10.0301 - Graphic & Printing Technology (2010 Implement by Fall 2011)

Plus Technical Standards

Plus I. MI Standards
  Plus A. Introduction to Printing
    1. Demonstrate knowledge of hazard communication laws and environmental protection and safety procedures
    2. Explain importance of quality control procedures, consistency of production, and statistical process control (SPC) as it relates to customer satisfaction
    3. Identify workflow, processes, and equipment in graphic communications
    4. Demonstrate mathematical concepts relating to print, estimating materials/service costs, and preparing work orders
    5. Understand legal aspects of copyrighted materials
    6. Understand/define printing terminology
    7. Describe various methods of graphic reproduction (offset, screen, intaglio, gravure, letterpress)
  Plus B. Electronic Publishing and Printing, Pre-Press, and Output
    1. Identify and demonstrate principles of layout and design
    2. Identify type terminology, styles, and uses
    3. Identify proofreader’s marks, proofread and mark-up copy
    4. Make conversions using printer systems of measurement
    5. Demonstrate steps in the creative process (thumbnail, rough, comp, mechanical, etc.)
    6. Crop, scale, and manipulate photographs
    7. Prepare elements for a variety of imposition layouts
    8. Demonstrate basic computer knowledge
    9. Demonstrate proficiency in computer graphic applications
    10. Demonstrate knowledge of pre-flighting electronic files
    11. Output color separations from digital files
    12. Assemble single-color, spot color, and process color jobs
    13. Demonstrate knowledge of personalization by geographic or other characteristics
    14. Demonstrate ability to calculate paper costs for job, waste included
    15. Differentiate between web, multimedia, and print graphics
    16. Exhibit knowledge of PDF workflow
    17. Demonstrate knowledge of different color modes and color management, i.e. CMYK and RGB
    18. Exhibit familiarity with desktop and large format printers
    19. Demonstrate knowledge of scanners, cameras, plate technology, and other peripherals
  Plus C. Offset Press Operations
    1. Prepare and operate an offset press
    2. Demonstrate understanding of press chemistry (ink tack, fountain solutions, solvents, dryers)
    3. Define generic systems of an offset press
    4. Perform general maintenance and cleaning of an offset press
    5. Mix inks for color match
    6. Demonstrate auxiliary operations performed on press (perforation, scoring)
    7. Demonstrate proper handling of print stock
    8. Troubleshoot printing problems (scumming, pilling, chalking, roller stripping, ghosting, glazing)
    9. Demonstrate ability to print a second or third color in register on a second pass through an offset press
  Plus D. Finishing and Binding Processes
    1. Set up, adjust, and operate a paper cutter
    2. Set up, adjust, and operate a paper folder
    3. Demonstrate understanding of perforating, scoring, embossing, and die-cutting
    4. Lubricate and maintain bindery equipment
    5. Set up and operate a stitcher
    6. Set up, adjust, and operate a paper drill
    7. Differentiate between collating, gathering, and other methods of assembly
    8. Explain different methods of binding
    9. Explain assembly of carbonless paper forms
    10. Calculate number of small sheets cut from large sheets
    11. Identify properties and use of various paper stocks
    12. Demonstrate understanding of packaging methods
    13. Demonstrate knowledge of carrier options and postal sorting
  Plus E. General Arts and Communication Technical Skills
    1. Compare and contrast the roles of creators, performers, and others involved in the production and presentation of broadcasting/journalism, performing arts, and visual arts
    2. Understand the creative development process as it relates to artistic fields
    3. Demonstrate an awareness of the arts within a cultural context to understand the nature and scope of art in society (e.g., how film, theatre, television, electronic, and print media productions influence values and behaviors.)
    4. Analyze current issues related to the arts and communication fields
    5. Use marketing and advertising strategies effectively to inform and interest the public about various arts and communication programs
  Plus F. Visual Arts Technical Skills
    1. Analyze and employ art elements and principles as they relate to two-dimensional works of art (e.g., drawing, printmaking, photographs)
    2. Analyze and employ art elements and principles as they relate to three-dimensional works of art (e.g., sculpture, interior design, textiles) Use computer and multimedia applications (software, hardware) for the purpose of visual communications
  Plus G. Academic Foundations
    1. Apply reading skills in an arts and communication environment
    2. Apply writing skills in an arts and communication environment
    3. Apply mathematical skills in an arts and communication environment
    4. Apply scientific skills in an arts and communication environment
  Plus H. Systems
    1. Demonstrate understanding of the roles arts and communication fields hold within society and the economy
    2. Demonstrate understanding of company hierarchies and roles within arts and communication organization structures
  Plus I. Ethics and Legal Responsibilities
    1. Apply appropriate laws and regulations to arts and communication situations
    2. Exhibit ethical conduct in conducting business and making decisions in arts and communication environments
  Plus J. Communication
    1. Locate, organize, and reference written information from reliable sources to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants
    2. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences
    3. Apply listening skills and interpret verbal and nonverbal behaviors to enhance communication with coworkers and clients
    4. Interpret and use tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communication
  Plus K. Information Technology Applications
    1. Use software such as word processors and spreadsheets to perform common business applications
    2. Use software such as databases to track and maintain company information
  Plus L. Problem Solving, Critical Thinking, and Decision Making
    1. Use problem solving and critical thinking skills to locate good sources of information about problems and determine appropriate methods for investigating causes
    2. Use problem solving and critical thinking skills to determine root causes of problems and suggest solutions
  Plus M. Leadership and Teamwork
    1. Exhibit leadership qualities to improve the quality of work and the work environment
    2. Work effectively in a team environment to improve the quality of work and the work environment
  Plus N. Safety, Health, and Environmental
    1. Identify and practice appropriate health and safety procedures for arts and communication occupations
    2. Demonstrate appropriate emergency and first aid knowledge land procedures for arts and communication occupations
  Plus O. Employability and Career Development
    1. Demonstrate employability skills related to a career in arts and communication
    2. Pursue career development skills to advance in arts and communication careers

Plus Pathway Standards

Plus I. PRINTING
  Plus A. Employ processes required for the production of various printed products to build a working understanding of print technologies.
    Plus 1. Explain the diversity of the printing process including paper, non-paper substrates and specialty products.
        a. Identify the printing processes used to create books, money, containers, and wallpaper.
        b. Identify printing processes used on non-paper substrates, including packaging, mylar, and foils.
        c. Identify the processes used to print on credit cards, laminates, flooring, pharmaceuticals, and food products.
    Plus 2. Examine the impact of the printing industry on the US economy.
        a. Describe the economic aspects of printing in terms of profit and number of employees involved in the industry.
    Plus 3. Examine the impact of emerging technologies in hardware and software applications.
        a. Describe the expansion of printing with the development of computer applications.
        b. Describe the resulting change in lifestyle of printing employees related to technology.
  Plus B. Manage the printing process including customer service and sales, scheduling, and quality control to deliver products that meet customer needs and expectations.
    Plus 1. Employ knowledge of customer needs and expectations when promoting printing services.
        a. Identify customer requirements, timelines, and budget in a given situation.
        b. Verify final costs and ability to produce materials for time specified to customer.
    Plus 2. Apply knowledge of services, equipment, capabilities, workflow process, data acquisition and technology to deliver customer service.
        a. Analyze cluster data files to determine compatibility with printing processes.
        b. Determine if graphics, images, film fonts, inserts, etc. are required for a print job.
        c. Disseminate customer information to production department.
        d. Communicate with customer to provide updates in schedule and product status.
    Plus 3. Analyze scheduling processes to ensure timely completion of projects.
        a. Plan project schedule related to job specifications.
        b. Schedule resources to complete job.
        c. Monitor project status.
