47.0613 - Medium/Heavy Truck Technician (2007)

National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation (NATEF)

  • Secondary schools must deliver a minimum of two of the four required courses (ie: Diesel Engines, Suspension & Steering, Brakes, Electrical/Electronic Systems, Preventive Maintenance)
  • NATEF was founded in 1983 as an independent, non-profit organization with a single mission: To evaluate technician training programs against standards developed by the automotive industry and recommend qualifying programs for certification (accreditation) by ASE, the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence.

Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. Diesel Engines
  Plus A. General Engine Diagnosis
    1. Inspect fuel, oil, and coolant levels, condition, and consumption; determine needed action.
    2. Diagnose causes of engine fuel, oil, coolant, air, and other leaks; determine needed action.
    3. Interpret engine noises; determine needed action.
    4. Observe engine exhaust smoke color and quantity; determine needed action.
    5. Perform air intake system restriction and leakage tests; determine needed action.
    6. Perform intake manifold pressure (boost) test; determine needed action.
    7. Perform exhaust back pressure test; determine needed action.
    8. Perform crankcase pressure test; determine needed action.
    9. Diagnose no cranking, cranks but fails to start, hard starting, and starts but does not continue to run problems; determine needed action.
    10. Diagnose surging, rough operation, misfiring, low power, slow deceleration, slow acceleration, and shutdown problems; determine needed action.
    11. Diagnose engine vibration problems; determine needed action.
    12. Check, record, and clear electronic diagnostic(fault) codes; monitor electronic data; determine needed action.
    13. Perform cylinder compression test; determine needed action
  Plus B. Cylinder Head and Valve Train Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Remove, clean, inspect for visible damage, and replace cylinder head(s) assembly.
    2. Clean and inspect threaded holes, studs, and bolts for serviceability; determine needed action.
    3. Inspect cylinder head for cracks/damage; check mating surfaces for warpage; check condition of passages; inspect core/expansion and gallery plugs; determine needed action.
    4. Disassemble head and inspect valves, guides, seats, springs, retainers, rotators, locks, and seals; determine needed action.
    5. Measure valve head height relative to deck and valve face-to-seat contact; determine needed action.
    6. Inspect injector sleeves and seals; measure injector tip or nozzle protrusion; perform needed action.
    7. Inspect and adjust valve bridges (crossheads) and guides; perform needed action.
    8. Reassemble cylinder head.
    9. Inspect, measure, and replace/reinstall overhead camshaft; measure/adjust end play and backlash.
    10. Inspect pushrods, rocker arms, rocker arm shafts, electronic wiring harness, and brackets for wear, bending, cracks, looseness, and blocked oil passages; perform needed action.
    11. Inspect cam followers; perform needed action.
    12. Adjust valve clearance.
  Plus C. Engine Block Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Remove, inspect, service, and install pans, covers, vents, gaskets, seals, and wear rings.
    2. Disassemble, clean, and inspect engine block for cracks/damage; measure mating surfaces for warpage; check condition of passages, core/expansion and gallery plugs; inspect threaded holes, studs, dowel pins, and bolts for serviceability; determine needed action.
    3. Inspect cylinder sleeve counterbore and lower bore; check bore distortion; determine needed action.
    4. Clean, inspect, and measure cylinder walls or liners for wear and damage; determine needed action.
    5. Replace/reinstall cylinder liners and seals; check and adjust liner height (protrusion).
    6. Inspect in-block camshaft bearings for wear and damage; determine needed action.
    7. Inspect, measure, and replace/reinstall in-block camshaft; measure/adjust end play.
    8. Clean and inspect crankshaft for surface cracks and journal damage; check condition of oil passages; check passage plugs; measure journal diameter; determine needed action.
    9. Inspect main bearings for wear patterns and damage; replace as needed; check bearing clearances; check and adjust crankshaft end play.
    10. Inspect, install, and time gear train; measure gear backlash; determine needed action.
    11. Inspect connecting rod and bearings for wear patterns; measure pistons, pins, retainers, and bushings; perform needed action.
    12. Determine piston-to-cylinder wall clearance; check ring-to-groove clearance and end gap; install rings on pistons.
    13. Assemble pistons and connecting rods; install in block; install rod bearings and check clearances.
    14. Check condition of piston cooling jets (nozzles); determine needed action.
    15. Inspect and measure crankshaft vibration damper; determine needed action.
    16. Install and align flywheel housing; inspect flywheel housing(s) to transmission housing/engine mating surface(s) and measure flywheel housing face and bore runout; determine needed action.
    17. Inspect flywheel/flexplate (including ring gear) and mounting surfaces for cracks and wear; measure runout; determine needed action.
  Plus D. Lubrication Systems Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Test engine oil pressure and check operation of pressure sensor, gauge, and/or sending unit; determine needed action.
    2. Check engine oil level, condition, and consumption; determine needed action.
    3. Inspect and measure oil pump, drives, inlet pipes, and pick-up screens; determine needed action.
    4. Inspect oil pressure regulator valve(s), by-pass and pressure relief valve(s), oil thermostat, and filters; determine needed action.
    5. Inspect, clean, and test oil cooler and components; determine needed action.
    6. Inspect turbocharger lubrication system; determine needed action.
    7. Determine proper lubricant and perform oil and filter change.
  Plus E. Cooling System Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Check engine coolant type, level, condition, and consumption; determine needed action.
    2. Test coolant temperature and check operation of temperature sensor, gauge, and/or sending unit; determine needed action.
    3. Inspect and reinstall/replace pulleys, tensioners and drive belts; adjust drive belts and check alignment.
    4. Inspect thermostat(s), by-passes, housing(s), and seals; replace as needed.
    5. Test coolant for freeze protection and additive package concentration; adjust as needed.
    6. Recover, flush, and refill with recommended coolant/additive package; bleed cooling system.
    7. Inspect coolant conditioner/filter assembly for leaks; inspect valves, lines, and fittings; replace as needed.
    8. Inspect water pump and hoses; replace as needed.
    9. Inspect, clean, and pressure test radiator, pressure cap, tank(s), and recovery systems; determine needed action.
    10. Inspect thermostatic cooling fan system (hydraulic, pneumatic, and electronic) and fan shroud; replace as needed.
  Plus F. Air Induction and Exhaust Systems Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Inspect turbocharger(s), wastegate, and piping systems; determine needed action.
    2. Check air induction system: piping , hoses, clamps, and mounting; check for air restrictions and leaks; service or replace air filter as needed .
    3. Remove and reinstall turbocharger/wastegate assembly.
    4. Inspect intake manifold, gaskets, and connections; replace as needed.
    5. Inspect, clean, and test charge air cooler assemblies; replace as needed.
    6. Inspect exhaust manifold, piping, mufflers, exhaust after-treatment device(s), and mounting hardware; repair or replace as needed.
    7. Inspect and test preheater/inlet air heater, or glow plug system and controls; perform needed action.
    8. Inspect and test exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system; determine needed action.
  Plus G. Fuel System Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Check fuel level, quality, and consumption; determine needed action.
    2. Inspect fuel tanks, vents, caps, mounts, valves, screens, crossover system, supply and return lines and fittings; determine needed action.
    3. Inspect, clean, and test fuel transfer (lift) pump, pump drives, screens, fuel/water separators/indicators, filters, heaters, coolers, ECM cooling plates, and mounting hardware; determine needed action.
    4. Inspect and test low pressure regulator systems (check valves, pressure regulator valves, and restrictive fittings); determine needed action.
    5. Check fuel system for air; determine needed action; prime and bleed fuel system; check primer pump.
    6. Perform on-engine inspections, tests, and adjustments; check and adjust timing or replace and time a distributor (rotary) type injection pump; determine needed action.
    7. Perform on-engine inspections, tests, and adjustments; check and adjust timing or replace and time an in-line type injection pump; determine needed action.
    8. Inspect and adjust throttle control linkage; determine needed action.
    9. Inspect air/fuel ratio control systems; determine needed action.
    10. Inspect, test, and adjust engine fuel shut-down devices and controls; determine needed action.
    11. Inspect high pressure injection lines, hold downs, fittings and seals; replace as needed.
    12. Inspect and test power and ground circuits and connections; measure and interpret voltage, voltage drop, amperage, and resistance readings using a digital multimeter (DMM); determine needed action.
    13. Interface with vehicle’s on-board computer; perform diagnostic procedures using recommended electronic diagnostic equipment and tools (to include PC based software and/or data scan tools); determine needed action.
