration checks including RVSM tests
  Plus E. Communication and navigation systems
    1. Channeling serial busses
    2. Run diagnostics from displays and interpret display readings
    3. Installation of communication and navigation systems
    4. Interface devices between systems; reference systems; systems that drive other systems;
    5. Minimum equipment specifications for IFR flight per mfg. installation manuals
    6. Calibrate test equipment
    7. Addition of GPS systems
    8. Accuracy checks
    9. Troubleshooting skills
  Plus F. Aircraft fuel systems
    1. Check and service fuel dump systems.
    2. Perform fuel management transfer, and defueling.
    3. Inspect, check, and repair pressure fueling systems.
    4. Repair aircraft fuel system components.
    5. Inspect, check, service, troubleshoot, and repair aircraft fuel systems
    6. Safety issues regarding servicing and handling
  Plus G. Aircraft electrical systems
    1. Standard practices for wiring, crimping, soldering
    2. Interpret electrical schematics; identify differences between mfg.; use legends
    3. Wire routing guidelines
    4. Ohm's law and sequence of operation
    5. Installation issues
    6. Wiring inspections
    7. HOBBS hour meter documentation for removal and replacement
  Plus H. Position and warning systems
    1. Electrical troubleshooting procedures
    2. Reference FAA guideline requirements
  Plus I. Ice and rain control systems
    1. Identify various types of systems
    2. Pneumatic system
    3. Liquid systems
    4. Reference FAA guideline requirements
  Plus J. Fire detection/protection/suppression systems
    1. Identify types and uses of fire extinguishers
    2. Identify types of extinguishing agents
    3. General ground safety procedures
    4. SQUIB handling and disposal procedures
    5. Reference FAA guideline requirements
Plus VI. BASIC ELECTRICAL
  Plus A. Demonstrate knowledge of AC and DC current theory
    1. Conductors, insulators, and resistors
    2. Analyzing DC circuit networks
    3. Magnetism
    4. Inductance and capacitance
    5. Analyzing AC circuit networks
    6. Testing and measuring instruments, practical application
    7. Load analysis
  Plus B. Use test equipment
    1. Identify function and proper use for --
    2. Multimeter
    3. Meggar
    4. TDR
    5. Milli ohm meter
    6. SWR
    7. Portable test equipment
    8. Oscilloscope
    9. Crimpers
    10. Data bus readers
    11. Pitot/static test box
  Plus C. Inspect for electrical damage
    1. Heat damage
    2. Corrosion damage
    3. Poor solder connections
    4. Mechanical damage; chaffed wiring; shorts
    5. Chemical damage
    6. Connections
    7. Integrity of connectors
    8. Identify poor racking situations
    9. Pin tension connections
    10. Mechanical alignment pushing on connectors
    11. Metal filing from installation causing shorts
    12. Inspect for FOD
  Plus D. Troubleshoot by performing functional tests
    1. Verify complaint from customer or pilot; duplicate problem
    2. Isolate problem
    3. Research procedure to perform functional operation of system
    4. Interview customer to determine problem
    5. Trace historical data and log books
    6. Verify external power to aircraft
  Plus E. Interpret electrical schematics
    1. Identify common electrical symbols
    2. Perform continuity checks; ring out
    3. Check for power at certain points
    4. Locate component location within aircraft
    5. Verify shielding on shielded wires
    6. Diagnose electrical problems using a schematic
    7. Use multi-page schematics; references pages or ATP numbers
    8. Interpret circuits within an electrical system
    9. Identify potential problems using a schematic
    10. Interpret markings on a connector; manufacturer's errors
    11. Use approved parts (FAA regulations, etc.); traceability issues
    12. Install common components
  Plus F. Route wire
    1. AC 43.13 and Mfg. installation manuals
    2. Wire selection
    3. Tool selection
    4. Bend radius
    5. Bonding
    6. Splices allowed in circuits
    7. Tie and clamping
    8. Lacing
    9. Tolerances for broken strands
    10. Stripping wires
    11. Bundling wires; interference issues; redundancy issues
    12. Shielding process; purpose and prevent issues
    13. Installation of coaxial cable
    14. Pin insertion and extraction
    15. Strain relief practices
    16. Crimping tool use and appropriate procedure
Plus VII. BASIC ELECTRONIC KNOWLEDGE
  Plus A. Microelectronics/Solid State Technology
    1. Semiconductor theory
    2. Small signal amplifiers
    3. Special electronic devices
    4. Integrated circuits
    5. Power amplifiers
    6. Amplifier applications
    7. Testing and measuring instruments, practical application
    8. Boolean algebra (basic)
    9. Systematic reduction of expressions
    10. Number systems
    11. Counters and registers
    12. Multiplexer and demultiplexes
    13. Arithmetic circuits
    14. Digital memories
    15. Interface and display
    16. Testing and measuring instruments, practical application
  Plus B. Demonstrate knowledge of microwave technology
    1. Transmission lines and wave propagation
    2. Basic radar system
    3. Testing and measuring instruments, practical application
  Plus C. Demonstrate knowledge of microprocessors
    1. Microprocessors and assembly language
    2. Programming techniques
    3. Interfacing peripherals
    4. Testing and measuring instruments, practical application
  Plus D. Demonstrate knowledge of fundamentals of fault diagnostics
    1. Fault Tree Analysis
    2. Failure Effects and Modes Analysis
    3. Interpret fault isolation manual
    4. Use computer-based programs for fault isolation
    5. Application of logical troubleshooting principles
  Plus E. Demonstrate knowledge of flight control
    1. Principles of flight control
    2. Light and heavy aircraft systems
    3. Axis
    4. Be familiar with types of systems
    5. Interface issues
  Plus F. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair auto-pilot systems