    Plus 4. Identify quality control measures.
        a. Communicate quality standards and expectations for a job to technical production staff.
        b. Monitor project quality to meet required standards.
        c. Specify points in process for client approval.
        d. Demonstrate copying and backup processes for client files.
  Plus C. Demonstrate preparation of customer materials for imaging to deliver products that meet customer needs and expectations.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate previewing materials for imaging (pre-flighting).
        a. Analyze client disc files to ensure software and hardware compatibility for the job components.
        b. Identify required job components including graphics, fonts, and images; transparencies; hard mechanicals; and film.
        c. Demonstrate resolution of file errors.
    Plus 2. Apply knowledge of camera and scanner operations to produce images using process photography.
        a. Identify the types of press and types of paper for press gain compensation.
        b. Analyze original to determine required reproduction techniques.
        c. Demonstrate capturing a photograph of a building, scenery, a personality.
        d. Differentiate between transmissive versus reflective light.
        e. Illustrate understanding of color separation (RGB to CMYK).
    Plus 3. Demonstrate conversion from analog to digital forms, using scanning equipment.
        a. Demonstrate adjusting the scanning equipment for various processes.
        b. Demonstrate how to adjust images.
        c. Retrieve digital images.
    Plus 4. Demonstrate moving manuscripts into a form that is camera-ready copy.
        a. Use word processing to develop printable copy.
  Plus D. Analyze image retrieval through refinement, page assembly processes and type set and trapping to prepare products for printing.
    Plus 1. Identify processes used to modify images so that they conform to layout design specifications.
        a. Comprehend the process of color separation.
        b. Identify processes used to manipulate the images to meet specifications.
    Plus 2. Examine the page assembly process.
        a. Identify the processes involved in building the document.
        b. Identify the steps in preparing files for imaging.
        c. Identify problems that can occur in the page assembly process.
    Plus 3. Examine trapping processes.
        a. Define trapping.
        b. Identify trapping requirements and processes.
  Plus E. Analyze and summarize output processes, including digital, film, directive platemaking, and cylinders to build an understanding regarding delivery of printed products.
    Plus 1. Examine digital output software.
        a. Explain the processes for which CTP, PDF, ADOBE, PS, and DSC would be used.
    Plus 2. Examine film output processes.
        a. Describe the critical elements in creating proofs and films.
    Plus 3. Examine directive processes.
        a. Describe the processes that take output directly to the press.
    Plus 4. Examine platemaking and cylinders as output processes.
        a. Describe platemaking and cylinder-making.
  Plus F. Examine the finishing and distribution operations related to printing in order to complete the printing process.
    Plus 1. Apply knowledge and skills related to binding processes used to finish printed materials.
        a. Define binding processes, including cutting, folding, and trimming.
        b. Calculate basic paper counts from a stock sheet.
        c. Demonstrate folding a single and tri-fold brochure, adapting equipment as needed.
        d. Identify saddle stitch, perfect bind, and flat stitching in various printed materials.
        e. Demonstrate basic saddle stitch and simple padding press operations.
    Plus 2. Examine the specialty operations related to finishing.
        a. Define specialty processes.
        b. Identify embossing, foil stamping, die cutting, and laminating samples in printed materials.
    Plus 3. Apply packaging knowledge and skills to provide the customer with delivery of the product as specified.
        a. Identify how paper labels, ink jet labels, and bulk forms are used and printed for packages.
        b. State the postal regulations related to packages, contents, size, and destinations.
        c. Describe each of the following mail processes and when each is used: sorting, barcodes, bundling, and sacking.
        d. Demonstrate meeting customer needs in labeling, packaging, and shipping to meet expected standards.
  Plus G. Employ knowledge of basic printing processes to demonstrate readiness for a career in the printing technology pathway.
    Plus 1. Explain printing processes related to lithographic, planographic, gravure, intaglio, and screen.
        a. Define each process.
        b. Identify the processes that are from the surface, below the surface, and through the surface.
        c. Describe the product application for each type of process.
    Plus 2. Examine ink and ink processes used for various types of printing.
        a. Identify how to select an ink for a given printing process.
        b. Describe how the properties of ink affect coverage, color, and color separation.
        c. Explain the application of ink for printing processes, including those from the surface, below the surface, and through the surface.
    Plus 3. Employ knowledge of basic printing processes when completing a printing project.
        a. Identify basic offset duplication parts and operation.
        b. Perform basic set-up for printing a single color job.
        c. Produce a printed single color job using an offset duplicator.
        d. Perform basic cleanup and maintenance.

Plus Foundation Standards

I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS: Achieve additional academic knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within a career cluster.
II. COMMUNICATIONS: Use oral and written communication skills in creating, expressing and interpreting information and ideas including technical terminology and information.
III. PROBLEM-SOLVING AND CRITICAL THINKING: Solve problems using critical thinking skills (analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams. Solve problems using creativity and innovation.
IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS: Use information technology tools specific to the career cluster to access, manage, integrate, and create information.
Plus V. SYSTEMS: Understand roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment. Identify how key organizational systems affect organizational performance and the quality of products and services. Understand global context of industries and careers.
  Plus A. Analyze and summarize the history and evolution of the arts, audio-video technology, and communications field to understand the current place the field holds within society and the economy.
    Plus 1. Summarize the history and impact of the arts and technologies on society.
        a. Develop a timeline depicting the evolution of art, technology, media, and performance to the present time.
        b. Identify when the arts became a valued medium within society and how this influenced the arts.
        c. Identify positive and negative impacts of the arts on current society.
        d. Identify the beginnings of audio-video and communications technologies as valued media within society.
    Plus 2. Evaluate the influences on the evolution of art, technology, media, and performance.
        a. Identify the known influences on the evolution of art, technology, media and performance.
        b. Identify key factors that have impacted the evolution of the arts, communications, and audio-video technologies.
    Plus 3. Compare and contrast the different objectives for arts and communications held by the general public and the industry at large.
        a. Analyze the objectives of the general public related to arts and communications.
        b. Examine the objectives of industries related to arts and communications operations.
        c. Interpret the similarities and differences between the objectives of the general public and the industries relating to arts and communications operations.
    Plus 4. Analyze current issues related to the arts, audio-video technologies, telecommunications, printing, and the media.
        a. Identify the current, key, local and national issues for arts and communications technologies.
        b. Compare the similarities and differences in the issues currently affecting arts and communications technologies.
        c. Determine how these issues impact each area and the entire career cluster.
  Plus B. Examine the various organizational structures adopted by groups within the arts, audio-video, technology, and communications field to understand the diversity and variety of functions within the industry.
    Plus 1. Summarize characteristics of the fluid and diverse nature of organizational structures within the arts, audio-video technology, printing, telecommunications, and media industries.
        a. Explain the formal and informal organizational structures within each of these pathways.
        b. Illustrate the organizational structures in charts.
        c. Compare the organizational structures of the arts and other pathways for similarities and differences.
        d. Explain the meaning of diverse organizational structures and why these are important for the accomplishment of joint projects.
  Plus C. Analyze the arts, audio-visual technology and communication industry's economic base in order to demonstrate an understanding of the economic factors influencing the industry as a whole.
    Plus 1. Analyze the industry’s economic base pertinent to the arts and related technologies.
        a. Evaluate how the visual and performing arts economically impacts current society.
        b. Evaluate how the technology industries economically impact current society.
        c. Describe how the arts have economically influenced the inception of the technology industry.
        d. Describe how the technologies industry has influenced the economic growth of the arts to the present time.
