15.0000 - Engineering, General (2011) Consolidated

Plus Consolidated Standards

  Plus A. Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.
    Plus 1. Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.
        a. Determine the most appropriate reading strategy for identifying the overarching purpose of a text (i.e. skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).
        b. Demonstrate use of content, technical concepts and vocabulary when analyzing information and following directions.
        c. Select the reading strategy or strategies needed to fully comprehend the content within a written document (i.e., skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).
        d. Interpret information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
        e. Transcribe information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
        f. Communicate information, data, and observations to apply information learned from reading to actual practice.
    Plus 2. Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication in the workplace.
        a. Employ verbal skills when obtaining and conveying information.
        b. Record information needed to present a report on a given topic or problem.
        c. Write internal and external business correspondence that conveys and/or obtains information effectively.
        d. Communicate with other employees to clarify workplace objectives.
        e. Communicate effectively with customers and employees to foster positive relationships.
        f. Evaluate oral and written information for accuracy, adequacy/sufficiency, appropriateness, clarity, conclusions/solutions, fact/opinion, propaganda, relevancy, validity, and relationship of ideas.
        g. Comprehend key elements of oral and written information such as cause/effect, comparisons/contrasts, conclusions, context, purpose, charts/tables/graphs, evaluation/critiques, mood, persuasive text, sequence, summaries, and technical subject matter.
    Plus 3. Locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.
        a. Locate written information used to communicate with co-workers and customers.
        b. Organize information to use in written and oral communications.
        c. Reference the sources of information.
    Plus 4. Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.
        a. Use informational texts, Internet web sites, and/or technical materials to review and apply information sources for occupational tasks.
        b. Evaluate the reliability of information from informational texts, Internet Web sites, and/or technical materials and resources.
    Plus 5. Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents.
        a. Compose focused copy for a variety of written documents such as agendas, audio-visuals, bibliographies, drafts, forms/documents, notes, oral presentations, reports, and technical terminology.
        b. Edit copy to create focused written documents such as agendas, audio-visuals, bibliographies, drafts, forms/documents, notes, oral presentations, reports, and technical terminology.
        c. Compose multi-paragraph documents clearly, succinctly, and accurately.
        d. Use descriptions of audience and purpose when preparing and editing written documents.
        e. Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and capitalization when preparing written documents.
    Plus 6. Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.
        a. Prepare oral presentations to provide information for specific purposes and audiences.
        b. Adapt language for audience, purpose, situation. (i.e. diction/structure, style).
        c. Identify support materials that will enhance an oral presentation.
        d. Prepare support materials that will enhance an oral presentation.
        e. Deliver an oral presentation that sustains listeners' attention and interest.
        f. Align presentation strategies to the intended audience.
        g. Implement multi-media strategies for presentations.
        h. Identify assumptions, purpose, outcomes/solutions, and propaganda techniques.
        i. Predict potential outcomes and/or solutions based on oral and written information regarding trends.
        j. Present formal and informal speeches including discussion, information requests, interpretation, and persuasive arguments.
    Plus 7. Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication with co-workers and clients/participants.
        a. Interpret verbal behaviors when communicating with clients and co-workers.
        b. Interpret nonverbal behaviors when communicating with clients and co-workers.
  Plus B. Apply and use algebraic, geometric and trigonometric relationships, characteristics, and properties to solve problems.
    1. Identify whole numbers, decimals, and fractions.
    2. Demonstrate knowledge of basic arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
    3. Demonstrate use of relational expressions such as equal to, not equal, greater than, less than, etc.
    4. Apply data and measurements to solve a problem.
    5. Analyze Mathematical problem statements for missing and/or irrelevant data.
    6. Construct charts/tables/graphs from functions and data.
    7. Analyze data when interpreting operational documents.
  Plus C. Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary and career education opportunities.
    1. Evaluate scientific constructs including conclusions, conflicting data, controls, data, inferences, limitations, questions, sources of errors, and variables.
    2. Apply scientific methods in qualitative and quantitative analysis, data gathering, direct and indirect observation, predictions, and problem identification.