    1. Theory of operation
    2. Servo motors
    3. Functional checks
    4. Gyro referencing systems
    5. Electric trim systems
    6. MACH trim systems
    7. INS interface
    8. NAV and heading systems interface
    9. Flight director interface
    10. Accelerometers
    11. Switching
    12. Various sensor inputs (e.g., altitude, etc.)
    13. Altitude hold and pre-select
    14. Serial and GPS data interface
    15. Vertical NAV
    16. FMS interface
    17. Databases (software upgrades)
Plus VIII. Pulse Fundamentals
  Plus A. Demonstrate knowledge of pulse technology
    1. Pulse waveforms
    2. Frequency domain analysis
    3. RC circuits
    4. RL-RLC circuits and distributed parameters
    5. Switching circuits
    6. Testing and measuring instruments, practical application
  Plus B. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair radar systems
    1. Identify operation of radar
    2. Identify types of radar systems
    3. Demonstrate knowledge of safety procedures related to radar
    4. Perform tests on radar systems
    5. Verify squawk (perform functional test)
    6. Perform common repairs
    7. Configure and calibrate radar systems
    8. Use portable test equipment to test function
    9. Describe proper installation and mfg. of equipment; common and differences between mfg.
    10. Identify operation of equipment; ATC usage of signals
    11. Test system; use test equipment properly
    12. Perform common repairs
    13. Operation of Modes A, C, S and ADS-B, TIS
    14. Check suppression and co-axial connectors
  Plus C. Identify/Install/troubleshoot/repair DME
    1. Configure different MFD
    2. Portable test equipment use
    3. Perform common repairs
    4. Check suppression
  Plus D. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair TCAS
    1. Differentiate between types of systems
    2. Ground test equipment operation
    3. Identify how ATC uses systems; symbology; how pilot uses systems
    4. Replace components
    5. Interface between various components depending on class of system
    6. Configure system using laptop
    7. Use program hyper terminal
    8. Check suppression
    9. Serial data buss
    10. Check antenna bonding
  Plus E. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair radar altimeter
    1. Describe system theory and operation; interface with other components
    2. Replace components
    3. Perform adjustments
Plus IX. Communications
  Plus A. Demonstrate general knowledge of airborne communications
    1. Elements of noise
    2. Modulation, AM, FM, SSB, Phase, Digital
    3. Receiver circuits
    4. Transmitter circuits
    5. Transmission liens
    6. Antenna and radio wave propagation
    7. Fiber optics
    8. Testing and measuring instruments, practical application
  Plus B. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair VHF, UHF, and HF communications systems
    1. Test system
    2. Proper protocol for communicating with tower (FCC and courtesy and priority)
    3. Taxi aircraft per FAA
    4. Replace components
    5. Perform SWR check
    6. Isolate for noise problems; isolate other sources
    7. Remote channeling
    8. Serial busses
    9. HF specific issues
  Plus C. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair aircraft antennas
    1. Bonding issues
    2. Inspect antenna for delamination, cracks, corrosion
    3. Identify system, function, location and purpose of antenna
    4. Use prints to locate antennas
    5. Determine interference sources for individual antennas
    6. Interpret mfg. data for recommended distance requirements between antennas
    7. Identify functions of antennas
    8. Install/inspect issues
    9. Select best location; use specialized equipment for location; skin mapper
    10. P-Static issues
  Plus D. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair voice and data recording systems
    1. Perform test of system
    2. Tie any new installation to the recording system
    3. Inspection criteria for recording systems
    4. Perform ULB check
    5. G-switch
    6. Potentiometers on flight controller
    7. Repair/replace
  Plus E. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair data links
    1. Identify common data link systems
    2. Repair/replace
  Plus F. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair data links
    1. Configure systems using laptops
    2. Ground test procedures or self-test of system
    3. Service providers
    4. Issues that must be considered
  Plus G. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair intercom systems
    1. Various features and capabilities
    2. Set levels
    3. Controls
    4. Various interfaces
    5. Repair/replace
    6. Identify potential interference sources
  Plus H. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair ELT
    1. Proper testing procedures (esp. 406)
    2. Download codes
    3. Registration
    4. Test equipment usage
    5. ELT antenna system (dual systems)
Plus X. NAVIGATION SYSTEMS
  Plus A. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair precision instrument landing systems
    1. Identify subsystems of the ILS
    2. Test and operate system
    3. Verify calibration using ground-based test equipment
    4. Replace/repair
    5. Theory of operation; interface with flight director; pilot
    6. Interface with auto-pilot system and serial buss channeling
    7. Program selected functions
    8. GPS approaches
  Plus B. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair TAWS and EGPWS systems
    1. Identify common TAWS system options
    2. Types of systems
    3. Identify aircraft requirements for WS systems
    4. Interface issues with other systems
    5. Interpret fault codes and diagnostic with laptop
    6. Database updates
    7. Configuration issues
    8. Serial data busses
  Plus C. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair VOR
    1. Test and operate VOR system
    2. Use test equipment (signal generators)
    3. Replace and adjust
  Plus D. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair GPS
    1. Describe system theory
    2. Replace and adjust
    3. Configure system (LAAS)
    4. Operational limitations
    5. Database maintained
    6. Software
    7. Run diagnostic with laptop
    8. WAAS
    9. External relay control units required for installation
    10. Interfaces with GPS signal
    11. RAIM
    12. Test system and look at satellite reception
    13. Antenna system and pre-amp within antenna
    14. Be familiar with system theory
  E. Identify Loran equipment
  Plus F. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair lightening detection system