    14. Locate and use relevant service information (to include diagnostic procedures, flow charts, and wiring diagrams).
    15. Inspect and replace electrical connector terminals, seals, and locks.
    16. Inspect and test switches, sensors, controls, actuator components, and circuits; adjust or replace as needed.
    17. Using recommended electronic diagnostic tools (to include PC based software and/or data scan tools), access and change customer parameters.
    18. Inspect, test, and adjust electronic unit injectors (EUI); determine needed action.
    19. Remove and install electronic unit injectors (EUI) and related components; recalibrate ECM (if applicable).
    20. Perform cylinder contribution test utilizing recommended electronic diagnostic tool.
    21. Perform engine timing sensor calibration (if applicable).
    22. Perform on-engine inspections and tests on hydraulic electronic unit injectors and system electronic controls; determine needed action.
    23. Perform on-engine inspections and tests on hydraulic electronic unit injector high pressure oil supply and control systems; determine needed action.
    24. Perform on-engine inspections and tests on distributor-type injection pump electronic controls; determine needed action.
    25. Perform on-engine inspections and tests on in-line type injection pump electronic controls; determine needed action.
    26. Perform on-engine inspections and tests on common rail type injection systems; determine needed action.
  Plus H. Engine Brakes
    1. Inspect and adjust engine compression/exhaust brakes; determine needed action.
    2. Inspect, test, and adjust engine compression/exhaust brake control circuits, switches, and solenoids; repair or replace as needed.
    3. Inspect engine compression/exhaust brake housing, valves, seals, screens, lines, and fittings; repair or replace as needed.
Plus II. BRAKES
  Plus A. Air Brakes Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose poor stopping, air leaks, premature wear, pulling, grabbing, or dragging problems caused by supply and service system malfunctions; determine needed action.
    2. Check air system build-up time; determine needed action.
    3. Drain air reservoir tanks; check for oil, water, and foreign material; determine needed action.
    4. Inspect, adjust, and align compressor drive belts, pulleys, and tensioners; replace as needed.
    5. Inspect compressor drive gear and coupling; replace as needed.
    6. Inspect air compressor, air cleaner/supply; inspect oil supply and coolant lines, fittings, and mounting brackets; repair or replace as needed.
    7. Inspect and test system pressure controls: governor, unloader assembly valves, intake screens, filters, lines, hoses, and fittings; replace as needed.
    8. Inspect air system lines, hoses, fittings, and couplings; repair or replace as needed.
    9. Inspect and test air tank relief (safety) valves, one-way (single) check valves, two-way (double) check-valves, manual and automatic drain valves; replace as needed.
    10. Inspect and clean air drier systems, filters, valves, heaters, wiring, and connectors; repair or replace as needed.
    11. Inspect and test brake application (foot) valve, fittings, and mounts; adjust or replace as needed.
    12. Inspect and test stop light circuit switches, wiring, and connectors; repair or replace as needed.
    13. Inspect and test hand brake (trailer) control valve, lines, fittings, and mountings; repair or replace as needed.
    14. Inspect and test brake relay valve; replace as needed.
    15. Inspect and test quick release valves; replace as needed.
    16. Inspect and test front and rear axle limiting (proportioning) valves; replace as needed.
    17. Inspect and test tractor protection valve; replace as needed.
    18. Inspect and test emergency (spring) brake control/modulator valve(s); replace as needed.
    19. Inspect and test low pressure warning devices, wiring, and connectors; replace as needed.
    20. Inspect and test air pressure gauges, lines, and fittings; replace as needed.
    21. Diagnose poor stopping, brake noise, premature wear, pulling, grabbing, or dragging problems caused by the foundation brake, slack adjuster, and brake chamber problems; determine needed action.
    22. Inspect and test service brake chambers, diaphragm, clamp, spring, pushrod, clevis, and mounting brackets; repair or replace as needed.
    23. Inspect and service manual and automatic slack adjusters; perform needed action.
    24. Inspect camshafts, rollers, bushings, seals, spacers, retainers, brake spiders, shields, anchor pins, and springs; replace as needed.
    25. Inspect, clean, and adjust air disc brake caliper assemblies; determine needed repairs.
    26. Inspect and measure brake shoes, linings, or pads; perform needed action.
    27. Inspect and measure brake drums and rotors; perform needed action.
    28. Parking Brakes
    29. Inspect and test parking (spring) brake chamber diaphragm and seals; replace parking (spring) brake chamber; dispose of removed chambers in accordance with local regulations.
    30. Inspect and test parking (spring) brake check valves, lines, hoses, and fittings; replace as needed.
    31. Inspect and test parking (spring) brake application and release valve; replace as needed.
    32. Manually release (cage) and reset (uncage) parking (spring) brakes in accordance with manufacturers’ recommendations.
  Plus B. Hydraulic Brakes Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose poor stopping, premature wear, pulling, dragging or pedal feel problems caused by the hydraulic system; determine needed action.
    2. Check brake pedal pushrod length; adjust as needed.
    3. Inspect and test master cylinder for internal/external leaks and damage; replace as needed.
    4. Inspect for leaks and damage, brake lines, flexible hoses, and fittings; replace as needed.
    5. Inspect and test metering (hold-off), load sensing/proportioning, proportioning, and combination valves; replace as needed.
    6. Inspect and test brake pressure differential valve and warning light circuit switch, bulbs, wiring, and connectors; repair or replace as needed.
    7. Inspect and clean wheel cylinders; replace as needed.
    8. Inspect and clean disc brake caliper assemblies; replace as needed.
    9. Inspect/test brake fluid; bleed and/or flush system; determine proper fluid type.
    10. Test and adjust brake stop light switch, bulbs, wiring, and connectors; repair or replace as needed.
    11. Diagnose poor stopping, brake noise, premature wear, pulling, grabbing, dragging, or pedal feel problems; determine needed action.
    12. Inspect and measure brake drums and rotors; perform needed action.
    13. Inspect and measure drum brake shoes and linings; inspect mounting hardware, adjuster mechanisms, and backing plates; perform needed action.
    14. Inspect and measure disc brake pads/linings; inspect mounting hardware; perform needed action.
    15. Check parking brake operation; inspect parking brake application and holding devices; adjust and replace as needed.
    16. Diagnose stopping problems caused by the brake assist (booster) system; determine needed action.
    17. Inspect, test, repair, or replace power brake assist (booster), hoses, and control valves; determine proper fluid type.
    18. Check emergency (back-up, reserve) brake assist system.
    19. Observe antilock brake system (ABS) warning light operation (includes dash mounted trailer ABS warning light); determine needed action.
    20. Diagnose antilock brake system (ABS) electronic control(s) and components using self-diagnosis and/or specified test equipment (scan tool, PC computer); determine needed action.
    21. Diagnose poor stopping and wheel lock-up caused by failure of the antilock brake system (ABS); determine needed action.
    22. Inspect, test, and replace antilock brake system (ABS) air, hydraulic, electrical, and mechanical components; perform needed action.
    23. Diagnose, service, and adjust antilock brake system (ABS) wheel speed sensors and circuits following manufacturers’ recommended procedures (including voltage output, resistance, shorts to voltage/ground, and frequency data).
    24. Bleed the ABS hydraulic circuits following manufacturers’ procedures.
    25. Observe automatic traction control (ATC) warning light operation; determine needed action.
    26. Diagnose automatic traction control (ATC) electronic control(s) and components using self-diagnosis and/or specified test equipment (scan tool, PC computer); determine needed action.
Plus III. SUSPENSION AND STEERING
  Plus A. Steering Systems Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose fixed and driver adjustable steering column and shaft noise, looseness, and binding problems; determine needed action.
    2. Inspect steering shaft U-joint(s), slip joints, bearings, bushings, and seals; phase shaft U-joints; determine needed action.
    3. Check and adjust cab mounting and ride height.
    4. Center the steering wheel as needed.
    5. Disable and enable supplemental restraint system (SRS) in accordance with manufacturers’ procedures.
    6. Diagnose power steering system noise, steering binding, darting/oversteer, reduced wheel cut, steering wheel kick, pulling, non-recovery, turning effort, looseness, hard steering, overheating, fluid leakage, and fluid aeration problems; determine needed action.