    Plus 2. Analyze the industry’s business practices pertinent to the arts and related technologies.
        a. Identify the basic business principles relative to the pathways in this career cluster.
        b. Examine the business practices amongst the diverse pathways in this career cluster for similarities and differences.
    Plus 3. Evaluate the role of the arts in business, technology, and the community.
        a. Define the roles of the arts in business, technology, and the community as identified by society.
        b. Present the role that business expects from the arts in relation to economic development.
        c. Describe the rationale for technical aspects working with the arts and how this provides a mutual benefit.
        d. Illustrate roles that the community expects from the arts in relation to quality of life issues.
  Plus D. Analyze and summarize evidence of interdependence between the technical and the artistic sides of this career cluster in order to demonstrate an understanding of the systems involved in the cluster.
    Plus 1. Summarize the features of the partnership technology and the arts have in developing presentations and productions.
        a. Describe the impact that audio-video technology, printing, broadcasting, and journalism have on the development of presentations and productions.
        b. Analyze how technical areas and the arts partner to produce high quality presentations and productions.
    Plus 2. Analyze how the roles of creators, performers, technicians, and others are similar and different from one another.
        a. Analyze the roles of creators, performers, technicians, and others involved in production, performance, and media to identify similarities and differences.
        b. Analyze the skills required by both technical and artistic partners to provide audiences with quality works and productions.
        c. Design a presentation that illustrates the similarities and differences of the various roles.
  Plus E. Analyze and summarize the formal and informal influences in the abstract and formal structures of business organizations within this cluster to demonstrate an understanding of the influences on holding careers in this field.
    Plus 1. Examine the influence government, public opinion, and diverse local and cultural perspectives may have upon visual arts, media communications, or performance as a business.
        a. Define influences of government and cultural perspectives as they relate to media communications, visual arts or performance as a business.
        b. Define the influence of government regulations on media, audio-video productions, telecommunications, printing, and artistic authorship.
        c. Analyze a variety of persistent cultural issues and dilemmas within society that commonly affect how cultures are portrayed within art forms and communication.
        d. Evaluate how cultural issues and dilemmas within society influence government and public opinion and its effects on developing a successful business.
    Plus 2. Examine labor management processes and agreements generally used in the arts, audio-video technologies, telecommunications, printing, and media fields.
        a. Define labor management processes and agreements used within each pathway.
        b. Identify common labor management processes and agreements used within this career cluster.
        c. Role play a labor management process as it relates to one area in each pathway in this career cluster.
        d. Identify issues that are handled in agreements between labor and management in one of the pathways for this cluster.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL: Understand the importance of health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance. Follow organizational policies and procedures and contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.
  Plus A. Maintain safe and healthful working conditions by completing work tasks in accordance with rights and applicable responsibilities in a arts, audio-visual technology and communications work environment to protect employees' well being.
    Plus 1. Assess workplace conditions with regard to safety and health.
        a. Identify the types of risk of injury/illness at work.
        b. Identify those who are susceptible to risk of injury/illness at work.
        c. Describe ways to positively impact occupational safety and health.
        d. Describe ways to positively impact occupational safety and health.
    Plus 2. State the implications and rationale for various rules and laws designed to promote safety and health may have on a work environment.
        a. Identify key rights of employees related to occupational safety and health.
        b. Identify the responsibilities of employers related to occupational safety and health.
        c. Explain the role of government agencies in providing a safe workplace.
  Plus B. Assess and control methods to reduce sources of office and worksite accident hazards common in the arts, audio-visual technology and communications industry in order to promote a safe and accident free working environment.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate completion of a variety of methods to prevent and correct common hazards.
        a. Identify and describe common hazards in the workplace.
        b. Identify and describe major sources of information about hazards in the workplace (e.g., MSDS, work procedures, exposure control plans, training materials, labels, and signage).
        c. Identify sources of combustible/flammable materials, fire and emergencies to establish a fire safe environment.
        d. Interpret safety signs and symbols.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate personal and group health and safety practices.
        a. Identify procedures necessary for maintaining a safe work area.
        b. Identify methods to correct common hazards.
        c. Identify methods for disposing of hazardous materials.
        d. Demonstrate principals of safe physical movement to avoid slips, trips, and spills.
        e. Inspect and use protective equipment (PPE).
  Plus C. Examine and summarize the responsibilities various entities have for promoting a safe and healthy work environment in order to understanding the roles involved in maintaining acceptable conditions in the arts, technology and communications field.
    Plus 1. Summarize the individual employee's responsibility for maintaining health and safety in contrast to a supervisor or others.
        a. Examine the situations in this career cluster where individuals work independently and are responsible for their own health.
        b. Identify the responsibilities an individual has for implementing health practices in relation to electrical and mechanical equipment.
        c. Identify the individual’s responsibilities for safe and healthful practices when dealing with stage equipment, artist tools, and mechanical equipment.
        d. Design a plan for maintaining individual health for work in various pathways within the cluster.
    Plus 2. Illustrate situations that demonstrate compliance with OSHA safety regulations and practices related to this cluster.
        a. Define the OSHA safety regulations related to this cluster.
        b. Classify critical safety issues and practices identified by OSHA in relation to pathways in this cluster.
        c. Demonstrate using safety procedures required in a specific pathway in this cluster.
    Plus 3. Apply MSDS and Hazardous Materials procedures related to handling and disposing of chemicals.
        a. Analyze health problems that can result from unsafe exposure to chemicals.
        b. Demonstrate the use of knowledge and skills for safe and healthful use of chemicals in various processes in the arts, graphic arts, photography, and technical areas of this career cluster.
    Plus 4. Apply Hazardous Materials practices in relation to fire and water hazards, electrical coding, and right-to-know laws regarding hazards.
        a. Exhibit knowledge of Hazardous Materials practices.
        b. Demonstrate the use of Hazardous Materials practices related to activities in the career cluster.
  Plus D. Examine and summarize safety related problems that may result from working with electrical circuits used in this cluster to demonstrate a broad understanding of health and safety concerns.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate safe work habits and procedures for application of electricity and static discharge in relation to all technologies in the career cluster.
        a. Exhibit proper grounding techniques.
        b. Identify potential electrical hazards on the work site or set.
        c. Demonstrate how to apply CPR and first aid in relation to electrical shock.
        d. Demonstrate basic procedures for safely working with electricity.
  Plus E. Apply safety procedures in operating equipment commonly used within the career pathways involved in this cluster to demonstrate a broad understanding of important safety practices.
    Plus 1. Demonstrate the ability to set and use a ladder.
        a. Set a ladder safely, both with and without equipment.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate safety procedures for operating aerial systems.
        a. Utilize safety procedures to operate an aerial system without individuals on the equipment.
    Plus 3. Demonstrate safety procedures when involved with heights.
        a. Demonstrate how to safely climb poles using steps, gaffs, scaffolding, and ladders.
    Plus 4. Apply the safety practices related to printing and graphic arts, telecommunications, performing arts, visual arts, and broadcasting.
        a. Illustrate the safety practices required in the control room for broadcasting; in a theater with props, sets, costumes, make-up, and lighting; in graphic arts with presses and duplicators; and in telecommunications.
  Plus F. Examine and summarize the life style implications and physical demands required by work activities common in the arts, audio/visual, technology and communications cluster to demonstrate an broad perspective regarding the nature of work in the industry.
    Plus 1. Summarize the physical preparation needed to maintain the work activities of pathways in this career cluster.
        a. Demonstrate a warm-up process to prepare the body for various performing arts.
        b. Demonstrate body mechanics that prevent strain on various parts of the body and voice.
        c. Illustrate how to recognize stress as a potential safety factor to the body in various movements.
        d. Demonstrate ergonomic movements related to artistic performance and technical equipment use.