    Plus 3. Explain the relationships between scientific theory, scientific principles and laws, in technology, and engineering.
        a. Develop concepts and processes for the application of technology standards.
  Plus D. Demonstrate the ability to select, apply, and convert systems of measurement to solve problems.
    1. Apply scalar and vector quantities as applied to physical systems, such as the relationship between position, velocity, and acceleration.
    2. Apply fundamental laws and principles relevant to engineering and technology.
  Plus E. Demonstrate the ability to use Newton’s Laws of Motion to analyze static and dynamic systems with and without the presence of external forces.
    1. Use the laws of conservation of energy, charge, and momentum, to solve a variety of problems involving mechanical, fluid, chemical, biological, electrical, and thermal systems.
    2. Use the relationships between energy, work, and power to solve a variety of problems involving mechanical, fluid, electrical, and thermal systems.
    3. Use the principles of ray optics to describe reflection and refraction of light.
  Plus A. Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    1. Create tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.
    2. Interpret tables, charts, and figures used to support written and oral communication.
  Plus B. Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.
    1. Interpret a given verbal message/information.
    2. Respond with restatement and clarification techniques to clarify information.
    3. Model behaviors that demonstrate active listening.
  Plus C. Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.
    1. Apply factors and strategies for communicating with a diverse workforce.
    2. Demonstrate ability to communicate and resolve conflicts within a diverse workforce.
  Plus D. Apply active listening skills to obtain or clarify information pertaining to plans, processes, projects, or designs.
    1. Interpret messages or information provided that clarifies issues, ideas, plans, projects, or processes.
    2. Respond and/or restate information that will clarify STEM techniques to be used and/or information to be applied to projects, plans, or processes.
  Plus E. Prepare STEM material in oral, written, or visual formats that provide information to an intended audience to fulfill specific communication need of an audience.
    1. Use effective methods to communicate concepts of STEM to a broadly represented audience.
    2. Apply the ability to read, interpret, and analyze STEM materials discerning the information and concepts.
  Plus F. Exhibit public relations skills to increase internal and external customer/client satisfaction.
    1. Communicate effectively when developing positive customer/client relationships.
    2. Use correct grammar to communicate verbally.
    3. Listen to a presentation and record important information. Report back identifying central themes and use key points to explain how the message applies to a similar situation.
  Plus G. Create and assemble a prototype using CAD modeling software.
    1. Brainstorm and sketch possible solutions to an existing design problem.
    2. Select an approach that meets or satisfies the constraints given in a design brief.
    3. Create simple extruded solid Computer Aided Design (CAD) models from dimensioned sketches.
    4. Generate dimensioned multiview drawings from simple CAD models.
    5. Measure and Fabricate parts for a functional prototype from the CAD multiview drawings.
    6. Assemble the product using the CAD modeling software.
    7. Test and evaluate the prototype and record results.
    8. Apply geometric and numeric constraints to CAD sketches.
    9. Identify the purpose of packaging in the design of consumer products.
  Plus H. Demonstrate an understanding of mathematics and dimensioning associated with CAD design software.
    1. Identify common geometric shapes and forms by name.
    2. Calculate the area of simple geometric shapes.
    3. Calculate the surface area and volume of simple geometric forms.
    4. Identify and explain the various geometric relationships that exist between the elements of two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional forms.
    5. Identify and define the axes, planes, and sign conventions associated with the Cartesian coordinate system.
    6. Apply geometric and numeric constraints to CAD sketches.
    7. Utilize sketch-based, work reference, and placed features to develop solid CAD models from dimensioned drawings.
    8. Explain how a given object’s geometry is the result of sequential additive and subtractive processes.
    9. Explain the differences between size and location dimensions.
    10. Differentiate between datum dimensioning and chain dimensioning.
    11. Identify and dimension fillets, rounds, diameters, chamfers, holes, slots, and screw threads in orthographic projection drawings.
    12. Explain the rules that are associated with the application of dimensions to multiview drawings.
  Plus I. Demonstrate an understanding of tolerances and their implications on an engineering design.
    1. Identify, sketch, and explain the difference between general tolerances, limit dimensions, unilateral, and bilateral tolerances.