    1. Describe system theory
    2. Check antenna bonding
    3. Identify noise sources and troubleshoot noise problems
    4. Remove and replace receiver and antenna
    5. Serial buss
    6. Verify cabling routing issues
    7. Determine antenna location
    8. Various interfaces to system
    9. Heading stabilization operation and function
    10. Aviation meteorology
  Plus G. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair INS and IRS
    1. Interface with air data
    2. Proper mounting and alignment
    3. Cooling and fan filters
    4. Back up battery
    5. Display interface
    6. Switching
  Plus H. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair FMS
    1. Interface with other components such as
    2. Switching
    3. Operation of system
    4. Certification issues regarding software upgrade
    5. Uploading and downloading
    6. Programming and configuration
    7. Types of FMS systems and mfg.
  Plus I. Identify/install/troubleshoot/repair EFIS and EICAS
    1. Operation
    2. Interfaces
    3. Remove and reinstall
    4. HUD
    5. Configuration issues
    6. Proprietary databus
    7. Software upgrades
    8. Switching
    9. Strapping address
    10. HIRF testing

Plus Pathway Standards

Plus I. Develop and manage preventive maintenance plans and systems.
  Plus A. Develop preventive maintenance plans and systems and equipment manufacturer requirements.
    1. Identify performance/reliability requirements for the use of facilities and equipment.
    2. Review and analyze facilities and equipment documentation to determine preventive maintenance requirements.
    3. Review safety and environmental regulations and policies to determine adequacy and compliance.
    4. Review performance/reliability and maintenance records to determine the efficacy of current systems and methods.
    5. Develop routine maintenance procedures and schedules to satisfy the performance/reliability requirements.
    6. Develop emergency maintenance procedures to satisfy the performance requirements.
    7. Determine equipment/material/supply and labor requirements for the procedures and schedules developed to satisfy performance/reliability requirements.
    8. Develop purchasing plans and inventory levels for supplies/parts needed to satisfy the developed procedures and schedules.
    9. Determine people and resources to satisfy the schedule and reliability requirements.
    10. Develop written preventative maintenance plans to satisfy the reliability requirements.
    11. Present and explain plans (e.g., business meetings).
  Plus B. Monitor and evaluate the performance of maintenance plans and systems.
    1. Monitor and maintain information on facilities and equipment use and reliability.
    2. Monitor and maintain information on the implication and operation of preventative maintenance systems, including compliance with safety and environmental requirements (e.g., records, logs).
    3. Monitor and maintain information on the availability of parts/materials/supplies and the management of inventory levels.
    4. Evaluate maintenance plan and system performance and identify problems.
    5. Develop reports on system implementation and performance.
    6. Present and explain report (e.g., business meetings).
Plus II. Maintain and improve facilities, equipment, and system performance.
  Plus A. Develop and manage repair plans.
    1. Identify and describe facility and mobile equipment reliability/performance problems.
    2. Determine causes of reliability/performance problems of facilities, equipment, subsystems, and/or components including electrical/electronic, fluid power, and mechanical systems and computer control systems.
    3. Determine repair procedures and equipment, materials, parts, supplies, and labor requirements to accomplish repairs.
    4. Develop written plans (e.g., repair plan forms).
    5. Present and explain report (e.g., business meetings).
  Plus B. Develop plans for improving facilities/equipment/system performance.
    1. Review maintenance reports on performance of current facilities, equipment, and the maintenance and reliability system.
    2. Analyze and evaluate professional literature on new products/technology/methods with higher levels of reliability and performance.
    3. Identify potential areas for improvement.
    4. Analyze costs & benefits of alternative strategies (e.g., buy new equipment, upgrade equipment, change maintenance system) for improving performance.
    5. Develop written improvement plan with recommendations.
    6. Present and explain plan (e.g., business meetings).

Plus Foundation Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS
  A. Demonstrate achievement of cluster specific academic knowledge & skills required to pursue the full-range of career & post-secondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
  B. High school graduation requirements & state standards must be met in addition to these academic knowledge & skills
Plus II. COMMUNICATIONS
  Plus A. Comprehend and use reading strategies to learn meaning, technical concepts and vocabulary
    Plus 1. Determine and use reading strategy (Skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning and critical analysis) to determine purpose of text.
        a. Use reading strategy to achieve intended purpose.
        b. Identify complexity of text
        c. Evaluate and explain relevance, accuracy and appropriateness to purpose
    Plus 2. Understand content, technical concepts and vocabulary to analyze information and follow directions.
        a. Identify issues and questions.
        b. Analyze information presented in a variety of formats, such as tables, lists, figures, etc
        c. Identify key technical concepts and vocabulary.
    Plus 3. Interpret, transcribe and communicate information, data and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
        a. Interpret technical materials used.
        b. Summarize overall meaning of text.
        c. Identified strategies for applying information learned to task or new situation.
  Plus B. Locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Locate written information to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.
        a. Conduct search of information on topic using card catalog, keywords, and/or search engines.
        b. Locate variety of resources such as books, journals, and electronic forms including the Internet.
        c. Select the resources that best relate to the topic.
    Plus 2. Organize information to use in written and oral communications.
        a. Read and take notes from selected resources.
        b. Prepare outline that emphasizes major points with supporting data.
        c. Present information in organized easy-to-follow manner.
    Plus 3. Document the source and proper reference for written information.
        a. Prepare a bibliography according to MLA, APA, CBE, Chicago, Depending on the warranted language style.
        b. Use parenthetical, footnotes and endnote accurately.
        c. Follow plagiarism and copyright rules and regulations.