    7. Determine recommended type of power steering fluid; check level and condition; determine needed action.
    8. Flush and refill power steering system; purge air from system.
    9. Perform power steering system pressure, temperature, and flow tests; determine needed action.
    10. Inspect, service, or replace power steering reservoir including filter, seals, and gaskets.
    11. Inspect and reinstall/replace pulleys, tensioners, and drive belts; adjust drive belts and check alignment.
    12. Inspect, replace as required, power steering pump drive gear and coupling.
    13. Inspect, adjust, or replace power steering pump, mountings, and brackets.
    14. Inspect and replace power steering system cooler, lines, hoses, clamps/mountings, hose routings, and fittings.
    15. Inspect, adjust, or replace linkage-assist type power steering cylinder or gear (dual system).
    16. Inspect, adjust, repair, or replace integral type power steering gear and mountings.
    17. Adjust manual and automatic steering gear poppet/relief valves.
    18. Inspect and align pitman arm; replace as needed.
    19. Inspect drag link (relay rod) and tie rod ends; adjust or replace as needed.
    20. Inspect steering arm and levers, and linkage pivot joints; replace as needed.
    21. Inspect clamps and retainers on cross tube/relay rod/centerlink/tie rod; position or replace as needed.
    22. Check and adjust wheel stops.
    23. Lubricate steering linkage joints as needed.
  Plus B. Suspension Systems Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Inspect front axles, U-bolts, and nuts; determine needed action.
    2. Inspect and service king pin, steering knuckle bushings, locks, bearings, seals, and covers; determine needed action.
    3. Inspect shock absorbers, bushings, brackets, and mounts; replace as needed.
    4. Inspect leaf springs, center bolts, clips, eye bolts and bushings, shackles, slippers, insulators, brackets, and mounts; determine needed action.
    5. Inspect torque arms, bushings, and mounts; determine needed action.
    6. Inspect axle aligning devices such as radius rods, track bars, stabilizer bars, and related bushings, mounts, shims, and cams; determine needed action.
    7. Inspect walking beams, center (cross) tube, bushings, mounts, load pads, and saddles/caps; replace as needed.
    8. Inspect and test air suspension pressure regulator and height control valves, lines, hoses, dump valves, and fittings; adjust, repair or replace as needed.
    9. Inspect and test air springs, mounting plates, springs, suspension arms, and bushings; replace as needed.
    10. Measure vehicle ride height; determine needed action.
    11. Diagnose rough ride problems; determine needed action.
  Plus C. Wheel Alignment Diagnosis, Adjustment, and Repair
    1. Diagnose vehicle wandering, pulling, shimmy, hard steering, and off-center steering wheel problem(s); adjust and repair as needed.
    2. Check camber; determine needed action.
    3. Check caster; adjust as needed.
    4. Check toe; adjust as needed.
    5. Check rear axle(s) alignment (thrustline/centerline) and tracking; adjust or repair as needed.
    6. Diagnose turning/Ackerman angle (toe-out-on-turns) problems; determine needed action.
    7. Check front axle alignment (centerline); adjust or repair as needed.
  Plus D. Wheels and Tires Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose unusual tire wear patterns, check tread depth, mismatched tread design; determine needed action.
    2. Diagnose wheel/tire vibration, shimmy, pounding, hop (tramp) problems; determine needed action.
  Plus E. Frame Service and Repair
    1. Inspect and adjust fifth wheel, pivot pins, bushings, locking jaw mechanisms, and mounting bolts; determine needed action.
    2. Inspect sliding fifth wheel, tracks, stops, locking systems, air cylinders, springs, lines, hoses, and controls.
    3. Inspect frame and frame members for cracks, breaks, corrosion, distortion, elongated holes, looseness, and damage; determine needed repairs.
    4. Inspect, install, or repair frame hangers, brackets, and cross members in accordance with manufacturers’ recommended procedures.
    5. Inspect, repair, or replace pintle hooks and draw bars.
Plus IV. ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS
  Plus A. General Electrical Systems Diagnosis
    1. Read, interpret, and diagnose electrical/electronic circuits using wiring diagrams.
    2. Check continuity in electrical/electronic circuits using appropriate test equipment.
    3. Check applied voltages, circuit voltages, and voltage drops in electrical/electronic circuits using a digital multimeter (DMM).
    4. Check current flow in electrical/electronic circuits and components using a digital multimeter (DMM) or clamp-on ammeter.
    5. Check resistance in electrical/electronic circuits and components using a digital multimeter (DMM).
    6. Find shorts, grounds, and opens in electrical/electronic circuits.
    7. Diagnose parasitic (key-off) battery drain problems.
    8. Inspect and test fusible links, circuit breakers, relays, solenoids, and fuses; replace as needed.
    9. Inspect and test spike suppression diodes/resistors; replace as needed.
    10. Check frequency and pulse width in electrical/electronic circuits using appropriate test equipment.
  Plus B. Battery Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Perform battery load test; determine needed action.
    2. Determine battery state of charge using an open circuit voltage test.
    3. Inspect, clean, and service battery; replace as needed.
    4. Inspect and clean battery boxes, mounts, and hold downs; repair or replace as needed.
    5. Charge battery using slow or fast charge method as appropriate.
    6. Inspect, test, and clean battery cables and connectors; repair or replace as needed.
    7. Jump start a vehicle using jumper cables and a booster battery or auxiliary power supply using proper safety procedures.
    8. Perform battery capacitance test; determine needed action.
  Plus C. Starting System Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Perform starter circuit cranking voltage and voltage drop tests; determine needed action.
    2. Inspect and test components (key switch, push button and/or magnetic switch) and wires in the starter control circuit; replace as needed.
    3. Inspect and test, starter relays and solenoids/switches; replace as needed.
    4. Remove and replace starter; inspect flywheel ring gear or flex plate.
  Plus D. Charging System Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose instrument panel mounted volt meters and/or indicator lamps that show a no charge, low charge, or overcharge condition; determine needed action.
    2. Diagnose the cause of a no charge, low charge, or overcharge condition; determine needed action.
    3. Inspect and replace alternator drive belts, pulleys, fans, tensioners, and mounting brackets; adjust drive belts and check alignment.
    4. Perform charging system voltage and amperage output tests; determine needed action.
    5. Perform charging circuit voltage drop tests; determine needed action.
    6. Remove and replace alternator.
    7. Inspect, repair, or replace connectors and wires in the charging circuit.
    8. Diagnose AC voltage leakage (failed rectifier) at alternator output; determine needed action.
  Plus E. Lighting Systems Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Diagnose the cause of brighter than normal, intermittent, dim, or no headlight and daytime running light (DRL) operation.
    2. Test, aim, and replace headlights.
    3. Test headlight and dimmer circuit switches, relays, wires, terminals, connectors, sockets and control components; repair or replace as needed.
    4. Inspect and test switches, bulbs/LEDs, sockets, connectors, terminals, relays and wires of parking, clearance, and taillight circuits; repair or replace as needed.
    5. Inspect and test instrument panel light circuit switches, relays, bulbs, sockets, connectors, terminals, wires, and printed circuits/control modules; repair or replace as needed.
    6. Inspect and test interior cab light circuit switches, bulbs, sockets, connectors, terminals, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    7. Inspect and test tractor-to-trailer multi-wire connector(s); repair or replace as needed.
    8. Inspect, test, and adjust stoplight circuit switches, bulbs/LEDs, sockets, connectors, terminals, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    9. Inspect and test turn signal and hazard circuit flasher(s), switches, relays, bulbs/LEDs, sockets, connectors, terminals, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    10. Inspect, test, and adjust backup lights and warning device circuit switches, bulbs/LEDs, sockets, horns, buzzers, connectors, terminals, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
  Plus F. Gauges and Warning Devices Diagnosis and Repair
    1. Interface with vehicle’s on-board computer; perform diagnostic procedure using recommended electronic diagnostic equipment and tools (including PC based software and/or data scan tools); determine needed action.
    2. Diagnose the cause of intermittent, high, low, or no gauge readings; determine needed action.
    3. Diagnose the cause of data bus-driven gauge malfunctions; determine needed action.
    4. Inspect and test gauge circuit sending units, gauges, connectors, terminals, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    5. Inspect and test warning devices (lights and audible) circuit sending units, bulbs/LEDs, sockets, connectors, wires, and printed circuits/control modules; repair or replace as needed.
    6. Inspect, test, replace, and calibrate (if applicable) electronic speedometer, odometer, and tachometer systems.
  Plus G. Related Electrical Systems
    1. Diagnose the cause of constant, intermittent, or no horn operation; determine needed action.
    2. Inspect and test horn circuit relays, horns, switches, connectors, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    3. Diagnose the cause of constant, intermittent, or no wiper operation; diagnose the cause of wiper speed control and/or park problems; determine needed action.
    4. Inspect and test wiper motor, resistors, park switch, relays, switches, connectors, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    5. Inspect wiper motor transmission linkage, arms, and blades; adjust or replace as needed.