    Plus 2. Summarize life style choices required to maintain the work activities of the pathways in this career cluster.
        a. Apply knowledge of nutrition to meet the body’s needs to supply the physical activity required by careers in this cluster.
        b. Interpret the impact of choices regarding nutrition, stress, exercise, and alternative decisions on an individual’s ability to sustain a career in performance.
  Plus G. Demonstrate personal safety habits and procedures while on work-related assignments in various locations beyond the business site to ensure personal safety and well-being.
    Plus 1. Apply personal safety practices required for various pathways within this career cluster.
        a. Determine the personal safety practices required when gathering news where potential health and safety hazards exist.
        b. Practice responding to personal safety concerns “on-location,” including dangerous wildlife, terrain, extreme weather, or violence.
        c. Apply safety rules related to motor vehicles and other equipment.
    Plus 2. Apply the safety practices required for working away, “on-location,” or in an open environment.
        a. Demonstrate safety practices for environmental elements specific to “on-location” settings, stage sets, graphic and visual arts development, and field work in journalism, telecommunications, or broadcasting.
VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK: Use leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES: Know and understand the importance of professional ethics and legal responsibilities.
  Plus A. Exhibit ethical conduct in writing, creating, printing, broadcasting, and performing to uphold high standards for behavior in the industry.
    Plus 1. Analyze ethical principles of decision-making related to clients, customers, fellow workers, and others.
        a. Define professional code of ethics.
        b. Examine the professional code of ethics (e.g., Society of Professional Journalism).
        c. Identify consequences of non-ethical decision-making on short and long term reputation.
    Plus 2. Analyze ethical conduct that provides proper credit to those whose ideas and content have been used.
        a. Illustrate how credit is given for use of copyright materials.
        b. Identify the consequences in historical examples of both ethical and unethical conduct related to the use of intellectual property.
        c. Identify current concerns about consumer ethics related to the music and the video industries.
        d. Identify ethical and unethical conduct in a given work situation.
    Plus 3. Analyze ethical standards that apply to the delivery of quality performance and products.
        a. Define ethical standards.
        b. Examine the problems related to maintaining ethical standards in situations without a clear standard.
    Plus 4. Identify ethics involved in the degree of influence media, arts, and performance have upon individuals.
        a. Identify the degree of influence of print, broadcast media, arts, and performance in a given situation.
        b. Evaluate historic political events and actions instigated through the use of media, print, art, and performance.
        c. Describe why responsibility for ethical influence is a key issue related to this cluster.
    Plus 5. Identify the proper use of proprietary information.
        a. Define proprietary information.
        b. Describe how proprietary information is a concern related to careers in this cluster.
        c. Evaluate situations to judge the extent to which information is proprietary and whether or not it can be used.
  Plus B. Analyze and apply laws affecting arts, technology and communication enterprises to maintain up-to-date compliance with key regulations influencing the industry.
    Plus 1. Analyze the copyright laws in relation to seeking formal permission to use materials.
        a. Identify steps for securing permission to use copyrighted materials.
        b. Exhibit how credit is given for use of copyrighted materials.
        c. Define what is original content and when credit does not need to be given.
        d. Identify the benefits of copyright laws.
        e. Identify consequences if formal permission is not secured.
    Plus 2. Analyze contracts for potential work in career pathways within this cluster.
        a. Examine different types of contracts.
        b. Interpret various types of contracts.
        c. Identify essential elements a contract needs to contain for protection of both parties.
    Plus 3. Analyze state, county, and city codes related to decisions affecting work in this cluster.
        a. Identify processes required to obtain local, county, and state permits for building structures and sets, and installing communications mechanisms in various site locations.
        b. Describe relevant statutes for this cluster.
        c. Identify agencies and organizations that oversee and enforce these statutes.
        d. Identify assistance professional organizations offer for securing permits.
    Plus 4. Analyze the First Amendment, FCC, the Freedom of Information Act, libel laws, and other regulations for compliance issues relevant to this cluster.
        a. Describe the intent and relationship of the First Amendment to this cluster.
        b. Identify FCC Regulations, the Freedom of Information Act, and state statutes and liability laws pertaining to work in this cluster.
        c. Identify court cases related to this cluster that preserve business and individual rights.
        d. Interpret how The Freedom of Information Act affects workers in this cluster.
        e. Illustrate instances when the intent of the First Amendment was preserved in recent times.
    Plus 5. Analyze the liabilities associated with productions and performances, media, and telecommunications installations.
        a. Define the term liabilities.
        b. Identify examples of potential situations that could pose legal liabilities.
        c. Analyze the risk level for work situations related to this cluster.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT: Know and understand the importance of employability skills. Explore, plan, and effectively manage careers. Know and understand the importance of entrepreneurship skills.
  Plus A. Explain written organizational policies, rules and procedures common to careers in arts, AV, technology and communication fields to help employees perform their jobs.
    Plus 1. Locate appropriate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
        a. Identify the contents of various organizational publications.
        b. Select the appropriate document (s) as reference for a given situation.
    Plus 2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and rules influence a specific work situation.
        a. Locate and identify specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to assist with a given situation.
        b. Explain specific organizational policy, rule or procedure to improve a given situation.
  Plus B. Identify, examine and select career opportunities in one or more arts, AV, technology and communication related career pathways in order to explore career options.
    Plus 1. Locate career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
        a. Locate and interpret career information for at least one career cluster.
        b. Identify job requirements for career pathways.
        c. Identify educational and credentialing requirements for career cluster and pathways.
    Plus 2. Match personal interests and aptitudes to selected careers.
        a. Identify personal interests and aptitudes.
        b. Identify job requirements and characteristics of selected careers.
        c. Compare personal interests and aptitudes with job requirements and characteristics of career selected.
        d. Modify career goals based on results of personal interests and aptitudes with career requirements and characteristics.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS: Use the technical knowledge and skills required to pursue the targeted careers for all pathways in the career cluster, including knowledge of design, operation, and maintenance of technological systems critical to the career cluster.
  Plus A. Demonstrate the use of technical knowledge and skills that relate to pathways in this cluster to allow for mobility among numerous career options within the family of related occupations.
    Plus 1. State how various pathways within the cluster work together to generate productions, media, and other activities.
        a. Identify work activities associated with a variety of the cluster pathways required for a theater production, film, television broadcast, or arts event.
        b. Generate a production, media, or other event, and identify the interrelated activities and skill requirements associated with various pathways in this cluster.
    Plus 2. Identify pathways with common knowledge and skills that provide a worker with the potential for mobility.
        a. Compare the pathways for common knowledge and skills, and produce a crosswalk of related career potential.
        b. Identify the pathways with the most discrete knowledge and skills, and compare the potential for career crosswalks.
  Plus B. Summarize knowledge of the systems within various pathways contained in the cluster to keep abreast of new technological advancements and tools important to work in this industry.
    Plus 1. Analyze the technological systems that are apparent within the various pathways in this cluster.
        a. Compare the organizational structures of businesses in each of the pathways in this cluster.
        b. Identify the technological systems and their effects on the pathways in this cluster.
        c. Predict and highlight technological advancements for several pathways to illustrate the effect on work in careers in this cluster.
    Plus 2. Research the impact of potential new technology advancements related to this cluster in the future.
        a. Develop a research paper, media production, or other event to demonstrate the impact of technology on careers in this cluster for the future.
        b. Evaluate the business opportunities in this cluster and identify how these will be impacted by technological advancements and systems.
        c. Identify the technological changes in the past five years that have affected the skill requirements for workers in this cluster.

Plus Essential Standards

Plus I. ACADEMIC FOUNDATIONS: Achieve additional academic knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within a career cluster.