  Plus C. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
    Plus 1. Compose multi-paragraph writing clearly, succinctly, and accurately to write documents.
        a. Organize and arrange information for effective coherence.
        b. Report relevant information in order of occurrence.
        c. Interpret information, data, and observations correctly.
        d. Present main ideas and supporting facts.
    Plus 2. Use description of audience and purpose to prepare written documents.
        a. Use technical terms and concepts.
        b. Incorporate and use references effectively and accurately.
        c. Report objective and/or subjective information to achieve the purpose and meet the needs of the audience.
    Plus 3. Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation and capitalization to prepare written documents.
        a. Use correct grammar and sentence structure.
        b. Use correct spelling.
        c. Use correct punctuation and capitalization.
  Plus D. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.
    Plus 1. Prepare oral presentation to provide information for intended purpose and audience.
        a. Know subject matter well enough to be independent or written aids.
        b. Identify characteristics of the audience and adjust to the level of interest and understanding.
        c. Use technical terms and concepts correctly.
        d. Information is well-organized in logical sequences that make the major points well-understood by the audience.
    Plus 2. Identify and prepare support materials to accompany oral presentation.
        a. Utilize media and visual aids appropriate to understanding of topic.
        b. Prepare easy-to-view visual aids and support materials that are without error.
        c. Operate equipment used with support materials smoothly and efficiently.
        d. Rehearse presentation.
    Plus 3. Deliver presentation to sustain listener's attention and interest.
        a. Deliver presentation without grammatical error.
        b. Speak clearly with appropriate volume, rate and gestures while making and maintaining appropriate eye contact with the audience.
        c. Use support materials in the presentation that enhance the understanding of the topic & the interest level of the audience.
        d. Stay within presentation time parameters.
        e. Use verbal and nonverbal feedback strategies to engage discussion and adjust message and delivery.
        f. Respond to questions and comments on presentation.
  Plus E. Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication with co-workers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Interpret verbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.
        a. Identify verbal cues/behaviors.
        b. Observe voice tempo, quality, tone and volume.
        c. Explain message conveyed by verbal cues/behaviors.
    Plus 2. Interpret nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.
        a. Identify nonverbal cues/behaviors.
        b. Observe eye contact, facial expressions, posture gestures and other body language.
        c. Explain message conveyed by nonverbal cues/behaviors.
  Plus F. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    Plus 1. Interpret message/information given to clarify information.
        a. Indicate Familiarity of topic being presented.
        b. Respond accordingly using appropriate verbal and nonverbal language.
        c. Answer questions correctly and be able to provide feedback in own words.
    Plus 2. Respond with restatement and clarification techniques to clarify information.
        a. Ask questions to seek or confirm understanding.
        b. Paraphrase and/or repeat information.
        c. Record notes and summarize information from written notes.
  Plus G. Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    Plus 1. Develop tables, charts and figures to support written and oral communication.
        a. Compile facts and arrange in an organized manner for a table, chart or figure.
        b. Document sources of data.
        c. Determine most appropriate way to display data for effective coherence.
        d. Prepare table, chart, graph or figure for inclusion in publication or presentation.
    Plus 2. Interpret tables, charts and figures used to support written and oral communication.
        a. Evaluate reference or source of data for authenticity and reliability.
        b. Explain information presented in tables, charts and figures.
        c. Prepare written summary of findings expressed in tables, charts and figures.
Plus III. PROBLEM AND CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS
  Plus A. Formulate ideas, proposals and solutions to problems.
    1. Clarify the problems or issues to be addressed and the objectives.
    2. Identify constraints and parameters.
    3. Obtain and analyze available information and statistical data.
    4. Generate alternative ideas, proposals, and solutions that would solve the problem.
    5. Evaluate alternative solutions.
    6. Identify the best solution based on risks, costs, and benefits.
    7. Present the solution and the logic to rationale for the solution.
  Plus B. Analyze and evaluate ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
    1. Confirm definition of problem and objectives.
    2. Confirm constraints and parameters.
    3. Evaluate the basic assumptions.
    4. Evaluate the quality of information used to support solution.
    5. Evaluate the analysis of data to support solution.
    6. Evaluate the logic and reasoning used to develop solution.
    7. Evaluate the risks, costs, and benefits of testing and implementing the solution.
    8. Make recommendations on supporting, changing, or not supporting the solution.
  Plus C. Develop solutions to performance problems using an structured problem-solving process.
    1. Describe the problem completely and accurately using data and graphs and charts.
    2. Develop & present a comprehensive mapping of potential root & indirect causes (e.g., fishbone diagrams).
    3. Identify and evaluate alternative solutions.
    4. Test, monitor and evaluate best solutions.
    5. Develop plans to fully implement solutions to address performance problem.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
  Plus A. Use Personal information Management (PIM)/Productivity applications.
    Plus 1. Manage Personal Schedule and contact information.
        a. Create and update a to-do list with due dates, status, category, and priorities.
        b. Add, delete, and edit schedules. Use features such as recurring events, multiple-day, and reminders.
        c. Group and categorize contact information.
    Plus 2. Create memos and notes.
        a. Create notes, informal memos, and reminders.
  Plus B. Use electronic mail applications.
    Plus 1. Use email to share files and documents.
        a. Open (or detach) and save attachments to the intended location.
        b. Select appropriate strategy (attachment vs. link) for sharing information.
        c. Use Appropriate e-mail security measures. (e.g., use virus scan to check virus, do not download attachments form unknown sources.)