    6. Inspect and test windshield washer motor or pump/relay assembly, switches, connectors, terminals, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    7. Inspect and test sideview mirror motors, heater circuit grids, relays, switches, connectors, terminals, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    8. Inspect and test heater and A/C electrical components including: A/C clutches, motors, resistors, relays, switches, connectors, terminals, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    9. Inspect and test auxiliary power outlet, integral fuse, connectors, terminals, and wires; repair or replace as needed.
    10. Diagnose the cause of slow, intermittent, or no power side window operation; determine needed action.
    11. Inspect and test motors, switches, relays, connectors, terminals, and wires of power side window circuits; repair or replace as needed.
    12. Inspect block heaters; determine needed repairs.
    13. Inspect and test cruise control electrical components; repair or replace as needed.
    14. Inspect and test engine cooling fan electrical control components; repair or replace as needed.
    15. Diagnose the cause of data buss communication problems; determine needed action.
Plus V. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE INSPECTION
  Plus A. Engine System
    1. Check engine starting/operation (including unusual noises, vibrations, exhaust smoke, etc.); record idle and governed rpm.
    2. Inspect vibration damper.
    3. Inspect belts, tensioners, and pulleys; check and adjust belt tension; check belt alignment.
    4. Check engine oil level; check engine for oil, coolant, and fuel leaks (Engine Off).
    5. Inspect engine mounts for looseness and deterioration.
    6. Check engine for oil, coolant, air, fuel, and exhaust leaks (Engine Running).
    7. Check electrical wiring, routing, and hold-down clamps, including Engine Control Module/Powertrain Control Module (ECM/PCM).
    8. Check fuel tanks, mountings, lines, caps, and vents.
    9. Inspect throttle linkages and return springs.
    10. Drain water from fuel system.
    11. Inspect water separator/fuel heater; replace fuel filter(s); prime and bleed fuel system.
    12. Check exhaust system mountings for looseness and damage.
    13. Check engine exhaust system for leaks, proper routing, and damaged or missing components to include exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system if equipped.
    14. Check air induction system: piping, charge air cooler, hoses, clamps, and mountings; check for air restrictions and leaks.
    15. Inspect turbocharger for leaks; check mountings and connections.
    16. Check operation of engine compression/exhaust brake.
    17. Service or replace air filter as needed; check and reset air filter restriction indicator.
    18. Check operation of fan clutch.
    19. Inspect radiator (including air flow restriction, leaks, and damage) and mountings.
    20. Inspect fan assembly and shroud.
    21. Pressure test cooling system and radiator cap.
    22. Inspect coolant hoses and clamps.
    23. Inspect coolant recovery system.
    24. Check coolant for contamination, supplemental coolant additives (SCA) concentration, and protection level (freeze point).
    25. Service coolant filter/conditioner.
    26. Inspect water pump for leaks and bearing play.
    27. Change engine oil and filters; visually check oil for coolant or fuel contamination; inspect and clean magnetic drain plugs.
    28. Take an engine oil sample.
  Plus B. Cab and Hood
    1. Inspect key condition and operation of ignition switch.
    2. Check warning indicators.
    3. Check instruments; record oil pressure and system voltage.
    4. Check mechanical, electronic, and emergency shut down operation.
    5. Check mechanical and electronic engine speed controls.
    6. Check heater, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) controls.
    7. Check operation of all accessories.
    8. Using diagnostic tool or on-board diagnostic system; extract engine monitoring information.
    9. Check operation of electric/air horns and back-up warning devices.
    10. Check condition and documentation of safety flares, spare fuses, triangles, fire extinguisher, and all required decals.
    11. Inspect seat belts and sleeper restraints.
    12. Inspect wiper blades and arms.
    13. Check wiper and washer operation.
    14. Inspect windshield glass for cracks or discoloration; check sun visor.
    15. Check seat condition, operation, and mounting.
    16. Check door glass and window operation.
    17. Inspect steps and grab handles.
    18. Inspect mirrors, mountings, brackets, and glass.
    19. Record all observed physical damage.
    20. Lubricate all cab and hood grease fittings.
    21. Inspect and lubricate door and hood hinges, latches, strikers, lock cylinders, safety latches, linkages, and cables.
    22. Inspect cab mountings, hinges, latches, linkages and ride height; service as needed.
    23. Inspect tilt cab hydraulic pump, lines, and cylinders for leakage; inspect safety devices; service as needed.
    24. Inspect A/C condenser and lines for condition and visible leaks; check mountings.
    25. Inspect A/C compressor and lines for condition and visible leaks; check mountings.
    26. Check A/C system condition and operation; check A/C monitoring system, if applicable.
    27. Check HVAC air inlet filters and ducts; service as needed.
  Plus C. Electrical/Electronics
    1. Inspect battery box(es), cover(s), and mountings.
    2. Inspect battery hold-downs, connections, cables, and cable routing; service as needed.
    3. Check/record battery state-of-charge (open circuit voltage) and condition.
    4. Perform battery test (load and/or capacitance).
    5. Inspect starter, mounting, and connections.
    6. Engage starter; check for unusual noises, starter drag, and starting difficulty.
    7. Inspect alternator, mountings, wiring and wiring routing; determine needed action.
    8. Perform alternator current output test.
    9. Perform alternator voltage output test.
    10. Check operation of interior lights; determine needed action.
    11. Check all exterior lights, lenses, reflectors, and conspicuity tape; check headlight alignment; determine needed action.
    12. Inspect and test tractor-to-trailer multi-wire connector(s), cable(s), and holder(s); determine needed action.
  Plus D. Frame and Chassis
    1. Check parking brake operation.
    2. Record air governor cut-out setting (psi).
    3. Check air drier drain valve operation.
    4. Check air system for leaks (brakes released).
    5. Check air system for leaks (brakes applied).
    6. Test one-way and double-check valves.
    7. Check low air pressure warning devices.
    8. Check air governor cut-in pressure.
    9. Check emergency (spring) brake control/modulator valve, if applicable.
    10. Check tractor protection valve.
    11. Test air pressure build-up time.
    12. Inspect coupling air lines, holders, and gladhands.
    13. Check brake chambers and air lines for secure mounting and damage.
    14. Service air drier.
    15. Inspect and record brake lining/pad condition, thickness, and contamination.
    16. Inspect and record condition of brake drums/rotors.
    17. Check operation of brake manual slack adjusters; adjust as needed.
    18. Check operation and adjustment of brake automatic slack adjusters.
    19. Lubricate all brake component grease fittings.
    20. Check condition and operation of hand brake (trailer) control valve.
    21. Perform antilock brake system (ABS) operational system self-test.
    22. Drain air tanks and check for contamination.
    23. Check condition of pressure relief (safety) valves.
    24. Check master cylinder fluid level and condition.
    25. Inspect brake lines, fittings, flexible hoses, and valves for leaks and damage.
    26. Check parking brake operation; inspect parking brake application and holding devices; adjust as needed.
    27. Check operation of hydraulic system: pedal travel, pedal effort, pedal feel (drift).
    28. Inspect wheel cylinders/calipers for leakage and damage.
    29. Inspect power brake booster(s), hoses and check/control valves; check power brake booster, reservoir fluid level and condition.
    30. Inspect and record brake lining/pad condition, thickness, and contamination.
    31. Inspect and record condition of brake drums/rotors.
    32. Adjust drum brakes.
    33. Check operation of clutch, clutch brake, and gearshift.
    34. Check clutch linkage/cable for looseness or binding, if applicable.
    35. Check hydraulic clutch slave and master cylinders, lines, fittings, and hoses, if applicable.
    36. Check clutch adjustment; adjust as needed.
    37. Check transmission case, seals, filter, hoses, and cooler for cracks and leaks.
    38. Inspect transmission breather.
    39. Inspect transmission mounts.
    40. Check transmission oil level, type, and condition.
    41. Inspect U-joints, yokes, drive lines, and center bearings for looseness, damage, and proper phasing.
    42. Inspect axle housing(s) for cracks and leaks.
    43. Inspect axle breather(s).
    44. Lubricate all drive train grease fittings.
    45. Check drive axle(s) oil level, type, and condition.
    46. Change drive axle(s) oil and filter; check and clean magnetic plugs.
    47. Check two-speed axle unit operation and oil level.
    48. Change transmission oil and filter; check and clean magnetic plugs.
    49. Check interaxle differential lock operation.
    50. Check range shift operation.
    51. Check steering wheel operation for free play or binding.
    52. Check power steering pump, mounting, and hoses for leaks, condition, and routing; check fluid level.
    53. Change power steering fluid and filter.
    54. Inspect steering gear for leaks and secure mounting.
    55. Inspect steering shaft U-joints, pinch bolts, splines, pitman arm-to-steering sector shaft, tie rod ends, linkage, and linkage-assist power steering cylinders.