    2. Differentiate between clearance and interference fits.
    3. Sketch and model an auxiliary view of a given object to communicate the true size and shape of its inclined surface.
    4. Describe the purpose and demonstrate the application of section lines and cutting plane lines in a section view drawing.
    5. Sketch a full and half section view of a given object to communicate its interior features.
    6. Identify algebraic relationships between the dimensional values of a given object.
  Plus A. Effectively develop and apply the skills inherent in systems engineering where requirements, configuration, integration, project management, quality assurance, and process applications are necessary.
    Plus 1. Employ critical thinking skills independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions (e.g., analyze, synthesize and evaluate).
        a. Identify common tasks that require employees to use problem-solving skills.
        b. Analyze elements of a problem to develop creative solutions.
        c. Describe the value of using problem-solving and critical thinking skills to improve a situation or process.
        d. Create ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
        e. Evaluate ideas, proposals, and solutions to problems.
        f. Use structured problem-solving methods when developing proposals and solutions.
        g. Generate new and creative ideas to solve problems by brainstorming possible solutions.
        h. Critically analyze information to determine value to the problem-solving task.
        i. Guide individuals through the process of recognizing concerns and making informed decisions.
        j. Identify alternatives using a variety of problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
        k. Evaluate alternatives using a variety of problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
    2. Use the skills required in project management to track and assess the progress of a plan, process, or project as assigned.
    3. Apply the skills in quality assurance as well as those in process management and development for appropriate applications of systems integration techniques to an assigned project.
    Plus 4. Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts with staff and/or customers.
        a. Analyze situations and behaviors that affect conflict management.
        b. Determine best options/outcomes for conflict resolution using critical thinking skills.
        c. Identify with others’ feelings, needs, and concerns.
        d. Implement stress management techniques.
        e. Resolve conflicts with/for customers using conflict resolution skills.
        f. Implement conflict resolution skills to address staff issues/problems.
    Plus 5. Identify, write and monitor workplace performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.
        a. Write realistic performance goals, objectives and action plans.
        b. Monitor performance goals and adjust as necessary.
        c. Recognize goal achievement using appropriate rewards in the workplace.
        d. Communicate goal achievement with managers and co-workers.
    Plus 6. Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.
        a. Align the information gathered to the needs of the audience.
        b. Gather technical information and data using a variety of resources.
        c. Analyze information and data for value to the research objectives.
        d. Evaluate information and data to determine value to research objectives.
  Plus B. Use mathematics, science, and technology concepts and processes to solve problems in projects involving design and/or production (e.g. medical, agricultural, biotechnological, energy and power, information and communication, transportation, manufacturing, and construction).
    1. Apply the core concepts of technology and recognize the relationships with STEM systems (e.g. systems, resources, criteria and constraints, optimization and trade-off, and controls).
    2. Develop the active use of information technology applications.
    3. Use computer applications to solve problems by creating and using algorithms, and through simulation and modeling techniques.
  Plus A. Use Personal Information Management (PIM) applications to increase workplace efficiency.
    1. Manage personal schedules and contact information.
    2. Create memos and notes.
  Plus B. Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.
    1. Use information technology tools to manage and perform work responsibilities.
    2. Use email to share files and documents.
    3. Identify the functions and purpose of email systems.
    4. Use email to communicate within and across organizations.
    5. Access and navigate Internet (e.g., use a web browser).
    6. Search for information and resources.
    7. Evaluate Internet resources for reliability and validity.
    8. Prepare simple documents and other business communications.
    9. Prepare reports and other business communications by integrating graphics and other non-text elements.
    10. Prepare complex multi-media publications.
    11. Prepare presentations for training, sales and information sharing.
    12. Deliver presentations with supporting materials.
    13. Create a spreadsheet.
    14. Perform calculations and analyses on data using a spreadsheet.
    15. Manipulate data elements.
    16. Manage interrelated data elements.
    17. Analyze interrelated data elements.
    18. Generate reports showing interrelated data elements.
    19. Facilitate group work through management of shared schedule and contact information.
    20. Facilitate group work through management of shared files and online information.
    21. Facilitate group work through instant messaging or virtual meetings.
    22. Manage computer operations.
    23. Manage file storage.
    24. Compress or alter files.
    25. Operate computer driven equipment and machines.
    26. Use installation and operation manuals.
    27. Troubleshoot computer driven equipment and machines.
    28. Access support as needed to maintain operation of computer driven equipment and machines.
    29. Use IT in support of gathering, storage, and transfer of data or results in appropriate formats to support assigned projects.