    Plus 2. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
        a. Create email messages in accordance with established business standards (e.g., grammar, word usage, spelling, sentence structure, clarity.)
        b. Manage mailboxes by deleting and organizing messages.
        c. Use e-mail features such as reply requested, return receipt, out of office notices.
  Plus C. Use internet applications
    Plus 1. Access and navigate Internet (e.g., use a web browser).
        a. Navigate between and within web sites.
        b. Access and use multiple browser windows.
        c. Differentiate between secure and non-secure web sites.
        d. Download a file from a website to the desired location.
    Plus 2. Search for information and resources.
        a. Select search engine(s) appropriate for desired information.
        b. Identify and articulate an information search.
        c. Use phrase search and simple Boolean logic (AND, OR, NOT, NEAR).
        d. Refine search by modifying search terms.
    Plus 3. Evaluate Internet resources.
        a. Prioritize Internet resources against search criteria.
        b. Look for corroboration and independent validation of information (do different sites reference each other, is the information consistent).
        c. Take action to clarify ambiguous or incomplete information.
  Plus D. Use writing/publishing applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
        a. Create documents (letters, memos and reports) both with and without templates.
        b. Format text using basic formatting functions (e.g., paragraph spacing, margins, bullets, numbering).
        c. Employ word processing utility tools (e.g., track changes or thesaurus).
    Plus 2. Performance Element: Prepare reports & other business communications, integrating graphics & other non-text elements.
        a. Use advanced formatting features (headers, footers, page numbering, styles).
        b. Customize tables (add borders and shading, merge rows and columns, adjust row/column sizes).
        c. Use inserts picture/object function to place graphics in document and adjusts text formatting accordingly.
        d. Employ document organization tools (e.g., outline, footnotes, and endnotes).
    Plus 3. Prepare complex publications.
        a. Make changes to format or layout of an existing complex publication or template (e.g., 8-page, 2-color newsletter with columns, sidebars, photos and graphics, multi-color output).
        b. Organize content and standardize format from various sources.
        c. Create non-print output for publication (e.g., PDF, postscript).
  Plus E. Use presentation applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare presentations for training, sales and information sharing.
        a. Create a new presentation using both text and content layouts.
        b. Change color scheme for a slide design.
        c. Create/edit external graphic elements (e.g., a scanned photo)
        d. Edit existing animations and action buttons.
        e. Create new slide transitions.
    Plus 2. Deliver presentations with supporting materials.
        a. Create and distribute presentation handouts or speaker notes.
        b. Print either key slides or an entire presentation in handout or notes format.
  Plus F. Create an automated slide show.
    Plus 1. Use spreadsheet applications.
        a. Create Spreadsheet.
        b. Create new spreadsheet, based on a set of data where you must identify the appropriate structure (e.g., rows and columns) for data display and analysis.
        c. Apply cell type formatting (e.g., date, dollar, text and decimal) appropriate to data type.
        d. Add document identification (e.g., page numbers, dates, and titles in headers and footers).
    Plus 2. Print only relevant data so that it is readable (e.g., use set print area to fit into one or multiple pages).
        a. Perform calculations and analysis on data.
        b. Write simple formulas.
        c. Use chart wizard to create a chart or graph from adjacent selections, with appropriate chart type and labels.
        d. Use filter comparison criteria to find specific values in rows in a list.
  Plus G. Build calculations using the formula wizard.
    Plus 1. Use database applications.
        a. Manipulate data elements.
        b. Enter data using a form.
        c. Locate/replace data using search and replace functions.
    Plus 2. Process data using database functions (e.g., structure, format, attributes, relationships, keys).
        a. Search a database table to locate records.
        b. sort data using single and multiple-field sorts.
        c. Perform single and multiple-table queries (e.g., create, run, save).
        d. Print forms, reports, and results or queries.
        e. Verify accuracy of output.
  Plus H. Use collaborative/groupware applications.
    Plus 1. Facilitate group work through management of shares schedule and contact information.
        a. Add, delete, and edit group schedule. Use features such as recurring events, multiple-day, and reminders.
        b. Create a meeting request or task assignment.
        c. Add or delete contacts in a shared address book.
    Plus 2. Facilitate group work through management of shared files and online information.
        a. Organize , store and share files in network directories (e.g., copy and delete files, create new folders, move documents between folders).
        b. Organize, store, and share files using a document library or database.
        c. Organize, store, and share files using web sites (e.g., post messages and upload/download files).
    Plus 3. Facilitate group work through instant messaging or virtual meetings.
        a. Participate in virtual group discussions and meetings.
        b. Send or respond to an instant message from a group list.
  Plus I. Use computer operations applications.
    Plus 1. Manage computer operations.
        a. Install/uninstall an application.
        b. Connect parts of the computer to peripherals.
        c. Interrupt and restart applications on the computer when they freeze.
        d. Configure desktop environment and applications for efficient operation (e.g., create shortcuts, customize monitor size, customize menu bars).
        e. Apply basic commands of operating system software (e.g., create, rename and delete directories).
        f. Employ desktop operating skills (e.g., use mouse buttons and keyboard shortcuts).
    Plus 2. Manage file storage.
        a. Differentiate between files and directories.
        b. Use folders or directories with meaningful names to store related files.
        c. Backup data periodically to backup media (CD, disk, etc.) or server.
        d. Apply appropriate file and disk management techniques (e.g., defragment and rearrange files, reinstall backup data).
        e. Determine file organization (e.g., use appropriate directory structures and names).
    Plus 3. Compress or alter files.
        a. Compress and uncompress files/folders using compression software.
        b. Convert file formats (e.g., convert MSExcel or MSWord format file to Adobe Acrobat (PDF) format).
        c. Convert Existing files using utilities provided by the software (e.g., update files from older version, convert file created by MSWorks to MSWord).