    56. Check king pin wear.
    57. Check wheel bearings for looseness and noise.
    58. Check oil level and condition in all non-drive hubs; check for leaks.
    59. Remove and inspect wheel bearings; reassemble and adjust.
    60. Inspect springs, hangers, shackles, spring U-bolts, and insulators.
    61. Inspect shock absorbers for leaks and secure mounting.
    62. Inspect air suspension springs, mounts, hoses, valves, linkage, and fittings for leaks and damage.
    63. Check and record suspension ride height.
    64. Lubricate all suspension and steering grease fittings.
    65. Check toe adjustment.
    66. Check tandem axle alignment and spacing.
    67. Check axle locating components (radius, torque, and/or track rods).
    68. Inspect tires for irregular wear patterns and proper mounting of directional tires.
    69. Inspect tires for cuts, cracks, bulges, and sidewall damage.
    70. Inspect valve caps and stems; replace as needed.
    71. Measure and record tread depth; probe for imbedded debris.
    72. Check and record air pressure; adjust air pressure in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications.
    73. Check for loose lugs and/or slipped wheels; check mounting hardware condition; service as needed.
    74. Retorque lugs in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications.
    75. Inspect wheels and spacers for cracks or damage.
    76. Check tire matching (diameter and tread) on dual tire installations.
    77. Inspect fifth wheel mounting bolts, air lines, and locks.
    78. Test operation of fifth wheel locking device; adjust if necessary.
    79. Check mud flaps and brackets.
    80. Check pintle hook assembly and mounting.
    81. Lubricate all fifth wheel grease fittings and plate.
    82. Inspect frame and frame members for cracks and damage.

Plus Pathway Standards

Plus I. FACILITY AND MOBILE EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE
  Plus A. Develop and manage preventive maintenance plans and systems.
    Plus 1. Develop preventive maintenance plans and systems and equipment manufacturer requirements.
        a. Identify performance/reliability requirements for the use of facilities and equipment.
        b. Review and analyze facilities and equipment documentation to determine preventive maintenance requirements.
        c. Review safety and environmental regulations and policies to determine adequacy and compliance.
        d. Review performance/reliability and maintenance records to determine the efficacy of current systems and methods.
        e. Develop routine maintenance procedures and schedules to satisfy the performance/reliability requirements.
        f. Develop emergency maintenance procedures to satisfy the performance requirements.
        g. Determine equipment/material/supply and labor requirements for the procedures and schedules developed to satisfy performance/reliability requirements.
        h. Develop purchasing plans and inventory levels for supplies/parts needed to satisfy the developed procedures and schedules.
        i. Determine people and resources to satisfy the schedule and reliability requirements.
        j. Develop written preventative maintenance plans to satisfy the reliability requirements.
        k. Present and explain plans (e.g., business meetings).
    Plus 2. Monitor and evaluate the performance of maintenance plans and systems.
        a. Monitor and maintain information on facilities and equipment use and reliability.
        b. Monitor and maintain information on the implication and operation of preventative maintenance systems, including compliance with safety and environmental requirements (e.g., records, logs).
        c. Monitor and maintain information on the availability of parts/materials/supplies and the management of inventory levels.
        d. Evaluate maintenance plan and system performance and identify problems.
        e. Develop reports on system implementation and performance.
        f. Present and explain report (e.g., business meetings).
  Plus B. Maintain and improve facilities, equipment, and system performance.
    Plus 1. Develop and manage repair plans.
        a. Identify and describe facility and mobile equipment reliability/performance problems.
        b. Determine causes of reliability/performance problems of facilities, equipment, subsystems, and/or components including electrical/electronic, fluid power, and mechanical systems and computer control systems.
        c. Determine repair procedures and equipment, materials, parts, supplies, and labor requirements to accomplish repairs.
        d. Develop written plans (e.g., repair plan forms).
        e. Present and explain report (e.g., business meetings).
    Plus 2. Develop plans for improving facilities/equipment/system performance.
        a. Review maintenance reports on performance of current facilities, equipment, and the maintenance and reliability system.
        b. Analyze and evaluate professional literature on new products/technology/methods with higher levels of reliability and performance.
        c. Identify potential areas for improvement.
        d. Analyze costs & benefits of alternative strategies (e.g., buy new equipment, upgrade equipment, change maintenance system) for improving performance.
        e. Develop written improvement plan with recommendations.
        f. Present and explain plan (e.g., business meetings).

Plus Foundation Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS
  A. Demonstrate achievement of cluster specific academic knowledge & skills required to pursue the full-range of career & post-secondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
  B. High school graduation requirements & state standards must be met in addition to these academic knowledge & skills
Plus II. COMMUNICATIONS
  Plus A. Comprehend and use reading strategies to learn meaning, technical concepts and vocabulary
    Plus 1. Determine and use reading strategy (Skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning and critical analysis) to determine purpose of text.
        a. Use reading strategy to achieve intended purpose.
        b. Identify complexity of text
        c. Evaluate and explain relevance, accuracy and appropriateness to purpose
    Plus 2. Understand content, technical concepts and vocabulary to analyze information and follow directions.
        a. Identify issues and questions.
        b. Analyze information presented in a variety of formats, such as tables, lists, figures, etc
        c. Identify key technical concepts and vocabulary.
    Plus 3. Interpret, transcribe and communicate information, data and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
        a. Interpret technical materials used.
        b. Summarize overall meaning of text.
        c. Identified strategies for applying information learned to task or new situation.
  Plus B. Locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Locate written information to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.
        a. Conduct search of information on topic using card catalog, keywords, and/or search engines.
        b. Locate variety of resources such as books, journals, and electronic forms including the Internet.
        c. Select the resources that best relate to the topic.
    Plus 2. Organize information to use in written and oral communications.
        a. Read and take notes from selected resources.
        b. Prepare outline that emphasizes major points with supporting data.
        c. Present information in organized easy-to-follow manner.
    Plus 3. Document the source and proper reference for written information.
        a. Prepare a bibliography according to MLA, APA, CBE, Chicago, Depending on the warranted language style.
        b. Use parenthetical, footnotes and endnote accurately.
        c. Follow plagiarism and copyright rules and regulations.
  Plus C. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
    Plus 1. Compose multi-paragraph writing clearly, succinctly, and accurately to write documents.
        a. Organize and arrange information for effective coherence.
        b. Report relevant information in order of occurrence.
        c. Interpret information, data, and observations correctly.
        d. Present main ideas and supporting facts.
    Plus 2. Use description of audience and purpose to prepare written documents.
        a. Use technical terms and concepts.
        b. Incorporate and use references effectively and accurately.
        c. Report objective and/or subjective information to achieve the purpose and meet the needs of the audience.
    Plus 3. Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation and capitalization to prepare written documents.
        a. Use correct grammar and sentence structure.
        b. Use correct spelling.
        c. Use correct punctuation and capitalization.
  Plus D. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.
    Plus 1. Prepare oral presentation to provide information for intended purpose and audience.
        a. Know subject matter well enough to be independent or written aids.
        b. Identify characteristics of the audience and adjust to the level of interest and understanding.
        c. Use technical terms and concepts correctly.
        d. Information is well-organized in logical sequences that make the major points well-understood by the audience.
    Plus 2. Identify and prepare support materials to accompany oral presentation.
        a. Utilize media and visual aids appropriate to understanding of topic.
        b. Prepare easy-to-view visual aids and support materials that are without error.
        c. Operate equipment used with support materials smoothly and efficiently.
        d. Rehearse presentation.
    Plus 3. Deliver presentation to sustain listener's attention and interest.
        a. Deliver presentation without grammatical error.
        b. Speak clearly with appropriate volume, rate and gestures while making and maintaining appropriate eye contact with the audience.
        c. Use support materials in the presentation that enhance the understanding of the topic & the interest level of the audience.
        d. Stay within presentation time parameters.
        e. Use verbal and nonverbal feedback strategies to engage discussion and adjust message and delivery.
        f. Respond to questions and comments on presentation.
  Plus E. Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication with co-workers and clients/participants.
    Plus 1. Interpret verbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.
        a. Identify verbal cues/behaviors.
        b. Observe voice tempo, quality, tone and volume.
        c. Explain message conveyed by verbal cues/behaviors.