    30. Select and use assorted forms of IT to meet the requirements of a plan, process, project, report, issue, or problem.
  Plus C. Demonstrate Digital Citizenship
    1. Identify legal and ethical issues related to the use of information and communication technologies (e.g., properly selecting and citing resources)
    2. Discuss possible long-range effects of unethical uses of technology (e.g., virus spreading, file pirating, hacking) on cultures and society
    3. Discuss and demonstrate proper netiquette in online communications
    4. Identify ways that individuals can protect their technology systems from unethical or unscrupulous users
    5. Create appropriate citations for resources when presenting research findings
    6. Discuss and adhere to fair use policies and copyright guidelines
  Plus D. Evaluate and use skills relating to the differing technological tools used to manipulate, report, or operate with data acquisition.
    1. Use IT tools to manipulate data creating reports, plans, processes, or projects from data provided.
    2. Use modeling, simulation, or visual reproduction to effectively analyze, create, and/or communicate to others regarding plans, projects, problems, issues or processes.
    3. Apply a currently applicable computer programming language to a process, project, plan, or issue as assigned.
    4. Apply statistical tools that verify the reliability or validity of the data used or collected in the plan, project, process, or problem.
    5. Apply a technological, scientific, or mathematical concept (use of algorithms) when communicating with others on issues, plans, processes, problems, or concepts.
  Plus E. Select and use different forms of communications technology including word processing, spreadsheets, database, presentation software, email to communicate, and use of the internet to search for and display information.
    1. Select and use information technology tools to collect, analyze, synthesize, and display data to solve problems.
    2. Read and create basic computer aided engineering drawings.
  Plus A. Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.
    1. Describe the types and functions of businesses.
    2. Explain the functions and interactions of common departments within a business.
  Plus B. Implement quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.
    1. Describe quality control standards and practices common to the workplace.
    2. Diagnose and make necessary corrections or improvements to a technical system in a business, industry, or simulated work place setting.
  Plus C. Discuss physical properties and characteristics of materials used in engineering systems
    1. Identify common materials used in engineering projects
    2. Compare and contrast physical properties of materials
    3. Select correct materials for specific functions
    4. Perform test and destructive testing of materials for specific characteristics
  Plus D. Demonstrate an understanding of and be able to select and use transportation and logistical engineering technologies
    1. Service products to keep them in good operating condition.
    2. Classify materials based on their qualities as natural, synthetic, or mixed.
    3. Classify goods as durable goods designed to operate for a long period of time, or non-durable goods designed to operate for a short period of time.
    4. Identify and classify manufacturing systems into types, such as customized production, batch production, and continuous production.
    5. Discuss the interchangeability of parts to increase the effectiveness of manufacturing processes.
    6. Employ marketing techniques involving establishing a product’s identity, conducting research on its potential, advertising it, distributing it, and selling it.
    7. Analyze the vital role played by transportation in the operation of other technologies, such as manufacturing, construction, communication, health and safety, and agriculture.
    8. Define intermodalism as the use of different modes of transportation, such as highways, railways, and waterways as part of an interconnected system that can move people and goods easily from one mode to another.
    9. Discuss how transportation services and methods have led to a population that is regularly on the move.
    10. Identify processes and innovative techniques involved in the design of intelligent and non-intelligent transportation systems.