  Plus J. Use computer based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors used to control electromechanical devices).
    Plus 1. Operate computer driven equipment and machines.
        a. Operate equipment and machine with assistance.
        b. Secure needed supplies and resources.
        c. Follow power-up and log-on procedures.
        d. Interact with/respond to system messages using console device.
        e. Run application/jobs in accordance with processing procedures.
        f. Follow log-off and power-down procedure(s).
  Plus K. Use geographic information system software.
    1. Represent data maps.
    2. Locate physical address on maps
    3. Estimate distance and travel times between two or more locations.
    4. Produce and print maps.
Plus V. SYSTEMS
  Plus A. Explain the role and major functions of a TDL organization.
    1. Describe and explain the mission of TDL organizations.
    2. Explain the role of TDL organizations within the industry.
    3. Define and explain the critical customers, suppliers, and stakeholders for the organization.
    4. Explain the major competitive challenges faced by the organization
    5. Describe and explain the major internal functions and structure of the organization.
  Plus B. Perform and explain the major measures used by a TDL organization to manage and improve performance.
    1. Define and explain measures for financial performance (e.g., profitability, cost reduction, asset utilization).
    2. Define and explain the measures for market performance (e.g., customer and sales/service growth). define and explain the measures for service and internal operations performance (e.g., customer satisfaction, service quality, cycle time).
    3. Define and explain the measures for service and internal operations performance (e.g., customer satisfaction, service quality, cycle time).
    4. Define and explain the measures for organizational compliance and health, safety and environmental performance (e.g., audit findings, emissions, lost time accidents).
  Plus C. Explain the impact of economic, social & technological changes on TDL organization & its role in the TDL industry.
    1. Explain the impact of economic changes including economic growth/decline, income growth, consumer confidence, interest rates, fuel and material costs.
    2. Explain the impact of social changes including consumer attitudes and preferences, demographics, population shifts.
    3. Explain the impact of technological changes including transportation and information technology
  Plus D. Explain the role of risk management in reducing risks and improving performance in TDL organizations.
    1. Explain objectives of risk management programs.
    2. Describe the major types of loss exposures for TDL organization including property, liability, personnel,and net income.
    3. Describe the approaches for managing organizational risks.
  Plus E. Explain the roles and functions of government in regulating and supporting TDL organizations within the industry.
    1. Explain roles in regulating domestic transportation operations.
    2. Explain roles in regulating international transportation operations.
    3. Explain roles in public transportation infrastructure management.
    4. Explain roles in health, safety and environmental management:
  Plus F. Manage customer relationships (internal and/or external customers).
    1. Determine customer needs and requirements.
    2. Determine customer satisfaction and fulfillment of customer requirements.
    3. Respond to customer problems and complaints.
  Plus G. Develop and manage plans and budgets to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
    1. Develop work plans and budgets that allocate people and resources.
    2. Develop reports on performance and resource utilization.
    3. Modify plans and budgets to meet goals and objectives.
  Plus H. Develop plans to improve organizational performance including customer satisfaction & service/operations performance.
    1. Identify and describe most critical performance problems.
    2. Identify opportunities for improvement.
    3. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.
  Plus I. Maintain compliance with organizational policies and government laws and regulations.
    1. Identify and explain relevant organizational policies and government laws for specific functions within TDL organizations.
    2. Determine compliance with policies and regulations.
    3. Performance Element: Make recommendations on improving compliance.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
  Plus A. Describe the major regulatory areas (e.g., personal protective equipment) and government laws and regulations.
    1. Describe the major areas addressed in health and safety laws and regulations.
    2. Describe the major areas addressed in environmental management laws and regulations.
  Plus B. Explain the major components & benefits of health, safety & environmental management systems in TDL organizations.
    1. Describe the major components.
    2. Explain the role and benefits of each component.
  Plus C. Explain how government agencies promote compliance and improved health, safety and environmental performances in TDL organizations.
    1. Describe the major measures and types of data used by government agencies to measure and monitor health, safety, and environmental risks and performance.
    2. Explain how government can ensure compliance and promote improved performance in TDL organizations.
  Plus D. Explain how TDL organizations promote improved health, safety & environmental performance in logistics, distribution, & transportation organizations.
    1. Describe the major measures and types of data used by organizations to measure and monitor health, safety, and environmental risks and performance.
    2. Explain how organizations can improve their performance.
  Plus E. Demonstrate personal commitment to safety, health and environment policies and procedures.
    1. Maintain knowledge of organizational safety, health and environmental management policies and procedures.
    2. Follow organizational policies and procedures.
    3. Educate and orient other workers.
    4. Maintain a safe work area.
    5. Identify and describe workplace hazards.
    6. Perform regular audits and inspections to maintain compliance.
    7. Maintain documentation on compliance.
    8. Identify and report health, safety and environmental problems.
    9. Participate in accident/incident investigations.
  Plus F. Develop plans to improve health, safety, and environmental performance.
    1. Identify and describe most critical performance problems.
    2. Identify opportunities for improvement.
    3. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.
Plus VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Provide group leadership.
    1. Work with others to develop and gain commitment to team goals.
    2. Motivate team members to achieve goals.
    3. Promote the full involvement and utilization of team members.
    4. Distribute responsibility and work load fairly.
  Plus B. Collaborate with others.