    Plus 2. Interpret nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.
        a. Identify nonverbal cues/behaviors.
        b. Observe eye contact, facial expressions, posture gestures and other body language.
        c. Explain message conveyed by nonverbal cues/behaviors.
  Plus F. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    Plus 1. Interpret message/information given to clarify information.
        a. Indicate Familiarity of topic being presented.
        b. Respond accordingly using appropriate verbal and nonverbal language.
        c. Answer questions correctly and be able to provide feedback in own words.
    Plus 2. Respond with restatement and clarification techniques to clarify information.
        a. Ask questions to seek or confirm understanding.
        b. Paraphrase and/or repeat information.
        c. Record notes and summarize information from written notes.
  Plus G. Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    Plus 1. Develop tables, charts and figures to support written and oral communication.
        a. Compile facts and arrange in an organized manner for a table, chart or figure.
        b. Document sources of data.
        c. Determine most appropriate way to display data for effective coherence.
        d. Prepare table, chart, graph or figure for inclusion in publication or presentation.
    Plus 2. Interpret tables, charts and figures used to support written and oral communication.
        a. Evaluate reference or source of data for authenticity and reliability.
        b. Explain information presented in tables, charts and figures.
        c. Prepare written summary of findings expressed in tables, charts and figures.
Plus III. PROBLEM AND CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS
  Plus A. Formulate ideas, proposals and solutions to problems.
    1. Clarify the problems or issues to be addressed and the objectives.
    2. Identify constraints and parameters.
    3. Obtain and analyze available information and statistical data.
    4. Generate alternative ideas, proposals, and solutions that would solve the problem.
    5. Evaluate alternative solutions.
    6. Identify the best solution based on risks, costs, and benefits.
    7. Present the solution and the logic to rationale for the solution.
  Plus B. Analyze and evaluate ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
    1. Confirm definition of problem and objectives.
    2. Confirm constraints and parameters.
    3. Evaluate the basic assumptions.
    4. Evaluate the quality of information used to support solution.
    5. Evaluate the analysis of data to support solution.
    6. Evaluate the logic and reasoning used to develop solution.
    7. Evaluate the risks, costs, and benefits of testing and implementing the solution.
    8. Make recommendations on supporting, changing, or not supporting the solution.
  Plus C. Develop solutions to performance problems using an structured problem-solving process.
    1. Describe the problem completely and accurately using data and graphs and charts.
    2. Develop & present a comprehensive mapping of potential root & indirect causes (e.g., fishbone diagrams).
    3. Identify and evaluate alternative solutions.
    4. Test, monitor and evaluate best solutions.
    5. Develop plans to fully implement solutions to address performance problem.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
  Plus A. Use Personal information Management (PIM)/Productivity applications.
    Plus 1. Manage Personal Schedule and contact information.
        a. Create and update a to-do list with due dates, status, category, and priorities.
        b. Add, delete, and edit schedules. Use features such as recurring events, multiple-day, and reminders.
        c. Group and categorize contact information.
    Plus 2. Create memos and notes.
        a. Create notes, informal memos, and reminders.
  Plus B. Use electronic mail applications.
    Plus 1. Use email to share files and documents.
        a. Open (or detach) and save attachments to the intended location.
        b. Select appropriate strategy (attachment vs. link) for sharing information.
        c. Use Appropriate e-mail security measures. (e.g., use virus scan to check virus, do not download attachments form unknown sources.)
    Plus 2. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
        a. Create email messages in accordance with established business standards (e.g., grammar, word usage, spelling, sentence structure, clarity.)
        b. Manage mailboxes by deleting and organizing messages.
        c. Use e-mail features such as reply requested, return receipt, out of office notices.
  Plus C. Use internet applications
    Plus 1. Access and navigate Internet (e.g., use a web browser).
        a. Navigate between and within web sites.
        b. Access and use multiple browser windows.
        c. Differentiate between secure and non-secure web sites.
        d. Download a file from a website to the desired location.
    Plus 2. Search for information and resources.
        a. Select search engine(s) appropriate for desired information.
        b. Identify and articulate an information search.
        c. Use phrase search and simple Boolean logic (AND, OR, NOT, NEAR).
        d. Refine search by modifying search terms.
    Plus 3. Evaluate Internet resources.
        a. Prioritize Internet resources against search criteria.
        b. Look for corroboration and independent validation of information (do different sites reference each other, is the information consistent).
        c. Take action to clarify ambiguous or incomplete information.
  Plus D. Use writing/publishing applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
        a. Create documents (letters, memos and reports) both with and without templates.
        b. Format text using basic formatting functions (e.g., paragraph spacing, margins, bullets, numbering).
        c. Employ word processing utility tools (e.g., track changes or thesaurus).
    Plus 2. Performance Element: Prepare reports & other business communications, integrating graphics & other non-text elements.
        a. Use advanced formatting features (headers, footers, page numbering, styles).
        b. Customize tables (add borders and shading, merge rows and columns, adjust row/column sizes).
        c. Use inserts picture/object function to place graphics in document and adjusts text formatting accordingly.
        d. Employ document organization tools (e.g., outline, footnotes, and endnotes).
    Plus 3. Prepare complex publications.
        a. Make changes to format or layout of an existing complex publication or template (e.g., 8-page, 2-color newsletter with columns, sidebars, photos and graphics, multi-color output).
        b. Organize content and standardize format from various sources.
        c. Create non-print output for publication (e.g., PDF, postscript).
  Plus E. Use presentation applications.
    Plus 1. Prepare presentations for training, sales and information sharing.
        a. Create a new presentation using both text and content layouts.
        b. Change color scheme for a slide design.
        c. Create/edit external graphic elements (e.g., a scanned photo)
        d. Edit existing animations and action buttons.
        e. Create new slide transitions.
    Plus 2. Deliver presentations with supporting materials.
        a. Create and distribute presentation handouts or speaker notes.
        b. Print either key slides or an entire presentation in handout or notes format.
  Plus F. Create an automated slide show.
    Plus 1. Use spreadsheet applications.
        a. Create Spreadsheet.
        b. Create new spreadsheet, based on a set of data where you must identify the appropriate structure (e.g., rows and columns) for data display and analysis.
        c. Apply cell type formatting (e.g., date, dollar, text and decimal) appropriate to data type.
        d. Add document identification (e.g., page numbers, dates, and titles in headers and footers).
    Plus 2. Print only relevant data so that it is readable (e.g., use set print area to fit into one or multiple pages).
        a. Perform calculations and analysis on data.
        b. Write simple formulas.
        c. Use chart wizard to create a chart or graph from adjacent selections, with appropriate chart type and labels.
        d. Use filter comparison criteria to find specific values in rows in a list.
  Plus G. Build calculations using the formula wizard.
    Plus 1. Use database applications.
        a. Manipulate data elements.
        b. Enter data using a form.
        c. Locate/replace data using search and replace functions.
    Plus 2. Process data using database functions (e.g., structure, format, attributes, relationships, keys).
        a. Search a database table to locate records.
        b. sort data using single and multiple-field sorts.
        c. Perform single and multiple-table queries (e.g., create, run, save).
        d. Print forms, reports, and results or queries.
        e. Verify accuracy of output.
  Plus H. Use collaborative/groupware applications.
    Plus 1. Facilitate group work through management of shares schedule and contact information.
        a. Add, delete, and edit group schedule. Use features such as recurring events, multiple-day, and reminders.
        b. Create a meeting request or task assignment.
        c. Add or delete contacts in a shared address book.
    Plus 2. Facilitate group work through management of shared files and online information.
        a. Organize , store and share files in network directories (e.g., copy and delete files, create new folders, move documents between folders).
        b. Organize, store, and share files using a document library or database.
        c. Organize, store, and share files using web sites (e.g., post messages and upload/download files).
    Plus 3. Facilitate group work through instant messaging or virtual meetings.
        a. Participate in virtual group discussions and meetings.
        b. Send or respond to an instant message from a group list.
  Plus I. Use computer operations applications.
    Plus 1. Manage computer operations.
        a. Install/uninstall an application.
        b. Connect parts of the computer to peripherals.
        c. Interrupt and restart applications on the computer when they freeze.
        d. Configure desktop environment and applications for efficient operation (e.g., create shortcuts, customize monitor size, customize menu bars).
        e. Apply basic commands of operating system software (e.g., create, rename and delete directories).
        f. Employ desktop operating skills (e.g., use mouse buttons and keyboard shortcuts).
    Plus 2. Manage file storage.
        a. Differentiate between files and directories.
        b. Use folders or directories with meaningful names to store related files.
        c. Backup data periodically to backup media (CD, disk, etc.) or server.
        d. Apply appropriate file and disk management techniques (e.g., defragment and rearrange files, reinstall backup data).
        e. Determine file organization (e.g., use appropriate directory structures and names).