  Plus E. Demonstrate an understanding of and be able to select and use civil and construction engineering technologies
    1. Define infrastructure as the underlying base or basic framework of a system.
    2. Identify a variety of processes and procedures used in constructing structures.
    3. Identify requirements involved in the design of structures.
    4. Recommend maintenance, alterations, or renovations to improve a structure or alter its intended use.
    5. Identify prefabricated materials used in some structures.
  Plus F. Demonstrate an understanding of and be able to use electrical and electronic engineering technologies
    1. Demonstrate the effect of resistance
    2. Apply Ohm’s Law, Watt’s Law, and Kirchoff’s Law
    3. Identify series, parallel, and combination circuits
    4. Apply knowledge of AC and DC systems
    5. Identify the uses and types of inductors and capacitors
    6. Use appropriate electrical units to solve problems
    7. Draw a circuit diagram and lay out the circuit
    8. Identify the difference between analog and digital signals
    9. Identify electrical components and their functions
    10. Identify components of a communications system, including source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, storage, retrieval, and destination.
    11. Discuss information and communication technologies including the inputs, processes, and outputs associated with sending and receiving information.
    12. Classify information and communication systems that allow information to be transferred as human to human, human to machine, machine to human, or machine to machine.
  Plus G. Demonstrate an understanding of and be able to use thermal dynamic principles
    1. Identify the three ways heat is transferred
    2. Explain the difference between Celsius and Fahrenheit scales
    3. Describe heat conductors and insulators
    4. Solve thermal problems using appropriate units
    5. Identify direction of heat flow given differences in temperature
    6. Understand the use of insulation to minimize heat flow
  Plus H. Demonstrate an understanding of and be able to use mechanical engineering principles
    1. Identify the six simple machines and their applications
    2. Solve problems using appropriate units in engineering systems
    3. Solve problems using vectoring, predict resultant forces
    4. Apply knowledge of hydraulic and pneumatic systems
  Plus I. Demonstrate an understanding of common manufacturing, assembly and fabrication principles used in engineering
    1. Explain components of set up, machining, casting, molding, welding, and finishing
    2. Identify and use common hand tools
    3. Identify and properly use fasteners
    4. Estimate and measure the size of objects using SI and US units
    5. Explain the role of quality control in manufacturing
    6. Measure with precision tools and instruments
    7. Explain the role of quality control in assembly and fabrication
    8. Identify situations of supplying and outsourcing
    9. Identify the order and methodology of the assembly process
  Plus A. Apply safety practices in the environment where science, technology, engineering, and/or mathematical principles are appropriate to ensure a safe workplace.
    Plus 1. Assess workplace conditions with regard to safety and health.
        a. Align safety issues with appropriate safety standards to ensure a safe workplace/jobsite.
        b. Identify safety hazards common to workplaces.
    Plus 2. Select appropriate personal protective equipment as needed for a safe workplace/jobsite.
        a. Inspect personal protective equipment commonly used for selected career pathway.
        b. Use personal protective equipment according to manufacturer rules and regulations.
    3. Employ a safety hierarchy and communication system within the workplace/jobsite.
    4. Implement safety precautions to maintain a safe worksite.
    5. Use appropriate safety techniques, equipment, and processes in planning and /or project applications.
    Plus 6. Identify existing or potential hazards to existing or assigned plans, projects, or processes where safety, health, or environment might be in play.
        a. Describe potential safety, health and environmental hazards in various situations.
        b. Identify physical, chemical, toxicological, biological, and radioactive hazards.
        c. Analyze environmental impacts.
        d. Conduct a safety audit.
  Plus B. Employ emergency procedures as necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.
    1. Use knowledge of First Aid procedures as necessary.
    2. Use knowledge of CPR procedures as necessary.
    3. Use safety equipment as necessary.
  Plus C. Employ knowledge of response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.
    1. Complete an assessment of an emergency and/or disaster situation.
    2. Create an emergency and/or disaster plan.
  Plus A. Use leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
    Plus 1. Employ leadership skills to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
        a. Analyze the various roles of leaders within organizations (e.g. contribute ideas; share in building an organization; act as role models to employees by adhering to company policies, procedures, and standards; promote the organization’s vision; and mentor others).
        b. Exhibit traits such as empowerment, risk, communication, focusing on results, decision-making, problem solution, and investment in individuals when leading a group in solving a problem.
        c. Exhibit traits such as compassion, service, listening, coaching, developing others, team development, and understanding and appreciating others when acting as a manager of others in the workplace.
        d. Exhibit traits such as enthusiasm, creativity, conviction, mission, courage, concept, focus, principle-centered living, and change when interacting with others in general.
        e. Consider issues related to self, team, community, diversity, environment, and global awareness when leading others.
        f. Exhibit traits such as innovation, intuition, adaptation, life-long learning and coachability to develop leadership potential over time.
        g. Analyze leadership in relation to trust, positive attitude, integrity, and willingness to accept key responsibilities in a work situation.
        h. Describe observations of outstanding leaders using effective management styles.
        i. Participate in civic and community leadership and teamwork opportunities to enhance skills.