    1. Demonstrate commitment and positive attitude toward team goals.
    2. Take responsibility for shared group individual work tasks.
    3. Complete your share of the work.
    4. Assist team members in completing their work.
    5. Adapt effectively to changes in projects and work activities.
    6. Negotiate effectively to arrive at decisions.
    7. Treat people with respect.
    8. Provide constructive praise and criticism.
    9. Demonstrate sensitivity and value for diversity.
    10. Resolve conflicts.
    11. Manage Stress and control emotions.
  Plus C. Conduct and participate in meetings.
    1. Develop meeting objectives, goals and agenda.
    2. Assign responsibilities for preparing materials and leading discussions.
    3. Prepare materials for leading discussion.
    4. Assemble and distribute meeting materials.
    5. Attend scheduled meetings on time.
    6. Conduct meeting to achieve objectives within scheduled time.
    7. Demonstrate effective communication skills in meetings.
    8. Produce and distribute meeting minutes including decisions and next steps.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY
  Plus A. Demonstrate awareness of legal responsibilities for different roles and functions within organizations.
    1. Explain legal responsibilities of employees to comply with government laws and regulations.
    2. Explain the major government laws & regulations that define legal responsibilities for different roles & functions including commercial, consumer, health, safety, environmental & employment laws & regulations.
  Plus B. Recognize differences in ethical and legal responsibilities.
    1. Explain differences between ethical and legal responsibilities for different roles and functions.
    2. Explain employer expectations on ethical workplace behavior, personal responsibility and how they are expressed
    3. Explain workplace differences in personal or professional ethics.
  Plus C. Apply ethical reasoning to different workplace situations.
    1. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on legal responsibilities and employer policies.
    2. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on personal or professional ethical responsibilities.
    3. Identify and explain personal and long term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
    4. Determine and explain most appropriate response based on legal and ethical considerations.
  Plus D. Identify strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions of individuals and organizations.
    1. Identify and explain alternative strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions.
    2. Identify and explain best strategy.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT
  Plus A. Explain written organizational policies, rules and procedures to help employees perform their jobs.
    Plus 1. Locate appropriate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
        a. Identify the contents of various organizational publications.
        b. Select the appropriate document(s) as reference for the situation.
    Plus 2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and rules influence a specific work situation.
        a. Locate and identify specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to assist with given situation.
        b. Explain specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to improve a given situation.
  Plus B. Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, and integrity in a work situation.
        a. Identify the value of maintaining regular attendance.
        b. Identify and follow company dress and appearance standards..
        c. Explain ways to exhibit pride in work.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate flexibility and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills.
        a. Exhibit ability to handle stress in a given situation.
        b. Display initiative and open-mindedness in accomplishing a work challenge.
        c. Participate in company orientation and training programs with enthusiasm.
        d. Complete all tasks thoroughly and identify strategies for accomplishing a job.
    Plus 3. Exhibit commitment to the organization.
        a. Follow established rules, regulations and policies to handle situation.
        b. Compare the role of the employer or manager and the role of the employee in the flow of work.
        c. Describe examples of practicing cost effectiveness.
        d. Demonstrate time management by prioritizing work to meet deadlines.
  Plus C. Identify and explore career opportunities in one or more career pathways.
    Plus 1. Locate and identify career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
        a. Locate and interpret career information for at least one career cluster.
        b. Identify job requirements for career pathways.
        c. Identify educational and credentialing requirements for career cluster and pathways.
    Plus 2. Match interests and aptitudes to selected careers.
        a. Identify personal interests and aptitudes.
        b. Identify job requirements and characteristics of selected careers.
        c. Compare personal interests and aptitudes with job requirements and characteristics of career selected.
        d. Modify career goals based on results of personal interests and aptitudes with career requirements and characteristics.
  Plus D. Develop a personal career plan to meet career goals and objectives.
    Plus 1. Develop career goal and objectives to plan future career direction.
        a. Identify career that matches individual interests and aptitudes.
        b. Develop realistic career goal with appropriate time frame.
        c. Identify realistic objectives for reaching and advancing in career within the estimated timeline.
    Plus 2. Develop strategies to research career objectives.
        a. Develop a list of strategies for achieving educational requirements for selected career.
        b. Identify multiple strategies for obtaining employment experiences.
        c. Identify alternative career goals and objectives and make adjustments in plan to achieve alternate goal.
        d. Develop and maintain a personal educational and career portfolio.
  Plus E. Demonstrate ability to seek and apply for employment.
    Plus 1. Use multiple resources to locate job opportunities.
        a. Identify resources for finding employment.
        b. Analyze resources to determine those that are most appropriate for desired career.
        c. Compare job requirements with personal qualifications, interests and aptitudes.
        d. Select job that matches personal qualifications, interests, and aptitudes.
    Plus 2. Prepare a resume and letter of application to apply.
        a. Identify respective employer's submission requirements.
        b. Gather information and prepare resume in correct format.
        c. Write a letter of application for specific job opening in correct format without error.
    Plus 3. Complete an employment application to obtain employment.
        a. Gather information for application.
        b. Complete all questions on application with appropriate an honest answers.
        c. Sign and date application.
        d. Attach any supporting material required or requested.
    Plus 4. Interview to obtain employment.
        a. Dress appropriately for interview.
        b. Exhibit professional conduct before, during and after interview.
        c. Explain your qualifications and interests clearly and concisely.
        d. Answer ask questions honestly and concisely
        e. Write follow-up letter after interview.
  Plus F. Demonstrate ability to evaluate and compare employment opportunities and accepts employment.
    Plus 1. Evaluate and compare employment opportunity to individual needs and career plan.
        a. Identify job advantages and disadvantages.
        b. Compare job benefits to individual needs.
        c. Compare job opportunities and responsibilities to career plan.