  Plus A. Complete required training, education, and certification to prepare for employment in a particular career field.
    1. Identify training, education and certification requirements for occupational choice.
    2. Participate in career-related training and/or degree programs.
    3. Pass certification tests to qualify for licensure and/or certification in chosen occupational area.
  Plus B. Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.
    1. Model behaviors that demonstrate active listening.
    2. Adapt language for audience, purpose, situation. (i.e. diction/structure, style).
    3. Organize oral and written information.
    4. Compose focused copy for a variety of written documents such as agendas, audio-visuals, bibliographies, drafts, forms/documents, notes, oral presentations, reports, and technical terminology.
    5. Edit copy to create focused written documents such as agendas, audio-visuals, bibliographies, drafts, forms/documents, notes, oral presentations, reports, and technical terminology.
    6. Comprehend key elements of oral and written information such as cause/effect, comparisons/contrasts, conclusions, context, purpose, charts/tables/graphs, evaluation/critiques, mood, persuasive text, sequence, summaries, and technical subject matter.
    7. Evaluate oral and written information for accuracy, adequacy/sufficiency, appropriateness, clarity, conclusions/solutions, fact/opinion, propaganda, relevancy, validity, and relationship of ideas.
    8. Identify assumptions, purpose, outcomes/solutions, and propaganda techniques.
    9. Predict potential outcomes and/or solutions based on oral and written information regarding trends.
    10. Present formal and informal speeches including discussion, information requests, interpretation, and persuasive arguments.
  Plus C. Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.
    1. Identify whole numbers, decimals, and fractions.
    2. Demonstrate knowledge of basic arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
    3. Demonstrate use of relational expressions such as equal to, not equal, greater than, less than, etc.
    4. Apply data and measurements to solve a problem.
    5. Analyze Mathematical problem statements for missing and/or irrelevant data.
    6. Construct charts/tables/graphs from functions and data.
    7. Analyze data when interpreting operational documents.
  Plus D. Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary and career education opportunities.
    1. Evaluate scientific constructs including conclusions, conflicting data, controls, data, inferences, limitations, questions, sources of errors, and variables.
    2. Apply scientific methods in qualitative and quantitative analysis, data gathering, direct and indirect observation, predictions, and problem identification.
Plus II. COMMUNICATIONS: Use oral and written communication skills in creating, expressing and interpreting information and ideas including technical terminology and information.
  Plus A. Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.
    1. Determine the most appropriate reading strategy for identifying the overarching purpose of a text (i.e. skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).
    2. Demonstrate use of content, technical concepts and vocabulary when analyzing information and following directions.
    3. Select the reading strategy or strategies needed to fully comprehend the content within a written document (i.e., skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).
    4. Interpret information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
    5. Transcribe information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
    6. Communicate information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
  Plus B. Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication in the workplace.
    1. Employ verbal skills when obtaining and conveying information.
    2. Record information needed to present a report on a given topic or problem.
    3. Write internal and external business correspondence that conveys and/or obtains information effectively.
    4. Communicate with other employees to clarify workplace objectives.
    5. Communicate effectively with customers and employees to foster positive relationships.
  Plus C. Locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.
    1. Locate written information used to communicate with co-workers and customers.
    2. Organize information to use in written and oral communications.
    3. Reference the sources of information.
  Plus D. Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.
    1. Use informational texts, Internet web sites, and/or technical materials to review and apply information sources for occupational tasks.
    2. Evaluate the reliability of information from informational texts, Internet Web sites, and/or technical materials and resources.
  Plus E. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
    1. Compose multi-paragraph documents clearly, succinctly, and accurately.
    2. Use descriptions of audience and purpose when preparing and editing written documents.
    3. Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and capitalization when preparing written documents.
  Plus F. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.
    1. Prepare oral presentations to provide information for specific purposes and audiences.
    2. Identify support materials that will enhance an oral presentation.
    3. Prepare support materials that will enhance an oral presentation.
    4. Deliver an oral presentation that sustains listeners' attention and interest.
    5. Align presentation strategies to the intended audience.
    6. Implement multi-media strategies for presentations.
  Plus G. Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication with co-workers and clients/participants.
    1. Interpret verbal behaviors when communicating with clients and co-workers.
    2. Interpret nonverbal behaviors when communicating with clients and co-workers.
  Plus H. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    1. Interpret a given verbal message/information.
    2. Respond with restatement and clarification techniques to clarify information.
  Plus I. Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    1. Create tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    2. Interpret tables, charts, and figures used to support written and oral communication.
  Plus J. Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.
    1. Apply factors and strategies for communicating with a diverse workforce.
    2. Demonstrate ability to communicate and resolve conflicts within a diverse workforce.
  Plus K. Exhibit public relations skills to increase internal and external customer/client satisfaction.
    1. Communicate effectively when developing positive customer/client relationships.
Plus III. PROBLEM-SOLVING AND CRITICAL THINKING: Solve problems using critical thinking skills (analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams. Solve problems using creativity and innovation.
  Plus A. Employ critical thinking skills independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions (e.g., analyze, synthesize and evaluate).
    1. Identify common tasks that require employees to use problem-solving skills.
    2. Analyze elements of a problem to develop creative solutions.
    3. Describe the value of using problem-solving and critical thinking skills to improve a situation or process.
    4. Create ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
    5. Evaluate ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
    6. Use structured problem-solving methods when developing proposals and solutions.
    7. Generate new and creative ideas to solve problems by brainstorming possible solutions.
    8. Critically analyze information to determine value to the problem-solving task.
    9. Guide individuals through the process of recognizing concerns and making informed decisions.
    10. Identify alternatives using a variety of problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
    11. Evaluate alternatives using a variety of problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
  Plus B. Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts with staff and/or customers.
    1. Analyze situations and behaviors that affect conflict management.
    2. Determine best options/outcomes for conflict resolution using critical thinking skills.
    3. Identify with others’ feelings, needs, and concerns.
    4. Implement stress management techniques.
    5. Resolve conflicts with/for customers using conflict resolution skills.
    6. Implement conflict resolution skills to address staff issues/problems.
  Plus C. Identify, write and monitor workplace performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.
    1. Write realistic performance goals, objectives and action plans.
    2. Monitor performance goals and adjust as necessary.
    3. Recognize goal achievement using appropriate rewards in the workplace.
    4. Communicate goal achievement with managers and co-workers.
  Plus D. Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.
    1. Align the information gathered to the needs of the audience.
    2. Gather technical information and data using a variety of resources.
    3. Analyze information and data for value to the research objectives.
    4. Evaluate information and data to determine value to research objectives.
Plus IV. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS: Use information technology tools specific to the career cluster to access, manage, integrate, and create information.
  Plus A. Use Personal Information Management (PIM) applications to increase workplace efficiency.
    1. Manage personal schedules and contact information.
    2. Create memos and notes.
  Plus B. Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.
    1. Use information technology tools to manage and perform work responsibilities.
  Plus C. Operate electronic mail applications to communicate within a workplace.
    1. Use email to share files and documents.
    2. Identify the functions and purpose of email systems.
    3. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
  Plus D. Operate Internet applications to perform workplace tasks.
    1. Access and navigate Internet (e.g., use a web browser).
    2. Search for information and resources.
    3. Evaluate Internet resources for reliability and validity.
  Plus E. Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare business communications.
    1. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
    2. Prepare reports and other business communications by integrating graphics and other non-text elements.
    3. Prepare complex multi-media publications.
  Plus F. Operate presentation applications to prepare presentations.
    1. Prepare presentations for training, sales and information sharing.
    2. Deliver presentations with supporting materials.
  Plus G. Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.