    Plus 2. Employ organizational and staff development skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.
        a. Implement organizational skills when facilitating others’ work efforts.
        b. Explain how to manage a staff that satisfies work demands while adhering to budget constraints.
        c. Describe how staff growth and development to increase productivity and employee satisfaction.
        d. Organize team involvement within a group environment.
        e. Work with others to develop and gain commitment to team goals.
        f. Distribute responsibility and work load fairly.
        g. Model leadership and teamwork qualities to aid in employee morale.
        h. Identify best practices for successful team functioning.
        i. Explain best practices for successful team functioning.
    Plus 3. Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members' talents effectively.
        a. Work with others to achieve objectives in a timely manner.
        b. Promote the full involvement and use of team member's individual talents and skills.
        c. Employ conflict-management skills to facilitate solutions.
        d. Demonstrate teamwork skills through working cooperatively with co-workers, supervisory staff, and others, both in and out of the organization, to achieve particular tasks.
        e. Demonstrate teamwork processes that provide team building, consensus, continuous improvement, respect for the opinions of others, cooperation, adaptability, and conflict resolution.
        f. Develop plans to improve team performance.
        g. Demonstrate commitment to and a positive attitude toward team goals.
        h. Take responsibility for shared group and individual work tasks.
        i. Assist team members in completing their work.
        j. Adapt effectively to changes in projects and work activities.
        k. Negotiate effectively to arrive at decisions.
    Plus 4. Establish and maintain effective working relationships with all levels of personnel and other departments in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.
        a. Build effective working relationships using interpersonal skills.
        b. Use positive interpersonal skills to work cooperatively with co-workers representing different cultures, genders and backgrounds.
        c. Manage personal skills to accomplish assignments.
        d. Treat people with respect.
        e. Provide constructive praise and criticism.
        f. Demonstrate sensitivity to and value for diversity.
        g. Manage stress and control emotions.
    Plus 5. Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish work tasks.
        a. Develop meeting goals, objectives and agenda.
        b. Assign responsibilities for preparing materials and leading discussions.
        c. Prepare materials for leading discussion.
        d. Assemble and distribute meeting materials.
        e. Conduct meeting to achieve objectives within scheduled time.
        f. Demonstrate effective communication skills in meetings.
        g. Produce meeting minutes including decisions and next steps.
        h. Use parliamentary procedure, as needed, to conduct meetings.
    Plus 6. Employ mentoring skills to inspire and teach others.
        a. Use motivational techniques to enhance performance in others.
        b. Provide guidance to enhance performance in others.
  Plus A. Develop the knowledge and abilities to comprehend ethical and legal standards as they apply to STEM where plans, processes, and projects will be dependent upon them.
    Plus 1. Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of workplace situations in order to make ethical decisions.
        a. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on legal responsibilities and employer policies.
        b. Evaluate alternative responses to workplace situations based on personal or professional ethical responsibilities.
        c. Identify personal and long-term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
        d. Explain personal and long-term workplace consequences of unethical or illegal behaviors.
        e. Determine the most appropriate response to workplace situations based on legal and ethical considerations.
        f. Explain the most appropriate response to workplace situations based on legal and ethical considerations.
    Plus 2. Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures to help employees perform their jobs according to employer rules and expectations.
        a. Locate information on organizational policies in handbooks and manuals.
        b. Discuss how specific organizational policies and procedures influence a specific work situation.
    3. Demonstrate the skill of application to ethical and legal standards as they apply to the plans, processes, and projects as assigned in simulated environments.