    Plus 3. Compress or alter files.
        a. Compress and uncompress files/folders using compression software.
        b. Convert file formats (e.g., convert MSExcel or MSWord format file to Adobe Acrobat (PDF) format).
        c. Convert Existing files using utilities provided by the software (e.g., update files from older version, convert file created by MSWorks to MSWord).
  Plus J. Use computer based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors used to control electromechanical devices).
    Plus 1. Operate computer driven equipment and machines.
        a. Operate equipment and machine with assistance.
        b. Secure needed supplies and resources.
        c. Follow power-up and log-on procedures.
        d. Interact with/respond to system messages using console device.
        e. Run application/jobs in accordance with processing procedures.
        f. Follow log-off and power-down procedure(s).
  Plus K. Use geographic information system software.
    1. Represent data maps.
    2. Locate physical address on maps
    3. Estimate distance and travel times between two or more locations.
    4. Produce and print maps.
Plus V. SYSTEMS
  Plus A. Explain the role and major functions of a TDL organization.
    1. Describe and explain the mission of TDL organizations.
    2. Explain the role of TDL organizations within the industry.
    3. Define and explain the critical customers, suppliers, and stakeholders for the organization.
    4. Explain the major competitive challenges faced by the organization
    5. Describe and explain the major internal functions and structure of the organization.
  Plus B. Perform and explain the major measures used by a TDL organization to manage and improve performance.
    1. Define and explain measures for financial performance (e.g., profitability, cost reduction, asset utilization).
    2. Define and explain the measures for market performance (e.g., customer and sales/service growth). define and explain the measures for service and internal operations performance (e.g., customer satisfaction, service quality, cycle time).
    3. Define and explain the measures for service and internal operations performance (e.g., customer satisfaction, service quality, cycle time).
    4. Define and explain the measures for organizational compliance and health, safety and environmental performance (e.g., audit findings, emissions, lost time accidents).
  Plus C. Explain the impact of economic, social & technological changes on TDL organization & its role in the TDL industry.
    1. Explain the impact of economic changes including economic growth/decline, income growth, consumer confidence, interest rates, fuel and material costs.
    2. Explain the impact of social changes including consumer attitudes and preferences, demographics, population shifts.
    3. Explain the impact of technological changes including transportation and information technology
  Plus D. Explain the role of risk management in reducing risks and improving performance in TDL organizations.
    1. Explain objectives of risk management programs.
    2. Describe the major types of loss exposures for TDL organization including property, liability, personnel,and net income.
    3. Describe the approaches for managing organizational risks.
  Plus E. Explain the roles and functions of government in regulating and supporting TDL organizations within the industry.
    1. Explain roles in regulating domestic transportation operations.
    2. Explain roles in regulating international transportation operations.
    3. Explain roles in public transportation infrastructure management.
    4. Explain roles in health, safety and environmental management:
  Plus F. Manage customer relationships (internal and/or external customers).
    1. Determine customer needs and requirements.
    2. Determine customer satisfaction and fulfillment of customer requirements.
    3. Respond to customer problems and complaints.
  Plus G. Develop and manage plans and budgets to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
    1. Develop work plans and budgets that allocate people and resources.
    2. Develop reports on performance and resource utilization.
    3. Modify plans and budgets to meet goals and objectives.
  Plus H. Develop plans to improve organizational performance including customer satisfaction & service/operations performance.
    1. Identify and describe most critical performance problems.
    2. Identify opportunities for improvement.
    3. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.
  Plus I. Maintain compliance with organizational policies and government laws and regulations.
    1. Identify and explain relevant organizational policies and government laws for specific functions within TDL organizations.
    2. Determine compliance with policies and regulations.
    3. Performance Element: Make recommendations on improving compliance.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
  Plus A. Describe the major regulatory areas (e.g., personal protective equipment) and government laws and regulations.
    1. Describe the major areas addressed in health and safety laws and regulations.
    2. Describe the major areas addressed in environmental management laws and regulations.
  Plus B. Explain the major components & benefits of health, safety & environmental management systems in TDL organizations.
    1. Describe the major components.
    2. Explain the role and benefits of each component.
  Plus C. Explain how government agencies promote compliance and improved health, safety and environmental performances in TDL organizations.
    1. Describe the major measures and types of data used by government agencies to measure and monitor health, safety, and environmental risks and performance.
    2. Explain how government can ensure compliance and promote improved performance in TDL organizations.
  Plus D. Explain how TDL organizations promote improved health, safety & environmental performance in logistics, distribution, & transportation organizations.
    1. Describe the major measures and types of data used by organizations to measure and monitor health, safety, and environmental risks and performance.
    2. Explain how organizations can improve their performance.
  Plus E. Demonstrate personal commitment to safety, health and environment policies and procedures.
    1. Maintain knowledge of organizational safety, health and environmental management policies and procedures.
    2. Follow organizational policies and procedures.
    3. Educate and orient other workers.
    4. Maintain a safe work area.
    5. Identify and describe workplace hazards.
    6. Perform regular audits and inspections to maintain compliance.
    7. Maintain documentation on compliance.
    8. Identify and report health, safety and environmental problems.
    9. Participate in accident/incident investigations.
  Plus F. Develop plans to improve health, safety, and environmental performance.
    1. Identify and describe most critical performance problems.
    2. Identify opportunities for improvement.
    3. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.
Plus VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Provide group leadership.
    1. Work with others to develop and gain commitment to team goals.
    2. Motivate team members to achieve goals.
    3. Promote the full involvement and utilization of team members.
    4. Distribute responsibility and work load fairly.
  Plus B. Collaborate with others.
    1. Demonstrate commitment and positive attitude toward team goals.
    2. Take responsibility for shared group individual work tasks.
    3. Complete your share of the work.
    4. Assist team members in completing their work.
    5. Adapt effectively to changes in projects and work activities.
    6. Negotiate effectively to arrive at decisions.
    7. Treat people with respect.
    8. Provide constructive praise and criticism.
    9. Demonstrate sensitivity and value for diversity.
    10. Resolve conflicts.
    11. Manage Stress and control emotions.
  Plus C. Conduct and participate in meetings.
    1. Develop meeting objectives, goals and agenda.
    2. Assign responsibilities for preparing materials and leading discussions.
    3. Prepare materials for leading discussion.
    4. Assemble and distribute meeting materials.
    5. Attend scheduled meetings on time.
    6. Conduct meeting to achieve objectives within scheduled time.
    7. Demonstrate effective communication skills in meetings.
    8. Produce and distribute meeting minutes including decisions and next steps.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY
  Plus A. Demonstrate awareness of legal responsibilities for different roles and functions within organizations.
    1. Explain legal responsibilities of employees to comply with government laws and regulations.
    2. Explain the major government laws & regulations that define legal responsibilities for different roles & functions including commercial, consumer, health, safety, environmental & employment laws & regulations.
  Plus B. Recognize differences in ethical and legal responsibilities.
    1. Explain differences between ethical and legal responsibilities for different roles and functions.
    2. Explain employer expectations on ethical workplace behavior, personal responsibility and how they are expressed
    3. Explain workplace differences in personal or professional ethics.
  Plus C. Apply ethical reasoning to different workplace situations.
    1. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on legal responsibilities and employer policies.
    2. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on personal or professional ethical responsibilities.
    3. Identify and explain personal and long term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
    4. Determine and explain most appropriate response based on legal and ethical considerations.
  Plus D. Identify strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions of individuals and organizations.
    1. Identify and explain alternative strategies for responding to unethical or illegal actions.
    2. Identify and explain best strategy.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT
  Plus A. Explain written organizational policies, rules and procedures to help employees perform their jobs.
    Plus 1. Locate appropriate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
        a. Identify the contents of various organizational publications.
        b. Select the appropriate document(s) as reference for the situation.
    Plus 2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and rules influence a specific work situation.
        a. Locate and identify specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to assist with given situation.
        b. Explain specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to improve a given situation.
  Plus B. Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, and integrity in a work situation.
        a. Identify the value of maintaining regular attendance.
        b. Identify and follow company dress and appearance standards..
        c. Explain ways to exhibit pride in work.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate flexibility and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills.
        a. Exhibit ability to handle stress in a given situation.
        b. Display initiative and open-mindedness in accomplishing a work challenge.
        c. Participate in company orientation and training programs with enthusiasm.
        d. Complete all tasks thoroughly and identify strategies for accomplishing a job.