    1. Create a spreadsheet.
    2. Perform calculations and analyses on data using a spreadsheet.
  Plus H. Employ database applications to manage data.
    1. Manipulate data elements.
    2. Manage interrelated data elements.
    3. Analyze interrelated data elements.
    4. Generate reports showing interrelated data elements.
  Plus I. Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.
    1. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
    2. Facilitate group work through management of shared files and online information.
    3. Facilitate group work through instant messaging or virtual meetings.
  Plus J. Employ computer operations applications to manage work tasks.
    1. Manage computer operations.
    2. Manage file storage.
    3. Compress or alter files.
  Plus K. Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.
    1. Operate computer driven equipment and machines.
    2. Use installation and operation manuals.
    3. Troubleshoot computer driven equipment and machines.
    4. Access support as needed to maintain operation of computer driven equipment and machines.
Plus V. SYSTEMS: Understand roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment. Identify how key organizational systems affect organizational performance and the quality of products and services. Understand global context of industries and careers.
  Plus A. Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.
    1. List the types and functions of businesses.
    2. Describe the types and functions of businesses.
    3. Explain the functions and interactions of common departments within a business.
  Plus B. Implement quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.
    1. Describe quality control standards and practices common to the workplace.
Plus VI. SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL: Understand the importance of health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance. Follow organizational policies and procedures and contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.
  Plus A. Implement personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.
    1. Assess workplace conditions with regard to safety and health.
    2. Align safety issues with appropriate safety standards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
    3. Identify safety hazards common to workplaces.
    4. Identify safety precautions to maintain a safe worksite.
    5. Select appropriate personal protective equipment as needed for a safe workplace/jobsite.
    6. Inspect personal protective equipment commonly used for selected career pathway.
    7. Use personal protective equipment according to manufacturer rules and regulations.
    8. Employ a safety hierarchy and communication system within the workplace/jobsite.
    9. Implement safety precautions to maintain a safe worksite.
  Plus B. Complete work tasks in accordance with employee rights and responsibilities and employers obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.
    1. Identify rules and laws designed to promote safety and health in the workplace.
    2. State the rationale of rules and laws designed to promote safety and health.
  Plus C. Employ emergency procedures as necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.
    1. Use knowledge of First Aid procedures as necessary.
    2. Use knowledge of CPR procedures as necessary.
    3. Use safety equipment as necessary.
  Plus D. Employ knowledge of response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.
    1. Complete an assessment of an emergency and/or disaster situation.
    2. Create an emergency and/or disaster plan.
Plus VII. LEADERSHIP AND TEAMWORK: Use leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
  Plus A. Employ leadership skills to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
    1. Analyze the various roles of leaders within organizations (e.g. contribute ideas; share in building an organization; act as role models to employees by adhering to company policies, procedures, and standards; promote the organization’s vision; and mentor others).
    2. Exhibit traits such as empowerment, risk, communication, focusing on results, decision-making, problem solution, and investment in individuals when leading a group in solving a problem.
    3. Exhibit traits such as compassion, service, listening, coaching, developing others, team development, and understanding and appreciating others when acting as a manager of others in the workplace.
    4. Exhibit traits such as enthusiasm, creativity, conviction, mission, courage, concept, focus, principle-centered living, and change when interacting with others in general.
    5. Consider issues related to self, team, community, diversity, environment, and global awareness when leading others.
    6. Exhibit traits such as innovation, intuition, adaptation, life-long learning and coachability to develop leadership potential over time.
    7. Analyze leadership in relation to trust, positive attitude, integrity, and willingness to accept key responsibilities in a work situation.
    8. Describe observations of outstanding leaders using effective management styles.
    9. Participate in civic and community leadership and teamwork opportunities to enhance skills.
  Plus B. Employ organizational and staff development skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.
    1. Implement organizational skills when facilitating others’ work efforts.
    2. Explain how to manage a staff that satisfies work demands while adhering to budget constraints.
    3. Describe how staff growth and development to increase productivity and employee satisfaction.
    4. Organize team involvement within a group environment.
    5. Work with others to develop and gain commitment to team goals.
    6. Distribute responsibility and work load fairly.
    7. Model leadership and teamwork qualities to aid in employee morale.
    8. Identify best practices for successful team functioning.
    9. Explain best practices for successful team functioning.
  Plus C. Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members' talents effectively.
    1. Work with others to achieve objectives in a timely manner.
    2. Promote the full involvement and use of team member's individual talents and skills.
    3. Employ conflict-management skills to facilitate solutions.
    4. Demonstrate teamwork skills through working cooperatively with co-workers, supervisory staff, and others, both in and out of the organization, to achieve particular tasks.
    5. Demonstrate teamwork processes that provide team building, consensus, continuous improvement, respect for the opinions of others, cooperation, adaptability, and conflict resolution.
    6. Develop plans to improve team performance.
    7. Demonstrate commitment to and a positive attitude toward team goals.
    8. Take responsibility for shared group and individual work tasks.
    9. Assist team members in completing their work.
    10. Adapt effectively to changes in projects and work activities.
    11. Negotiate effectively to arrive at decisions.
  Plus D. Establish and maintain effective working relationships with all levels of personnel and other departments in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.
    1. Build effective working relationships using interpersonal skills.
    2. Use positive interpersonal skills to work cooperatively with co-workers representing different cultures, genders and backgrounds.
    3. Manage personal skills to accomplish assignments.
    4. Treat people with respect.
    5. Provide constructive praise and criticism.
    6. Demonstrate sensitivity to and value for diversity.
    7. Manage stress and control emotions.
  Plus E. Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish work tasks.
    1. Develop meeting goals, objectives and agenda.
    2. Assign responsibilities for preparing materials and leading discussions.
    3. Prepare materials for leading discussion.
    4. Assemble and distribute meeting materials.
    5. Conduct meeting to achieve objectives within scheduled time.
    6. Demonstrate effective communication skills in meetings.
    7. Produce meeting minutes including decisions and next steps.
    8. Use parliamentary procedure, as needed, to conduct meetings.
  Plus F. Employ mentoring skills to inspire and teach others.
    1. Use motivational techniques to enhance performance in others.
    2. Provide guidance to enhance performance in others.
Plus VIII. ETHICS AND LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES: Know and understand the importance of professional ethics and legal responsibilities.
  Plus A. Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of workplace situations in order to make ethical decisions.
    1. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on legal responsibilities and employer policies.
    2. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on personal or professional ethical responsibilities.
    3. Identify personal and long-term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
    4. Explain personal and long-term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
    5. Determine the most appropriate response to workplace situations based on legal and ethical considerations.
    6. Explain the most appropriate response to workplace situations based on legal and ethical considerations.
  Plus B. Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures to help employees perform their jobs according to employer rules and expectations.
    1. Locate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
    2. Discuss how specific organizational policies and procedures influence a specific work situation.
Plus IX. EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT: Know and understand the importance of employability skills. Explore, plan, and effectively manage careers. Know and understand the importance of entrepreneurship skills.
  Plus A. Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable.
    1. Demonstrate self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, and integrity in a work situation.
    2. Demonstrate flexibility and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills.
    3. Exhibit commitment to the organization.
    4. Identify how work varies with regard to site, from indoor confined spaces to outdoor areas, including aerial space and a variety of climatic and physical conditions.
    5. Apply communication strategies when adapting to a culturally diverse environment.
    6. Manage resources in relation to the position (i.e. budget, supplies, computer, etc).
    7. Identify positive work-qualities typically desired in each of the career cluster's pathways.
    8. Manage work roles and responsibilities to balance them with other life roles and responsibilities.
  Plus B. Develop a personal career plan to meet career goals and objectives.