  Plus B. Demonstrate an understanding of the cultural, social, economic, and political consequences of engineering decisions
    1. Identify changes caused by the use of technology ranging from gradual to rapid and from subtle to obvious.
    2. Classify the use of technology involving weighing the trade-offs between the positive and the negative effects.
    3. Identify ethical considerations important in the development, selection, and use of technologies.
    4. List the cultural, social, economic, and political changes caused by the transfer of a technology from one society to another.
  Plus C. Demonstrate an understanding of the effects of technology on the environment
    1. Select technologies to conserve water, soil, and energy through such techniques as reusing, reducing and recycling.
    2. List trade-offs of developing technologies to reduce the use of resources.
    3. Identify technologies devised to reduce the negative consequences of other technologies.
    4. Discuss the implementation of technologies involving the weighing of trade-offs between predicted positive and negative effects on the environment.
  Plus D. Demonstrate knowledge of constraints on global sustainability issues
    1. Recognize sustainability methods and materials
    2. Recognize the impact of engineering & technology on the environment
  Plus A. Know and understand the importance of employability skills.
    Plus 1. Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable.
        a. Demonstrate self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, and integrity in a work situation.
        b. Demonstrate flexibility and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills.
        c. Exhibit commitment to the organization.
        d. Identify how work varies with regard to site, from indoor confined spaces to outdoor areas, including aerial space and a variety of climatic and physical conditions.
        e. Identify positive work-qualities typically desired in each of the career cluster's pathways.
    2. Manage resources in relation to the position (i.e. budget, supplies, computer, etc).
  Plus B. Explore, plan, and effectively manage careers.
    Plus 1. Develop a personal career plan to meet career goals and objectives.
        a. Develop career goals and objectives as part of a plan for future career direction.
        b. Develop strategies to reach career objectives.
    Plus 2. Identify and explore career opportunities in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.
        a. Locate and identify career opportunities that appeal to personal career goals.
        b. Match personal interest and aptitudes to selected careers.
    Plus 3. Recognize and act upon requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.
        a. Identify opportunities for career advancement.
        b. Pursue education and training opportunities to acquire skills necessary for career advancement.
        c. Examine the organization and structure of various segments of the industry to prepare for career advancement.
        d. Research local and regional labor (workforce) market and job growth information to project potential for advancement.
        e. Manage employment relations to make career advancements.
    Plus 4. Continue professional development to keep current on relevant trends and information within the industry.
        a. Use self assessment, organizational priorities, journals, Internet sites, professional associations, peers and other resources to develop goals that address training, education and self-improvement issues.
        b. Read trade magazines and journals, manufacturers’ catalogues, industry publications and Internet sites to keep current on industry trends.
        c. Participate in relevant conferences, workshops, mentoring activities and in-service training to stay current with recent changes in the field.
    Plus 5. Examine licensing, certification and credentialing requirements at the national, state and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.
        a. Examine continuing education requirements related to licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the local, state and national levels for chosen occupation.
        b. Identify training, education and certification requirements for occupational choice.
        c. Participate in career-related training and/or degree programs.
        d. Pass certification tests to qualify for licensure and/or certification in chosen occupational area.
        e. Examine the procedures and paperwork involved in maintaining and updating licensure, certification and credentials for chosen occupation.
        f. Align ongoing licensing, certification and credentialing requirements to career plans and goals.
    Plus 6. Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship to consider entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.
        a. Describe the opportunities for entrepreneurship in a given industry.
  Plus C. Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment to find and obtain a desired job.
    1. Use multiple resources to locate job opportunities.
    2. Prepare a résumé.
    3. Prepare a letter of application.
    4. Complete an employment application.
    5. Interview for employment.
    6. List the standards and qualifications that must be met in order to enter a given industry.
    7. Employ critical thinking and decision-making skills to exhibit qualifications to a potential employer.
    Plus 8. Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills and experience in a career field.
        a. Select educational and work history highlights to include in a career portfolio.
        b. Produce a record of work experiences, licenses, certifications and products.
        c. Organize electronic or physical portfolio for use in demonstrating knowledge, skills and experiences.