    Plus 2. Accept or reject employment.
        a. Make decision to accept or reject employment based on facts.
        b. Write acceptance or rejection letter without error.
        c. Complete employment forms upon acceptance without error.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Identify and explain the role and function of necessary transportation-related technological systems.
    1. Identify and explain systems for transporting people and freight.
    2. Identify and explain systems for support operations.
    3. Identify and explain information technology applications.
  Plus B. Explain the importance of measuring and managing the reliability and performance of technological systems.
    1. Define and explain the concept of reliability.
    2. Explain how reliability and overall system performance is measures and monitored.
    3. Describe the performance of TDL organizations.
    4. Describe the results of poor reliability and performance of technological systems in improving the performance of TDL organizations.
    5. Explain how employees can contribute to improved reliability and performance (e.g., design, selection, maintenance, operation/utilization).
  Plus C. Explain major health, safety and environmental risks and potential impacts of technological systems.
    1. Explain the major health, safety and environmental risks and potential impacts of technological systems.
    2. Explain how these risks and impacts can be managed in TDL organizations.
  Plus D. Participate in the evaluation and selection of technological systems.
    1. Identify and explain the organizational requirements and selection criteria for technological systems.
    2. Use the requirements and selection a criteria to evaluate alternatives.
    3. Recommend the best technological systems.
  Plus E. Participate in efforts to improve the utilization and performance of technological systems.
    1. Identify and prioritize reliability and performance problems.
    2. Identify opportunities for improvement.
    3. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.

Plus Career & Employability Standards

Plus I. APPLIED ACADEMIC SKILLS
  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standard business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    Plus 3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
        a. Relate the results of study to a similar situation in a verbal or writen report.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    Plus 1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
        a. Problems include making conversions between the metric system and non-English systems of measurement, mixed units (such as hours and minutes), and can require serveral steps to finding a solution.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
Plus II. CAREER PLANNING
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
Plus III. DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from multiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skills using a variety of media and interpretive data.
Plus IV. PROBLEM SOLVING
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
Plus V. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfactory completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities; demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate ethical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
Plus VI. ORGANIZING SKILLS
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
Plus VII. TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minority viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
Plus VIII. NEGOTIATION SKILLS
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibly challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
Plus IX. UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND USING TECHNOLOGY
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
Plus X. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certificates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labor market information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
Plus XI. TECHNOLOGY SKILLS
  Plus A. BASIC OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS
    1. Discuss emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, compressed video delivery, online file sharing, graphing calculators, global positioning software)
    2. Identify the capabilities and limitations of emerging communication resources.
    3. Understand the importance of both the predictable and unpredictable impacts of technology.
    4. Identify changes in hardware and software systems over time and discuss how these changes might affect the individual personally in his/her role as a lifelong learner.
    5. Understand the purpose, scope, and use of assistive technology.
    6. Understand that access to online learning increases educational and workplace opportunities.
    7. Be provided with the opportunity to learn in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills.
    8. Understand the relationship between electronic resources, infrastructure, and connectivity.
    9. Routinely apply touch-typing techniques with advanced accuracy, speed, and efficiency.
    10. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation and support.
    11. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav)
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files.
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application's spelling and grammar checking functions.
  Plus B. SOCIAL, ETHICAL, AND HUMAN ISSUES
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to use of information and communication technology.
    2. Analyze current trends in information and communication technology and assess the potential of emerging technologies for ethical and unethical uses.
    3. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society.
    4. Discuss the possible consequences and costs of unethical uses of information and computer technology.
    5. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users.
    6. Demonstrate the ethical use of technology as a digital citizen and lifelong learner.
    7. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, and commercial software.
    8. Adhere to fair use and copyright guidelines.
    9. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings.
    10. Adhere to the district acceptable use policy as well as state and federal laws.
    11. Explore career opportunities and identify their related technology skill requirements.
    12. Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes technology to support his/her lifelong learning goals.
  Plus C. TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTIVITY TOOLS
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience.
    2. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
    3. Have access to and utilize assistive technology tools.
    4. Apply advanced software features such as an application's built-in thesaurus, templates, and styles to improve the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.
    5. Identify technology tools (e.g., authoring tools or other hardware and software resources) that could be used to create a group project.
    6. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning.
    7. Develop a document or file for inclusion into a web site or web page.
    8. Use a variety of applications to plan, create, and edit a multimedia product (e.g., model, webcast, presentation, publication, or other creative work)
    9. Have the opportunity to participate in real-life experiences associated with technology-related careers.
  Plus D. TECHNOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS TOOLS
    1. Identify and describe various telecommunications or online technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, listservs, blogs, virtual reality)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, groupware, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project.
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., presentations, newsletters, web sites) to communicate original ideas to multiple audiences.
    4. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models) with presentation, word processing. Publishing, database, graphics design, or spreadsheet applications.
    5. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., groupware, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
  Plus E. TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH TOOLS
    1. Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate internet search engines to locate information.
    2. Formulate and use evaluation criteria (authority, accuracy, relevancy, timeliness) for information located on the internet to present research findings.
    3. Determine if online sources are authoritative, valid, reliable, relevant, and comprehensive.
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference.
    5. Evaluate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation.
    6. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
  Plus F. TECHNOLOGY PROBLEM-SOLVING and DECISION-MAKING TOOLS
    1. Use a variety of technology resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning.
    2. Describe the possible integration of two or more information and communication technology tools or resources to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts.
    3. Formulate a research question or hypothesis, then use appropriate information and communication technology resources to collect relevant information, analyze the findings, and report the results to multiple audiences.