    1. Develop career goals and objectives as part of a plan for future career direction.
    2. Develop strategies to reach career objectives.
  Plus C. Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment to find and obtain a desired job.
    1. Use multiple resources to locate job opportunities.
    2. Prepare a résumé.
    3. Prepare a letter of application.
    4. Complete an employment application.
    5. Interview for employment.
    6. List the standards and qualifications that must be met in order to enter a given industry.
    7. Employ critical thinking and decision-making skills to exhibit qualifications to a potential employer.
  Plus D. Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills and experience in a career field.
    1. Select educational and work history highlights to include in a career portfolio.
    2. Produce a record of work experiences, licenses, certifications and products.
    3. Organize electronic or physical portfolio for use in demonstrating knowledge, skills and experiences.
  Plus E. Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.
    1. Compare employment opportunities to individual needs and career plan objectives.
    2. Evaluate employment opportunities based upon individual needs and career plan objectives.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate methods for accepting or rejecting employment offers.
  Plus F. Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment to maintain employment once secured.
    1. Model behaviors that demonstrate reliability and dependability.
    2. Maintain appropriate dress and behavior for the job to contribute to a safe and effective workplace/jobsite.
    3. Complete required employment forms and documentation such as I-9 form, work visa, W-4 and licensures to meet employment requirements.
    4. Summarize key activities necessary to retain a job in the industry.
    5. Identify positive work behaviors and personal qualities necessary to retain employment.
  Plus G. Identify and explore career opportunities in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.
    1. Locate and identify career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
    2. Match personal interest and aptitudes to selected careers.
  Plus H. Recognize and act upon requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.
    1. Identify opportunities for career advancement.
    2. Pursue education and training opportunities to acquire skills necessary for career advancement.
    3. Examine the organization and structure of various segments of the industry to prepare for career advancement.
    4. Research local and regional labor (workforce) market and job growth information to project potential for advancement.
    5. Manage employment relations to make career advancements.
  Plus I. Continue professional development to keep current on relevant trends and information within the industry.
    1. Use self assessment, organizational priorities, journals, Internet sites, professional associations, peers and other resources to develop goals that address training, education and self-improvement issues.
    2. Read trade magazines and journals, manufacturers’ catalogues, industry publications and Internet sites to keep current on industry trends.
    3. Participate in relevant conferences, workshops, mentoring activities and in-service training to stay current with recent changes in the field.
  Plus J. Examine licensing, certification and credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.
    1. Examine continuing education requirements related to licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the local, state and national levels for chosen occupation.
    2. Examine the procedures and paperwork involved in maintaining and updating licensure, certification and credentials for chosen occupation.
    3. Align ongoing licensing, certification and credentialing requirements to career plans and goals.
  Plus K. Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship to consider entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.
    1. Describe the opportunities for entrepreneurship in a given industry.
Plus X. TECHNICAL SKILLS: Use of technical knowledge and skills required to pursue careers in all career cluster, including knowledge of design, operation, and maintenance of technological systems critical to the career cluster.
  Plus A. Employ information management techniques and strategies in the workplace to assist in decision-making.
    1. Use information literacy skills when accessing, evaluating and disseminating information.
    2. Describe the nature and scope of information management.
    3. Maintain records to facilitate ongoing business operations.
  Plus B. Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.
    1. Develop goals and objectives.
    2. Prioritize tasks to be completed.
    3. Develop timelines using time management knowledge and skills.
    4. Use project-management skills to improve workflow and minimize costs.

Plus Career & Employability Standards

Plus I. APPLIED ACADEMIC SKILLS
  Plus A. Reading, English & Language Arts
    1. Read a technical manual and write a clear & logical report explaining the information using standared business English.
    2. Give a verbal report on reading from a technical manual.
    3. Read a case study and identify the details about the situation, define technical terms, jargon, or words with multiple meanings based on context, and summarize the conclusion.
    4. Take a verbal and written position on a topic and use correct grammar to defend it.
  Plus B. Mathematics
    1. Approach practical and workplace problems using a variety of mathematical techniques.
    2. Research how math is used in the workplace and make a presentation detailing the process.
  Plus C. Listening & Presentation Skills
    1. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    2. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus D. Technology
    1. Apply technology to workplace or career situation. Include research and a written paper.
Plus II. CAREER PLANNING
  Plus A. Career Planning
    1. Organize career information and labor market trends from a variety of sources.
    2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of working for self, others, being an employee of a large or small organization.
    3. Analyze information & preferences from work-based opportunity.
    4. Interpret information from a variety of career assessments to identify career interests and abilities.
    5. Apply a decision-making model and use career assessment information to choose a career pathway.
    6. Annually review EDP and include plan for continuing education.
Plus III. DEVELOPING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION
  Plus A. Developing and Presenting information
    1. Gather, interpret, analyze, and refine data.
    2. Analyze and synthesize information and data from muiltiple sources.
    3. Plan and transform ideas and requirements into a concept, service, or product.
    4. Assess the quality of the concept, service, or product using a predetermined standard.
    5. Develop a plan to market a new product, service, or concept which includes identifying of customers, a graphic presentation, product requirements, and costs.
    6. Practice and demonstrate presentation skils using a variety of media and interpretive data.
Plus IV. PROBLEM SOLVING
  Plus A. Problem Solving
    1. Apply a problem solving model to a workplace situation that involves setting goals, implementing and evaluating results.
    2. Identify typical problems that occur in a workplace and use a problem solving model to devise solutions, compare alternatives to past solutions, and predict their success.
Plus V. PERSONAL MANAGEMENT
  Plus A. Responsibility
    1. Demonstrate regular attendance, promptness, and staying with a task until satisfacotry completion.
    2. Complete assignments with minimum supervision and meet deadlines.
    3. Use mistakes as learning opportunities, demonstrate persistence and adaptability to change.
    4. Initiate projects and extra activities for personal satisfaction.
  Plus B. Self-Management
    1. Monitor & evaluate accurately one's progress towards a goal or completion of a project.
    2. Demonstrate health and safety practices and drug-free behavior in school & workplace setting.
    3. Obtain a driver license and demonstrate driving skills and safety and/or use public transportation.
    4. Prioritize and accomplish tasks independently.
    5. Use appropriate personal expression and relate to school and work settings.
  Plus C. Ethical Behavior
    1. Demonstrate etlhical behavior in school, work, and community situations.
    2. Describe employer-employee rights and responsibilities.
    3. Demonstrate appropriate behaviors necessary to maintaining employment.
    4. Demonstrate positive personal qualities as a group leader.
  Plus D. Respect for Self and Others
    1. View accomplishments or failures of self and others accurately and in a positive manner.
    2. Understand how to make improvements and ask for help from adults as needed.
    3. Offer encouragement and ideas to others as they work toward attaining their goals.
    4. Provide for customer needs and expectations in a helpful and courteous manner.
    5. Respect other points of view.
    6. Demonstrate customer service skills in an appropriate setting by listening, suggesting solutions, and communicating the issues at hand.
Plus VI. ORGANIZING SKILLS
  Plus A. Time
    1. Determine goals and develop an action plan to accomplish them within a given time frame.
    2. Read time charts and work schedules and perform tasks within time constraints of school or the workplace.
    3. Prioritize tasks and revise schedules as needed.
  Plus B. Money
    1. Estimate costs and prepare a detailed budget for a school-based or work-based project.
    2. Report the costs of various components of a budget and adjust budget items as needed.
    3. Understand compensation practices and financial management and explain how financial resources can be used effectively and efficiently.