    Plus 9. Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.
        a. Compare employment opportunities to individual needs and career plan objectives.
        b. Evaluate employment opportunities based upon individual needs and career plan objectives.
        c. Demonstrate appropriate methods for accepting or rejecting employment offers.
    Plus 10. Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment to maintain employment once secured.
        a. Model behaviors that demonstrate reliability and dependability.
        b. Maintain appropriate dress and behavior for the job to contribute to a safe and effective workplace/jobsite.
        c. Complete required employment forms and documentation such as I-9 form, work visa, W-4 and licensures to meet employment requirements.
        d. Summarize key activities necessary to retain a job in the industry.
        e. Identify positive work behaviors and personal qualities necessary to retain employment.
    11. Engage experiences in STEM where an individual can identify personal interests and expectations for career and personal development.
  Plus A. Employ information management techniques and strategies in the workplace to assist in decision-making.
    1. Use information literacy skills when accessing, evaluating and disseminating information.
    2. Describe the nature and scope of information management.
    3. Maintain records to facilitate ongoing business operations.
  Plus B. Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.
    1. Develop goals and objectives.
    2. Prioritize tasks to be completed.
    3. Develop timelines using time management knowledge and skills.
    4. Use project-management skills to improve workflow and minimize costs.
  Plus C. Apply concepts and processes for the application of technology to engineering.
    1. Use knowledge, techniques, skills, and modern tools necessary for engineering practice.
    2. Describe the elements of good engineering practice (e.g. understanding customer needs, planning requirements analysis, using appropriate engineering tools, prototyping, test, evaluation, and verification).
    3. Demonstrate the ability to characterize a plan and identify the necessary engineering tools that will produce a technical solution when given a problem statement.
    4. Effectively use project management techniques (e.g. working in teams, appropriate time management practices, effective organizational skills, conduct analysis of cost, resources, and production capacity, and quality practices with continuous improvement).
    5. Use and calibrate probes, sensors, measuring systems, and devices to collect data using traceable standards.
    6. Explain the impact of error in measurement, predict the effect of error propagation in calculations, and record data with the correct number of significant digits.
    7. Safely operate a variety of tools, machines, and equipment (e.g. milling machines, rapid prototyping machines, drill press, band saw, CNC machines, and hand tools).
    8. Use, handle, and store tools and materials correctly, perform preventative maintenance, understanding the results of negligence and improper maintenance or improper calibration.
  Plus D. Overview of Engineering
    1. Describe major engineering fields
    2. Identify functions an engineer performs
    3. Describe education required to be an engineer
    4. Identify ethics related to engineering situations
    5. Describe relationships between the engineer and other technical personnel
    6. Identify the progression of the engineering field
  Plus E. Design Process/Problem Solving
    1. Identify principles of the problem solving process
    2. Utilize the steps in a design process
    3. Translate word problems into mathematical statements
    4. Analyze solutions, identifying strengths and weaknesses
    5. Develop details of a solution
    6. Develop, test, and redesign prototypes
    7. Utilize a standardized troubleshooting method for diagnosis
    8. Identify common quality control methods
    9. Discuss quality and continuous improvement methods used in engineering
  Plus F. Project Planning
    1. Identify project requirements & estimate resources
    2. Create an effective project plan
    3. Anticipate project constraints and create alternative plans
    4. Evaluate and report on the results of the project
  Plus A. Know the elements of the processes and concepts for understanding the design process.
    1. Explain why and how the contributions of great innovators are important to society.
    2. Explain the elements and steps of the design process and tools or techniques that can be used for each step.
    3. Describe design constraints, criteria, and trade-offs in regard to variety of conditions (e.g. technology, cost, safety, society, the environment, time, human resources, manufacturability).
  Plus B. Develop processes and concepts to apply the design process.
    1. Apply the design process, including understanding customer needs, interpreting and producing design constraints and criteria, planning and requirements analysis, brainstorming and idea generation, using appropriate modeling and prototyping, testing, verification, and implementation.
    2. Demonstrate the ability to evaluate a design or product and improve the design using testing, modeling, and research.
    3. Demonstrate the ability to record and organize information and test data during design evaluation.