    Plus 3. Exhibit commitment to the organization.
        a. Follow established rules, regulations and policies to handle situation.
        b. Compare the role of the employer or manager and the role of the employee in the flow of work.
        c. Describe examples of practicing cost effectiveness.
        d. Demonstrate time management by prioritizing work to meet deadlines.
  Plus C. Identify and explore career opportunities in one or more career pathways.
    Plus 1. Locate and identify career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
        a. Locate and interpret career information for at least one career cluster.
        b. Identify job requirements for career pathways.
        c. Identify educational and credentialing requirements for career cluster and pathways.
    Plus 2. Match interests and aptitudes to selected careers.
        a. Identify personal interests and aptitudes.
        b. Identify job requirements and characteristics of selected careers.
        c. Compare personal interests and aptitudes with job requirements and characteristics of career selected.
        d. Modify career goals based on results of personal interests and aptitudes with career requirements and characteristics.
  Plus D. Develop a personal career plan to meet career goals and objectives.
    Plus 1. Develop career goal and objectives to plan future career direction.
        a. Identify career that matches individual interests and aptitudes.
        b. Develop realistic career goal with appropriate time frame.
        c. Identify realistic objectives for reaching and advancing in career within the estimated timeline.
    Plus 2. Develop strategies to research career objectives.
        a. Develop a list of strategies for achieving educational requirements for selected career.
        b. Identify multiple strategies for obtaining employment experiences.
        c. Identify alternative career goals and objectives and make adjustments in plan to achieve alternate goal.
        d. Develop and maintain a personal educational and career portfolio.
  Plus E. Demonstrate ability to seek and apply for employment.
    Plus 1. Use multiple resources to locate job opportunities.
        a. Identify resources for finding employment.
        b. Analyze resources to determine those that are most appropriate for desired career.
        c. Compare job requirements with personal qualifications, interests and aptitudes.
        d. Select job that matches personal qualifications, interests, and aptitudes.
    Plus 2. Prepare a resume and letter of application to apply.
        a. Identify respective employer's submission requirements.
        b. Gather information and prepare resume in correct format.
        c. Write a letter of application for specific job opening in correct format without error.
    Plus 3. Complete an employment application to obtain employment.
        a. Gather information for application.
        b. Complete all questions on application with appropriate an honest answers.
        c. Sign and date application.
        d. Attach any supporting material required or requested.
    Plus 4. Interview to obtain employment.
        a. Dress appropriately for interview.
        b. Exhibit professional conduct before, during and after interview.
        c. Explain your qualifications and interests clearly and concisely.
        d. Answer ask questions honestly and concisely
        e. Write follow-up letter after interview.
  Plus F. Demonstrate ability to evaluate and compare employment opportunities and accepts employment.
    Plus 1. Evaluate and compare employment opportunity to individual needs and career plan.
        a. Identify job advantages and disadvantages.
        b. Compare job benefits to individual needs.
        c. Compare job opportunities and responsibilities to career plan.
    Plus 2. Accept or reject employment.
        a. Make decision to accept or reject employment based on facts.
        b. Write acceptance or rejection letter without error.
        c. Complete employment forms upon acceptance without error.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS
  Plus A. Identify and explain the role and function of necessary transportation-related technological systems.
    1. Identify and explain systems for transporting people and freight.
    2. Identify and explain systems for support operations.
    3. Identify and explain information technology applications.
  Plus B. Explain the importance of measuring and managing the reliability and performance of technological systems.
    1. Define and explain the concept of reliability.
    2. Explain how reliability and overall system performance is measures and monitored.
    3. Describe the performance of TDL organizations.
    4. Describe the results of poor reliability and performance of technological systems in improving the performance of TDL organizations.
    5. Explain how employees can contribute to improved reliability and performance (e.g., design, selection, maintenance, operation/utilization).
  Plus C. Explain major health, safety and environmental risks and potential impacts of technological systems.
    1. Explain the major health, safety and environmental risks and potential impacts of technological systems.
    2. Explain how these risks and impacts can be managed in TDL organizations.
  Plus D. Participate in the evaluation and selection of technological systems.
    1. Identify and explain the organizational requirements and selection criteria for technological systems.
    2. Use the requirements and selection a criteria to evaluate alternatives.
    3. Recommend the best technological systems.
  Plus E. Participate in efforts to improve the utilization and performance of technological systems.
    1. Identify and prioritize reliability and performance problems.
    2. Identify opportunities for improvement.
    3. Use structured problem-solving process to develop improvement plans.

Plus Career & Employability Standards

Plus I. APPLIED ACADEMIC SKILLS
  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standard business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    Plus 3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
        a. Relate the results of study to a similar situation in a verbal or writen report.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    Plus 1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
        a. Problems include making conversions between the metric system and non-English systems of measurement, mixed units (such as hours and minutes), and can require serveral steps to finding a solution.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
Plus II. CAREER PLANNING
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
Plus III. DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from multiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skills using a variety of media and interpretive data.
Plus IV. PROBLEM SOLVING
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
Plus V. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfactory completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities; demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate ethical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
Plus VI. ORGANIZING SKILLS
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
Plus VII. TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minority viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
Plus VIII. NEGOTIATION SKILLS
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibly challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
Plus IX. UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND USING TECHNOLOGY
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
Plus X. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certificates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labor market information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
Plus XI. TECHNOLOGY SKILLS
  Plus A. BASIC OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS
    1. Discuss emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, compressed video delivery, online file sharing, graphing calculators, global positioning software)
    2. Identify the capabilities and limitations of emerging communication resources.
    3. Understand the importance of both the predictable and unpredictable impacts of technology.
    4. Identify changes in hardware and software systems over time and discuss how these changes might affect the individual personally in his/her role as a lifelong learner.
    5. Understand the purpose, scope, and use of assistive technology.
    6. Understand that access to online learning increases educational and workplace opportunities.
    7. Be provided with the opportunity to learn in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills.
    8. Understand the relationship between electronic resources, infrastructure, and connectivity.
    9. Routinely apply touch-typing techniques with advanced accuracy, speed, and efficiency.
    10. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation and support.
    11. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav)
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files.
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application's spelling and grammar checking functions.
  Plus B. SOCIAL, ETHICAL, AND HUMAN ISSUES
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to use of information and communication technology.
    2. Analyze current trends in information and communication technology and assess the potential of emerging technologies for ethical and unethical uses.
    3. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society.
    4. Discuss the possible consequences and costs of unethical uses of information and computer technology.
    5. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users.
    6. Demonstrate the ethical use of technology as a digital citizen and lifelong learner.
    7. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, and commercial software.
    8. Adhere to fair use and copyright guidelines.
    9. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings.
    10. Adhere to the district acceptable use policy as well as state and federal laws.
    11. Explore career opportunities and identify their related technology skill requirements.
    12. Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes technology to support his/her lifelong learning goals.
  Plus C. TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTIVITY TOOLS
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience.
    2. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
    3. Have access to and utilize assistive technology tools.
    4. Apply advanced software features such as an application's built-in thesaurus, templates, and styles to improve the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations.
    5. Identify technology tools (e.g., authoring tools or other hardware and software resources) that could be used to create a group project.
    6. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning.
    7. Develop a document or file for inclusion into a web site or web page.
    8. Use a variety of applications to plan, create, and edit a multimedia product (e.g., model, webcast, presentation, publication, or other creative work)
    9. Have the opportunity to participate in real-life experiences associated with technology-related careers.
  Plus D. TECHNOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS TOOLS
    1. Identify and describe various telecommunications or online technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, listservs, blogs, virtual reality)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, groupware, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project.
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., presentations, newsletters, web sites) to communicate original ideas to multiple audiences.
    4. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models) with presentation, word processing. Publishing, database, graphics design, or spreadsheet applications.
    5. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., groupware, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
  Plus E. TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH TOOLS
    1. Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate internet search engines to locate information.
    2. Formulate and use evaluation criteria (authority, accuracy, relevancy, timeliness) for information located on the internet to present research findings.
    3. Determine if online sources are authoritative, valid, reliable, relevant, and comprehensive.
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference.
    5. Evaluate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation.
    6. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
  Plus F. TECHNOLOGY PROBLEM-SOLVING and DECISION-MAKING TOOLS
    1. Use a variety of technology resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning.
    2. Describe the possible integration of two or more information and communication technology tools or resources to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts.
    3. Formulate a research question or hypothesis, then use appropriate information and communication technology resources to collect relevant information, analyze the findings, and report the results to multiple audiences.