  Plus C. Materials
    1. Utilize materials, tools, and processes to complete a task related to a career selection.
    2. Compile a list of materials and supplies needed in advance of an assignment.
    3. Acquire resources in a timely fashion and take responsibility for their care.
    4. Identify and prepare tools, equipment, space, and facilities appropriate for a task.
    5. Work within constraints of safety precautions and available resources.
  Plus D. Human Resources
    1. Learn cooperation and leadership in a team at school or in a workplace setting.
    2. Organize and communicate with members of a team using varied methods of communications.
    3. Recognize the individual roles of team members, delegate tasks, and give feedback on performance.
    4. Acknowledge and utilize the skills, abilities, and input of all member of a team.
Plus VII. TEAMWORK
  Plus A. Group Participation
    1. Exhibit teamwork skills including trust and loyalty to group, and demonstrate connectedness to group members, values, and culture.
    2. Take personal responsibility for influencing and accomplishing group goals.
    3. Demonstrate understanding of how effective teams operate within organization and diverse settings.
    4. Solve a career/work-related problem as a member of a team.
  Plus B. Conflict Resolution
    1. Demonstrate leadership by listening to others and asking appropriate questions to clarify a problem or issue.
    2. Summarize a problem clearly and in appropriate detail.
    3. Suggest constructive alternatives with confidence that will help resolve a conflict.
    4. Compromise and/or build consensus within a group and summarize the decision of the group while maintaining respect for minortiy viewpoints.
    5. Participate in the implementation of a group's decision and evaluate the results.
    6. Show sensitivity to others' thoughts and opinions and relate them to the resolution process.
  Plus C. Diversity
    1. Understand and respect the concerns of members of cultural, gender, age, and ability groups.
    2. Be respectful of a variety of differences of people in a work/school setting.
    3. Demonstrate ability to work with others with different backgrounds, cultures, and abilities.
  Plus D. Leadership
    1. Demonstrate leadership ability in a work or school setting.
    2. Recognize and take advantage of leadership opportunities that give direction to other team members, or that encourage other members to complete tasks.
Plus VIII. NEGOTIATION SKILLS
  Plus A. Negotiation Skills
    1. Using correct terminology, clarify the problem or issue to be negotiated.
    2. Identify, organize, and define ideas from various sources to logically support a position and use these ideas in debate.
    3. Demonstrate objectivity in assessing other viewpoints by considering all sides of an issue, using past experience, data and logical analysis, and showing respectful behavior towards others.
    4. Responsibily challenge existing policies and procedures and identify new solutions or policy changes.
Plus IX. UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND USING TECHNOLOGY
  Plus A. Understanding Systems and Using Technology
    1. Identify trends and how they affect changes within a system.
    2. Demonstrate an understanding of business systems.
    3. Compare management systems and consider how employees function and adapt to change within them.
    4. Describe the technical systems related to a career interest area.
    5. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
    6. Describe how changes in technology have impacted business and industry, identify current trends, and recommend how a technical system might be improved.
    7. Demonstrate the use of equipment and machines to solve practical or work-based problems.
    8. Demonstrate effective use of a variety of on-line technological resources.
    9. Determine what kind of application is needed for a given task and use effectively.
    10. Use technologies as tools for communication of technical or work-related information.
    11. Use technology effectively in solving problems in an area of career interest.
    12. Understand and demonstrate basic computer hardware and software installation and maintaining efficient machines.
    13. Demonstrate ability to adapt to different software applications, comparing and contrasting specfic functions and applying them to different projects.
Plus X. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
  Plus A. Employability Skills
    1. Continue the EDP process which includes an annual review with student and counselor and notification of parents.
    2. Participate in work-based opportunities such as job-shadowing, mentorships, work experiences, etc.
    3. Show ability to market oneself by preparing for and completing an interview process.
    4. Accurately complete records/documents to support job applications (inquiry letters, resume, references, evaluations, follow-up letters).
    5. Use a portfolio, resume, record of attendance, certifricates, and/or transcript as self-marketing tools to demonstrate interest and competence.
    6. Apply career and labormarket information to seek and obtain employment and/or pursue educational goals.
    7. Research availability of educational programs, financial requirements, and resource and complete an application process as appropriate for career goals.
    8. Understand the need for lifelong learning in a rapidly changing job market.
Plus XI. MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS
  Plus A. Creativity and Innovation – By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Apply advanced software features (e.g. built-in thesaurus, templates, styles) to redesign the appearance of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations
    2. Create a web page (e.g., Dreamweaver, iGoogle, Kompozer)
    3. Use a variety of media and formats to design, develop, publish, and present projects (e.g., newsletters, web sites, presentations, photo galleries)
  Plus B. Communication and Collaboration - By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Identify various collaboration technologies and describe their use (e.g., desktop conferencing, listserv, blog, wiki)
    2. Use available technologies (e.g., desktop conferencing, e-mail, videoconferencing, instant messaging) to communicate with others on a class assignment or project
    3. Collaborate in content-related projects that integrate a variety of media (e.g., print, audio, video, graphic, simulations, and models)
    4. Plan and implement a collaborative project using telecommunications tools (e.g., ePals, discussion boards, online groups, interactive web sites, videoconferencing)
    5. Describe the potential risks and dangers associated with online communications
    6. Use technology tools for managing and communicating personal information (e.g., finances, contact information, schedules, purchases, correspondence)
  Plus C. Research and Information Fluency – By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Develop a plan to gather information using various research strategies (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, experiments, online surveys)
    2. Identify, evaluate, and select appropriate online sources to answer content related questions
    3. Demonstrate the ability to use library and online databases for accessing information (e.g., MEL, Proquest, Infosource, United Streaming)
    4. Distinguish between fact, opinion, point of view, and inference
    5. Evaluate information found in selected online sources on the basis of accuracy and validity
    6. Evaluate resources for stereotyping, prejudice, and misrepresentation
    7. Understand that using information from a single internet source might result in the reporting of erroneous facts and that multiple sources must always be researched
    8. Research examples of inappropriate use of technologies and participate in related classroom activities (e.g., debates, reports, mock trials, presentations)
  Plus D. Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision Making - By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Use digital resources (e.g., educational software, simulations, models) for problem solving and independent learning
    2. Analyze the capabilities and limitations of digital resources and evaluate their potential to address personal, social, lifelong learning, and career needs
    3. Devise a research question or hypothesis using information and communication technology resources, analyze the findings to make a decision based on the findings, and report the results
  Plus E. Digital Citizenship – By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to the use of information and communication technologies (e.g., properly selecting and citing resources)
    2. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society
    3. Discuss and demonstrate proper netiquette in online communications
    4. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users
    5. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings
    6. Discuss and adhere to fair use policies and copyright guidelines
  Plus F. Technology Operations and Concepts - By the end of Grade 12 each student will:
    1. Complete at least one online credit, or non-credit, course or online learning experience
    2. Use an online tutorial and discuss the benefits and disadvantages of this method of learning
    3. Explore career opportunities, especially those related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and identify their related technology skill requirements
    4. Describe uses of various existing or emerging technology resources (e.g., podcasting, webcasting, videoconferencing, online file sharing, global positioning software)
    5. Identify an example of an assistive technology and describe its potential purpose and use
    6. Participate in a virtual environment as a strategy to build 21st century learning skills
    7. Assess and solve hardware and software problems by using online help or other user documentation
    8. Explain the differences between freeware, shareware, open source, and commercial software
    9. Participate in experiences associated with technology-related careers
    10. Identify common graphic, audio, and video file formats (e.g., jpeg, gif, bmp, mpeg, wav, wmv, mp3, flv, avi, pdf)
    11. Understand and discuss how assistive technologies can benefit all individuals
    12. Demonstrate how to import/export text, graphics, or audio files
    13. Proofread and edit a document using an application’s spelling and grammar checking functions